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do-, du-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-, du- or dil.ie/17099

prefix with pejorative or negative meaning used with nouns, adjj., participles, and verbals of necessity. On the variation do- du-, see GOI § 365 . In earliest compds. do- depalatalizes follg. initial, e.g. dolus, doraid. In later lang. the opposite is the case, e.g. doitheagasg. Lenites follg. initial: dochor, dochraid, doithcech (toicthech), etc. Exceptionally dobrón with unlenited b (but perh. dub + brón). Before b usually dom-, the unlenited b being eventually assimilated to the m (dombisech, dombinne, domblas, dombolad, dombuidech, dombuilech). This m may have originated in cases where b goes back to an etymological m. Cf. similar treatment after dí- (1 dī ̆-, dē̆-). Most frequently used with nouns to form adjectival compds. in which o-stems and ā-stems usually take i- inflexion: doáirim (áram), dobeóil (bél), dochenéuil (cenél), daidbir (adbar), etc. As a number of these compds. were indistinguishable from the gen. sg. of a noun preceded by do- they are treated in the later language simply as attributive genitives: drechta dana dofuiling, ZCP vi 46.4 . drong do dhaoinibh doitheaguisg, TSh. 554 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ). Common with vnn.: dodingbála, dodíla (díl), doḟaicsena, doimmthechta, etc. The usage with u-stems varies: dochraid and dochrud (cruth). Nouns used with do- to form nominal compds. suffer no change of inflexion: dobás, dobert, doleiges (leiges; always doleigis incurable), dúalaig (álaig), dolus, doṡolus, dobés and dobus (bés), domenma, donaidm, etc. With adjj., participles, and verbals of necessity: dobíadach, dobuidech, doithcech (toicthech), doerráidech, dothengthach, dombuilech (bailech), doléir, doraid (réid), doáirmithe, doaisnéisi, dochreitte, doguitte, domesta, etc.

Cf. 2 so.

du-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. du- or dil.ie/18915

see do-, du-.

Du-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Du- or dil.ie/18916

see Do-.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dú or dil.ie/18917
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: due, d, dáu, dú

n f.? cf. Ml. 27c10 , where hí suidi seems to refer to nach , and see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 52 , Ériu i 7 n. 2 . In old exx. usually as d s. Apparently same word as 1 don. ? n s. due, TBC-I¹ 2957 . g p. d, SR 1495 , 3023 . d s. dáu, Fl. Earls 192.28 .

(a) place, spot in widest sense: .i. baile, O'Cl. O'Cl. Lec. Gl. 549 ; Stowe Gl. 66 , 317 ; LU 509 . du, baile no inad, Laws i 272 Comm. , ii 116 . forsna dōini fil isin [s]in (sc. Idumea), Ml. 56b2 , cf. 72c13 ; Wb. 27b7 . hi cech gl. passim, Ml. 50c12 ; gl. ubique, 144c1 . in cech airm, cech , SR 5607 . is de atá Cluain C. forsin sin, TBC-LL¹ 1566 . cuindig in du itātt cuirp na noem, PH 1568 . connach tístais . . . isin cetna sin ná i ndú n-aill, BNnÉ 319 . tig . . . gusin a mbātar na mnā uaisle, Fl. Earls 26 . gussin dau i n-a ffuil in reclēs, 194 . isin dáu sin, 192 . fuaim ind locha dar cach , ZCP viii 308 . hilar ndú variety of places (?), SR 1495 , cf. 3023 . Space: ba dirsin is mor do du | ┐ da (= de) muir eturru they are parted by a great distance of land and sea, Anecd. i 6.18 .

(b) In adverbial phrases: in sin gl. illic, Ml. 137d5 ; gl. eo, 133d3 . in gl. eo, Enchir. Aug. 73a ( ZCP vii 480 ). robaitsi uaiti in sin baptized a few in that place, Trip.² 295 . ramarbhadh sesca in sin, TFrag. 40 . baoi bliadhain an du sin, BS 130 . gl. unde, Ml. 94c19 ; gl. quo, BCr. 18a5 , Sg. 209b19 . cia ? gl. quo? Ml. 40c7 . cia cosa tiagam? whither are we bound? SR 7968 . cia son? whither away? RC xiv 410 . Cf. Bürgschaft 21 § 61 cited GOI 290 . doratsat réir ṅDe cech everywhere , SR 5489 . diarfóed Dia Michél cach , 1805 , cf. 297 , 2209 . Eoganacht cech i tát, Todd Nenn. 258 . nicon facatar nách a n-insi anywhere , RC ix 486 . ní bía terca bíd nach , BColm. 52 . sechi gl. quāquā, Ml. 25a14 .

Esp. introducing a rel. clause: diarbu etarcnad in macc gl. unde agnitus est, Tur. 22 . i n- where: nach imbí isnaib salmaib iustitia wherever , Ml. 109a2 , cf. 110d16 . hi cumgabae gl. ubi . . . sustuleris, BCr. 33d12 . i n-asndét . . . inna ṡáirsiu where he speaks . . . in his work, Sg. 103a1 . a mbia doennacht Crist, PH 6904 . itá Domnach Pátraic indiu, Trip.² 744 . cath na cC. . . . i ttorchair Concobhor, AFM iii 54 . maidm re feraib Teftha for Sil M., a torchair Aedh, RC xviii 54 . cath Corra C. . . . du i ndrochair mili, Lec. 140a8 . cath A. du n-ar marbad Elim, 590a18 . cath C. du n-ar thoit Cairpri, b19 . In fig. sense: conā tānic acht dias diib tir tair[n]geri ir-robatar secht cēt mīli fer n-armach so that only two . . . out of 700,000 armed men, Ériu vii 164 .

Preceded by prep.: ni ranic col . . . cu itá mo Chríst, Rawl. 106b37 . ro-imdig co i mbatar sruthi na sacart, PH 93 . co i n-epert, Trip.² 24 , cf. PH 4407 , 4700 , 5064 , etc.

Without prep. where: dober lonchruachait dóib nach tic sín, LL 29b24 . is dith na huile chredme ná bía in cetharda-sa, Ériu i 219 . Cath Atha N. du rofuit da mili, Lec. 140a15 .

(c) place belonging or peculiar to someone, native place, patrimony: .i. dúthaig, O'Cl. ; Lec. Gl. 328 ; ACC § 4 ( RC xx 154 ). a patrimony, an estate, an inheritance , P. O'C. mór ufec[h]t tucc a ndú nāmat into the territory of enemies, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 . rogab Herimon in tuascert | dia ciniud, Todd Nenn. 250 . an pairc mo the Park is my quarters, O'Gr. Cat. 111 . saoglonn cech rī for a du , O'Mulc. 310 . Hence due, right, that to which a person is entitled: fersait fáilti móir fri techtaire Mongáin. Ba sí a , Imr. Brain i 53 . ni mo du do dul-sa I did not deserve that thou shouldst go, RC x 222 . doberar dam co tinniu dóib cona di chormaim with its due (i.e. corresponding amount) of ale, IT ii2 209 . in mucc thucad dún areir, ass a mathar atib co ndúaib in talman appurtenances i.e. products (?), LL 285b31 (but cf. Fél. 54.36 ).

Hence as pred. due, owing or belonging to (with DO of pers.): M. . . . do chur isin inad ro pa duit-siu, MR 30 . Eire . . . mairg dan oighreacht ar fhonn unhappy he who inherits (possessions) on her soil, Keat. Poems 991 . an oighreacht ba dhú dot mhac féin d'fagháil, Maguires of F. § 94 . innus co ndechaidh deredh na malisi co holc mar budh duthe treason came to an end evilly as it deserved, Fier. 258 . doroine umhla dhó amhail ro bá dia mhiadhumhlacht as was due to his dignity, AFM vi 2294 . ní annsacht an diuice ann duit no thanks from the duke are due to thee, Ó Bruad. i 202 . Note also: gan aniú acht iarlacht 'gon fhior | ag ar grian gort Gaoidhiol, 3 C 13, 636.20 .

(d) In fig. sense: cia do . . .? what place is here for . . . ? what is the use of . . .?du d'imrimm gabhur ngeal?, AFM 860 (i 495) , see Bruchst. i § 105 . ce du righe, ce du recht, | ce du nert for righradha? what avails sovereignty? AU 603 = CS 604 = cetu i righe, cétu ir-recht, cetu a nert?, RC xvii 164 (Tig.). cia d.¤ dom with vn. what need (right) have I to? cia duit combag fri hAed?, ZCP ix 459 . cíarbo dogra don tír | ar ái in ríg sin sech cach ríg? why should the land lament for that king beyond any other? Metr. Dinds. iii 200 . Oenfer Aife, ciar'ba du | do diclith 'na athardu? why should he remain unknown? RC xvi 46 ( Dinds. 95 ). Hence, as pred., meet, fitting, right (with DO of person): .i. dual, O'Cl. ; meet, just, proper , P. O'C. isbert nār bo du dí teacht co n-ainim, RC v 204 . antan budh dhí snáithe óir do chur fan gciumhus whenever she should have put a thread of gold, xxix 120 . ní dúib-si . . . anní sin do rád frim-sa, Ériu iv 126 . breth direch as do fhlaith, SG 124 . du doib a mbith im caeimcert it was right for them to be on good terms, BB 409b4 . nír ba duit-siu int aen-duine is ferr a n-Erinn . . . do thatháir, MR 294 . gach nech da du aoine who ought to fast, Rel. Celt. i 148 . nach du do duine fin d'ol gan ni eigin do chaitheam roime, 23 P 10, 145rb5 . denter lichtuaire le mil . . . mar as du , 30b30 . grádh ní a n-aisgidh love claims a requital, 3 C 12, 127.17 . an chomhuirle ar atú ag techt, | na forfhuigle d'éistecht, O'Gr. Cat. 486 . ní du salann leis an ccorc arán salt should not be eaten with, Mart. Don. xl . fear ba dhú i mbun cúil do chríochaibh one who was in his fitting place in guarding, Hackett xxxix 281 = Keat. Poems 913 . ni cech cnu dogni dia chrāib, | ni ba du nach ri robāidh, YBL 140b30 .

Note also: mac de ni-m-du dichell .i. nacha duthaig damsa .i. nocha n-inadh dom .i. ni du dom, O'Curry 442 ( H 3.18 238a).

du-forban

Cite this: eDIL s.v. du-forban or dil.ie/19062

x see 1 do-rorban.