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Cite this: eDIL s.v. L or

Forms: ll, l(l)

the second letter of the Ogam alphabet, in Irish called 1 luis (q.v.), Auraic. 1165 , 5620 . IGT Introd. § 4 . See also 1 lem. As in some modern dialects, unlenited l was probably pronounced with increased energy `with the blade of the tongue spread out fan-wise' ( GOI p. 85 ). In Old Irish l was lenited in initial position when subject to lenition in sandhi; medially after all consonants except s, r, n; before consonants except d, n, t, s, r, and between vowels ( GOI p. 74 - 75 ). It was delenited in final position in accordance with McNeill's law ( p. 89 ). Unlenited l was normally written ll except in initial position. Sometimes l was written for ll after long vowels (e.g. cialbann, SR 7967 . chialchaid, 6975 .) See also IGT Introd. § 41. According to Greene ( Celtica iii 284 ff. ) apart from cases of nasalisation initial ll represents non-lenited l, and not a geminate.

Ir. l originates in IE *l, in IE *, which gives li(le), al, la; also in *r by dissimilation e.g. ilar, bilar, lór ( GOI p. 119 , 130 ). ll originates in *nl, *sl, *lp(?), *l(k)s, *ln, and in Mid. Ir. ld ( p. 95 ). In Latin loanwords l(l) represents Latin l(l) ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 238 - 9 ).