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1 foirbthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 foirbthe or dil.ie/22949

Forms: foirbthea, forbtiu, formbthi, foirfe, foirbthiu, fuirbthium, foirbthea, foirbthiu, foirbthi, foirbthi

adj io-iā (part. of for-fen) n s. foirbthea [sic] Wb 19a11 . forbtiu, Mon. Tall § 36 . formbthi § 35 .; in later lang. frequently written foirfe. Compar.: foirbthiu Wb 13d29 . Superl.: fuirbthium, Mon. Tall. § 25 .

Lit. ` finished, completed ,' hence

I

(a) complete, perfect , in moral sense, usually of persons or abstract qualities : ba foirbthea a ires sidi Wb 19a11 . nert f.¤ (gl. perfecta virtus) Ml 35d14 . serc f.¤ Tur 32 . d s m. i mbethid noib foirbthiu Ml 74d9 . d s f. isin frescsin foirbthi Wb 6d11 . a p f. foirbthi (gl. perfectas) Ml 124c4 .

lucht na deṡerci forpthi LB 168a58 ( PH 3494 ). foirbthi, feidli SR 4857 . do folsigud a umalloti forbthi LU 2572 . naemthacht f.¤ ZCP xiii 179.21 . filedha forbthe finished poets (i.e. masters of their art), Ériu iv 162 § 24 (cf. file neamhfoirbhthe, Content. xxv 6 ). ridire glic forbfe, Fier. 28 . With I N- of subject, quality, etc.: ba foirfe in gach foghluim, Ériu v 78.11 . gurbo foirfe isin scriptuir é BNnÉ 317 § 3 . forbtha i ffoc[c]hluim gach gaisgidh, Leb. Gab. i 222 . fer rob ócc n-aoisi, ┐ roba foirfe i n-eineach ┐ i n-eangnamh FM v 1690.13 . Cf. corrop f.¤ cách in operibus ministerii aeclesiae Wb 22a10 .

In religious lit. used like NT Gk. ἅγιος in sense religious, holy: oís f.¤ Wb 22a13 . comarde oísa foirbthi (gl. sanctos) 22b15 . forcital oísa foirbthi (gl. spiritalibus .i. hominibus perfectis in fide) 8c3 . hua huathad do aís foirbthiu (gl. paucis uirtutis studio praeditis) Ml 90c11 . dond áos fuirbti, Mon. Tall. § 23 . coic deichnebuir ... do aes foirfe, Lism.L. 2071 . combat foirbthiu ar chách for ṅgnímae (gl. stabiles estote et immobiles abundantes in opere Domini) Wb 13d29 . tech sruithi bet fuirbthium hisind tír that are holiest Mon. Tall. § 25 . timmna forbthi in Athar nemda holy (contr. with `accobar anforbthi') LB 132a17 . ba forpthi anoraigthe a lá-sa (of Sunday) 203a51 = Ériu ii 196y . ni co forpthi noscarait, acht is co collaide spiritually ... carnally PH 5802 .

(b) Less frequently, in literal sense, of things: foirbthe ar anfoirbthiu `a perfect (number) for an imperfect ' (gl. decem millia) Wb 9a10 . aram f.¤ a perfect number Thes. ii 31.25 . āirim anforbthe amal atā a .iii. ... āirim forbthe ut est a sē ... airim ollforbthe ut est a dō dēc, Auraic. 1445 . nuimir foirpti 3052 . hi foraithmut airmae foirbte inna n-apstal, Stowe Miss. 65b ( Thes. ii 254 ). fiche bliadhain buanḟoirfe, Content. xxx 11 . Of buildings, hills, etc.: san ráith ḟoirfe TD 25.2 . learga foirbhthe `smooth slopes' 13.13 . eadrod ┐ sliabh Sióin is iomdha ... beann ḟoirbhthe uathmhar, DDána 20 § 5 . fionnráth ... líoghfhoirfe `per- fected in colour' O'Gr.Cat. 474.14 .

(c) of persons and of age ripe, mature, often aged: foirfe ` perfect, also old, ancient, antique, ripe for the grave ' P.O'C. in tan ... robu lan a tricha bliadan ┐ ro siacht a n-aes f.¤ , Trip.² 241 ( Arch. iii 12 ) = Anecd. iii 30.23 . foghlaim ad lenph ani ... dodenad tarbhad dhuit anuair do bethea mor no foirbhthe, Ériu v 134 § 82 . na ule dóeni do esergi i fer forbthe fully grown LU 2620 ( RC xxv 244 ). do chéile ní fear foirbhthe `not yet a grown man' GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 455 . ar mbeith 'na mhacamh foirbhthi do [sic leg.] a grown- up youth ITS xvi 100.28 . Of old age: Aedh ... do tesdail a n-ais foirbthi RC xvii 374 . duine ... robui a n-aoiss foirpthe, Fl.Earls 130.6 .

(d) hence of persons old, aged (a late use, see P.O'C. cited in prec. section): ba foraesta forbthi ... in rigan. TTebe 2749 . Phorfas foirfi 2650 (= senior Phorbas Theb. vii 253 ). a Dhé nimhe ḟoirbhthe óig ! `aged and yet young' A.O'Dálaigh xxxvii 5 . atá tu ársaidh foirbhthe liath, Oss. iv 38.9 . atáimsi foirfe agus aosta ... Josh. xxiii 2 . Of things : drochbhothán ... foirbhthe, TSh. 2721 . as e an tAdhamh sin ... prim-iosdad foirbthiu ... gacha foghalta fine MR 98.12 . Cf. Flann F.¤ , AU 715 (rendered `Old Flan' in the 17th cent. transl., see n .).

(e) denoting a high degree, of quality, etc.: fuacht foirfe ZCP xii 389z . cf. a mbeirt fhuarfhoirfe iairn (of armour), Studies 1921, 418 . foirfe an coll `complete is the ruin' 1919, 73 an fíothal foirbhthe `the veriest wretch' O'Bruad. iii 8 .

n II As abstr. : an ḟoirfe, an ḟoirpe (v.l. oirpe) IGT iv 123 .

Cf. forbaide.