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aidacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidacht or dil.ie/827
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta, aidechta, udhacht, udhaicht, udhachta, udhachda, udaichd, hudhachda, udhachtain

n (Lat. ēdictum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 . See LEIA Perh. rather adoptare, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 . Not a loan-word, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 n. 4 and see also ZCP xxxix 53 , Ériu xxiv 183-85 , xxix 154 ). Also audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta. Decl. varies: as m. g s. in aidechta , AU i 54.2 . udhacht m. (g s. and n p. udhaicht, udhachta), IGT Decl. § 25 . udhachda m., § 2 . Also ā, f. a s. udaichd, Parrth. Anma 5688 . g s. na hudhachda , 5875 . Note also a s. udhachtain, RC xiv 62 § 77 .

Will, testament, bequest: issí inso coibse Fétho Fio ┐ aedocht di bliadin re mbas dáu du manchuib Drommo Lías `this is his bequest two years before his death to the monks of Druim Lías', Trip. ii 338.21 ( Thes. ii 238.18 (Ardm.)). ba hésin a hedacht adbul / dia chlaind, LL 16091 ( Todd Nenn. 248.203 ). Audacht Morainn, name of a tract, precepts to a young king given by Morann at his death, ZCP xi 73 . udhucht Aithirne ann so do thairchedal gheine Criosd, Ériu xiii 18.24 . fáidis Morand in n-audacht sa chuice, ZCP xi 80 § 1 . a n-aimsir ar mbáis; ar n-udhachd do dhéunamh gan mho[i]ll, Parrth. Anma 5864 . do réir udhachta Oiliolla Óluim, Keat. iii 3118 . lá an udhochta day of my death(?), PBocht 17.22 . ge ratuillsium mallachtain / nir' millsim ar n-udhachtain we have not perverted our confession(?), RC xiv 62 § 77 . In strict law a name for a will made in articulo mortis (3 imna name for one made in bodily health), Plummer, Ériu ix 31 . The distinction, however, is not always observed: cach n-ord iarna cirt . . . ┐ a nudacht a nimna co rabat don eclais iar netla uird, Laws iii 32.z . a nudacht .i. fri bas, 34.14 Comm. is amluidh sin ranntar a imna ┐ a udacht, 68.4 Comm. cuit neclaise fris a mbi audacht, iv 194.26. mád espug cin uducht, i 202.y Comm. ro fag mac Seain a nudacht nar gabudur . . . cóir na cert uaid timcell Anaidh moir `Mac S. provided in his will that they should derive no title to Annaghmore from him' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1961 ( Eg. 90 fo. 7(8)c ). muna tarraid ughacht itir é a denam donti ro marb he co nach roibe caomthachta a fhastaithi aici, O'Curry 1651 (26 Q 6 p. 21a) i.e. if he (the slain thief) died without confessing, the slayer must prove that he had no other means of stopping the thief than by killing him, Plummer MS. notes. Attrib. g s. doḟagaib in scrin ac a comarba udachta testamentary successor, ZCP xiv 152.13 . cloc in aidechta, AU i 54.2 (a famous bell at Armagh said to have been bequeathed by St. Patrick, see Reeves Ad. pp. 205 , 323 ). i ndigail sharaighthi cluicc ind edechta, 582.12 . cleirig an Chluig n Udachta do marbad ann, RC xviii 268.18 (Tig.). Solamh . . . maor cluig an edhachta, AFM iii 608.13 . delg aidechta, a brooch bequeathed to Iona by Colum Cille, Reeves Ad. 205 .

The thing bequeathed, bequest, legacy: Epscop Aed bói i Sléibti luid du Ardd Machae. birt edoct cu Segéne du Ard Machae. dobert Segene oitherroch a.¤ du Áid ┐ adopart Áed a.¤ ┐ a chenél ┐ a eclis du Pátricc cu bbráth. fáccab Aed a.¤ la Conchad Aed was bishop in Slebte . . . he brought a bequest to Segéne in Armagh. Segéne gave the bequest again to Aed and Aed offered his bequest and his kin and his church to Patrick forever. Aed left his bequest with Conchad, Thes. ii 242.17 (Ardm.) ( Trip. ii 346.22 ). audacht ceneoil a tribal heirloom, IT iii 199.29 .

In phrase fri a.¤ (báis) at the point of death: robái fri feba cach thucht / a ben Eua fria iducht i.e. at his deathbed to receive his last words, SR 2028 . dollotar fir . . . / . . . fria hedacht `to receive her last behest', Metr. Dinds. iv 148.40 . cach bean fri hudacht mbais, Laws v 454.28 Comm. nā bad marb hé co mbeith-som fria hudacht a báis that he should not die till C. should be at his deathbed, BColm. 46.16 . erbaidh do A. co mbeth F. ria udhacht, Lism. L. 2885 . in tan robui Alax. fria hidhacht a bais i mBáibiloin when A. was dying, Alex. 1108 . fā[g]bhuim-si an peacthach bochd reum udhachda báis, Parrth. Anma 5877 . Note also: audacht .i. uath fri feacht .i. antan tēte in duine fri fecht n-ūatha .i. bāis, Corm. Y 38 .

In more general sense: do ním d'udhachta ar a fhuil / a cumhachta gur cubhuidh `I solemnly attest his race', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xv . fa hí ughachta mhóráin / nár dhíol róghráidh ar ndáinne `many protested', Studies 1918. 617 § 3 . ?budh árus ócch d'udhachtuibh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 218.3 .

airchinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchinnech or dil.ie/1719
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oirchinneach

n o, m. (airchinn?). oirchinneach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . head, leader, superior: is hé as a.¤ inna n-uile gl. Deus, Wb. 4c3 . ropsa a.¤ isin dán sin, 18c15 . nípsí bes a.¤ gl. neque dominari, 28b14 . óin di airchinchib assiæ insin `he is one of the leaders of A.', 7b11 . corrup hæ bes oena.¤ gl. primatum tenens, 26d2 . airchinneach .i. archendach, arcos graece, excelsus latine a.¤ er-cend-óg, ūasal-cend-comlān, Corm. Y 65 . Of a pope: is é . . . airchindech ro bae hi Roim . . . Célestinus, Trip.² 288 . do airchindeach an tighe, RC ix 468.8 . inghen airchinnigh in mhuilinn, Lism. L. 4169 . do airchinnchib na sacart gl. principibus sacerdotum, Rawl. B. 512 fo. 72a (Plummer MS. notes). comtís airchindich oc tinól cech ráeta, TTr.² 310 . in mir ata on aircinniuch don caisleoir, Laws ii 232.12 Comm. airchinnig etrócair, LU 2176 . Satan airchindech iffirn ┐ taisech in báis, PH 3818 . mo chorp . . . atá oirchinneach olc ann, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

Name of a monastic office, anglicised erenagh . See Kenney, Sources for the Early Hist. of Ireland i p. 12 n. 17 . Administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) Ríocht na Midhe viii 9-10 , Peritia iii 259 . Later a purely lay office, see Reeves Ad. p. 364 . cech airchindech fritái in lessa doboing .i. bís ind-agaid in ordaigthi sea nō ac nach bí ind eclas hé 'each erenach who opposes the dues he levies,(?) that is, who is against this ordinance or to whom the church does not belong' Ériu i 219 § 7 . a.¤ Cille moire Enir do sharugud ┐ D. a seccnap do ghuin, AU i 310.1 . Scothine a.¤ Dairmaighi `erenagh of Durrow', 466.x. Colla a.¤ Innsi Cathaigh, 502.12 . M. fosairchinnech aird Macha `vice-herenagh', 576.3 . a réir in apad . . . .i. in airchinnig, O'Dav. 154 . epscop ardd ná airchendach, Trip.² 2531 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga[d] do abuid, Laws v 118.4 .i. ceall a mbi a.¤ tuatha . . . cin . . . cursachad don ap bis uasa, 122.10 Comm. ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, 118.10 . nocho dlegar do na gradaib acalsa mna do bheith aco no . . . dligid in t-airchindech uair is grad uird acalsa he, 122.8 Comm. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach, iv 68.5 . a.¤ (first of seven officers in a monastic settlement), ZCP v 499 § 3 . G. . . . orchindech Oli Finn ┐ G. . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . Diarmait mac orchindig Ola Finn, 1471.19 . in airchindech . . . má mnái . . . in luchtaire, MacCongl. 39.13 . na epscoip na hairchinnig / ┐ na filid imda, LL 6349 . ceat olca na hairchinnigh / it maithe na hērlamha (a proverbial saying, cf. Ériu iv 40 n. ). cid buidech di int a.¤ / nocha buidech int érlum, v 24.3 . bid sūairc la rígu ┐ airchindchiu he will be on pleasant terms with kings and erenaghs, ZCP x 225 § 1 . tūatha Temrach Truimm airchinnig na cell, KMMisc. 260 § 3 ( LL 18821 ). conna coistifet ind airchinnig fria manchu ┐ a mmuntera, RC xxvi 42 § 222 . for oirchinneachuibh no for aittreabthachaibh na hecclaisi, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . oircin- each cluig duib Patraic `keeper of the black bell ', Iar Conn. 370 z . a.¤ tighe aoidhedh Cluana mic Nóis i.e. head of the monastic hospice, AFM ii 822.4 . ban-a.¤ female erenagh , see ben compds.

aistire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aistire or dil.ie/2521
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aistreóir

n m. (Lat. ostiarius. See Vendr. Lex.). Also aistreóir (aistire + agent suffix -óir Celtica xxi 232 ). doorkeeper in a monastery (whose duties included ringing of the bell and later custodian of the keys to the monastery and probably in control over the commercial dealing in the monastic town Ríocht na Midhe viii 17 ): S. . . . a astire, Trip.² 3129 = S. a fer bein in chluic, AFM i 136.3 . gabaid in t-a.¤ for gressacht in erluma, Fél.² cxvii 2. vii.1 . liachtóir, vii. 1 . na.¤ (lowest of the ecclesiastical orders), LL 373b32 . ro bean in ta.¤ moch-trath in clog `sacristan', BNnÉ 39 § 76 . roben aistri L. a clogc, BColm. 96.13 . Maonach a.¤ Cenannsa, AFM ii 744.12 . seacht ngraid eacalso liachtreoir, aistreoir . . ., Laws v 22.1 . ticc an taistreōir gussna heochrachaibh, Fl. Earls 52.6 .

aistirecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aistirecht or dil.ie/2522

n ā, f. (aistire): dimmbuaid n-aisterechta for fer t'inaid ` bell-ringing ', BColm. 96.14 .

anad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anad or dil.ie/3265

n u, m. vn. of 1 anaid. IGT Verbs § 80 . See GOI § 849 .

(a) act of staying, stopping, remaining: do a.¤ dar téssi `to remain in thy stead', Wb. 31d13 . isin n-a.¤ gl. in otium, Ml. 35c9 . ferr lium indás a.¤ / scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367 . dogegaind a.¤ sunn for bicc ḟeraind, Trip.² 1273 . ar in séd ara-tám ne, is annso ata a anadh resting place, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.6 . bur n-anadh ag Áth Senaicch / galur gnath do Gaidhelaib your death at Áth S., Irish Texts ii 11.9 . go h-ionadh a h-anta to the place of its residence, ML 48.23 . seóid cáigh ní héidir dh'fanadh `man's wealth cannot last', Ériu ix 166.30 . a.¤ co waiting till: a.¤ co roisc bēim an cluig to wait till the bell has stopped ringing, ZCP vii 310 § 5 . a.¤ I N-: im a.¤ in Ephis, Wb. 27d19 . a na.¤ isin doiri `that they should remain in the Captivity', Ml. 131d11 . doarngert [int-aingel] bitha.¤ isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . a.¤ FRI act of waiting for: mad mac cunntabartach . . . is a.¤ fris no co tuca fine-guth ┐ fine-cruth ┐ fine-bes, Laws v 454.16 Comm. (or in sense (d)?). anadh ris an eiccen sin do ghenam, Cog. 214.22 . nir fhulaing doib a.¤ ris, TTebe 4866 . is emilt linde . . . a.¤ fri gach ní labras in duan, Fen. 46.18 . ? cen anid fris gl. suspendat, Ml. 27b16 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ). a.¤ AR act of agreeing to: a.¤ ar sám-chomadaibh sídha, MR 194.19 . a.¤ OC: ro geallsad anadh ac Mac Murchadha ┐ ac a tsíl go bráth to submit to(?), Expugn. Hib. § 8 .

(b) act of withstanding, resisting: ag aithne anta dá n-ógaib `exhorting their men to stand to it' (in the coming fight), Caithr. Thoirdh. 102.37 . ar n-aomad anta do na huaislib `the gentlemen being resolved to stand their ground', 114.2 . ic urail inn anta, CCath. 5965 . Hence of a military attribute: fer ro badh dearscaightech iocht ┐ eineach . . . anadh ┐ oirisiomh `steadiness', AFM vi 2350.2 . fear roba fearr troid, ┐ tachar . . . ionnsaighidh ┐ anadh, iii 468.6 .

(c) act of stopping, ceasing; stop, cessation . Freq. in phrase cen a.¤ : Aingil Dé . . . aridfetis cen a.¤ `without ceasing', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). ropo dóig lind cen a.¤ / noco bíad ar n-imscarad we always thought, LU 3969 ( SCC 45 ). secht sailm . . . a ngabāil sin gan anadh, ZCP xiii 10.1 . .x. c. torc uaithib gan a.¤ immediately(?), BB 269b22 . a.¤ DE desisting from, refraining from: a.¤ dind imguin, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). a.¤ d'innlāgad colla, ACL iii 311 ix 3 . a.¤ dom rith robāisi, 312 § 9 . a.¤ do molad Crist `(my advice is) to cease worshipping Christ', PH 2418 . a.¤ OC: tria a.¤ aice `through the week stopping at it' (Sunday), PH 3586 . act of desisting from: boeth da cach duine ar doman / a.¤ ica ádmoladh to cease to praise Him(?), LB 227 marg. sup. cen a.¤ oc aine, 151a39 . a.¤ ó refraining from, remaining away from: a.¤ o pecdaib, PH 3455 . geis dó anmhuin ó ḟaghail `desisting from foray', TD 19.9 . anadh ō Ifearnn, DDána 22.8 . A pause in metre: caide dethbir itir duain ┐ tririg . . . duan .i. da anadh inte, IT iii 105 § 209 .

(d) In Laws of the respite or period of stay during which a distrained article (see athgabáil) remained in the hands of the defendant (debtor), who in turn gave a `gell' as guarantee of later satisfaction of the claim. This seems to have been the procedure in the `athgabál iar fut' (distress with time). In the `athgabál tulla' (immediate distress) the article distrained was immediately transferred to the custody of the claimant instead of being left for its `anad' with the defendant (Plummer MS notes). See O'Don. Suppl., Laws i 208 . a.¤ cach athgabala iar fut isedh dithim cach athgabala taulla cen a.¤ itir, Laws i 210.28 .i. in re iarsambi in athgabail ar fut ar a.¤ i laim cintaig cin fogeltadh cin bleth cin lobadh do dul ina cenn, is e re iarsa teit fogeltadh ┐ bleth i cend na hathgabala tulla cen anadh itir . . . .i. bid anadh for cach athgabail bis iar fut oc cintach; is ditim . . . fo cetoir i cend na hathgabála tulla, 212.20 Comm. a.¤ cintaidh as edh dithim inbleoghain i.e. if the defaulter obtains a.¤ the relative immediately gives a `gell', O'D. 574 (H 3.17, c. 443). nocho néicin fasc na athghabhala ar ut do breith, óir a láimh in bidbuidh bís sí fri ré nanta, 616 (H 3.17, c. 459). The rules for a.¤ differed in cáin and urradus: nochon fuilit ree nanta re athgabala cána amuil ata re athgabala urradhuis, 621 (H 3.17, c. 461(2)-3).

argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan, Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor, Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut, LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

? atroich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? atroich or dil.ie/4920

v a.¤ mo chlocc dam `reach me my bell ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 40 § 58 . Cf. do-roich?

bardán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bardán or dil.ie/5409

n (? bard) name of Ciarán's bell : ro labhair in clocc .i. an bardan Ciarain, BNnÉ 113 § 1 . 103 § 4 . Cf. quod cymbalum barthanus Kyarani uocatur, V. SS. Hib. i 218. iv . ? an cluigín . . . barcán (sic) Chiaráin, SG 3.3 .

beillicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beillicht or dil.ie/5563

n ( bell (?), beille (?) + icht) wretched deed (?): b.¤ .i. icht beille .i. gnīm tróige, O'Mulc. 176. Cf. ní hicht mbille, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 .

2 béimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 béimnech or dil.ie/5568
Last Revised: 2019

n (-mmn-) [ā, f.](béim) act or noise of striking, clashing: b.¤ na mbarilli ri borddaib na mbárc, LL 32239 ( TTr. 1428 ). b.¤ ┐ briscbrúar na mboccóti `concussion and smashing', RC xiii 456 § 52. adnaid (= atn-aig) for bémnigh starts ringing (of a bell), ZCP xiii 26.10 . See breis-béimnech s.v. 1 bres and glond- b. s.v. 1 glond.

beithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beithe or dil.ie/5597
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beith

n [io], m. Also beith f., IGT Decl. § 14.

(a) birch-tree, birch-wood: ássaid beithi tria doirnnin `a birch grows through its handle' (of a bell), Trip. 248.11 . samalta ra cír ṁbethi like the top of a birch-tree, MU² 586. ro ésraít a tigi do bethi barralaind barrglas, TFerbe 65 . One of the `athaigh feada,' Laws iv 146.24 ( Auraic. 1154 ). gecca do crannaibh nemhthorthacha eile . . . .i. b.¤ ┐ fernocc (`beeches'), BNnÉ 239.29 . a bheithi blaith bennachtach `O birch, smooth and blessed', BS 66.9 . ar barrdhos úr b.¤ bhuig, Magauran 1244 . is airi remitet (? sic leg. cf. 5488 ) b.¤ sech gach fidh, ar is and rosgripad ogum, Auraic. 2800. a n-aonfleisg do beithi on one birch-stave, 2804 . (on the four woods in the Cross) bethe bán i mbúi in sgríbenn, ZCP viii 107.11 . ba bethe a titail, 13 = ba bethe clar a titail, Goid. 66 n . cethri fedha na croiche .i. cupriss, cedir, giús, b.¤ , ZCP iv 235 n.23 . Note also: bethe gl. `haec buxus' arbor, Thes. ii 226.33 .

(b) the letter b , see Meroney, Early Ir. Letter-names, Speculum xxiv 27 , cf. Thurneysen, ZCP xvii 295. b.¤ dno on b.¤ ro hainmnigheadh ar cosmaillius fri cois in bh.¤ ut dicitur: Feocos foltchain in beithi, Auraic. 1157. vii mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi seven b's on one stave of birch-wood, 2804 . atait dano litri coibhnesta i nogum . . . amal atat beithi ┐ fern ┐ ifín, BB 301b19 . ní aithgēonad á sech beith he would not know a from b., ZCP v 483 § 5. beithe bogtha the letter p Celtica x 116 . gan bh.¤ bogtha do rádha innti (viz. in the Aibghitear), IGT Introd. § 1.8 . beth, crann bethe, bethluisnion `ye alphabet . . . from the first 2 letters B and L', Eg. Gl. 705.

In n. loc. Buindi in b.¤ , RC xviii 10.29 (Tig.). Buidhi an bh., AFM ii 1000.16 . As landmark: gonice in béith edar da álterin `as far as the birch tree between two Alterins', Goid. 109.21 (see Ériu xvi 98 n.2 ).

As n. pr. f. ?: foracsat mac slán slattra / Aes is Bethe bán bechta, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.18 .

See beithe-luis(-nin).

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell ) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

bennán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennán or dil.ie/5667
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (benn)

(a) a horned animal, cow ; calf: b.¤ bó, Ériu xiii 27.7 . = bindan, Laws v 62. 18 Comm. bendan .i. laog bo, ut est bendan bo cach lóide, O'Dav. 226. a bhennáin `little stag', BS 62.29 . ní fhuilnged Fionn . . . / b.¤ baeth ac búiredaig `young buck', SG 115.8 .

(b) Of various horned or peaked objects: b.¤ Moling luachair/ bentar isna tráthaib ` bell ', SG 153.29 . fo béim in bennáin búain, LL 39293 ( SG 390.4 ). (of Tara) b.¤ cét ríg `pinnacle of a hundred kings', Ériu iv 92 § 4. i mbennán Átha Lúain láin `in the pinnacled house of full Áth Luain´ Ériu xxi 143 § 3 .pn As sobriquet: Āed Bennan A. with the helm-spike (?), Bruchst. i 7 § 5.

bern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bern or dil.ie/5714

Forms: berna, beirn, berne, bearn, Bernai, bernad, berna, bearnaidh, bearna

n ā, f. also berna , d and n. a s. B. Chon Culaind, RC viii 54.20 ( LL 13397 ). d s. b.¤ , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad., v 93 § 30 , beirn, LL 17995 , g s. berne, AFM v 1636.9 . bearn f., IGT Decl. § 39. a s. Bernai, Corp. Gen. 206.17 . g s. cacha bernad , LL 8030. berna f., IGT Decl. § 4. a s. bearnaidh, Éigse xiv 98 § 29. g s. bearna, § 28 .

Gap, breach; pass, defile; hence weak position in defence or attack: dot luid i mbernai (ar berna, v.l.) ar-mo chenn-sa thou camest into the breach against me, Sc.M² 13. is b.¤ ina coṅgaib catha a breach in their battle position, CRR 57. do coimét na mbernd cumung robui ag techt aran slia[bh], ZCP vi 56.10 . annsa mbeirn = in the gap, Ez. xxii 30. aonfhear faire re seasamh gach beárnan, Keat. Poems 463. nī fhūicēb-sa an b.¤ (bern—, v.l.) sin dom c[h]onāch gan caithem, ML² 1412. bearna as mo ré `a part of my life-span', Dán Dé xvii 8 . ar bearna an bháis, DDána 30.6 . ? berna a eric, Laws ii 98.6 .i. ar in fechiumh nos gaibh, uair do rochuir ní di, 13 Comm. b.¤ na ngrás gur daingen duid refuge , IGT Decl. ex. 411.

In phrr. b.¤ , berna churad, ¤míled etc. breach made or occupied by a warrior, etc.: ruc beirnd curad . . . dar cath na nAnmarcach, Cog. 188.23 . ra briss beirn míled i cath na ṅGréc, LL 32300 ( TTr. 1488 ). do bris b.¤ céit isin cath i n-urc[h]omair a aigthi `made a breach of a hundred', Fianaig. 90.30 . berna cēt, TBC-I¹ 3672. Phr. b.¤ báegail undefended or weak position in defence or attack: a ḟágbáil ar bernadaib bǽgail nó ar doirrsib aideda, Mer. Uil.² 99. ni b.¤ bægail in læch fuil and `no easy victim', Aen. 750. See gábud . Hence b.¤ position of danger, strait; fight: iar ṁbrath na mb.¤ , Rawl. 69a27 . suan ón bheirn `from fight' (Vocab.), O'Hara 2609. re ndul san mbeirn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . gap; break, flaw in general: (expl. Bernán Brigte, name of saint's bell) foceirt forru co mmebaid ass a bernn `its gap broke out of it' (i.e. a piece broke off), Trip. 114.14 . (of a drinking-horn) sēt blāith cen beirn ` ungapped ', Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 19. an bhearn do-cháidh san chloinnse `the gap thus broken in her family' (by a death), Aithd. D. 13.10 . dar bernadaib in inair sin, Acall. 5808 n . tar beirn na luirige, BB 435b46 .

Compds. trias na beilgibh bernbriste dorónadh las an ordanas broken into gaps, AFM vi 2300.2 . See berrbróc. beilge berncairrgidhe na banBhoirne, Hugh Roe 242.13 .

bernán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bernán or dil.ie/5718
Last Revised: 2013

n (bern) anything gapped, gaplike, indented: co mmebaid as a bernn, conid é sin B.¤ Brigte (a bell), Trip. 114.14 . an b.¤ Padruic, BCC 120. an Bernan Ciaraín, RC xvii 383.11 (Tig.). an Bearnán Ailbhe, AFM ii 1018.1 .

In plant-name, perh. dandelion : sanguinairia (sic) uel lactuca .i. bernan muc, ACL i 334.47 . bernan na mucc gl. lactucis agrestibus, Études Celt. xxii 213 .

See Hog. Onom.

Bethechan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bethechan or dil.ie/5792

pn name of Patrick's bell : B. clocc Pátraic, Trip.² 2928 `Betullanum', Trip. 249 (a birch grew through its handle, see beithe).

bill, bell , ? bille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bill, bell , ? bille or dil.ie/5894
Last Revised: 2019

n (? Cf. Welsh bele, ZCP li, 35 ) see Thurn., ZCP xv 360. Person of unsound mind; wretch; laughing-stock : bill .i. lobar, Corm. Y 185. ballān .i.bill-īan .i. lestar ḟir t[h]rūaig . . . Aliter bell-īan .i. bell mele, ut dicitur: `a nó beill dogní in fer sa' .i. a nó troich (tróch, MS.). Ballān didiu īan duine beill .i. duine t[h]rōigh, Corm. Y 167 (see 1 meile). bill .i. bec, amail atā ballān .i. bill-īan .i. īan bec: . . . cét mbó mbrethlaind . . . / nīrbtar bāi bille baille (quoted to illustrate bille .i. genaige or bill .i. bec), 179 . bille .i. bochd, mar tá, faighdheach, truagh, lobhar no beag . . . gonadh uadhsin adeirthear billían .i. soidheach beag, O'Cl. allus tiug ar toind cen tinne / a broinn beinde bille .i. genaige, Corm. Y 179. ni hattach ṁbille, Fél. Aug. 8 .i. ni hatach boicht no genaige no meta no faigdech no midlaigi, Fél.² cxxvi § 8.2 = .i. ni hatach boicht no mídlaig no genaige . . . da no bill .i. da no ngenaige no bille .i. truaig no lobair no mbille .i. onni is imbellis (isimbilicis, MS. leg. imbecillis) .i. enirt . . . dia tised in truagan truag / chucaib cona billian mbuan, cxiii § 3 = Thr. Ir. Gl. 133. 12 - 15 . So also O'Cl. s. bille . g s. beillicht .i. icht beille .i. gnīm tróige, O'Mulc. 176 . ní hicht mbille (melle, mille, v.ll.) `no paltry favour', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 . ? is bille robātor is da ēigsine ag cia a seisi (B. na f.), ACL iii 311.8 .

bóbán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóbán or dil.ie/6208

n o, m. (bó, perh. with infl. of Lat. bov-, see Stokes, O'Dav. 295 ) calf: bobhan .i. laogh . . . is imthecht mbobhain imtecht cen arach .i. trebaire, O'Dav. 295. imtecht mbodhbain, H 3.17, 433.34 , cited Laws Gloss. s.v. ae (18.28) . As name of Ciarán's bell : dorat Quiarán a clog do Cǽimgen . . . As eiside Boban C. inniu, Lism. L. 4471 . clocc Feichin ┐ B. Caoimhghin, AFM ii 1072.9 .

bollsaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bollsaire or dil.ie/6365

Forms: ballsaire

n [i, m.] (perh. based on Lat. pulso; cf. also pulsator and med. Lat. pulsatorius ` bell-ringer', Med. Latin Word-list, Baxter and Johnson). herald, crier; marshal, seneschal: bollsairedha ┐ callairedha . . . d'imfostadh ┐ d'imfuireach na sluag, CCath. 4850. na boillsuireadh , Dhá Sgéal Art. 718. b.¤ .i. maruscál tighe, Keat. ii 3912. an b.¤ ┐ an fear garma bhíos ag fógra go hárd ar feadh an tighe (= pregonero), Desid. 6585. ballsaire `a Herald, a publisher ', Eg. Gl. 87.

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