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1 sínid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sínid or dil.ie/37599

Forms: síned, sínte

v i Trans.

(a) stretches, stretches out, extends; spreads, lays; prolongs : ro sined in det(h)ach thren | co diriuch triasin n-ahér, SR 2149 . do shin lam do d'a mharbadh, AU ii 412.17 . in tan do síned in beis[t] a bragit cosin n-esair . . ., LU 8766 . sínithi iarom co memdatar in da liic ro batár immi he stretches him- self, 4927 . roshīnsit lāmha do shleaguibh, ZCP xiii 171.32 . is aire nach sinter sech a ceithri it is not extended beyond four, Auraic. 4707 . sínis a thengaid d'impód na duille, Aisl. MC 53.24 . amsoi fon all ┐ nodo-sine fris (i.e. contends with it), RC xvi 71.30 ( Dinds. 119 ). co ro-shíned a láma hi crand crochi, ar na lamu ro-sínit co crand an imarbois, PH 2393 . Petar imorro ro-sín a láma i n-ernaigthi, 1783 . ro-síned il- lepaid he, 2433 . ro sínedh tra dona sruithibh an lá sin was prolonged, BNnÉ 21 § 50 . sínfither duib, ol Ísu, sét in xl. lathi corub sét .xl. bliadan duibsi hé, LB 122b32 . ro tsin a laim i nUilliam Mares `lifted up his hand against', Ann. Conn. 1227.3 . sinit a scora `stretch their tents', Marco P. 130 . bean [go síne a] snáth uama, DDána 48.11 . go síntear brat ar mo bhuile | ó Mhac Muire, Aithd. D. 99.7 . do threabhlaitse ó chneidh an chígh | sín sein re deaghfhaicse dhúin `the pain from Thy wounded breast—do Thou prolong it by keeping close to me', 100.19 . a n-am sídh d'fhéin Almhuine | do shín fhéil na hoir- bhire, LBranach 1232 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh | do bhí olc Adhaimh gan íoc (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . a slebhte clainni Israel, sinid bur ngega, ┐ tabraidh blath ┐ toradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 5418 . do sinidur [na pecaigh] a n-aingidechta prolonged, 4776 . do bi creidim na mna so an mede sin indus gur sinedh he do leighius na hingine as it was extended, 2273 . ro sín in treinmile é fein isin teine `laid himself down', St. Ercuil 2535 . sintear an corp, togairmt[h]er an clíar, Aisl. Tund. 93.z . sīniss a láimh gusin lōchrann `pointed its hand to', Fl. Earls 52.17 . iondas go sindfidhe do laithe ar an bferand do bhéra an Tighearna . . . dhuit, Carsw. 214.11 . sín amach do lámh, Exod. viii 5 .

With prepp. in various abstract meanings: sínid tar (sech, ós) (intrans.) excels, surpasses : clú do dhuas fá iath nÉimhir | tar crú na Niall suas sínidh, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 90.90 . gearradh mín ar mheall do bhrághad | do shín tar feall námhad nós, Hackett xlii 8 . Muirchertach do shín ós cách who excelled all, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 116.28 . do [shín] a céim seaca suas | a leaca mhín réidh mar rós `her smooth gentle rose-like cheek surpasses (those of) all other ladies', Aithd. D. 1.2 . sínid re (= fri), later also la, compares with; is comparable with: síntear sin ┐ na hoibre . . . re chele, MS. Mat. 579.5 . re Niall Caille cidh ṡíne | mac Criomhthainn i gcoimhríghe `why do you compare', Content. vi 243 . sínidh Dia a fhiorta re ar n-olc | nír lia ar gcionta ná a chumhocht, PBocht 17.6 . sín re guin an ghealbhuinn | ar chuir dhínn dár ndoghraing, 22.24 . sínfidh ré hardchlú a athar, | Fiachaidh nár ob aontachar, LBranach 3345 . ben rér tsin gnaoi Ghrainde, Irish Texts ii 106 § 22 . sín ré chéile taobh ré taobh bethaidh na saoibhchléire-si ┐ bethaidh na naoimhchléire, Mac Aingil 367.9 . léigheam beatha na naomh n-edáillech . . . ┐ síneam iad lé[a]r naomhuibh féin, 351.10 .

sínid ó

(i) descends from, proceeds from: mar an aicme ór shíneabhair `whence thou comest', Aithd. D. 19.9 . do shín ón tslúaighfheadhain an chiabhghlan chaoilleabhair, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 149.104 .

(ii) parts, diverges : Clann Shuibhne ór shín a rabhaidh | ag Aodh oirdheirc Athlamhain, | do-chódarsan ó chloinn Néill `when their alliance (?) dissolved', TD 26.16 . tusa is bean an déid daith-ghil | sínfidh bhar n-aire ó chéile your mind shall be turned from each other, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 6 .

(b) stretches too far, strains : ó da shín cúpla ar [c]comuind `since he strained the couplings of our union', Ériu iv 220 § 32 . do shínedh dā mér medhōin glac des gach láich with his middle finger he used to dislocate the right hand . . ., ZCP xiii 199.15 . an uair tsínter na baill `when limbs suffer elongation', O'Gr. Cat. 268.36 .

(c) straightens : trans.: gebid cach fear díb rind a cloidib iter a dá mér ┐ imda-cuiread ima mér ┐ nadosínead na cloidib a n-oenur íar suidiu, BDD² 685 . nír shín acht ceard ceinéalta (of steel), Aithd. D. 65.19 . sínfidh tú . . . | crú . . . nár fhoghain d'each `thou wilt straighten a shoe that never was worn by a horse', TD 29.27 . Intrans.: cloidem . . . fillti a rind co urdorn, sinig amal colg `straightens itself', Aen. 1934 .

(d) overthrows : Samáer, nach sín samail `whom no equal lays low', Met. Dinds. iv 180.13 . díne deg-Ulltach, | nár síned, nar saraiged, MR 220.20 .

(e) directs : dá maireadh Iason árd 'san aois seo, | a chobhlach go Colchis ní shínfeadh, Keat. Poems 870 .

(f) smooths down, composes : a Ísu, shínes cech sín `that allayest every storm', Met. Dinds. iv 88.33 . síne an gcéibh gcais re chéile `thou dost smooth down its curls', Aithd. D. 11.17 .

(g) suspends : do shín a fhearg fa oighidh | an rí tar ceann ar gcuiridh, DDána 48.2 . ar gcóir mar sin sínfidhir `my debt will be suspended', Aithd. D. 59.8 . bean do shín cóir a cloinne `obtained the suspension of her children's debt', 64.37 .

(h) proffers : an bráth bídh ina urraidh | ré sín cách do (dod, v.l.) choronnaibh `on Doomsday He makes up for the chaplets the world offers', Dán Dé xxii 14 . an fear . . . a shúil do shíneadh (of the lord who gave his eye at the demand of a poet), Hackett xxxix 198 . gach siolla dá sínid cách `every syllable said by the rest', Ó Bruad. i 124.4 .

Intrans. (i) stretches (oneself), lays (oneself) down; spreads: luadfit lergga luathlasra | sinfit suas os na slébib, SR 8208 . no sinithar Cu Chulaind dó forsin licc, LU 9030 . ro gab imbri bró ┐ ro síni iar sudi co taillfed fertraig feroclaig eter cach da asna dó, 8400 . cech finna sescnidi imluati acarb sinis tria for- trennaib a chruadchind fri fonascad ṅgáithe, RC xiv 404.7 . rosín (rasdruit, v.l.) ria cích is ria cnes | mar bad hí a ben bith- díles, Ériu iv 104 § 49 . doṡíneadar a bhoill o cheile `his limbs stretched out', v 88.33 . a ceó do shín ó Shinainn, IGT Decl. ex. 516 . re linn na seice ar an sín | ní ṡín ní ḟill eite eóin, ex. 1110 . síne is fiadh Cuinn re chéile `thou (i.e. thy ambition) and Conn's land are the same in extent', Aithd. D. 15.14 .

(j) lies (scattered or prostrate): sinsit faebra sinsit fir, | i moin moir Daire Lothair, AU i 58.6 = FM i 198.5 . ar shín do chúisibh Í Chuinn | rígh is túisigh 'na dtoghraim `calling for the settlement of the matters of interest to Conn's scion that have been left un- settled', Aithd. D. 7.7 . do sín se i n-urnaighthi chum a Athur, Smaointe B. Chr. 3430 .

(k) advances, pushes on, fares : sinsit cen erbrón don chath | in slóg dermor, SR 5741 . hEriu co n-uaill co n-idnaib | sinsit sluaig for a senmaig, LL 10b3 . deich cétaib . . . | iar sétaib ro síni, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 17 . iarsin sínset . . . | cosin crích i fil Glascharn, Met. Dinds. iii 390.73 . sínset síar fon chaill | co rancatar crích nUmaill, 392.85 . sguir dhínn . . . | sín ar mhealladh na maighdion turn your attention to beguiling the maidens, Ériu ix 6.72 . ro ṡínset . . . do techt i n-imechtur Espaine they set out to go, CCath. 2390 . ōn ló do sīn tar in sāl | ca tīr as luidh Parrtalān, BB 25b8 . ro shin aingeal da díden, BNnÉ 137.19 . sín gu seinChlíaigh, a fhleasg Leamhna, IGT Decl. ex. 900 . do shín uaibhse `it has escaped thee', Aithd. D. 31.32 . do shín leó da lethtáoibh advanced beside them, 23 E 26, 286.22 . red bheathaid seice ná sín do not pass her by, DDána 45.12 . Cf. go saoilim go sínfead go hÉirinn cuairt, Hackett xiii 8 . ? To this: is crádh liom i gcionn mo scríbe, | ag rith le heach gach feacht ní shínim (a dwelling speaking), Keat. Poems 1598 (`attempt').

Vn. síned. Part. sínte.