2 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 co or dil.ie/9787

Forms: cu, ca, go, cosind, cossin, cusan, cus-in, cosnaib, gusna, com, cut, cot, cona, cua, co, co, conar, cono, conu, cona, condaib

prep., nasalizing, with dat. See Thurn. Gramm. 274 , 503 . Perh. in complementary distribution with la, 495 . Also cu ( Ml. 94b11 , PH 132 ). ca, ZCP xi 109 § 16 . In later lang. go (gu, i 408.2 ). With len. ch- (see Thurn. Gramm. 111 ), Wb. 13a26 , Ml. 35d17 . With art. cosind, 133a4 ; cossin, TBC² 454 ; cusan, Anecd. i 4.21 ( SCano 106 ); cus-in, PH 1412 . cosnaib, Ml. 37a10 ; gusna, Ériu v 20.7 . With poss. com, Fél. Ep. 52 , TBFr. 364 . cut, Wb. 10a29 , cot, Blathm. 230 . In 3 pers. cona passim (later gona, Ériu i 24.135 etc.). Perh. also in: cua rǽr, Ml. 100b16 (oc ?), co rigid with his arm, TBC² 424 (cá, LU), co a ndibad, Laws iv 44.16 Comm. (1 co ?). With rel. Part. an talamh go n-a dtig de, DDána 37.30 . conar mhair, St. Ercuil 1182 . Rare with pron. suff.: 3 s. m. cono, BCrólige 39 . neut. conu, ZCP viii 310.24 . ?cona as well, Todd Nenn. 144. 152 . 3 pl. condaib, Auraic. 954 . Occas. with accus.: co llín n-ingen, LU 8714 ( FB 53 ). co . . . noemu, PH 3941 etc. go ndícheall ndofhaisnéise, TSh. 1852 . See Magauran 1010 n.

With , most freq. with words indicating accompaniment, attendant circumstances, etc., less freq. of instrument. In uses 2 and 3 somet. with additional preposition limiting the meaning.

1 Glossing Lat. cum: cosin taidbse il gl. cum multa ostensione, Ml. 30b11 . Wb. 28c19 , 30a26 ; Tur. 127 ; Ml. 23a13 , 26d10 , Sg. 39a2 . Note also: conoén guth gl. ex eadem uoce, Sg. 203b12 .

2 With nouns indicating persons (together) with, accom- panied by, and ; massu cut séitchi ro cretis, Wb. 10a29 . Saul cona muntair, Ml. 30a3 . 26a8 . 34a22 . 55c1 . as tu cot mac, Blathm. 230 . co maccaib flaithi fer nÉrenn impu, BDD² 205. 469 . C. . . . cona tri nonbaraib, RC vi 174.9 . co-m brathrib, PH 1072 .

3 With nouns indicating objects with, having, carrying, etc.: na tri druide co ndanoibh `bearing gifts', Blathm. 12 . dobert C. for a bois cona luingin `together with his boat', RC vi 183.5 . ó B. . . . / co cétaib cúan, Ériu iv 152.25 . With additional prep.: sengobi cona indeuin fora muin, Mon. Tall. 184.4 . .lll. ngabar ... cona trí coectaib srían . . . friu, BDD² 466 . fer . . . co n-oenṡúil lais, 1351 . gabail (a s.) . . . co cethri cennaib forri, TBC 710 . caisslēn . . . gusin ruibēr ar n-a chomhtharraing 'n-a mhōirthimchioll, Fl. Earls 40.7 .

4 With nouns of less concrete meaning (together) with, provided with, and: dofil Crist cona soscelu, Wb. 4d29 . 26a18 . co pecad in popuil (the scapegoat), Tur. 110c . a laithe . . . cosnaib gnimaib . . . gniter and, Ml. 21c3 . adiecta cona n-ilmrechtrud, Sg. 29b6 . sum conáballib, 193b8 . 209b28 . niurt gene Crist cona bathius, Thes. ii 354.30 . cond neoch noduslen `together with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . lá go n-oidhche, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 1 . san ló go n-oídhche, Párl. na mB. 3554 . See 1 cet (151.55), leth (L 130.75).

5 With vnn. and similar words indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: bad samlith sulbairichthe co n-etarceirt gl. qui loquitur . . . oret ut interpretetur, Wb. 12d8 . co tabairt taebadh friu `trusting to them', Laws iv 74.22 Comm. gin tairgsin dlighi . . . go tairgsin dlighi, 234.21 Comm. acht mina gabad co fresabra unless he took it (the kingship) with opposition, RC xxiv 202.13 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of, Hugh Roe² 166.1 .

6 Freq. with abstract etc. forming adjectival phrase: cosmulius co n-écsamlus gl. per hominem mors . . . per hominem resurrectio mortuorum, Wb. 13b25 . imbresna co lluindi gl. pugnas uerborum, 29b6 . 27c6 . guth formúigthe co trummai thinfid heavily aspirated, Sg. 9b18 . Ml. 30d18 . 37a10 . 92b10 . lasa senadh condimbrigh `the ignoble assembly', Blathm. 52 . do intliucht co saichi `a bad under- standing', Fél. Prol. 298 . fer corrath `a man of grace', Mon. Tall. 131.26 . ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut you held me in esteem, LU 3917 ( SC 43 ). ataí co ngalur ḟúail you are suffering from, Sc. M² 13 . P. . . . co llí, ZCP viii 107.16 . atā . . . in mac-caillech co n-idnaib in labour, KMMisc. 210.3 . ri . . . co fill a treacherous king, St. Ercuil 434 .

7 Similarly after verbs with adverbial force: is co [m]burpi asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, gl. ut minus sapiens dico, Wb. 17c23 . co nhuailbetaid gl. tumultuarie, Ml. 63b8 . 124c2 . co llondas gl. dedignanter, 130a9 . Cf. Wb. 6c6 . 13a1 . .27 . in spirut . . . di-ar snádud co solma / ar gábud, Lib. Hymn. 159.7 . mad cumscaidech co ndeithbire justifi- ably, Laws iv 62. 12 Comm. do ēirigh sūas co sotla arrogantly, ZCP viii 220.25 . go bhfios damhsa, is mór etc., TSh. 1101 `to my knowledge, I am sure,' Gloss.

8 Of instrument with, by means of, through: co mbreic ┐ togais gl. disimulat, Ml. 61a6 . dia goin cosin laighin, Blathm. 55 . ? cocorib gl. congruentibus (uerbis), Enchir. Aug. 81a ( ZCP vii 483 ). frisinle in coin cona dib lāmaib, TBC² 523 . co torchair .l. leis cona fhiaclaib killed 50 with his teeth, RC iii 181.35 . madia ndeicennaigter e gus an creic loige ita do reir dligid `if this be purchased for the price which is prescribed according to law', Laws iv 214.13 Comm. rogell si cona luga she promised on her oath, FDG 663 .