the second letter of the Ogam alphabet, in Irish called
IGT Introd. § 4
. See also
1 lem. As in some modern dialects, unlenited l was
probably pronounced with increased energy `with the
blade of the tongue spread out fan-wise' (
). In Old Irish l was lenited in initial position when
subject to lenition in sandhi; medially after all consonants
except s, r, n; before consonants except d, n, t, s, r, and
between vowels (
GOI p. 74
). It was delenited
in final position in accordance with McNeill's law (
Unlenited l was normally written ll except in initial position.
Sometimes l was written for ll after long vowels (e.g.
.) See also
IGT Introd. § 41.
According to Greene (
Celtica iii 284 ff.
) apart from cases of
nasalisation initial ll represents non-lenited l, and not a
Ir. l originates in IE *l, in IE *ḷ, which gives li(le), al, la;
also in *r by dissimilation e.g. ilar, bilar, lór (
). ll originates in *nl, *sl, *lp(?), *l(k)s, *ln, and in
Mid. Ir. ld (
). In Latin loanwords l(l) represents
Latin l(l) (
Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 238