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1 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúil or dil.ie/19089

Forms: dúlo, dulo, dolo, dūla, dúil, dúil, dúli, duli, dúili, dúile, duli, ndúle, ndule, dúile, dulae, [n]dulae, ndúla, nduli, ndúl, dulib, dúile, dúile, dúile, d.

n i, f. g s. cacha dúlo , Wb. 13b28 ; Sg. 76b8 . cech dulo , Ml. 85b16 . inna dolo , Ml. 42b12 . cech dūla , SR 8218 . d s. dúil , Ml. 85b11 . n du. di dúil , Sg. 3b8 . n p. dúli, Sg. 117a1 . duli, Ml. 42c2 , 51d13 . 120c7 , 145c8 . dúili, SR 7763 , 7997 . dúile, 1500 , 7760 . a p. for duli , Ml. 127d12 . g p. inna ndúle , Ml. 42d16 . inna ndule , 42b18 , 51d18 , etc.; Sg. 3b7 , 66a2 ; SR 22 . dúile, Wb. 5c16 . a dulae , Ml. 120d5 . inna [n]dulae , Corm. Y 751 . na ndúla , Hy. i 53 ; SR 8362 . na nduli , 1143 . Later na ndúl . d p. dulib, Ml. 20b2 , 10c5 , etc. In later lang. n s. also dúile, Gen. vii 4 ; Levit. xi 46 (1826). IGT Decl. § 43 .

In general sense element, being, creature, thing: gl. elementum, Ml. 42c2 , 85b16 , 120c7 , Sg. 3b7 , 8 ; gl. res ( thing in general), Ml. 55d22 , 87b21 , 145c4 , Sg. 66a2 ; gl. creatura, Ml. 25a1 , 42b11 , 18 , 145c3 . In Bible of 1685 dúile = στοιχεῖα. 2 Peter iii 10 . In ed. of 1826 dúile beo replaces substaint b., Gen. vii 4 , créatúir b., Levit. ix 46 of earlier ed.

(a) Hence of created things in general, including not only material objects and living beings, but invisible and spiritual essences; in pl. often = Creation, the created universe: is tōissigiu gein maicc hua athair re cech d.¤ , Ml. 85b11 . is amlaid dorigni Dia na duili (introducing a threefold division into angels, brute animals and fruits of the earth, and men), Lec. 338a17 . in cēd duil rocruthaigheastar Dia d'á duilib . . . aingel a ainm, MR 92 . rí rogni cach nduil fo leith, | aicseid ┐ nemaicseid, SR 329 . ri co n-áibe os cech noebd.¤ , 7422 . nach hé Adam . . . óssar na ndúle n-uile, 1832 . as me tosach na n-uile dul (= ego sum alpha), BNnÉ 23 . in Coimdhiu cend cach dula, Ériu iii 143 . Dia . . . athair na n-uili dula, BB 331a45 . for fóesam ríg na ndúla, Hy. i 55 . in Comdiu na ndúla, FA § 1 LU; BColm. 104.25 . marcach na ndúl (of Deity), ACL iii 235 . rocreiteus . . . do rig na n-uili cona dúilib, Imr. Brain ii 293 . is recht úabuir i mbith ché | cretem dúle, dermat nDé to believe in the creatures, Imr. Brain § 47 . ria ndúilib, ria n-aimseraib before Creation, before Time began, SR 10 . ac sírinnisin na n-adhamra dorōine Dia ria na duile, RC xxiv 379 . i ndomnach athnuigfither in uli dúl, Ériu ii 200 . tánic crith mór forsna dúli, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 8 . crith for dhúiliph, ZCP viii 196 . tresngata na huile dúile suas coricci riched traverses all the elements (cf. (b) infra), Mon. Tall. 162 . inna ndule n-airechdae són .i. cælum et terra , Ml. 87b21 . dofornitis . . . delba na ndula adortais and, uerbi gracia figura solis (of the heathen), Corm. Y 752 . dobretha ratha nime ┐ talman ┐ gréne ┐ esca ┐ na n-uli dul aicsi[di] ┐ neamaicsidi, Lec. 355a14 . ratha na n-uile dúl aicsige ┐ nem-aicsige, MR 2 . co tartsat ráth frisna n-uile ndúl, RC xiii 36 ( LL 294b40 ). Cf. Keat. ii 3797 . conad airi tucsad na duile dāil bāis do Laegaire mac Neill . . . .i. talam da slugad ┐ grian da loscad . . ., Lec. 603a10 . co mbít na duilé (sic) ic cathughudh eatorrae, TBC-LL¹ 5485 (St.). dúli beodai living creatures, Sg. 117a1 . sruithiu dúilib duine wisest of creatures is man, LL 282b4 ( GJ iv 216 ). don d.¤ dhaonna the human race, TSh. 4047 . dúile balbha inarticulate (inanimate) creatures, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378 . caeine na ndúl ndíthchéilligh, ib. na dúile díchéillidhe ┐ na hainmhinnte allta, TSh. 2440 . rofreagradar na duili uachtaracha a comdāil an chatha leo `beings of the upper regions', CF 734 . ní aithergem na duile acht noslecam amail fosracaib Dia, Alex. 884 = na duili, Anecd. v 4 .

Of living beings more especially: berid aicned ēn-bethae di cach duil derb takes a nature lasting for one life from each established (kind of) creatures (i.e. reincarnates successively in different forms?), Corm. Y 1224 . d.¤ sin as saothrach betha (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461 . Used of human beings especially: Eba cet-mathair na n-uile dula, Lec. 66b2 . cōica cubat tigi a m-mūir, | annsa a thogail do nach d.¤ it would be hard for anyone to overthrow it, ZCP iii 19 . ni tarla mūrclach a múir | dar d.¤ mar Dúnchad the dyke of its earthen rampart was never closed over a being (man) like D., AFM 987 = dar tuil, ZCP iii 36 , cf. Bruchst. § 146 . ? Dergmosach duil fa gile, LL 394.7 . ni boi isin doman duil bud choemiu . . . oldás in ingen sin, LB 127b19 . ind nóebduil (of S. Brigit), Hy. v 41 . as meisi d.¤ as anshádhaile . . . dogheibh a betha isin domun the most . . . creature that lives, BS 132 . d.¤ do chleachtadh reacht mhic Dé do dhíon one who was wont, Ó Bruad. ii 202 . in fomór ferrda . . ., in d.¤ diablaide dodelba (of a man), SG 259 . d.¤ . . . as mó gráin don druing daonda, 260 . do dhíthaigh dá deadh-colg duili ba dreachālaind, CF 750 . Of lower creation as oppd. to human: ni do dóinib, ni do dulib, Wb. 18c5 . is hē i samail iter duilib .i. colam iter ēnaib ┐ fineaman iter feadaib (of S. Brigit), Lec. 335d6 . dā mbeith dluid lasta for duilib o dainib if human beings had any means of setting the world ablaze (?), BB 431b15 .

(b) element, esp. one of the four elements common in later and scientific texts: as inann elementum ┐ d.¤, óir mar atá an fhír-dhúil aenda innti féin . . . (i.e. an element admits of no decomposition into simpler substances), O'Gr. Cat. 243 . is amlaid itait na cethri duili in cach duine, Lec. 338a36 . na ceithre dúile dá ndéantar an corp, TSh. 589 . elementa . . . .i. na duile, aer, tene, uisge, talamh, 24 P 22, 33.1 . na ceithre lenna ┐ na ceithre duile the four humours and the four elements, 23 P 10, 27a26 . ōn chethar-duil comaentaigus risna ceithre lennaib, 23 F 19, 3va59 . an duil tesaide the element of heat or fire, 27vb28 . Hence cethardúil the four elements, the fourfold universe: in fir-Dia . . . rocruthaigh in ceturduil, BB 241a33 . See cethair. By extension, element, particle: nach fuil dūil dom' dhuilibh nach tuitfeadh ō chēile, CF 957 .

(c) thing in widest sense: ainmnigud inna dulo, Sg. 76b7 . fri slond dúlo to signify a thing, 8 . dv́li ecsamli gl. diversa, 211a14 . cuin immairigh eter in innsci ┐ in duil dia n-innisin when is there agreement between the gender and the thing spoken of? Auraic. 526 . In Laws of a head (of cattle), item, article (in an enumeration): dá trian diri dula urraid d'urradh ina duil two-thirds of the `dire'-fine for the native freeman's beast is paid to the native freeman for his beast, Laws iii 126 ; cf. iv 44 , v 446 , 514 , 520 . dechmad cacha dula a duilcine the tenth part of every article is the price for manufacturing it, i 132 Comm. , cf. v 98 , 214 . Cf. d.¤ any piece of work , O'Don. Suppl. Hence in etymol. gloss.: duilgine .i. in d.¤ chinntech, Laws v 266 Comm. 98 Comm. Perh. also: eneclann ┐ dire, na dula ┐ cana .i. smacht cana, O'Curry 2572 ( Eg. 88, 48a ). smacht .i. dire na dula, 2573 (48b). má ta dicelt is dula feola ┐ (en)eneclann uad, 2324 (25a).

See dúla.

2 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dúil or dil.ie/19090

Forms: duliu, dulem, dúile, dúile

n [i, f.] Not found in earliest Ir. lit.; for compar. and superl. duliu, dulem see 1 dil. Also occas. dúile, Eg. Gl. 219 . Cf. g s. dúile, Phil. i 8 .

(a) desire, fondness, inclination: ? hi flaith Nechtain . . . | fríth bunad don bith-d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 218 , cf. Dinds. 46 . gnáth d.¤ a ndiaigh oileamhna propensity generally follows training, 3 C 12, 20.2 . d.¤ chédfiadhaigh con do chlódh, 3 C 13 , 515.3 . d.¤ talmhoidhe, 796.4 . d.¤ na toile do bheith ag giall don réasún, TSh. 2996 . do dhóirtis do dh.¤ pouredst out thy affection, Keat. Poems 1389 . nach raibhe d.¤ aca ceartughadh do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 5734 . d.¤ do bheith againn go measfadh cách to desire that, Donlevy 156 . tré mbeirmíd d.¤ ┐ grádh do Dhia, 238 . do-bheir an pótaire d.¤ don digh d'ól, TSh. 2005 . níor chosmhail d'inghin impire d.¤ do thabhairt do luighe ré n-a shamhailt d'athlaoch, Keat. iii 4593 . Folld. by obj. gen.: d.¤ uagnis love of retirement, Donlevy 336 . gan d.¤ óil ná aonaighe, Maguires of F. 63 . bruth feda dair úr . . . tinn cenn tís ó a dh.¤ headache comes from a fondness for it, SG 245 . d.¤ luisne 'na gruadh gheil, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 6 . aibhne dúthchasa Domhnoill . . . 'na dheoidh fa dh.¤ doi-mheanma yielding to dejection after him, lii 43 . More generally with I N-: gan d.¤ i ndrochbheart, Ó Bruad. ii 280 . a gcorrán, a bhfeac ná a súist | ní bhia ar nd.¤ , PCT 1093 . atá a dh.¤ a ndligheadh an Tighearna, Psalms i 2 . do shaor Sé mé do bhrígh go raibh d.¤ aige ionnam, xviii 19 , xxii 8 , xxxvi 27 . an d.¤ do bhí agad am fhaicsin-se the desire you had to see me, Eochairsg. 61 . na nÉireannach ag a raibhe d.¤ i ndíomhaoineas (= Hibernorum otio deditorum), Keat. iii 2904 . cuirim d.¤ i n- I desire, covet, am fond of: gur chuir mé mo dh.¤ a ttigh mo Dhé, 1 Chron. xxix 3 . gibé rí . . . do chuirfeadh d.¤ i n-inghin bhrughaidh, Keat. ii 4640 . is iontuigthe nach cuirthe dhúinn d.¤ sna neithibh talmhaidhe, TSh. 2790 . ? With DO: bagair do gráin chatha ar chách | gá mbia rét aghaidh ur-sgath | coisg na goimhe is d.¤ dise | i ngloine úir mh'aighthe-se `your face should put off its fierce aspect', Content. xxiv 20 (perh. for 1 dúal, q.v. See also dúla below). Of amorous inclinations: de ḟessaib nā dúlib nā dálaib . . . brec-ingill ban cendḟind Connacht, TBC-LL¹ 4018 . an eagal leat ganntan amm do dhúla?, ZCP v 223.738 (Midn. Court). a mhná na dúla, 884 .

(b) Folld. by FRI (re, le) hope, expectation: do bhí mo dh.¤ red' ḟocal-sa I hoped in Thy word, Psalms cxix 147 . gan súil re sealbh a n-alba | nó duil re n-ainm hathardha, Rel. Celt. ii 256 . gan d.¤ re toradh ag tréd, 238 . do scrios a ndeachaidh dom dh.¤ | re sreathaibh a fhis is a fhialrúin my expectation of the streams of his knowledge, Ó Bruad. ii 238 . gur baineadh d.¤ dá shláinte d'asioc chuige that the hope of restoring his health was taken away, Maguires of F. § 12 . mar dh.¤ go ttugadh se sealbh a dhucha in the hope that, Rel. Celt. ii 154 .

Compd. ¤mín of gentle desires: dís dúilmhín daonnachtach, Ó Bruad. ii 284 .

See dúla.

3 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dúil or dil.ie/19091
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dul, duil, Duil

n i, f. Usually transld. book: dul, duil a book, a codex , O'Don. Suppl. ; but seems rather applied to certain accepted or authorized lists or compilations (poetic glossaries, rhymes, kennings, genealogies) of pre-Christian origin, which were no doubt in early times memorized and handed down verbally and some of which were known by special names (see below). duil .i. lebur, O'Dav. 601 . ? áiliu dáilemain dúilib dligid 'I pray for the cupbearer with books of law', Éigse xxxvii 77 § 6 . Cf. duil .i. sluinne[d] ut est ailiu Duilem duilib dligid I entreat the Creator by the pronouncements of the Law (?), O'Dav. 667 . duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda (both allowed by S. Patrick), Laws i 44 . ar teora ferba tic so, má's fir don duil a roib `if it be true for the book in which it occurs', 68 . rofoghluimset na hingina fessa ┐ duile ┐ amaidecht (.i. glicus), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15 ( H 3.18 601 ). duili bélrai sicut est Duil Dromma Cett, IT iii 50 . dúile feda collections of letters (? = words) CMCS xv 9 (1 dúil ?): sé duili feda (part of the 10th year's course of instruction for a bard), IT iii 54 (where specimens are given). tri choecat ogham ┐ na rēmenna ┐ na duile feda (subjects comprised under the head `gramadach'), Lec. 55a35 . slisnige is dúle feda, | áera rúne romera `books of lore', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . incipit do duilib feda na forfid lasin filid (beginning of a list of words containing Ogham diphthongs), Auraic. 5417 . anmand fid . . . amail fogabar isna duilibh feda inn-ogaim, 1199 . d.¤ sloinnte genealogical line or list: coimgne co laega laidib la genelaigib co nduilib slointib .i. genelach fer nErind, Lec. 339a9 . Oft. prefixed to geneal. lists: incipit duili sluinti na ngenelacha, Rawl. 148b30 . duil laech-ṡluinte Lagen inso sís, 128a52 . duil tsloinnti o Laidgenn m. Baircheda, LL 387a31 . isin duil sluinti Laigen, BB 369a19 . duile sloindte na nDeisi annso, 149e4 . duilti (sic) sloindti na ngenelach, 173b10 . duilti sloindti na nGaedel, Lec. 408a21 . slicht duili Flainn Dúine Gemin sunn, Harl. 5280, 45a . Certain `dúile' were distinguished by names: the D.¤ Dromma Ceta (a glossary still extant, see ACL iii 141 ), IT iii 50 (see above). D.¤ Feda mair .i. nomen libri , H 3.18, 520 . is ainm do rig isin Duil Feda Mair, Corm. Y 209 (Clithar Set), see also 257 (Calpdae), 1171 (Segon), and 1197 (Sethar). isin Duil Fedha Mair, O'Dav. 369 , 1286 . isin Duil Feada Mair, ACL iii 247 . Dúil Laithne `Liber Latiniensis', Goid. 75 ff . D. Roscadh (compiled by Cendfaelad m. Oilella), Laws iii 550 . Duil ( dúil , LB) Roscadach, Corm. Y 859 ; O'Dav. 896 . Duil R., 458 , 664 .