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2 alt, allt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 alt, allt or dil.ie/3017
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m., f., neut. Ériu xliii 208 , LEIA A-63 . height, cliff: all ┐ a.¤ ab altitudine , O'Mulc. 36 . Ériu xiii 61 § 2 . a.¤ ar a.¤ is cnoc ar cnoc, Duan. F. i 41.25 . teid . . . Ænias for bend aillt `went to the top of a cliff', Aen. 271 . tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . a imluadh taran allt n-adhuathmar, Lism. L. 4834 . ba cuma nobhíttís isin allt sin ois allta ┐ miola muighe, BS 72 . eter cnoccaib ┐ alltaib ┐ ardaib, PH 502 . go ndroigheanuibh gheineas as áltuibh ┐ as cnocuibh, Deuteronomy viii 7 . ? tuc brosnaigi ar almaib a.¤ , LL 16772 . ? doníther linne . . . droichitt na n-a.¤ , RC xxix 118 § 15 `leap' (cf. a.¤ .i. leim, O'Cl.).

Of a downward drop, valley ; abyss : ceithre coin allta dom rébad ┐ mo breith dóib triasin raithnig ┐ mo thuitimm i n-allt mór ' valley ', CCellaig² 11.355 . eadram is allt na cróine `the pitch-black abyss' (of hell), Aithd. D. 49.37 . ? fochairt i n-alt in maro depths (?), LU 1725 (perh. for 1 all, cf. all moro, RC xi 452.2 ).

Compd. ¤-dorcha: don tuinn a. from the towering dark wave, Measgra D. 50.27 (faltdorcha dark-maned, v.l., Gloss.). See 3 ailt.

1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley ', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

dindluirg, dindlairg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dindluirg, dindlairg or dil.ie/50194
Last Revised: 2019

n dindluirg do-géni in trú, | ... lasar-chrochad Ísu án the wretch ... by whom renowned Jesus was crucified ... did dindluirg , Blathm. 281 . bid dindlairg delb isint srath 'there will be a ... of forms in the valley ', Blathm. 971 . See ITS Sub. xxvii § 7.6.

díscaílid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díscaílid or dil.ie/16775

Forms: rodiscaoilte, díscaíled

v (scaílid)

(a) separates, sunders, disperses: discáilfet-sa úaim in trichait cet Galian út fo ḟiru hErend, TBC-LL¹ 445 . ra díscáil, 449 . go ccruinneochuigh sé thusa as gach uile chineadh a gcionn ar dhíosgaoil Día thú hath scattered thee (Israel), Deuteronomy xxx 3 . Intrans. ra díscáilset immon glend they scattered about the valley , TBC-LL¹ 1684 . is luath meisce an fhína fhinn ┐ is luath discailter hi, O'Gr. Cat. 216 .

(b) bursts open, breaks up, demolishes: in chetna dabach . . . rodíscáil da cláraib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . nodiscailfed in béist út in cruinne . . . mine discailte hí fen, PH 7248 . innis dūin . . . cindus discaeilfidhter an bith, RC xxiv 382 . inni discailes cach ndaingean .i. in gorta, CCath. 2610 . forsna flathib . . . díscailit in eclais ar medón ┐ dianechtair, RC xii 426 . rodiosccaoileadh lais caislén, AFM iii 362 . Fig. díscailid [in genntligecht] in mesardacht dissipates temperance, PH 721 . bíodh gur disgaoileadh . . . ardḟlaithios mhaicne Mileadh, Book of O'Conor Don 202b25 .

(c) dissolves, softens, relaxes: cerín ... diosgaoilidh na n[escói]di cruaide, 23 K 42, 393.20 . diosgaoilidh ┐ seimhighidh ┐ aipighidh iad, 322.8 . mad cneasaighthi in crecht, . . . cur cerín . . ris, ┐ disgeolaigh sin in crecht (treatment of a cicatrized wound), 23 F 19, 8r48 . dissolves, decomposes: gach uile mitall díscáilter . . . is a n-airged beo imtaigther iat, O'Gr. Cat. 256 . dixailter a n-oleum (= resolvantur in oleo), 206 . Part. ag dluthughadh na neithi rodiscaoilte `that which is too relaxed', O'Gr. Cat. 277 . da mbidh na puis disgaoilte fuar ban ar n-anmhain o cheile if the lips remain parted, 24 P 22, 107.3 .

Vn. díscaíled.

Cf. díanscaílid s.v. 1 dían.

? etharlice

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? etharlice or dil.ie/20841

n (for etar-lige ?) a valley : etharlice .i. etar-lige .i. talam isil itir da sliab, O'Mulc. 472 . Perh. n.l.

6 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 fál or dil.ie/21236

n (<Norman-French val) valley : fál .i. fánaidh isin Berla, Ériu xiii 82.303 . See fáltach.

fán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fán or dil.ie/21287
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fain, fanu, fanu, F., fanlige, fanmothair

n o, m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . g s. fain, RC xliii 38 § 37 (B. Lism.). a p. fanu, LL 187b52 . A slope, declivity, depression, hollow: fan ... i vallis , O'Mulc. 489 . etir fán ┐ ardd both valley and height Ml. 140a2 . fo fán `down a slope' Hy v 55 . f.¤ na n-ech, ... f.¤ na fuine `the slope of the horses ... of the cooking' Metr. Dinds. iii 24.309 (divisions of a town at fair-time). lind ... Féic ... méraid hi fán rátha ríg, Metr. Dinds. ii 10 = LU 4136 . tocbais a lummain ... i fán a dá gualand, MacCongl. 43.16 . folt ... co f.¤ a chulad nape of the neck LL 266a1 ( MU² 532 ). ó fhán a buinn go bathais 'from the arch of her foot to the crown of her head', Giolla Brighde 130 § 8 ​. ar f.¤ na bathaisi the occiput 23 K 42, 417.20 . Fig.: hUí Neill gan righe rurech, acht a mbeith fo fhan echtrand `under the wretched rule of strangers (?)' BNnÉ 305.24 . As adj.: uamnach cech cintach, f.¤ cech aithisech `every reviler is precipitate' Tec. Corm. § 15.19 . pl. i fanu folerbad `into the slopes of death' RC xxvi 28 § 107 (= Rawl. 109b16 ). i fánaib, i réidib, Trip. 216.26 . co ngabad in caithchris sin do o fanaib a arann co hard a formna `from the slopes of his kidneys' (i.e. the loins) CCath. 4685 . i f.¤ laid low, prostrated: dindgnai Herenn ... a mbith i fás ┐ i f.¤ prostrate LL 150a2 . do cuir [in mucc] ... daoine i f.¤ overthrew Fianaig. 54.22 . as mó do cuir meisi hi ffán what chiefly brought me low ZCP x 32.19 . biaidh B. i ffán, BNnÉ 307.28 . tuitim i ffan a fall headlong Anecd. ii 40.3 . san bhfán = in imo TSh. 10656 . AR [ = FOR] (I, LE, RE) F.¤ astray, wandering (as a vagrant or exile), cast away, desolate: fotracbad ar f.¤ thou wast left desolate PRIA iii 546 ( LL 147a5 ). ar f.¤ ┐ ar fiarlaoid, TSh. 2522 . a seoladh ... i bhfán tar tonnaibh Clíodhna, Keat. Poems 60 . dochím ... ruaig ár dtréan re fán our champions driven into exile Hackett xix 26 . Cf. cēn gair cech fān imthēit lēn sooner or later every wandering comes to grief Ériu ix 48 § 23 (= LL 147b45 ). Compds.: With adj. ¤fota longbacked (?) (epithet of a charioteer): ara ... forseng fánfota, LU 9274.10232 . With subst.: ¤fid: ré fíodhbhadh fáinḟeadha `a forest of sloping wood' Todd Lect. iv 94.4 . ¤glenn a hollow, dale: etir feda is fánglenna, Metr. Dinds. iii 426 . a fedhaib ┐ hi fanglennaib, Dinds. 103 . o gach fáinghlenn diaroile, BS 62.7 . co rainic fanglenn mór bai ind eitermedon an muighe, CCath. 3071 . ás ḟánglentaib na ciach above the hollows (undulations) of the mist TBC-LL¹ 5060 (= ós fántaibh, St). hi ffedhaibh ┐ hi ffáinghlenntoibh, AFM vi 2342 . ¤lige trough, groove (?): a p. fanlige, gl. valliculas ( Levit. xiv 37 ) Thes. i 1.14 ; 2.34 . ¤mothar: n p. fanmothair Glenna B. `sloping jungles (?)' CCath. 4764 . Cf. fánaid.

fid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fid or dil.ie/21999
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fid, fid, fiuth, fedo, feda, feda, feadha, feda, fidu, feda, fedae, fiodh, feadh, fedae, feadha, Feda, Feadhaibh, fidbretha, fidbreth, fidbhrethaibh, buale, fiddromandaib, fidḟaebraib, ḟidliss, fidlestra, fidletrenda, fidlosa, fidnemeda, fidṡlatta

n u, m. (occasionally nasalizing in n.l. : Fid nGabli, LL 159a50 = Dinds. 11 . See Todd Lect. iv 203 ). n s. in fid Wb. 5b42 . d s. fid, Ml. 146a5 . fiuth, Trip. 194.19 . g s. fedo, Thes. ii 46.22 . Sg. 35b12 . feda, 12a5 . 70a12 . 121a1 . ind feda , LU 4768 . feadha, TD 13.2 . n p. feda, Auraic. 952 . a p. fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 , 6054 . feda, LL 108b46 . Corm. Bodl. s.v. serb . g p. fedae, O'Mulc. 511 (?). fidh, Auraic. 1199 . fiodh, feadh, TD 21.40 ; 28.35 . Orig. perhaps `a boundary-tree ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 41 .

(a) a tree (sense in Glosses). arnaib fedaib (gl. pro arbustis) Ml. 146a6 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu et fid aile do esnid and it is their wont to cut a tree and to insert another tree therein 5b42 . clandaid fedha isna muighib corbad caillte `plant trees in the plains that they may be forests' RC ix 16 § 4 . nenaid quasi non fid hi acht lus, Corm. Y 987 . amail timc[h]illes féth fidh, Fianaig. 94.21 . mar nasces féith fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 . ná loisc ríg na fed (of `féithlenn') SG 245.15 . risna fedaib fína (fig. of chiefs) RC xiii 74.18 . doire ... do ḟeadhaibh crainnreamhra (i.e. spears) ML 128.29 . direnar fo tairdbe cach feda ... acht ni saeres nemed de (.i. a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e), Laws iv 168.22 ( 170.14 ; cf. fidnemed). defining gen. : caill fedha `a wood of trees ' Laws i 32.14 . crich incoisce bile feada `a district ... marked by an ancient tree' iv 142.19 Comm . fāl fedae (g pl. ?) a tree-hedge O'Mulc. 511 . Passing into sense of tree-trunk, tree regarded as timber : ceithre fedha ... i croich mic Dé ... cedir, cupris, etc. ZCP viii 107.16 . is cuileand in tres fidh roith in carpait holly is one of the three woods used in a chariot-wheel Auraic. 1182 . Of small plants : fidh aigenta, ut est int aitend no in fraoch ┐ rl., Auraic. 2833 . Hence

(b) wood, timber: aicdi dognethi di fiuth [ḟid v.l.] na cailli sin, Trip. 194.19 . co ngaisciuth do ith wooden armour TBC-I¹ 1180 = doíd, LU 5657 (= do ḟid). Of a shaft or pole : feadha spear-shafts ML 132.17 . fonnad fri fonnad, f.¤ fri f.¤ , LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). canna, f.¤ bis il-laim (= walking-stick ?), O'Mulc. 204 . Of a wooden shield : fid fō coitled comḟūaim ṅglaíd, Ériu xx 192 § 2 .

(c) trees (coll.), a wood or grove: distinguished fr. 1 caill : fulacht cacha chaille, cnuas cacha feada, Laws v 482.26 . In Auraic. 1150 ff ., Laws iv 146.18 ff ., trees and shrubs are classified as airig fedha, athaig (aithig) f., fodla f. and lossa f. iter fid ┐ mag, Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). roselgatar ... in fith resna cairpthib TBC-I¹ 275 (= fid, LU 4769 ). fri tamnad feda for felling trees BB 365b13 ( Dinds. 27 ). imthéigmís ... cach f.¤ ┐ cach fásach, TBC-LL¹ 3531 . i fedaib ┐ fásaigib, 554 . ralotar fón f.¤ ba comnessam dóib, CRR 37 ( LL 176a35 ). ni ḟarcaibset figh na fēr ... gan loscad, RC xliii 110 § 116 . tairthe fiodh TD 21.40 . sleibhte ... ameasg a feadh, 28.35 . As n.l. in pl., Feda the Fews: isna Feadhaibh , AU 1452 . See Hog., Onom.

(d) a letter of the alphabet (each letter being called after a tree) fid ... a airbert .i. a thapairt for v fedhaib fichit inn ogaim, Auraic. 3551 . In this sense sometimes called f.¤ saerda artificial tree: fid saerda .i. f.¤ inn oghaim ┐ f.¤ aicenta f.¤ na caille, Auraic. 397 . Cóic Con. 25.3 . f.¤ .i. fo ead a inde iter saerda ┐ daerda ┐ aiceanta, Lec. Gl. 215 . imord feda .i. Colman quasi comlān transposition of letters BColm. 6.5 . fidh ┐ deach letter and metrical foot Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . fri fidíu [leg. fidu] ┐ deuchu, IT iii 24 § 3 . reim do fidh for fidh (= alliteration ) Auraic. 805 . dūil feda, the name of a treatise (see 3 dúil) : amal duiruirmi [Fenius] isin Duil Feadha Māir, Auraic. 200 . anmand fidh ... amal fogabar isna Duilibh Fedha inn ogaim, 1199 (= isin Duili F., 4311 ). de dúlib feda na for[f]ed, LL 38b7 ( Auraic. 5417 ), title of tract on the Ogham symbols for diphthongs. See 3 dúil. duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda, Laws i 44.20 .

(e) esp. a vowel, distinguished fr. taebomna `consonant' : fedha ┐ taobomna id est uocales et consonantes , Auraic. 2787 . 393 . f.¤ na filidechta ... ┐ an taophomna docuirither reisin bfiodsin, 3565 . f.¤ in anma prosta, 3567 . feda airegda vowels (dist. fr. forfeda `diphthongs') 1341 . 2870 . 199 . IGT, Introd. 4.16 . (Used inaccurately to include diphthongs) na .x. feadha airegdha, Auraic. 427 . Cf. uillind .i. uilli na fil and .i. dā cnāim nō dā fid, Corm. Y 1282 (see uilen and 2 uillenn).

Compds. ¤ár destruction of trees: uentus maximus co ra la fidhar, AU 856 . AFM iii 38.9 . ventus magnus ... condarsgar fidhár mar isnaib caillibh, AU 891 . co nderna f. 1121 . ¤bla boundary marked by a tree or wood: fidhbla, crich son incoisce bile feada, Laws iv 142.19 Comm. ¤breth judgment concerning timber: n p. fidbretha, Laws i 182.1 . O'D. 931 (< H 3.17, 658b ). g p. fidbreth, Laws iv 168.20 . d p. fidbhrethaibh, Irish Texts iv 26 . ¤buale a wooden enclosure or pen: as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 391 ). ¤chat `wooden cat' mouse-trap (< ON tréköttr, Marstrander, Bidrag 46 ) : fidhcat, (gl. muscipula) Ir. Gl. 260 . amal charas in luch biad in ḟidchait, PH 7738 . ¤chóem (adj.) : slega ... fidcaimi with beautiful shafts Cog. 160.26 . ¤chrann wooden shaft; pair of large wooden dividers or reaping tool ( Peritia xv 314, EIF 501 ): ní bhoí rinn ... for gaib ... acht a mbeith mar ḟidhchrannaibh `wooden bars' Cóir Anm. 268 . dias f. Laws iv 310.12 ( Críth G. 178 `a pair of wooden shears', see note), cf. MacNeill, Law of status 291 .

¤chúach

drinking-vessel (the first element may originally have been mid mead) Celtica x 144-45 : mo[i]r beolu fidchōich, TBC-I¹ 395 ; 'as big as the mouth of a wooden drinking-vessel' Celtica x 144 = midchúaich, LU 4882 . samla beolo fidchuaich indara súil do, RC xiv 404.5 .

f. ┐ cú lomna leu, LL 251b44 ( TBFr. 26 ). ZCP iv 44. 32 ; 'a wooden vessel (for water or mead ?)' Celtica x 145-46 . Cf. dias oicfended, otē findliatha ┐ fidcuach cechtar de is mo, TBC-I¹ 2815 ; 'two grey-haired warriors, each carrying a wooden vessel on his back' (reading for muin cech ai) Celtica x 145 .

¤druimm a wooded hill or ridge: oc imt[h]echt ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768 ( SCC 34 ). d p. fiddromandaib, TTebe 696 . ¤fáebar : d p. fidḟaebraib, TBC-LL¹ 2328 (context obscure). Hence adj. ¤fáebrach : fraech ... f. deg-arm, MR 224.14 (epithet prob. refers to the spears of a phalanx.) ¤fogal plunder of woods or timber: Fea fri fidḟogail Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 198.3 . ¤gerrtha shaft-slashed: gur bho blogha ... fíodhghearrtha na feadha (of spear-shafts) ML 132.16 . ¤glennach belonging to a wooded valley : epithet of a bull , Metr. Dinds. iii 372.72 . ¤less: g s. Eochaid fírén ḟidliss `of the woodbuilt keep' Metr. Dinds. iv 44.14 ( v 141 ). re mac rígh fega fidhlis, Acall. 1195 (fedha findlis v.l., sic leg.? Stokes). dar Fé cusna fidlessaib (= Mag fea? Cf. ¤fogal) LL 48a22 ( SG 373.13 ). a bhferunn Fhiachach fidhlis, RC xliii 32 § 31 . ¤lestar a wooden vessel: pl. fidlestra, Laws v 406.18 . ¤lethrenn a wooden clog attached to foot of an animal to prevent it from straying: pl. ro scuirit a n-eich ... ┐ ro cuirit a fidletrenda fosta fuithib, Acall. 2803 n . ¤luss tree-herb, shrub: pl. fidlosa BB 309a19 ( Auraic. 5493 - 6 ) = losa feda, see (c) above. ¤nemed a tree which grows on the land of the nemed-person, a sacred tree ( Bechbretha 108-9 ); a sacred wood or grove , but also a tree or grove on church land ( CMCS viii 50 ): acht inni ṡoeras de sin a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e, uair nocon fo aignedh craind ita in [dire] aind side acht fo aigned graid inti iga m[b]ind 'but its being the tree of a sacred person is what increases it, for the penalty there does not depend on the nature of the tree, but on the nature of the rank of the person who owns it' Bechbretha 58 § 15 n. c . racossecrad ... fidneimed do Ióib ┐ a delb in dea isind ḟidnemiud, LL 227a20 ( TTr. 732 ). fidhnemhedh coisrectha dona déibh, CCath. 1768 . fidnemead (.i. fid cilli), Laws v 474.7 ( 476.3 ). dire in fidnemid i 162z Comm . Ard Macha do loscadh eter tigib ┐ dam líag ┐ cloictheach ┐ fidhnemidh, RC xviii 350.12 (Tig.). tene ... do ghabail Aird Macha cona farcaibh dertach ... na fidnemedh ann cen loscadh, AU 995 . pl. fidnemeda na Greci, TTebe 288 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . Fig. fidhnemed do tṡlegaib urardu re ṅguaillib (of a band of warriors), Acall. 4418 . See neimed. ¤rath, lit. `wood-stock' (legal term): se rath file la Feine ... luathrath. f., etc., O'Curry 878 (< H 3.18, 393b ). fiadrath [leg. fidrath ?]. .i. rath erner hi fid do loingsech, O'Curry 879 (< H 3.18, 394a ) (cf. rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a caill, O'Curry 875 < H 3.18, 392b ). ¤slat a wooden rod, wand: pl. fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1433 . ¤úall? fid-úal (: gúal) `pride of timber' Metr. Dinds. iv 148.36 . ( ¤uall, fiodhghual v.l.).

Freq. used to form proper names, see Hail Brigit p. 23 n. 20 ; for stable compds. see below (fidbocc, fidchell, etc.).

fís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fís or dil.ie/22223
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fisi, físi, físi

n ( físi, LL 208a10 ) ī, f. (<Lat. visio) g s. na fisi , LU 9833 . n p. físi, Wb. 27a27 (only instance in Glosses). a p. físi, LU 2141 ( FA 21 ). A vision (esp. one of symbolic or prophetic import) : f.¤ a uisione , Corm. Y 595 . O'Mulc. 545 . f.¤ .i. taidhbsi, O'Cl. Metr. Gl., Ff. 74 . doaidbdetar físi doib, Wb. 27a27 . ind fissiu [ = fís-siu ?] do fuaslucud, SR 3356 (by Stokes taken as distinct word). adbul físi armothá (.i. mor int aslingi atchondarc), LL 208a10 = IT i 162.5 . doarfas f.¤ ...do Forann, SR 3225 . indisidh Forann ... a ḟis ┐ a aislingthi YBL 287a2 . cēin trā rognīthea ina fisiseo during these dreamings TBC-I¹ 3098 . atchonnairc ... aislinge ┐ fis, PH 413 . tadbas P. do S. hi fhis aislinge, 348 . tria failte na haislinge ┐ na fisi aidhcidhe of the nocturnal vision CCath. 4386 . nā tuc h'aire re figisib aidche, MR 8.13 (= dfhísibh, FDG 40 v.l. Cf. LB 232b56 , cited under fithis). ualach ghlinne na fise the valley of vision Isaiah xxii 1 . gan f.¤ ar dháimh no vision among bards Keat. Poems 568 . Hence name of a class of Irish tales dealing with visions : fisi ┐ serca ┐ sluagid ... .i. ... Fis Mna Nemid, Fis Concobair, Fis Chuind Cetcathaigh .i. Baili in Scail, etc., Anecd. ii 45 - 46 . LL 190a41 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

foithir, fuither

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foithir, fuither or dil.ie/23028

Forms: fothair, fothiur, fothair, foithir, fuithir, fuithir, fuithriu, foithre, fuithriu

n also fothair (< fo-thír ?). d s. fothiur, Trip. 132.17 (1526) . more usually fothair, foithir, fuithir. g s. fuithir, Dinds. 63 . d p. fuithriu, LL 187b45 ( RC xxvi 26 ). The pl. foithre is well established in Mid. Ir. and later lit. Apparently a piece of unreclaimed valley or wooded land (a glen or dell ?): fuithir .i. fearann; .i. fó thír .i. tir mhaith (an etym. gloss), O'Cl. fothair .i. gortt, Lec. Gl. 240 . foithre .i. coillte, O'Cl. fothair díni ndēr ṅherderg (of Hell) SR 922 . ised dano conatecht-si ina slabra, fuither fossuid cona febaib `permanent estate' Dinds. 60 . iar fuithir grene .i. iar ndagthir inna ai grianda, Rawl. 108b14 . = iar futhiur RC xxvi 18 § 36 ( LL 186b ). i sleib ┐ fothiur, Trip. 132.17 ( fothíur, 1526 ). mōr lēim ... rolinges-[s] a ... o gach fuithir ┐ o gach fáinghlenn di aroile, BS § 39 . gus an fothaii fírdomain inar cuired an Maol, Celt. Rev. iv 106.21 . is lais roslechta ferann fuithir mac Forduib, Dinds. 63 = cor slecht f.f., Metr. Dinds. iii 334 . ar ergnus a ḟuithir ` estate ' ib. 302 . d s. a fotbair na fineamhna `of [lit. from] the grove of the vines' MR 98.4 . a p. i fuithriu aesa iúil (.i. i ndagthir R.; a fothir, YBL) RC xxvi 26 § 102 . ? cotarith luath Lugaid ... roe dar fot[h]re, Rawl. 115a37 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 9 . dorchfhoithri sealg `dark thickets of the chase' O'Gr. Cat. 374.27 . o fhothrib agarbaibh slebi Ircain, Aen. 830 . teiched ... fó fhoithrib ┐ daingnib, Marco P. 55 . i ffoithribh, i ffiodhbhadhaibh, AFM vi 2130.8 . dol do a ndiemhroip ... ┐ a ffoithribh fassaigh, Fl. Earls 206.20 . i rRos Inbhir, ... ar mét a foithredh ┐ a fhasaighed gacha taobh ina timceall, BNnÉ 266 § 233 .

Cf. fuither, LL 216b39 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 318 , where Gwynn takes it as = 1 fuidir).

Compd. nir dhíon ar an ccaptin sin ... fíodh na foithirghlend ` forest-valley ' AFM v 1788.12 . foithirghleant, 1732.16 .

Cf. also: obsessio Duin Foither (= Dun Ottar in Scotland) AU 680 = duin Fother, 693 . for bhru Duna Foitheir, Skene, Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 93 . See Hog. Onom. s.v. dún Foithir and Watson, Celtic placenames of Scotl. 509 - 510 .

gibis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gibis or dil.ie/25822

n (applied to something hollow ) :

(a) a gullet, a jaw : co ngibsib (ginsib v.l.) gol nginach | tucsat a rith robalc | in chonart `baying with jaws agape,' Metr. Dinds. iii 408.6 . cuanart M. ... rosmudaig mucc Mod dia gibis ic Loch Con, SG ii 468.7 = LL 167a41 .

(b) a gorge, a glen, a valley : gibhis .i. gleann, O'Cl. gibhis glaine .i. gleann glan, O'Cl. geibhis .i. gleann, O'Cl. gibis glaine `the bright neck of land,' Metr. Dinds. iv 104.38 . g s. Callraighe ngibhsi, ZCP x 339 § 10.

(c) a cleft, cavity or socket : tucad coss chraind dó : rachuir a glún na gibis (v.l. gebis) he put his knee into the socket, RC xiii 80.17 .

(d) Transf., of a fight : sunn tucad an debaid donn ... roba ger grinn gibhis gann the fight was keen, intense, close-serried (?), Celt. Rev. iv 214.21 .

gim(h)eas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gim(h)eas or dil.ie/25864

n f. : valley , hollow (?) : gimheas (geimheas v.l.), IGT Decl. § 54.13 . dá ghimhis don ghoirm-Ṡinainn-si | uman n-inis, ex. 1395 . fata srúm gimhsi gach gille, ex. 1405 . Cf. gibis.

glenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glenn or dil.ie/26047

Forms: glinne, glinn, glinne, glenna, glinn, glenn, gloinn, glenna, glennta, glinne

n In O.I. s, n. g s. glinne. d s. glinn. In Mid. I. masc. heteroclite: g s. glinne and glenna; d s. glinn, glenn, gloinn; n p. glenna, glennta, IGT Decl. § 66 . glinne as g s. is condemned as `lochdach,' ex. 1496 . Takes a fem. adj.: os glinn guirm, ex. 1503 . A valley , a hollow; common in place-names. gl. caus (= cavus), Sg. 138a12 . tri glenn Iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . Glend quia inclinatum , O'Mulc. 636 . i ṅglind Iosofath, SR 2002 . Glenn ... dá Locha, Fél. Prol. 196 . darsin n-glend, FA 22 . isin glind, ib. tuitet ... isin glend, ib. i nGlinn dá lind, Fél. June 3 . immoṅ-glend, TBC-LL¹ 1684 . hi nglind in t-shaegail, PH 4906 . a ceilg isin glinn, ZCP vi 43.2 . ós in nglionn, RC xxv 392.5 . i. ngliund na pian (of hell), Ériu ii 134 § 112 . i nGlind na mbodur, Laws i 2.4 . g s. grían gel Glinne hUissen, Fél. July 8 . cusna genitib glinni, LU 8872 ( FB 66 ). do mheit in glinde ┐ dia fhudhomnai (of hell), Ériu ii 132 § 109 . docum glenna domuin duaibsigh, ZCP vi 42.33 . an ghleanna, Jeremiah xxi 13 . réiteach ghlinne Iericho, Deuteronomy xxxiv 3 . pl. glenta ┐ fanta ... na hErend, TBC-LL¹ 5821 . Cf. 75 . a glentadha ... ┐ a inada diamra, Laws v 328.16 Comm. tegdais gena na ṅglend, PH 4601 . dorónta ... slébe donaib glinnib, Fél. Prol. 240 . isnaib glennaib sléibidib, Lat. Lives 24.10 . fo glentaigib ocus fo diamraib, Cog. 76.10 . In wider sense of a hollow or depression in general : lir co glend, ZCP xi 110 § 24 . eidir ghleanntaibh tonn between the hollows of the waves, Studies 1921, 76 § 20 . isin glind hi cois Conchulaind in the hollow of C.'s foot, TBC-I¹ 1554 = ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187 . ? frie glend a da gualann, IT i 271.35 ( FB 37 , Eg.).

Compds. ¤ailēnach having glens and islets, LL 298b10 . ¤chladach (of hair) undulating : 'gá chéibh ngleannchladhaidh, Ériu v 64.172 . ? ¤gorm na guilbnigh glenn-gorma, BB 8a15 (= gérgorma, LL.). ¤muir the furrowed sea : dar glennmuir, Anecd. i 37 § 100 . ¤port : i nglenn-portaib a ghnuisi `in the hollows of his countenance,' MR 116.21 . ¤ṡúil a deep-set eye : glennṡuili locliatha ... ina cinn, CCath. 4024 . trí mailghe ... ar a ngleannṡúilibh, ML 120.3 .

glúasid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glúasid or dil.ie/26173

Forms: glúassad, glúaised

v I Trans. moves, stirs, sets in motion:

(a) with infixed refl. pron.: connachagluaistis in charbait so that the chariots could not move, Ml. 96c13 . dianom gluasiur itir assin magin itú, TBC-LL¹ 1339 . nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1620 . acht riaglóir ocus secnap | co hanteirt óin nínglúaisea ... no one should stir, Ériu iii 100 § 23.

(b) With separate object: nachi nglúasid (of a sleeping person) do not stir him, LU 3292 ( SCC 9 ). na gluais Lonán aníar don't move ..., Mór M. § 7 ( LL 275a18 ). munus gluaisead seancaidh unless antiquarians remove them (of boundaries), Laws iv 142.24 . ní gluaisend fingalach (of a stone) no parricide can move it, MR 82.11 . RC xxiv 373.20 . nach fet gait[h]e gluaiseba which not a puff of the wind will set in motion, Ériu vii 198 § 4 . BDD § 66 and n. 10 . glūaster mong mnā Manannáin `is tossed about,' Otia ii 83 § 8 . nī roglūais in mac nechtar a dā chois dona corthaib, Ériu i 118 § 11 . glúastir na longa da lepthaib, LL 231b11 ( TTr. 1052 ). glūaistir cloc (of a bell), ZCP xiii 29 § 23 . dia n-gluaister (v.l. cumscaidter) na cuirp, Todd Nenn. 204.5 . TTebe 2069 . in muilend ... noco dingned indliged muna gluaistea he ... unless it were set in motion, Laws iii 282.14 . ... a cin for in ti ro gluaisistar he, 15 . triur iascaire do gluais gaeth assin tír seo dar n-indsaigid whom the wind drove towards us, Acall. 5967 . Metr. Dinds. iv 216.16 . ní gluaistí ... dán ... set in circulation, Studies 1920, 2 § 7 . gluaister an fhuil ... chum an chroide, O'Don. Gram. 452.10 (from Med. MS.). do ghluais C. an laimh fair `C. seized him,' ITS v 30.2 . as gluaisde ... buar bhar mbrughadh | a gleanmhoigh fhuar Iarmhumhan your hospitallers' kine must be driven from the smooth valley , DDána 74 § 18.

(c) Fig. incites, influences: slan don muic ... o bas eigem gluaisfes ar na huile esbachuib ... sets it, Laws iii 242.14 . cen co gluaistea (sic leg.) he ... coir cemad tslan in ti ro gluaisestar he, 282.12 - 13 . ní éir gaoth nach gluais mh'intinn, Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . an domblus ae gluaisis an feirg, Ériu ix 64.19 .

II Intrans. proceeds, moves, goes: gluais co tech in brethemnais, PH 2604 . co n-imdigtís ┐ co ngluaistís (of images), 1733 . na glu[a]sad nech uaibh asa inad, TFrag. 190.17 . o rogluasetar inn ócbad, LL 220b34 ( TTr. 264 ). amal nogloisdis na teda as the strings vibrated, YBL 57a1 . gluaisit gusin ngallchath, Studies 1920, 417 § 10 . do-gluais se roime, Ériu ii 82.16 . do gluaisimairne sa gleann, Maund. § 257 . a nglonda rogluais gan gréim `their valour passed away ...,' MacCarthy 432.15 . an Éigipt ór ghluaiseadar Gaedhil `proceeded,' Keat. i 98.16 . do gluaiseadar ... na taoisigh ... a n-easumhlacht na aghaidh `rose in revolt,' Maguires of F. § 25 . gluaissis in teagh naomhtha the holy house moved away, Fl. Earls 114.4 . ní gluaisdi ag na Gaeidheluibh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.118 . With prep. ó springs from: ó chethrar gluaisid Gaoidhil, AFM vi 2320.11 (qu. fr. MacBrody). Vnn. glúasacht, q.v.; also glúassad, glúaised: gluassadh doib a ndiaigh mic Cathail, AU ii 488.1 . g s. o mhinceacht an ghluaiste from the frequency of the motion, O'Don. Gram. 452.23 (from Med. MS.).

imma n-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imma n- or dil.ie/27638
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immanarraid

reflexive and reciprocal preverb used before compound vbs. to form new compounds. The an may be a petrified poss. pron. p. 3, or an infix. pron. s. 3 m. It is used impersonally, (i) with the prep. DO e.g. ceni immonacai dun, IT ii2 190.2 . (ii) with the first noun (or pronoun) introduced by the prep. DO, the second with FRI e.g. immanarnic dosom frisin Liath Macha, LU 8458 , or in ordinary personal use e.g. immanaiccet int shlúaig, TBFr. 176. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 552 (4) , §589 (3) ; GOI § 841 D ; O'Brien, Ériu xii 242 ff .

¤acalladar: ár-rogád co 'manarladh dhuinne (= ar romgád-sa co 'mmanarlaid dún, LL 278b21 ) I have prayed that we might speak together, Lism. L. xii 18. immanarladair dó iarum fria da brathair he and his two brothers conversed together, RC xii 80 § 75. ní 'ma-nárlastar dóib 'they did not speak to each other', Ériu xxxv 74 § 8 . ¤acci: immanaiccet int shlúaig the hosts see each other, TBFr. 176. as-bert ní 'mmanaic. cigtis hi tír inna nóeb, Trip.² 2511. (see GOI p. 518 and p. 685 n. ). comman-actís ┐ commafessaitis, TBC-LL¹ 454. in tan dochúaid C. ... fodess co 'mmanaccai dó ┐ a ndunad boí i mmaig Murthemne, LL 120a31 . ó man-acca dóib ri suilsi ind lái, TFerbe 394 . is comfocus etruinn ceni immonacai dun, IT ii2 190.2 . tech dorcha connámonaicced doib co arna barach, SG ii 414.23 . ní 'manacige do frim-sa hi richiud nime, Ériu ii 194 § 8. ¤airgaib (? air-in-gaib): dororbiusa (.i. tairmescfad sa) coná 'manaircéba dóib aní is accobor leo so that they shall not obtain (?), Comp. CC 44.13 . ¤airicc: rosfucsat leó dia [te]tarracht ┐ ni monairnic doib they set out to overtake him and they did not meet, RC xv 294 § 5. imonarnaicc iarum do Chongal ┐ do Chonall Congal and Conall met, Ériu v 240.136 . immanarnic dosom frisin Liath Macha he and the Liath Macha met, LU 8458 ( FB § 31 ). imanarnic do fri cumail, IT iii 190 § 16. comofarnaic do fria athair, RC xvi 46 § 95. Used of sexual intercourse: o immanarnaic ind lanamain combo torrach de in bean, LL 287b3 . immanarnaic dóib ┐ in maccaillech combo torrach de, KMMisc. 208 § 1. commanarnaic doib ┐ co mbái-si do mnái gradaigthe oco-som, Ériu iv 22 § 3. ¤*airret: pret. s. conid and immanarraid dóib so that it was there they met, LL 122b4 . ¤bris: immorobris dia sciathaib their shields were mutually broken, IT ii1 183.243 . ¤brúi: imarochlui diar claidbib immorobrui dia[r] sciathaib our swords were mutually crushed, 185.286 . ¤clói: immorachlui dia claidbib, their swords were mutually bent, broken, 183.242 . imma cloiset gai, LL 116b1 . ¤comboing: co rodlútha(t) a thuatha iarom arna 'mmacomba doib `lest they destroy one another,' Críth G. 519. ¤comraic: immácomarnaic dó ┐ don scál, LU 8547 ( FB § 40 ). immacomrainic doib doridisi they fought again, CCath. 2966. imacomrainic dhóibh combatar mescc ar mhesg, Hugh Roe 256.8 (fo. 68a) . immacomairnic de Luc[h] ┐ di Bolur, RC xii 100.3 . imo comhrainic d'Aodh Ollan ┐ d'Aodh mac Colgan, AFM i 332.7 . imacomraig do andsin ┐ Ampion ... re ag, TTebe 4019 . ¤comshínither: immacomsinitar dóib they wrestle with one another, LU 8527 ( FB § 38 ). ¤comthuairg: immacomtuairg doib ┐ dobered Cu. da beim im cech n-aen beim dosum, FB § 40 (Eg.). ¤comthuit: immacomthuit dóib conná tudchith nech dīb i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445. ¤díbdai: tummis German irlund a gai issin-abaind ┐ immán-díbdai dó ... amal bid tene nodloscad `it is consumed,' RC ix 482.7 . ¤dígaib: ni 'mandigbat nemid `privileges do not diminish one another,' Ir. Recht 12 n. 2 (= Laws v 108.3 ). ¤diupir: mad in ceile bis daidbir, fo-gni log ina set amail mestar, cona 'ma-nderbara `so dass sie sich gegenseitig nicht übervorteilen,' ZCP xiv 392 § 61. ¤essoirg: immanesoírg dóib combo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu, LU 8201 ( FB § 15 ). ¤fitir: ni 'mafitir dóib they did not know one another, Trip.² 200. co mmanactís ┐ co mmafessaitis that they might see and know one another, TBC-LL¹ 454. ¤fópair: imofobair doib isin glinn `they attack one another in the valley ,' IT ii1 184.254 . ¤forbeir: imuforbair doib co ndrochair in mac, RC xvi 46.30 : ¤fuisethar (-fo-siss-): `imma-fuisethar dun' ol in Bodb. imma-fuissithiur doib issin maigin sin let us protect one another, IT iii 239.126 . ¤gaib: imaragaib doib ime they agreed about it, Lism. L. xi 14. immaragaib doib cipé dib no digsed they agreed that whoever would go, LL 278a43 . immaragab do cathugud ... for irlar in tigi duna natrachaib, BB 240a1 . tair chucum co 'mmaragba dún, co nderna athair dímsa ┐ co ndernursa mac dítsu, RC xiii 462 § 69. ¤goin: na mmon-gonad d' Ultaib it chinaid, IT i 73.7 . ¤marba: immacossaitiubsa eter in mac ┐ a athair co 'mmámuirfe dóib so that they will kill one another, LU. 8087 ( FB § 6 ). ¤ricc: o immarainic doib, CCath. 5815. ¤roich: immáríacht do ┐ Protésalús comrac dessi `it came to pass that he and P. had a duel,' TTr. 1580. is andsin immarocht don tṡlúag cechtarda for lár in tigi the hosts encountered each other, TFerbe 408 . ¤sínither: imasīnit[h]ar dōib they wrestle with one another, TBC-I¹ 451. immon sinsetar fir, LL 116b1 . ¤sissethar: feraid na hingena failti fri macco Ailella ... ┐ imasisedar doib `sie bleiben zusammen stehen,' IT ii2 229.57 . ¤tairissethar: ó focerta a ṡrúb ar géscoe ima-tairisfeadh doib `if his snout were put on a branch they would stick together (lit. it would be mutual remaining for them)', BDD² 349. ¤tairret: imma-tarraid (imma-tárraid) dún indi we met there, Sc.M² § 9. i nDubid immataruid (imma-tarraid, v.l.) dóib, Mór M. § 10. ¤tarla: imma-tarlae dóib fodēoid co-tarat int oīnḟer for firu Hérenn `they drew together (came to blows) until one man obtained superiority above the (other) men,' Sc.M² § 8 (See Gl. and n. 20 ). ¤tomail: co namtánic Parrthalón | ... | co 'matormailt dam ria síl they and I mutually enjoyed it, Ériu iv 130.23 . arsin tángadar Fir Bolc | ... | imotormalt damsa riu, 132.3 . arsin tángadar Túath Dé | ... | co 'matormuilt damsa riu, 11 . ¤túairc: immacossaitiub dá cích cacha óenmná ... co 'mmatuaircfe dóib so that they will smite one another, LU 8090 ( FB § 6 ). imatuarcat doib, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 178.20 . ¤tuit: immotaeth dōib ar chomūaill `they will fall on both sides because of their equal pride,' Mór M. § 8. immotorchair doib forsin tracht, Rawl. B 512, fo. 79b31 .

lán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lán or dil.ie/29542
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā.

I As adj.

(a) full, full (of), filled (with): corbo lān ule an rúsc imme, BColm. 60.15 . secht fichet long lan, Irish Texts ii 3 § 21 . do ghroid-dhíoladh na tonnaidhe lána, Keat. Poems 531. With follg. dat.: cach airfortach lan lubaib, SR 393 = lan do luibib, LB 109a ( MacCarthy 38.18 ). With gen.: croch in martir Phetair / cona ṡlúag l.¤ gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . ba l.¤ ratha in spiruta noeim he, PH 316 . slatchuill glegheala mar budh l.¤ láeghḟola, IGT Decl. ex. 622 . a n-uaisli fa l.¤ lethtruim, L. Cl. A. B. 258.4 . gach doman lan bo is brugad, Irish Texts ii 19 § 22. With prepp. DI: is lan dineuch thórnther gl. plenum esse aliquem eius quod significatur, Sg. 59b18 . líntar l.¤ di fín, Wb. 11b13 . corupsa l.¤ diib gl. gaudia, Ml. 104d3 . inna maige robtar lana di assaraib, 48d12 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.20 Comm . oighen l.¤ do grísaig, Hib. Min. 77.14 = aigen lain grischa, 34 . gebid lamchloich . . . dar bo l.¤ a glacc, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . bat lana beóil fer ṅ-hErend ┐ Alban din anmum sin, TBC-LL¹ 1055 . isat lana renda nime . . . do nuallguba, IT i 191.23 . at lána na dúile dím-sa, ar in cóimdiu, PH 3405 . in méis lan do bíud, 1318 . do bhí mé . . . / l.¤ dom anáil ón uabhar `puffed up with pride', Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . don anam bhíos l.¤ do theasbhach ó theinidh purgadóra, TSh. 4429. With ó: ro-ptar lana na hapstail o fhín in ratha spirutalda, PH 5510. (cryptic) loscan .i. lan, Goid. 77 § 152 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) Various other applications: os gach luing láin ample, IGT Decl. ex. 750 . intan bus l.¤ a rig don dornaisc when his wrist is big enough to fill the ring, Ériu i 124.5 . Of space of time whole, complete : mí l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.2 ( Hy. v 46 ). fer dorigni inna gnima sin i nraptar l.¤ a cóic bliadna, LU 4968 (= slána, TBC-I¹ 482 ). batar lana trí coícait bliadan, LL 22267 . secht ṁbliadna lana, SR 3381 . bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, LU 8042 ( FB 1 ). bliadain láin for a whole year, Auraic. 5299. dí bliadna lána dóib iarsin i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246b6 . re leith bliadain lain, BB 53b25 .

Of full tide etc.: in tan bha lan in muír dothigeadh tar in dor sin, BB 26b20 . ucht ar indber l.¤ , Ériu iv 220.5 . sruth locha láin, Dán Dé xxvii 28 . do dhorchuigh an ré d'éis bheith l.¤ di, Keat. Poems 495 . For phrase ina linn láin see 1 linn.

As vague alliterating laudatory epithet: croch l.¤ Laurint deochain `full cross', Fél. Aug. 10 . na tair chucum a láich láin accomplished, TBC-LL¹ 3487 . Labraid Loṅgsech l.¤ , Hail Brigit 5 . as mē Laitheōcc láidhech l.¤ , ZCP viii 110.1 . colg in laoích láin, Duan. F. ii 124 § 1 . Longaran l.¤ `opulent', Cog. 104.13 . la Cormac Cond-Loṅges l.¤ , ZCP xi 109 § 11. luchtlach l.¤ cech laithi, Fél. Ep. 21 . ba hed násad Loga lain Metr. Dinds. iii 50.41 . in carn fil il Lotain láin, `faultless', iii 200.21 . Fergna, fer gaí lethain láin `weighty', iv 88.21 . a haithle in ḟleachaid láin, ACL iii 305.4 . atbert-som o luige lan "itchonnarcsa fen hí", PH 99 . don loinn nior l.¤ , Irish Texts i 26 § 11 . ar ndóchas l.¤ ar laogh búidh (of chieftain), Aithd. D. 25.6 .

In chevilles: gein Laurint, l.¤ frecrae, Fél. Feb. 22 . i mBrí Léith ba láthar lan, LU 10706.

(c) covered with: áth . . . nach l.¤ d'á ngraigib ┐ da ngillaib, CRR 38.5 . a chorp lan do créchtaib, PH 377 . co mba l.¤ in sliab uli dia indilib, 7177 . fiche céad laoch l.¤ d'éideadh ó mhullach go lár, Ériu i 84.5 .

II As subst. [n.].

(a) the full, complement, whole (with gen. of that which contains and freq. of that which is contained): nochur gabh Laighnech lan Erenn all Ireland, MacCarthy 432.20 . becc i n-óenḟecht dia lánaib / slog sáer-chert síl sen-Ádaim `to fill it', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.20 . l.¤ is línad `fullness and increase', 70.24 . fa l.¤ aoibhe an ḟir `by the fulness of his charm', Arch. Hib. i. 91.4 . atá an crann fa l.¤ anóra acu, Maund. 55 . l.¤ an arrthruigh, IGT Decl. ex. 903 . caorthann fana l.¤ duille, Duan. F. ii 354 § 66 . batar . . . ica imradh cia lan bud maith la cach dibh do beth acu isinn eclais. Robo maith leamsa, ol Ciarán, a lan do macuib ecalsa they were considering what each of them would like to have the church full of, Lism. L. 867 . l.¤ dearnann do ghorm-ghaghéar, DDána 106.11 . l.¤ duirn gach milidh, Duan. F. ii 4 § 12 . le l.¤ duirn do dhán éadtrom, Content. xxv 6 . l.¤ glaice laich na timcioll, Duan. F. ii 26 § 26 . aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach, an uair imduiges na lenna, Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tugadar lán na [n]gunnaidh mōr ┐ beg dia roile, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 42.1 . gach dara lān pāirce, 20.6 . lan leighe, Irish Texts v 24.36 . tóimhsigh dá l.¤ an chroicinn, Atlantis iv 200.29 . mairg do-nī lān don lestar (of gluttony), ACL iii 240 § 37.

Of full moon, full tide etc. teacht ┐ l.¤ na gealaighe, Corp. Astron. 182.10 . sul tí an l.¤ (of tide), Irish Texts ii 49 § 32. tibra a Slīab Gam . . . / da lan inti 'san aenlō / indarna lān sāl . . . / in lan eli is fīruisce, ZCP v 24. 1 - 2 . intan atraig in muir, comard hé fria l.¤ (of a grave), Triads 237 . tiocfa an l.¤ eadruibh is é, IGT Decl. ex. 1041 . abhann dá loch ar a lár / is in l.¤ do'n leith aniar (of a valley), SG 148.20 . meinic ón linnsi l.¤ fala tide of blood, SGS iv 64 § 20. Of Archangel Michael and the sinner: cara na héigne is é an l.¤ / is mé an t-éigne ar an éadtrágh, Dán Dé xiv 6 . Fig. of Christ: is é an l.¤ robhorta an Rí, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix l . See robarta. l.¤ mara full tide : robbadhad sochaidi . . . i llan mora, AU i 238. 4 . robui in lan mura fái in ngrianan, ZCP vi 94.22 . co táinic an l.¤ mara tarsta, CF² 707 . ar dteacht don l.¤ mara fútha, Ériu i 92.4 .

In other phrases: l.¤ beóil subject of praise : l.¤ beoil nach bréagtha molta, A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . énl.¤ beóil ḟileadh Éireann, Ériu ix 167 § 35 . do l.¤ beoil na bantrochta (of Our Lady), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 3 . fa l.¤ toile `in fullness of love', PBocht 1.15 . l.¤ súl(a) cynosure: ac sin Clar Una gan urraid / a l.¤ sula cumaigh cach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 2 . re l.¤ súl na seacht nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 12 . l.¤ súl re budh deacra deaghoil, L. Cl. A. B. 190.11 . See súil. fo lān seōil `under full sail', Fl. Earls 10.21 . See séol.

In legal contexts: inti is mo l.¤ the most guilty, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ). eisinnruic láin liable to full penalties, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). damad e in cintac rooclad, ma dorormacht cneid is mo is tuilledh re heirec na cetcnede ┐ re heneclainn co rab lan na cnede dorormacht ann ┐ a otrus, BCrólige 25 n.12 . doníthar trócaire re urradh im lan in marbaidh do gabail uadha, Laws iv 252.3 . cor itir da lan contract between two persons with full rights(?), iii 4.10 , glossed .i. folad comtoirnithe `equal value on both sides', 13 . tabair se scribaill for in triar lain, ┐ tri screpaill for sellach lethi, i 246.4 Comm . muna roib urrad mar aen ris da tarrustar a lan `unless he has a native along with him who has full honor-price', 104.25 . mad do [t]argaidhsimh fein a l.¤ amach `if he himself has offered to pay the full amount out' iv 256.16 Comm . arindhi it cetheora primfodlai fil for-suidib (sic leg.) .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu (of fines), i 258.z Comm . tecait i cuibdius fo lan in deoradha `the full amount of the fine of the stranger', 88.15 Comm . sellach láin, sellach lánḟéich, see sellach.

In gramm. term a l.¤ (its fullness) the ns. or np. of a word without any change by reduction or augmentation: a lan (.i. can dichned, can dochned), Auraic. 5073 . ben a oen, ben a lan, 1845 . aen ainces ar ilar ndan / ar uathad ainces a lan, 2160 .

(b) In general sense of abundance, plenty : nobíd l.¤ adbal . . . / ar lar talman dia thorthib `vast plenty', Metr. Dinds. iii 176.131 . roinn leabhra go l.¤ bhuinnigh, `full of vigour', Ériu ix 164 § 18.

With poss. a l.¤ much of, many : a l.¤ many people, DDána 84.3 . bi eagla theineadh ifrinn ar a l.¤ `multi', TSh. 6394 . 'gan druing as a ndéine a l.¤ `of which you make much', Content. v 67. Folld. by prep. DI: ré a l.¤ d'feruib, Irish Texts ii 58 § 12. a l.¤ do snechta sléibhe Elpa, CCath. 451 . a lan d'ainglib o neim, Grail 4313 . do chluinim ó n-a l.¤ do dhaoinibh, Keat. iii 1424 . a l.¤ den chogal, Keat. Poems 36.

Compds. Extremely common in compds. of all kinds. Freq. prefixed merely for alliterative purposes, e.g. ar lanbreithem ar lanrí, ZCP viii 24.21 . co lúth ┐ co luas ┐ co lánglicus, Comp. CC 100.18 . int aislingthe laind landes, SR 3350.

(a) With nouns in meaning full, complete : ¤áer: lanæir .i. corob ainm ┐ uss ┐ domghnass inti, IT iii 105.29 . lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, Laws v 234.11 . ¤airches: lán aircess fri ecrata complete trap, TBC-LL¹ 599 . ¤arrae: lán arra na cairdi `full hostage-pledge', Laws iii 134. 10 Comm . ¤biathad full refection : a lanbiathad do gac grad flatha do saill a ndomnac ┐ a ndardain, BCrólige 46 n. 12 . ¤biattach: ochtur lanbiatach do maithibh Cene[oi]l-Moen, AU ii 190.z . ¤brón: nírbu l.¤ Sg. 42a8 (see GOI 678 no. 82 ). ¤brostud: l.¤ ar nech, LL 230a28 ( TTr. 959 ). ¤búaile: dá lanbuailigh déc `full byres', RC xviii 159.8 . ¤cháin: dobeir a lanchain, RC xxiv 184.12 . ¤charna: maeth bo-shaille ┐ l.¤ muilt, LB 216b75 . ¤chasbairdne (metr.), IT iii 26.14 . ¤chíall: is lánchiall indib chenae gl. verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ¤cháechad: tugaibh S. a lánchaochadh `so long as ever he can see', O'Gr. Cat. 128.28 . ¤choire: lanchoire .i. coire iomlán, O'Cl. ¤chonách: ní bidh cen cech lanchonách fair, Acall. 577 v.l. ¤chor: l[u]irech lineach lancuir, CCath. 3132 (`full-right'). Cf. ross is ael is lín lanchuír (of materials of Tor Nemrúaid), BB 317a44 ( 14a57 , 300a24 ). ¤chúairt: co tucc a lán chuairt, AFM ii 984.1 . ¤chuibdius (metr.): salcuibdiusa ┐ lancuibdiusa, IT iii 25.22 . ¤chumang: lancumang inntib uile full force (of vowels), Auraic. 4313 . ¤dám: cethrar a lan-dam, Laws v. 30.23 Comm . a landamh leis amach fo cetoir `his full retinue accompanying him', BCrólige 12 n. 14 . ¤déiche: cen blae .i. cen lan-déiche do breith uaimm ar mo rosc, LB 241a73 . ¤deimnigud (gramm.) perfect tense : ar a fíafruighidh ar láindeimhnioghadh, IGT Introd. 7.x . ¤díre: is co na landire asrenar, Laws ii 402.2 . Cf. ZCP xiv 388 . ¤dírech: landírech sund `full uncovering', Thes. ii 251.4 (Stowe Missal). ¤dílsi: dorat E. lándílsi na hinghine, TTr.² 1891 . ¤ecar: bretnais fo al-lānecor de ōr full decoration, TBC-I¹ 3247. As attrib. gen.: dealg láneccoir, Irish Texts iii 18 § 10 . cetheora lanna lánecair, LL 237b32 ( TTr. 1543 ). ¤edbairt (see idbart): cu lanpairtib (leg. lanedpairtib) toghaidhi, Lism. L. 4494. ¤eneclann: geall laneneclainne uadhsomh don fir roferustar croligi fair, BCrólige 56 n.5 . ¤éraicc: fuacraid . . . cath. . . . nó lanéraic a athar do thabairt dó, LU 3196 ( RC ii 90.17 ). ¤esair: in dairthach fo lánessair glain, Irish Texts i 34.27 . ¤ḟáesam: leath suire fri lan foesum, Laws ii 34. x . ¤ḟaite: dhí gan lánfhaide is córaide it is more proper that it be not too long (of poem), L. Cl. A. B. 149.96 . ¤ḟer: airccindech (sic leg.) . . . no lan-fer (fer graid, v.l.) man in full orders, Laws v 178.26 Comm . lainfear gradha `thorough friend', CCath. 6049 . ¤ḟéth: muir fo lanfeth `in perfect calm', RC xii 60.10 . ¤ḟíach: sellach lan feich, Laws i 240.25 . ¤ḟocul; tabair mo tri-lanḟocull dam full demand, IT, ii2 227.8 . ¤ḟogal: .vii. lānfogla etar-scartha inna mnā, ZCP xv 356 § 44 . ¤ḟlaith: suide lānflatha, ZCP xi 91 § 3 . ¤ḟogur: lanfogur ┐ defogur da dual na nguta `full tone and diphthong', Auraic. 343. ¤ḟolad: anscuiche cach lanfola[d], Laws iii 12.12 . ¤ḟolt: gid a leathfolt gid a lanfolt, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. B. 506, 36b ). ¤gille: lan gille no smacht gille, Laws i 118.25 . lan gille no leth gille, ii 98.3 . langilli in corpdire, BCrólige 61 (50.8.) . ¤ḟoirgell: lan foirghell co neithech lui sechtar fathchi, Laws iii 396.10 Comm . ¤ḟuigell: gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, Laws v 252.17 Comm . ¤grád: bai ina langradoib `in C.'s favour', CCath. 3555 . ¤imme: dar lan ime, Laws v 464.2 Comm . ¤immirce: itir da tir dligid lan ímirche `full passage', Laws iv 156.17 . ¤lóg: is gell lanloige [enech] (d)esec, BCrólige 61 (50.4) . a lanluagh dia reir féin do iarsein, BB 263a30 . ¤lott: lánlott Herenn dóib, Trip. 528.9 . ¤nert: gan a lainnert do ghabháil dóib in airett sin, AFM iii 474.7 . ? ¤od: don tuisech lanod `of full privilege', Laws iii 136.z Comm . ¤óentu: a lanaenta complete unity, Lism. L. 3869 . ¤phennaid: lanpendait fair `full penance (must be laid) upon him', Mon. Tall. 147.32 . ¤phinginn: sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, O'D. 903 ( H 3.18, 645 ). ¤ré: as lan re dorca againne `full dark moon', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.24 . ¤réimm (gramm.): is taebreim cach ni nach lanreim `full declension', Auraic. 796 . lanreim . . . Coulum caid cumachtach full alliteration, 3745 . ¤reimes: a lanreimis Loegaire, MacCarthy 410.10 . ¤rí: full king as opposed to leth-rí: dá ríomhthar gach duine dhíobh, eider leithrígh ┐ láinrigh, ZCP ii 357.34 . ¤ríar full satisfaction : co tardsat a lanriár dó, RC xviii 47.7 . ¤ríge: illánrige n-Israhél, SR 6704 . ¤robarta: Aedh Ollán . . . lán rabarta ann intan rugadh, Cóir Anm. 122 . ¤ṡaíre: co ro caithe a lan saire, Laws i 200.1 Comm . ¤ṡáith: lān shāit[h] gl. plenitudo, O'Mulc. 513. ¤ṡibal: ata uidhi .iiii. mís do lansiubal tarsna na hÍnnidha `to cross India completely', Maund. 251 . ¤ṡíd: lánsíd i n-Érind hi flaith Conaire, BDD 24 . ¤ṡlúaiged: déana lánṡluaigheadh, TD 2.15 . ¤ṡós full (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ¤ṡoud: ar lanṡodh muilind, O'Curry 1027 ( H 3.18, 432b ). ¤ṡoillse: lá cona lánṡoilsi, TBC-LL¹ 3284 . ¤taísech: meg ragnaill lantaoiseach muintire hE., AFM iv 1054.3 . ¤tegdais: ní lán techdais bes sestu `full house', Thes. ii 294.11 . ¤tol: lāntol menman, ACL iii 296 § 42 . ¤tomus: lantomus duaine, MacCarthy 138.w . ¤torad: in fhínemain apaid fo lántorud, LB 133a4 . ¤ugtar: lanugtar, Laws i 24.z .

With adjj. fully, entirely : ¤apaig: dā dēis dēe lān-aipchi, ZCP v 24.z . ¤cáech: recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 . ¤chomlán: Lucas . . . liaig lanchomlan, PH 5397. ¤becc. As subst.: ní cluinter ... acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ). -chóir. As subst. réim luinge fa lánchóir, PBocht 4.27 . ¤chubaid. As subst. (metr.) full rhyme : lancubaidh no taebchubaid, Auraic. 929 . is lancubaid insin, 1014 . ¤daingen. As subst.: do landaingnib an domain, CCath. 3410 . ¤derbtha: bíodh gach énduine lándearbhtha, Romans xiv 5 . ¤dorcha. As subst. ro laighset landorca na haidhchi forro, CCath. 2693. ¤ḟáilid: nírbu lánḟálid, Sg. 42a7 . ¤gairit: co llangairit `full shortly', CCath. 5137 . ¤méth: meic indrechtāin lánméith, MacCongl. 33.19 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤dénmach: ben . . . landenmach, BB 16b27 . ¤ḟechtnach: do éc co lanfechtnach, AU ii 176.z . ¤ḟíachach: in seallach lanfiachach, O'Dav. 123 . ¤ithmar: filad mo cíchi gu lachtmur lánithmhur ag tibirsin 'my breasts are flowing freely and abundantly with milk', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . ¤lógmar: an irrand as lánlogmar, LB 236a56 . ¤onórach: co lanonorach, AU ii 178.8 .

With vbs. ¤daim: fuair a réir mar rolándét, Ériu viii 70.92 . ¤lína: inrí rán rodaslanlín, SR 5076. Note also: dia laneimde gaire, O'Curry 1995 ( H 4.22, 28 ).

mata, máta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mata, máta or dil.ie/31665

pn io, m., name of a fabulous monster connected with the Boyne valley: lecht forsa torc[h]air in Matæ, RC xv 292 ( Dinds. 4 ). lecht in Mate, ib. Glend in Máta .i. seilc[h]i sin `a tortoise' (?), ib. dia ro bruiset fir Erenn baill in Matæ roslas i mBrug Meic in Óic, 329 ( Dinds. 28 ). Cf. Metr. Dinds. iii 100. in glend i mbíd Mátha mall, Metr. Dinds. ii 22 (Dinds. of Brug na Boinne). do descin in Máthai múaid, 23 (matha, mada, mata MSS. in both exx.). For discussion of legend see Macalister, Temair Breg 241 - 243 . Cf. 2 mát.

3 mid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 mid or dil.ie/32159

Forms: midnoct, mid(ṡ)lisse

n in compds. mid-, middle, centre: used exceptionally as absol., folld. by gen.: mac rig Muide mid samraid | fuair i fid uaine ingin in midsummer, YBL 118a marg. inf. = Bruchst. i § 161 . fo midh abunn, BLism. 176rb35 .

I With adj. in primary sense, or occasionally in that of middling, partially , cf. mid .i. leth, O'Mulc. 821. ¤garb: ós brúachaib mara midgairb `of the rough mid-sea', Metr. Dinds. iv 222.2 (but cf. iii 368.38 quoted under 1 mid). ¤lán: is midlán inbėr Linni Luachainne half-full , CRR 11. go dtárla an mhuir . . . 'n-a mallmagh mhíodhlán swelling (?), ML 48.1 . cloch dárbo midhlán a glac, Comp. CC 121.16 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ); 120.4 . ¤lethan: carbad mór midhleathan ` middle-broad ', Todd Lect. iv 74 § 23. Name of Finn's drinking-cup , Fianaig. 56.7 . ¤oll: mōrarggain . . . Mide mid-uill `of great central Meath', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 33 = LL 184a17 (= 1 mid?).

See also midṡeng, -thromm.

II With subst., corresponding to Engl. mid-. ¤aís middle age , generally of adolescence, period between childhood and manhood: méidither cenn mic midhaísi, TBC-LL¹ p. 369 n. 14 . tricha mac midaísi, IT iii 246.91 (LL), cf. ZCP viii 541.22 . co snāifitis maic midaísi foraibh, ZCP xi 62 § 5. ML 4.10 . ITS v 180.2 . níor mhó ná mac miodhaoise, Duan. F. i 47.10 . Of the period of life between youth and old age: genus i n-óide, creisine i mmidais, ettla fri hæs, LB 71 marg. inf. ním creisineach miodhaoise, Studies 1931, 437 § 10 . ¤bine: ni m.¤ insin no venial crime (?), LL 122b28 . ¤bolg o, m. ` middle bag', belly: midhbolg aice cosmhuil re bolg sidhe, Lism. L. 2223. delbh duine . . . co m.¤ umai, BB 487a34 . g s. in place-name: Magh Midhbuilcc (Míbuilg v.l.), BNnÉ 284.14 . As ā, f. stem: mac midbuilce mela `son of honey-bag', MacCongl. 33.13 = milbuilci, 123.36 . ¤cuairt, see below. ¤glenn n. a central glen or valley , a depression: tar maige, tar midglinni, FB 47. sétid maige midglinne, 50 . ¤guala f. space between the shoulders: ro gabastar . . . a chathbarr . . . dar a midguallib sechtair, TBC-LL¹ 2535. ¤n. midday: iar medón midlaí, LU 6338 , TBC-LL¹ 2474. ¤lisse, see -ṡliss. ¤medón m., strengthened form of medón middle, centre: i midmedon in laei at the height of noon, CCath. 3516. i midhmedón laoi, AFM v 1778. go midhmhedón erraigh, Hugh Roe 76.2 (fo. 20a) . ¤nocht midnight: midnoct nocturn , Thes. i 3.36 . iar midnocht, MacCongl. 7.14 . hi mídnocht na cásc, PH 5009. teit di m.¤ to midnight mass (on Easter Eve), Rule of Tallaght § 13. do leigthi dochom an mhiodnochta midnight mass, Rule of Tallaght § 54. (Fig.) Colum C. coinneal tōidhius teóra reachta . . . doréd midhnocht maighne Erca, ZCP viii 197 § 11.

¤ṡliss mid-side, mid-beam ; in older lit. in pl. mid(ṡ)lisse, apparently of rafters or timbers in upper part of a room: nos-cuir i n-arda, co ranic midlisi in tigi, FB 64. flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 55 . flesc airgit . . . rosaiged midlissiu in taige, LL 248b42 = TBFr. 82 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). Of seat running along one side of a room: ro erb fair suidhe . . . for miodhslios na bruighne, Hugh Roe 230.31 (61b) .

srath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srath or dil.ie/38756
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sraith, sraith, srath, sraith, sratha

n [orig. o, m.? But d s sraith, Alex. 873 ]. Later also sraith. srath (na habhann) m. (g s. sraith, sratha), IGT Decl. § 38 (87.11) . See Dán do Oide 335 .

(a) grass, sward : i s.¤ gl. in gramine, Thes. ii 46.21 . graig óir budi and fri s.¤ `on the sward', Imr. Brain 15 . moscing srathu careers across grasslands (of a horse), LU 8669 ( FB 50 ). in talam cona sraith trit no lomm `Grasschicht', Alex. 873 . selaig srathu Fomoire cut down Fomorians like grass (?) (`die Talgründe der Fomoren', as in (b) infra), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 § 1 . ? da grúad chorcra cainiu s.¤ , IT i 80.13 ( LMU 18 ).

(b) valley , bottom, meadow or grassy place near a river , etc.: dus in fagba sliab no s.¤ | no iath forsa tarrasad, SR 2551 . buair Muman gach baili | . . . | forrollscadh fo sratha | comdar data duibe, BB 375a17 = for ratha, Metr. Dinds. iii 218.35 . tar sraith Banna an bhruaigh ghil | tug dhá chreich, L. Cl. A. B. 158.149 . s.¤ d'faigsin isin Imleach | gan an sraitsin sibheinnfliuch, IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . sgor seng ar srathaibh na Múaidhe | lachain chenn n-úaine ar gach n-áth on the meadowlands of the Moy, ex. 1009 . gach s.¤ gach áth gac[h] abhann, Dán Dé xxv 22 . ? tuir dhíoghuinne . . . | 'n-a srothaibh corra ar n-a gcar | do chlochaibh troma an talmhan, DDána 75.25a . dochuaidh . . . for sraith na tiopraidi (`brink'), BS 28.16 . rothoirinn for sraith an topuir, 82.17 . ar shraithibh ┐ ar shíth-ghleanntaibh Innbhir na Bóinne, CRR² 70.5 . co rainic se s.¤ Saighre (n. loc.?), BNnÉ 113.10 .

(c) In chevilles: fri sratha slanaeb, SR 54 . srethaib s.¤ , 135 . co súidib s.¤ , 3227 . diargaet Mumu mīlib s.¤ | isin chath ic Cell Osnad, ZCP viii 118 § 28 .

(d) fine, tax : saor ó shrathaibh gan tabhairt air chios uaimse, O'Rah. (1900) xlvii 4 . dorinneadar iomchasaoid de bhíthin neamhchomhthruime gacha sratha ┐ gacha íoca dá mbíodh ortha, lii (291.9. 1911) . a's ní dhíolfam feoirling leo, cíos ná sraith, Munster Poets ii 108.16 . More usually sreth in this meaning.

Compd. ¤fhíadach: ag sraith-fhiadhach . . . ar lochtaibh a chomharsan `hunting widely' (Gloss.), TSh. 1620 .

Common in nn. loc. See Hog. Onom.

See sreth.