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gorm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gorm or dil.ie/26408

o,ā adj. of colour.

(a) blue (gen. deep-blue, caerulean , as opposed to glas): a n-étguda, eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub, TBC 66 . Cf. Laws ii 146.13 . brat gorm crónchorcra, LU 8637 ( FB 47 ). guirmidir (v.l. gurmu na) gas do glaisin (of eyes), Ériu iv 96.14 . Of crystal, metallic sheen: lebend ... di glain gil ... iarna brechtrad di gurm ocus chorcra, LU 2039 ( FA 11 ). cona comladaibh gorma gloinidhi, TBC 5608 St. dabhach ... do gloine ghuirm, Ériu iii 156.x . Often of weapons or armour: fri slendaibh slegh ... n-gorm , TBC 5651 St. taisbenad a craisigi cennguirme, MR 196.5 . cnedh ó chrúaidh gurm ... blue steel, IGT Decl. ex. 1129 . Of sea or water: sāl gorm glé, ZCP v 24.2 . srotha gorma, TD 13.3 . Of sky: i nim glan gurm, ZCP iv 235 § 9.

(b) green. Of verdure, vegetation; water: gorm fallán fér na hinnse, Studies 1920, 568 § 20 . múr ... na dtulach ngorm, TD 11.2 . 26.42 . a tobair gorma ghlana, IGT Decl. ex. 542.

(c) dark, swarthy, black: cona c[h]eithirn guirm ghlóraigh (of devils), Arch. iii 216 § 4 . leisin ngrinne ngorm ... swarthy host, Ériu iv 114 § 15 . creach na nGall ngorm of the swarthy Norsemen, Buile Ṡ. 90.1 . fer gorm (form assumed by the devil), BNnÉ 56 § 60 . fir gorma= nigri, TFrag. 162.3 . beirt d'feroip gorma negroes, Fl. Earls 254.z . Cf. ITS xiv 64.16 . fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221 § 37 ; 220 § 28 (where dis- tinguished from `ech dub'). da ttug gabhair nguirm, Cog. 96.19 . gorm garbgáisitech (of a boar), Fianaig. 64.13 . da óclach ... abratgorma with dark lashes, TBC 4346 . fegais ... in carcair ngairbh nguirm, Lism. L. 3633 . cúilteagh na gclár ngorm (description of a castle), DDána 119 § 27 . guirmther gual, MR 20.7 . TD 37.7 . do seitidaib gorma ... tarb, TTebe 1280 . a n-as gurma (.i. as duibhe), ZCP v 490 § 17 (B. na Filed). a chuil ghormsa dhatha an dáoil, IGT Decl. ex. 863 . Fig. truagh mo betha gaibthech gorm ... gloomy, ZCP x 415.7 .

(d) Fig. illustrious, splendid: gorm .i. urdairc ut est an-as gurma rudhradh rígh, O'Dav. 1033 (= gurmu, 1345 ). gorm .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl. in gormríg ro múchtha, Fél. Prol. 233 . ZCP xiii 16 § 21 . Ailill, Etan canar gorm who is famed in song (?), ZCP xi 110 § 23 . hūa nīamguirm Nēill, Arch. iii 217 § 1 . rí rogorm, CS 188.4 ; Met. Dinds. ii 82.39 . macc Echach ollguirm, LL 182b44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 20 ). rí roghach rath- gorm , AU i 418.11 (an. 902). féin ṅguirm nglése, LL 133b42 ( Todd Nenn. 228.62 ; possibly used of weapons). Maol fial Finnia ... eo ruadh roghorm `most illustrious hero,' FM i 556.z = AU i 418.4 (an. 902).

(e) fiery red (?): gorm .i. dearg, O'Cl. (prob. only a guess, due to association with compds.; see below). grían tul- gorm , MU² 461 . ? la Marc rūadgorm rīgdae ` red-fiery ,' Fél. Ep. 260.

Compds. (a) With adj. or noun of colour: ¤chorcra: sian a grúadi gormchorcrai ... olive-hued (?), IT i 69.4 . ¤dub: do refeduib gormdubhaibh glasiaraind, CCath. 2627 . ¤gel: da n-grúad gormgela cróderca ... veined with blue and blood- red (?), LU 8677 ( FB 51 ). ¤glas: egcosc inn e[i]ch sin .i. gabair gormglasa ... dark grey (?), TTebe 2279 . ¤ruad (of a spear), IT i 310.39 .

(b) With subst. or adj. either in primary sense or fig.: ¤abrach dark-lashed: in tsúil ... gormabrach, Ériu iv 218 § 22 . ¤aibnech, TD 21.29 . ¤ainech of illustrious fame: rige gormainech Galian, Rawl. 85a17 . fian gormainech goburglas noble-faced , Fianaig. 10 § 8 . FM i 544.16 . LL 98a1 . BDD² 670 . ¤at[t] a silvery-blue helmet: pl. gormait, Caithr. CC. § 11 . ¤dercach blue-eyed , TD 17.42 . ¤duille green (dark ?) foliage: ar feadh fedha gormdhuille, Celt. Rev. x 137.21 . ¤gae a blue spear , IT iii 13 § 25 . ¤glan: do chiniud gorm- glan Galīan bright and famous , Met. Dinds. ii 66.2 . ¤grianach ` blue-soiled ,' TD 9.45 . ¤inis ` blue isle ,' 21.17 . ¤lann burnished blade , LL 184a22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 36 ). ¤némann grey pearl , TD 19.1 . ¤ famous king , Fél. Prol. 223 . Of God, ZCP xiii 16 § 25 . ¤ṡáile dark-green sea , IGT Decl. ex. 638 . go Drobaois ... gormsrothaigh, BNnÉ 204.y . ¤shluag `famous host,' LL 158a5 . ¤tholach green hill, IGT Decl. ex. 746.

(c) With other adjj., prob. with intensive force: ¤gér: galar goirmgēr goineidech, ZCP xii 393 § 10 . ¤glan: a gheasa gorm-ghlana his very clear (?) taboos, BR 12.6 . ¤nár: ardrí gormnár Gaedal truly-noble (?), illustrious and noble (?), LL 132b33 .