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ríachtanas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríachtanas or dil.ie/35192

 

Forms: ríachtanas, riachtanas

n o, m. abstr. from ríachtain, used in the expression: r.¤ a les(s), a petrified abstract from the phrase: ro-icc les(s) ` needs (it) ' (see ro-icc II d), meaning need, necessity ; later ríachtanas is used alone in the same sense. riachtanas `want, distress, necessity', P. O'C.

(a) need, necessity , with obj. gen. of thing needed (rarely with subj. gen. of pers. in need); freq. after prep. i n-. co mbetis uli i riachtanus a les Iosep in need of Joseph , LB 115a9 (= hi rrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR 3084 ). dia mbemm i rriachtanus a less taige oíged in need of a hostel , PH 5816 . riachtanus a less do chomarsan d'ḟórithin to relieve thy neighbour's needs , 7567 . in uair ata i riachtanus a leass ort when thou art in need , 7554 (contamination of two constructions: ata r.¤ a l. ort, and: ataí i rr.¤ a l.). ní buí a riachtanus a les [lessa v.l.] occo they had not needed them , CCath. 483 . a riachtanus a less bidh ┐ dighe do thabairt chuca need of getting food and drink , Fl. Earls 8.16 . riachtanus a less gnáith habitual want , Maund. 131 . da rabh feidhm . . . no riachtanas a leas oraind, Carswell 221 . Later absol.: gur sinne is mó ríochtanus léo we need them most , CF 300 Eg. gach pecadh as riachtanas damh d'fháoisidin, Parrth. Anma 347.2 . biaidh ríachtanas ar bholg an drochdhuine, Proverbs xiii 25 . ní fhuil riachtanas occa ré commaoinibh na mbeó, TSh. 4828 . cíít a peacaidh . . . cona n-uile riachtanus ┐ amghar all their need and distress , Fl. Earls 222.21 . lucht riachtanais needy folk , Mart. Don. 34.26 . crann an riachdanuis, Parrth. Anma 3a5 Pref. ).

(b) in concrete sense what is needful, necessary : (with less) ac fadhbail a riachtanais a les uadha getting their needments from him , Maund. 47 . dá rabh uireasbuidh riachtanais a leas ar an easlán, Carswell 155 . (Absol.) riachtanas an chuirp . . . riachtanas an anma, Ó Héodhusa 105.7 . d'iarraidh ar riachtanais air to ask of him what we need , 148.16 . go linmhaireacht . . . in uile riachtanuiss every requisite , Fl. Earls 104.6 .