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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


G, the twelfth letter of the Ogham alphabet, in Irish called
gort `ivy,' Auraic. 1138 , 1187 = 4229 , 4285 . In early ortho-
graphy the letter g represents either the voiced stop or the
voiced spirant : in absolute initial position g is a voiced
5guttural stop ; medially and finally when preceded by a
vowel, and initially when subject to lenition, it is a spirant ;
when preceded by a consonant it may be either. The medial
stop, normally written c, is sometimes written gg. In some
early instances the medial stop is written g even between
10vowels, Thurneysen, Grammar § 29 - § 32 .
In later orthography the stop is written g in all positions,
and the spirant gh. By the fourteenth century the voiced
dental spirant (dh) had become a guttural (O'Rahilly, Irish
Dialects 53 ), so that gh and dh are constantly confused in the
15manuscripts.

ga n dart , see gae.

1 gá Mid. Ir. for cia interrog. adj.: gá ogum sut ina taeb,
TBC 727 . ga Dia aile, PH 158 . gá méad fiche bliadhan,
TSh. 10933 . gá huair ?, TD 1.28 . gár mhó ionmhuine, ib.
20 20.16 . ga lá (`lochdach'), IGT Introd. § 16.

2 gá ind= oca, see oc : ga ḟurmiáil, TBC 5713 . in gabul ... gá
farcgaib, 786 . ra bai gá rád, 3486 .

3 gá ind= O. Ir. cid, q.v.: gá ttám `in short,' Studies 1922, 410.1 .
gá dtám ris, TSh. 783.

25 4 gá conj= O. Ir. cia although: ga no marbad fer no dís, TBC 1065.

gaán n o,m. (gae) a little spear, javelin: do ghaánaibh bega
biracha, Acall. 1802n .

gaba n smith , see gobae.

gába : pnoccurs only in the name Oengus mac Oenláme Gábe,
30 TBC 4906. 2815 (= Caime, LU). O. macc Oenláma Gábae,
CRR § 8 . Lām Gābuid, ScM² § 10 , where origin of sobriquet
is given. Oengus mac Lāme Gābaid, ib. O. mac Āenlaime
gaibhe, ZCP xiii 169.36 . Cf. Cond mac Oenláma Caíphe,
Ériu vi 150.1 .

35 gábad n danger , see gábud.

gábadán xsee gábudán.

gabáil xsee gabál.

gabáilche n iā,f. (gábalach) prehensiveness, rapacity : cosmail
fri sēigh é ... ar a gabāilchi, Corm. Y 1165.

40 gabáiltech xsee gabáltach.

1 gabair n horse , see 2 gabor.

2 gabair n spear (?): iarmobi beclighi bangabra treith .i. iar
beith dona beoaibh ana lighi fo treith gabailrindedh, unde
dixit, gabair ainm do goei, O'C. 573 ( H.3.18, 286 ). Cf.
45 treath trident, fishing spear , O'R.

gábait n(length of vowel doubtful) a piece, a section, a division
of the body (?) : co tarat bvlle do chlaidib dó co ndernai dá
gabait de, TTr.² 962 , cf. TBC 1999 . dofuitet a c[h]eithri
gabaidi (gábaiti , LU) for talmain, TBC² 1310 . tucastar
50béim tanaise dó urtharsna conid in oenḟecht rángatar a tri
gaibti rainti co talmain uad, TBC 1901 . atchondairc a
archoin na gabtib rointi, 1038 . fecht dia tánic sunda, mar
cach ngábit ngalla | ... bó da búaib dar Banna [= ṅgaibit
ṅgalla, LL 214a37 ; ngabait (: tāinic) ngalla, BB 397a27 ;
55 ngábhaid (: ttainic) ngalla, B iii 1, 78b6 ] like any foreign
object (?
), Met. Dinds. iv 70.10 . gabait cliss a part (usually
of the body) cut off by a skilful sword-stroke: dobert athbéim
ina médi conid i n-oenḟecht condráncatar a da g. ¤ chliss
dochum talman, RC xiv 410 § 20 . Cf. 420 § 38 . cach bali
60ba réid dó na chomraictis a gabti cliss rainti mon echraid,
TBC 1927 . ┐ se faen fotharsna ┐ a gabhaidi clis inairdi fair,
ib. p. 247, n. 2 (here it seems to be used of a sod cut from
beneath him and cast upon him).

1 gabal n a fork , see gabul.

65 2 ? gabal n tribute, tax ? (A.S. gafol, `rent tax, due'). ro boí
rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . a
lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur `half of
clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic
,' Ériu i, 220 § 14
and 224 note ( H.3.17, c. 854 ). leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc
70ris (for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a
`céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the
`flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is
entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to
him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine),
75 O'Don. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v.
leth . May be cpd. of gabál, q.v. sét gabla, a minor chattel,
MacNeill, Law of Status 275, n. 3 . A sét of the lowest value,
contrasted with the normal sét (= a samaisc) and the highest
(clithar-sét = a milch cow or a ploughing ox). aen set gabla
80diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined : sēt gabla ... is e as
laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach
firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt).
cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill
arathair araile (i.e. the three séts in rising gradations, of
which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king's sét'), ib.
Same definition, Irisches Recht (Dīre) § 6 . Cf., however,
5 set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach
boinen, O'C. 506 ( H.3.18, p. 257 ). brosna do setaib gabla,
Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla,
Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. by gablaigid,
q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'C. 618 ( H.3.18, p. 299 ) ;
10 O'C. 1454 ( H.3.18, 658a ). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate
forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle
inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'C. 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6,
p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be
attributed to gabál and the remainder to gabul, so that the
15word is doubtful.