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áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire , lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad, LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad, MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm, Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais, AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas, 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

2 ailech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ailech or dil.ie/985

n [ā, f. ?] (2 ail) satire , invective: dáig na facbad ailche `so that he might not leave invectives' (of Aitherne), RC viii 50.3 . ailchi móra d[f]acbail for Laignib, 7 . faicebsa ailig fort `I shall leave a reproach on thee', Ériu viii 157.31 . aer ailce i ngruaidibh .i. aer[a] ailceacha do denam dó, O'Curry 456 ( H 3.18, p. 243a ). ailche .i. aithissi ina agaid, O'Curry 472 ( H 3.18, 247 ). (ailche, ailchi, etc. are perhaps simply forms of 2 ail, ed.)

1 ainmed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ainmed or dil.ie/1441
Last Revised: 2013

vn. of ainmid act of drawing attention to a blemish (esp. by satire); satirising; blemish: cin tengad di air di anmet (sic), Laws i 238.12 . colpdach ina eneclann dia air dia a.¤ , iv 352.5 . dia sarughudh, dia ésain dia a.¤ , 346.9 . athgabail treisi . . . im ainme[d] im ecnadach `slandering', i 174.29 . ainmheadh gnuisi. Ériu xiii 44.26 . dogensa t'a.¤ , Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). fiarfaigis . . . cia dīre doberar inn-ainmedh ┐ inn-āir cen c[h]inta, ZCP vii 300.20 . in drúi . . . d'a.¤ ríg Beirre, Metr. Dinds. ii 68.35 . cen m'a.¤ fom' adabair, iii 62.104 . ainsed .i. ainmhedh nó imdergad, O'Dav. 15 . fota in t-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 156.12 . ainfedh .i. ainmeach, O'Curry 969 (H. 3.13, 416). Name of a type of satire : lanaír ┐ ainmedh ┐ gláim díceand (among the ten sub-divisions of aircetal aíre), BB 299a28 (cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ); 'lampooning' EIS 53 § 4 .

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

airchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchetal or dil.ie/1707
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aircetal

o, n. Freq. also aircetal. For delenition of -rch- see Ériu xxxii 81 . Later m. Vn. of ar-cain. (a) metrical composition, poem; poetry: bailir .i. urcetal, Goid. 78 § 202 (Dúil Laithne). iomchomurcar dath ┐ tothacht . . . in gach airchedol, Ériu xiii 14.z . dlegar do cach filid nemdiubairtce aircedail, Laws v 458.24 . ro facaib [Patraic] acu . . . genelaige fer nErenn, aisti cach aircedail ┐ duili sluinnti, Laws i 44.19 Comm. asi sin in bo dochuindgeas ar is bithblicht in t-aircetal, Anecd. i 50.13 . a.¤ doroindi seom do D. . . . airg . . . co n-[a]irchedal do rig Erenn, Anecd. i 8.8 ( SCano 234 ). fri snádud neich dothíssad co n-airchetul, LU 5081 (TBC). is dorcha a fidrad inn airchedail the interpretation of the poetry is obscure, Ériu v 32.7 . raind espai ┐ airchetail `idle staves and songs', RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). buár suád .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, xxvi 22 § 66 and n. ( LL 187a33 ). et doriṅgni in gló[ṡ]náthi airchetail seo iarsin, TFerbe 99 . d'immbud ēcnai ┐ eōlais ┐ aircetail, MacCongl. 21.17 . istu[d]loc toghaidhi do ecna Dé ┐ día a.¤ amail Pól apstal, BColm. 104.26 . saoi . . . hi senchus ┐ hi filidheacht ┐ i n-airchetal, AFM ii 870.9 . is don chanaid sin atá in t-arcetal sa, Fen. 194.5 . In sense of tairchetal: ro aisneidh doib uili aircetla in catha catharda, CCath. 1062 . Perh. name of a class of metres (descr. as having trisyllabic line-endings): do aistib ind aircetail i coitchinn indso, IT iii 67 . trethsillabach in t-a.¤ , 105 § 208 . See p. 127. toimsiter aisti inn aircetail fri haltaib na ndaeni, Auraic. 1509 . Name of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). aircetal aíre dano ataait .x. fodla fair-side, 25 (ib.). do labhair an Tighearna ar tus i ngach uile aircheatal trid na faidhibh teaching, ITS xxix 166.11 . (b) ability to compose poetry : in fili nád ḟrithgnai, ┐biid airchetal oca … mani bé airchetal la mac ind ḟiled 'the poet who does not attend a course of study, and has ability in poetry … if the son of the poet does not have ability in poetry' UR 106 § 8 . eter frithgnum ┐ airchetal 'both with regard to having pursued a course of study and having ability in poetry' 106 § 10 . fer lasa mbí airchetal n-án ┐ filedacht án 'a man who has splendid poetry, and splendid poetic standing' 114 § 22 .

As n. pr. maic Ollaman Airchetail, Anecd. ii 47.18 .

aisnéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisnéis or dil.ie/2507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aisndís, faisnéis, -i, áisndís, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisṅdeis, aisṅdíis, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisndísen, aisṅdísen, aisdísen, aisṅdís, aisndís, aisndis, aisṅdísin, aisndisnea, asṅdisnea, aisndisen

n O. Ir. aisndís. n, f. (see GOI § 730 ). Later also faisnéis f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 13 . Vn. of as-indet. IGT Verbs § 83 . n s. áisndís, Ml. 14d3 . aisndís, 44c30 . aisṅdís, 94b3 ; Sg. 59b7 . aisṅdeis, Sg. 161b3 . a s. aisṅdíis, Wb. 12d20 . aisndís, Ml. 145c8 . aisṅdís, 145c9 . g s. aisndísen, Ml. 40d18 . aisṅdísen, Sg. 203a4 . aisdísen, 198a10 . d s. aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . aisndís, Ml. 64d2 . aisndis, 126b1 . n p. aisṅdísin, Sg. 3b23 . a p. aisndisnea, Ml. 24b5 , 35b20 . asṅdisnea, 51d2 . g p. aisndisen, Ml. 64d2 .

(a) act of relating, telling, explaining; narration, explanation: cid glicc . . . oc aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . ni comadas du aisndís inna mmaraisndisenso acht in spirut noib, Ml. 64d2 . aisndís is tri chaingnímu rosegar . . . ind hires, 14c19 . cid écen áisndís do neuch as doraid coleir, 14d3 . aisṅdis dind fortacht durat dia do, 40b8 . hond aisndís gl. præfatu, 51c3 . huan aisndís gl. adnuntiatione sua, 42d10 . tre aisndéis sechmodachti, Trip.² 21 `a declaration of the past', Trip. isam ómun ar a a.¤ , LU 5349 (TBC). is fota fri haisnis is tophlíúin menman, 7913 . ní h-adlicgi . . . / a ḟasnís (aisnes v.l. St.) do ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4769 . táin Bo Cualngni do faisnēis, ACL iii 4.11 . cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . scrutan screptra aisnis ḟorcitail, LL 371c45 . is rimsa . . . ro hérbad ar eisnéis ┐ a acallaim fíad int ṡlúag `for explanation', Ériu iv 144 § 22 . ger' bdar goacha na haisneisi `though the accounts were mendacious', CCath. 751 . Forus Feasa ar Éireann d'fhaisnéis, Keat. i 2.9 . examhlacht aisneisi, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.14 . ar Mac nDé mar fríoth faisnéis tidings , Dán Dé vi 6 . scél .i. moladh no a.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 223 .

Of pronunciation: inna aisṅdísen dochuirde .i. dochrud leo .n. indiad .m. `of the difficult pronunciation', Sg. 203a4 . derbaisṅdísin .i. derbḟogir gl. ipsae pronuntiationes, 3b23 . Of a biblical passage or saying: is he . . . leth ataībe an aisnesea la Matha, RC xlvi 233.25 . Of a type of satire : cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisneis ┐ ail ┐ aircetal aisneis . . . indisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a[t]aat tri fodla for aír .i. aisnéiss, ail, aircital aisnés .i. indessin tria táinsimad cin chuibd[iu]s con n-immdercad grúade, H 3.18, 870 (ib. 211 ). Of a type of metre: cetal na haisnése so sis, IT iii 63 § 125 . In phrase agallaim is faisnes, a metrical fault consisting in addressing and talking about a person in the same stanza: gabh h'eduidh . . . a Chumaill / na legeadh se a luing tar lear (1.) (na leig budh chóir), IGT Metr. Faults §§ 23 , 73 , 120-24 . faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann, Introd. 2.27 . lochdach . . . attús chomhfhocuil . . . faisnéis no agalluimh, 24 § 97 . as í an fhaisnéis nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil fúaras, do-chíeabh, tiogabh, no a leithéid eile, 28 § 121. Also fresnés go n-a.¤ , see fresndís.

(b) Legal act of giving information, informing (against): má ro innis is fiach faisneisin do . . .manar innis is fiach seillid uadh, Laws iii 104.24 Comm. fiach aisneise[n], O'Dav. 1420 . do'n thi do ni aisneis for in gataidh, Laws v 188.14 Comm. co rub aisneis doberar fair, 324.3 Comm. cutruma ata in fiach aisnesen d'urrad ┐ do deorad . . . don aisneis doniat . . . don aisneis doniter orro, O'Curry 2127 (H 4.22, p. 86). cethre aisnesi (sic leg.) no cethri gne i naí fogra aptha, Laws i 282.31 Comm. , 284.20 Comm. aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard prior in right of speech, Laws iii 24.27 Comm. trí fáilte co n-íarduibi: fer tochmairc fer gaite fer aisnéise, Triads 67 . Cf. aigde aisnéise tell-tale faces, Tec. Corm. § 16.8 . In phrase freisneis ┐ a.¤ statement of case (by plaintiff) and answer (by defendant) see fresndís.

1 áith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áith or dil.ie/2546

adj i

I

(a) sharp, keen. In physical sense, of a blade, point, etc.: amal in n-altain n-á.¤ , Ml. 72b8 . ette no benn múir no pinna á.¤ gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . mar bad do altain á.¤ etruim nad berrtha, TBC-LL¹ 1892 . gae aith etromm, 5570 . cloidem á.¤ amhnas, 5501 . bera áithe, PH 1204 . clocha . . . aithe, IT i 190.27 . in torc cusna eochraibh aithi .i. cusna fiaclaib birathi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. a sheanshaoghlach á.¤ ḟionnḟuar (to a weapon), TD 33.10 . Equative: ba háthithir delc sciach, LU 5920 (TBC) = ba hathidir, LL 12539 . Compar. áithiu cech delg is ou, PH 4136 . cia mes (.i. faebur) is áithe na glám? Ériu xiii 81 § 287 . slega ba haithiu rinde, BB 490a16 . Superl. cía háithemh eó? what is sharpest of points? (of satire), Ériu xiii 25.6 . Cf. O'Dav. 40 , 770 . Compd. ¤rind: tar éis Bresail á. áith, Metr. Dinds. iv 144.6 . ? guaire aithrind fair he had sharp-pointed bristles (of a sea-cat), BNnÉ 77 § 146 = g. aitenndai, Lism. L. 3798 (cf. adrind).

(b) Of mental powers keen, acute, sensitive: ba há.¤ á inntlecht, MacCongl. 17.11 . ropat áithe étrumma a bretha ┐ a chocerta, Tec. Corm. § 6.49 . Cellachán á.¤ imgrind, Ériu i 128.18 . no shárgind én aith im og I used to rob the keen bird of its egg, IT i 158.12 ( LL 20181 ). gan fhear gcoimhghníomha an fhéil á.¤ , DDána 91.41 . einech urlam á.¤ , KMMisc. 274 § 67 . Compds. ¤-airec: aith-airec acutum inuentum , Hib. Min. 8.253 . ¤-chíall: in drui sin amnas co n-aithcheil (: Béil), LL 17750 .

(c) quick, active, keen: at aithi athluma for n-errid, BB 429b35 . a óghmhacaoimh á. éadtruim, DDána 67.13 . aith .i. luath ut est aithem gaibes tuinide .i. is aithi no is oibne gaibis tuinide ma don teallach medhónach (= is aithiu aem .i. is luaithiu, Laws iv 2.10 Comm. ). Nó aith .i. gér, ut est aith amail altain, O'Dav. 126 . aith .i. ger no luath, O'Cl. Adv. ro lenait . . . co haith, Cog. 76.12 . o romgeibh fúacht isind aigh / tigim go háith 'na aghaidh, BS 58 . ? aith ro classa ri airbriu / di ráith fri daigniu demniu, LL 705 (ait aitt v.l., ITS xxxix 170 § 12 ). Compd. tar tuinn anfaidh áithneartmhara, DDána 89.8 .

II Subst.: áith éachtach comhlainn (of a sword), Measgra D. 14.25 . ? esbadach aith īarna dīth inna thacht (of a pig), (B. na f.), Ériu vii 6 § 7 . ? aith cen lén (cheville), SR 5249 .

aithirne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithirne or dil.ie/2715

Forms: aithrinne, Athairne, Aithairne

n Also aithrinne (see Marstrander, ZCP vii 376 f. ) calf: cen gert ferbba fora n-assa athirni .i. lóeg, LU 562 (ACC). aidhrinne .i. laogh .i. aidh-rinne .i. aith fri rinne .i. sine na bó .i. in laogh, O'Dav. 30 . aithrinne .i. láogh, óir as áith no gér é ris na rinnibh .i. ris na sineadhaib, O'Cl.

Name of a kind of satire (if same word): bera do rig clothach Coirbre log cimedu do cumhalaibh cáinibh; co a.¤ uii. saighes a.¤ icend cacha cuindsen, Laws iv 346.11 . aithrinne .i. rinn āith .i. tenga āith fri hāir, Corm. Y 98 .

As n. pr. of a famous poet and satirist, see Ériu xiii 13ff. Athairne, Corm. Y 690 . In title of tale Tochmarc Luaine ┐ aidedh Aithairne , RC xxiv 272 .

anaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaí or dil.ie/3289
Last Revised: 2019

n (2 aí) un-poetry : cis lir a cenéla? .i. aí ┐ anaí .i. áer ┐ molad 'how many its varieties? i.e. poetry and un-poetry, i.e. satire and praise', Ériu lvi 64 . anfeith .i. anai .i. aos nacha fiter, O'Dav. 38 .

2 anaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anaid or dil.ie/3303
Last Revised: 2013

v blemishes . See Watkins, Ériu xix 116 ff. and Celt. Verb p. 185 . taisic a dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid aet go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `(it) recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Ériu xix 117 . ní hain aí 'it does not blemish poetic craft' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 25 § 14 .

1 anair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anair or dil.ie/3313
Last Revised: 2013

n f. name of a kind of metre proper to the `clí' poet, see IT iii 163 - 164 , 171 . Explained by native glossators as an-áer not satire . See LEIA and BBCS xxiv 47 . a.¤ .i. ainm n-airc[h]eatail, is é dán dogní clí. A.¤ dono forreith in ree so .i. aon a hīar .i. i n-āentarmfortcend a forcend . . . ┐ i tarmfortcenduib . . . deochraiges fria nath dēbrechta. Ailiter: a.¤ .i. an-aor .i. nī haor acht is molad, Corm. Y 41 . a.¤ .i. an 'gá diultadh, co nach aír inge moladh .i. anair annso do righne Colman mac Léinin do Fergus . . . (quatrain follows), O'D. 1210 (H 2.15, 83b). ni do cli col n-ergnae di a.¤ āirme, O'Mulc. 537 . a.¤ inso sís: Belach sond slecta / sét credmaic calma / cath bodbæ b—na / bert torna talma, IT iii 60 § 116 . a.¤ rindaird, 37 § 22 . a.¤ tintudach, a.¤ trebraid, 38 §§ 23, 24 . ind anamain mór . . . nath ┐ a.¤ ┐ laíd ┐ emain, 59 § 114 ; 96 § 152 . firthair a.¤ cona .xxx. ait / issi in choiced rann fri rath, 64 § 131 . biaid bó focain Cethrur / ar emuin (nó ar anair) nurchoir, 50 § 93 . teora uama ollaman . . . emna ┐ anairi . . ., 59 § 112 = eamna ┐ anaíre, O'D. 1192 (H 2.15, 78b). is hi . . . fogluim na cuicede .i. lx. drecht ┐ .xxx. arar (sic, g p. of a.¤ intended, ed.), IT iii 37 § 21 . i[n] nath no ind a.¤ , Auraic. 3672 . in a.¤ , 4654 , 4815 . anaír dorigni Aithirni . . . da ba ┐ samaisc log na hanaire, O'D. 959 (H 3.17, c. 671). Cf. in t-ollam filead . . . anamain cain-ceitiriac a aisde . . . .i. nath ┐ a.¤, laid ┐ eamain . . . coig ba ar nath, da ba ┐ samaisc ar a.¤ , Laws v 58.8 Comm. ar a.¤ n-urcoraig, 68.12 Comm.

athchantain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchantain or dil.ie/4694

vn. of ad-cain. act of repeating: athcantain aire, Laws i 176.16 Comm. lan ina cetcantuin ┐ leth ina hathchantuin, v 230.5 Comm. cutruma doni fear athcantana fogal, 234.16 Comm. eraic athchantana o fir athcantana (of satire), O'D. 2311 ( Rawl. 506, 31c ). See -athchain.

bard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bard or dil.ie/5404
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 96 (130.5) . See Wagner, Beiträge 294 n . poet or rhymester inferior in qualifications and status to the `fili' (q.v.). See G. Murphy, Bards and Filidh, Éigse ii 200 ff. There were sixteen subdivisions among the `baird': cis lir baird (bairdni, v.l.) docuissin? Nī: a se deac .i. ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.4 . citne a namnand na soerb.¤ ? Nī: rigb.¤ ┐ anruth bairdne ┐ sruth di aill ┐ tigernb. ┐ admall ┐ tuathb. ┐ bób. ┐ b.¤ áne. ┐ in tochtmad b.¤, ni fil dan lais, acht a ngradhaibh a thuistige dorenar, 8 ff. (cf. ACL i 160.15 ff. and Ériu xiii 42.13 ff. ). it é anmand na ndóerb. .i. culb. ┐ srutb. ┐ b.¤ lorge ┐ drisiuc ┐ cromluatha ┐ sirti ui ┐ rindaid ┐ longbh.¤ (lorgb.¤, v.l.), x - z 0 . na soerbaird dano, cid nos deocraigethar i ngradaib ? Nī: asa ṅdanaib forberat ┐ deocruigid. Amal forber cach grad filed sec alaili i sóus ┐ aircetail, is amlaid forber cach ái dib sem sec alaile i nimud sóis et segda, cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu ┐ remend ┐ rl., 6 § 3 . gé ni dleghar dona bardaibh eolus i ffedhaibh ina i ndeachuibh dlegar doibh a cubhaid techta do urmuisi, ┐ do aithne fria cluais ┐ aignedh though the bards are not bound to have a knowledge of letters and syllables they must be able to distinguish and recognise correct consonance by ear and by thought (?), Ériu xiii 44.1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird dona barduib seo doruirmisium ? . . . dos rónat ollamain (leg. ollbairdne ?) uli, acht namá it dechnada uile ┐ sétnada a ruidles. Ansruth bairdne dano, is ollbairdne et cach ní doroich ollbairdne a ruidles. Tigernb. dano, is duan ┐ forduan a ruidles . . . what is the allotted metre of each of the bards whom we have mentioned ? IT iii 22 § 67. bairdne na ndaorb. na sechither dlighedh, bid focla maithe ann ┐ comhraca séghdha; araill nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.15 . is aon ann dobheir daoine doibh (sc. na daorbaird) . . . (┐) (sic leg. ?) a mbeith gan tothchusa their being without qualifications, 17 . cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh . . . amhail roghabh rithim arradh mettuir, as amhlaidh atáid na báird cona mbairdne arradh (no i ffarradh) na ffiledh as rhythm is to metre so are the baird to the filid, 42.4 - 6 . b., dno, cin dliged fegluime (sic) acht indtleacht fadeisin (i.e. they were dependent on intuition rather than training), Laws iv 360.10 . is aire na rotcet som (sc. na soerbaird) acht lethenecland na filed, fobith na frithgnat because they do not study (?) (cf. frithgnam, IT iii 6 § 3 (`they do not give reciprocal service (?)', s.v. fris-gní). ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne the status of every bard as against that of the Féni grades, Ériu xiii 43.6 . See also boim(m), ? 2 búaignech, 2 lorg, scían.

As exponent of satire : aer o b.¤ , Laws v 228. 28 . techta fuillema gill cacha fir rinnas . . . otha tigernbardd co ruicce driscona, 388.5 . is cu ar amaindsi na saerbaird uili, 16 Comm. cacha mna rindas .i. in ban-b.¤ , 7 Comm. aurcuillte ratha .i. b.¤ ┐ lethcerd ┐ cáinti, i 86.1 Comm. Cf. v 226.36 Comm.

In less technical contexts: seanchas righ Teamhrach / ní fhidir cach bárd bélghach / ní dír báird acht dír fileadh / fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182. 15 - 18 . dichlannaigfitir filid .i. conna biat filid acht baird nammá, LL 24831. popul dianadh ainm Bardi . . . lángnáthaighitis filidhecht ┐ duana molta do dénam. Is assin iderar baird ┐ bairdne isin Scotic, CCath. 722. mé gan fiú an bhaird do bhuidhin, DDána 46.29 . na báird, na gláimhe is na geocaigh, Keat. Poems 178.

Compds. Brian co mbardlí uas barr Breg. / ardlí Gall ┐ Gaedel bard-sung splendour, LL 15966. bārc bardlōgh gan ordal / oghdar dían ardrōn airdnem (of Colum Cille), ZCP x 340.6 .

brogaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brogaid or dil.ie/6925

Forms: mrogaid, mbrog(aid), brogfaiter, brogad

v mid. Ir. form of mrogaid. ipv. 2 p. mbrog(aid) (glossed ceimnighidh sibhsi, note 2), Leb. Gab.(i) 254.5 . IGT Verbs § 115. Trans. cultivates (?) ; extends, increases ; magnifies : brogfaiter ( brogfaitir, LL 24838 ) cricha i rroilbi `districts will be extended into uplands', RC xxvi 44 § 227. firt fuil ferna in gach moigh, / broghais criocha hi ccén `the exterior territories were enriched' (it (blood) made fertile . . .), AFM i 174.18 . ? firfid cath mór Midi. Brogfaid Cnámcailli, ZCP xii 238 § 64. sall boc[c] brainech / brogas scuir `that increases studs', MacCongl. 79.25 . scarass Murchadh ra midlaigh, / brogais a triuna i ttalmuin, TFrag. 42.2 = mrogais trénu, RC xxiv 54 § 14. robrog a gairm in glan-chaill `his name has exalted . . .', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.14 . atbath ben, / broguss bladh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.20 . presses forward, expels; with refl. pron. proceeds: robrog . . . F. in nE. o thír dar muir i nAlbain `expelled E.', ZCP ii 134 § 1. Fig. gāifi for gnūis cáich gusmbrogad of all toward whom it (a satire) was made move (?), ACL iii 297 § 50 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 99 § 50 ). nos brogat dó iarum i nUachtur F., LL 13527 `they go forward . . . into U.', RC viii 60. 21 .

Intrans. increases, extends, proceeds, advances, goes or presses forward (lit. and fig.): proghfuith crich a roilbe, RC xxvi 44 note 16 . b.¤ co boin `(the penalty) advances to a cow', Bretha 23 . broig-siu, Anecd. i 73.6 (ICM). ? nī nessa broghais dot bais indass dia bais na cēile, ZCP viii 103.23 . arindī rombrogsat roime-sium isindara leth in lestair, Corm. Y 1059 (92.5) = rombrochsat, Corm. Bodl. 34.4 . robroccsat, Corm. 37.1 `they pressed (?) before him', Corm. Tr. 136. robrog E. . . . / co riacht B. `E. . . . pressed on', Metr. Dinds. iii 450.15 . brogsat sech Affraic (glossed: do cheimnighset tar an A.), Leb. Gab.(i) 280. 12 . brogsad (lodsat, v.l.) iarsin for sáile `they put out to sea', Ériu iv 136.29 . brogais hisin flaith iarsain / B. proceeded to the sovereignty, Rawl. 84b43 . ro broghsat na bruige borrfadha ainbisigh `became productive', MR 100.14 .

Legal establishes, proves, confirms, justifies : tocombachtaib sealb saerteallaigh; modaigh mairc mbrugsaite ( .i. is tre gnimrad a nech firenaigthir doibsium he, 7 Comm. ) `it (possession of land) is secured to them by the work of their horses', Laws iv 2.2 , O'Dav. 303 (= mrogsaite, `who extended', Celtica vi 221 ). muniu broga nechtar n-aei ( .i. muna firenaigter nechtarde dibh imdenam for a cheile, 328.34 Comm. ) `if neither of them establish his right', Laws v 320.z.

Vn. brogad.

3 brú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 brú or dil.ie/7039

n (cf. 1 brá). See Ériu xxi 26 § 2. edge, brink, bank; border: ar bru na seiched, YBL 122b16 . ar bru mona no chuithi `on the edge of a bog or pit', Laws v 330.12 Comm. de b.¤ Berbae balbae `from the brink of . . . B.', Fél. Dec. 22. for bru Boinne atuaid, Thes. ii 310.32 . conéracht Glaiss Chruind fríu . . . co féotár fuirri (.i. fora bru, H), LU 5363 (TBC). for bru in mara `on the sea-shore', Laws i 70.y Comm. for b.¤ in Broga, LU 10701 (TE). ar bru na cilli `at the edge of the church', RC xxiv 46 § 4. do b.¤ Banba barrgile `to the border of . . . B.', Ériu iv 100 § 32. fa bh.¤ bhfoinnlearg bhfochanta, DDána 118.22 . ar b.¤ deróil a derce on the wretched edge of the grave, Metr. Dinds. iii 396.7 . for bru aire close to a satire (?), BB 299a41 , see frithsuide. Mac D. . . .dá lot ar b.¤ do bhearna; / is tú cnoc na cinneamhna, DDána 64.5 . nocha bí acht ar bh.¤ baoghail / san ní nach dú do dhéanaimh in the gap of danger, 10.9 .

cáintecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáintecht or dil.ie/7857

n ā, f. (cáinte) art of satire , lampooning : cerd cen run .i. cen eolus . . . .i. in cainteacht, O'Dav. 1351 . . . . diberggae ┐ druithdechta ┐ cantechda (in list of most serious sins) `satirizing', Ériu xix 58 § 5 . ba cainti ar caintechtí .i. ar geri ┐ gorti ┐ amairsi, Hib. Min. 65.20 . erdarcu i cerdu cáintechta `more renowned in the arts of satire ', MacCongl. 43. 29 .

cantain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantain or dil.ie/8171
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ana

i, f. (with pl. -ana), late vn. of canaid.

(a) act of singing, reciting, chanting; uttering : Segais a h-ainm . . . / ria c.¤ duit in cach thír `to be sung by thee', Metr. Dinds. iii 26.10 . aei [ḟ]reslígi riaha c.¤ i nænbhaile, IT iii 68 § 9 . ór firindi do c.¤ do cethri drudib fair (of tairbḟes), LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). a cetul .i. a aisnes no a cetch.¤ , Fél.² xcvi.y . tria na c.¤ fochetoir (of diphthongs), Auraic. 972 . a naiti[ti]n a chantana ina fiadnaise, O'Curry 1891 ( 23 P 3, 22b ). o fir a cantana doib the man who repeats it (of satire), Laws v 234.14 Comm. is e dorat oraib-si in bréc do ch.¤ , BB 210b36 . briathra fíri do chantain frit `to say', CCath. 630 . ac c.¤ in comráid sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 65.35 . imad a aingel . . . oc c.¤ chiúil, LU 2024 ( FA 9 ). In religious contexts: niconeirged cen pater do c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 140.9 . altóir . . . fria c.¤ ernaigthe, Celtica iv 30.423 . oc c.¤ a salm, ACL iii 308.19 . caoin-léaghan do rádh na do chantaind, Celt. Rev. x 134.12 .

(b) speech, chant; incantation, prediction : in ecnairc gusin c.¤ tucas fein uirre, Laws v 506.22 Comm. tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana nolúited . . . cach maigin `incantations', Dinds. 18 . cumbri cantana (sic MS), Hib. Min. 41.28 . LL 371c47 . ceirti na cantana, ZCP viii 200.17 . go mad isin guthaige nobeth forpa na cantana indiph pronunciation, Auraic. 3003 . tancatar na tri cantana sin `predictions', Cog. 12.5 . a cc.¤ cnede ar cach duine infliction of wounds by incantation (?), O'D. 2372 ( Rawl. B 506, 44d ; ? leg. accantain = athchantain, Mar. Dis. 100 .).

In legal texts version: deithbhir (na) na cantana fodera dam in da ghné sin do scribhadh, O'D. 213 ( H 3.17, 169 marg.). c.¤ eile another version, 140 ( H 3.17, 117 marg.).

clamar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clamar or dil.ie/9358

n satire : c.¤ .i. áir no escuine, H 4.27, p. 67 (cited Metr. Gl. 57 ). c.¤ .i. air, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). `c.¤' gach aer, Metr. Gl. 33 § 17 . na clamuir so, ITS xxix 146.5 (`these wranglings').

colg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colg or dil.ie/10494

Forms: calg, cailg, colg, calg, cailg

n Also calg. ā, f. (a d s. cailg). Later o, m. colg calg (clog clag, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cailg f., § 14 . Verbs § 76 .

(a) anything pointed, piercing instrument : c.¤ sleighe spear-point , DDána 119.11 . Sinand na bferg bfuar / do treghd cuan a clag its point has pierced the harbour(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.18 (`his sword reached many a [supposed] place of safety'). ? c.¤ tuinne re tir, 18.24 (`the wave's impact on the shore').

(b) sword, prob. small sword, rapier: `colgg' ┐ `dubcenn' duo nomina gladii sunt isin tṡengoedeilg, RC xx 276.1 (ACC Comm.). `gen' ┐ `c.¤' . . . / dhá ṡenainm cloidhimh curadh, Metr. Gl. 15 § 36 . faccaib a chailg inna comair. Dosbert si do chlam, Vita Br. 13 . colc oc mo choilcse, LU 333 (ACC Comm.) (.i. claideb, M). cethora calgu (a p.), LL 392d34 . c.¤ (.i. claideb), 36087 ( LU 9672 ). mosdísem calga de Galión gáir, LU 5424 (TBC rhet.). L. . . . / imbert choilgg for C., ZCP viii 118 § 29 ( Rawl. 88b19 ). ōenchalga clū `the fame of the unique blade', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 86.25 ( YBL 125b33 ). calcc i laim cechtar hai, O'Curry 887 ( H 3.18, 396ab ). amal ch.¤ `like a rapier', IT iii 199 § 59 . cona sciathaib cona ṅgaib / cona calcaib, LL 4949 . scél fo chulgc a bloody affair(?), 30088 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 404.14 ). calgg dart bragit or L. (a threat), 37217 ( RC xiii 446 § 30 ). ra gabsatar (sc. Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad) dá sciath . . . ┐ a n-ocht cuilg ṅdét, TBC-LL¹ 3557 . re dathadh c.¤ , DDána 79.24 (`reddening of swords', Ir. Monthly 1921, 246 ). c.¤ .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. breitheamh ciuil is cúrsa is cuilg `judge of coursing, music, fencing', Ó Bruad. ii 180.ix . ? senóir cuilg cairt an Bhúrcaigh, Ériu viii 93.301 . Fig. lé c.¤ nó lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 .

(c) sting; stab, thrust; act of piercing, stabbing (in these meanings always cailg): cia adbela [in bech] dia facbail a chailce from leaving his sting behind, O'Curry 890 ( H 3.18, 397b ). a ninadh na cailgi . . . dá mbe an cailg a nairteri (of a snake bite), O'Gr. Cat. 213.19 . tre chailg (: mairg) an gha, DDána 39.34 . i gcailg chagaidh, 73.18 . do-niad cailg abhla na haithne, 31.7 . Fig. ag cailg riaghla mic Alphroinn i.e. undermining the faith, Celtica i 150 § 41 . ro ghabhsat accá ccailcc ┐ . . . accá ttolladh, AFM vi 1970.8 . cailg a sting, Eg. Gl. 173 . cailg an bháis, 1 Corinth. xv 56 . ag soin uaim mo cheisd gan chailg (: mairg) without a quip(?), Content. xxvii 18 . Of satire: a Chiaran cailg carai / rob mairg mas do m'aerad, BB 299b24 . gnúis charthonach gan chailg n-aor `never stung by satire ', Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ? ag so cailg na fine ó bhfuil / file gach aird dá fhéachain the bane of his people, DDána 102.36 .

(d) awn of barley, wheat etc.: gran . . . ┐ he lom .i. cin c.¤ , Laws iv 94.17 Comm. ? itir chimedha culg .i. in cimidh so is ann bís itir c.¤ ┐ caithlech .i. itir c.¤ a cimidhecht .i. ag foghnamh, O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). cnet do chulg (caused by healing of wound over an ear of barley), Corp. Gen. 405.5 . cruithneacht . . . / ar bhfás a cuilg 's a cunnuill, Aithd. D. 94.29 . m'uan beag cáidh . . . / . . . gan cháith gan chailg gan cheó (of one who had died young and innocent), Hackett xii 16 . By extension: do mhaol c.¤ bhar ndaghbhrat ndearg `rough nap', Magauran 370 . ar mhalaigh as chamdhubh gcuilg `curling dark crest', 996 . Cf. `c.¤ the coarse fibres of flax', Duan. F. Gloss .

(e) Fig. fury, rage : ticc an peist neimhi . . . go ccolcc mór fuirri, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . maircc thuilles om cléir a ccailcc (chailg, v.l.), 286 § 273 (`hostility'). d'fhreagair Gobhann mo ch.¤ , Oss. vi 112.17 . calg ionTaidhg air `furious as T. used to be', Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . ní léir c.¤ mar a ch.¤ soin (of a lion), Aithd. D. 16.22 .

Note also: cruith .i. cailg nō glic nō crōdae, ut est: ... frim odrubairt (imatrubhairt, v.l.) cailg co cruith, Corm. Y 386 .

Compds. With nouns. caismerta na ccolccbuidhen `the armed troops', AFM vi 1882.9 . For colg-dét see 1 dét. in claidem ina coilgdírgi `blade-straightness', CCath. 5252 . ar colg-deis do claidim pointed blade, MR 160.15 . ar colgdiasaibh cloidhemh, LL 409a22 . colglonga `martial warships', Caithr. CC 45.1 . ¤ṡnám(?): leth eo cednama, no eo colgnama: "eo colgnama, cach na cel", Laws v 40.24 Comm.

With adjj. calgard .i. díreach. ard amhail cholg .i. amhail chloidhim, O'Cl. fertsi crúadi colgdírgi, LU 8596 ( FB 45 ). Adv. co coilgdhirech, ZCP vi 279.z . cath-beim colg-duaibsech claidim, MR 116.22 . in carpat . . . go creit . . . chlessaird cholgḟata, TBC-LL¹ 3376 . in colglaemdha Ceallachan `C. of the flashing sword', Caithr. CC 2.27 . co cródha cailccneimhneach (adv.), AFM vi 1956.23 . do cloidmib cruadgera colgriigní (sic), BB 431b11 . fir cholgshnasda, DDána 87.9 . With Part. ¤ṡnaitte: .l. claideb colgnaiti with engraved blades, LL 7282 .

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