1 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cleth or dil.ie/9453
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . See Ériu xviii 99 .

(a) tree-trunk, tree : a bun cleithi na crand, BB 497a13 . cleatha ag fás . . . a cnuas `the tree's growth from acorns', Dán Dé ix 26 . an úir . . . / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath the foliage of the trees, DDána 106.22 . do sgeach dhonn / cleath chorr do-chíthe ós do chionn (to a hill), Ir. Syll. Poetry 31 § 1 . dá cleathaibh ceannchroma, 70 § 2 . nach faghar éinchleath aimrid, O'R. Poems 3753 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha (i.e. the tree bending with the weight of nuts . . . ), O'Hara 4062 . ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT Decl. ex. 528 . trí haithriocha fhear nEamhna / glainchleatha feadh bhfíneamhna `bright stalks', O'Hara 272 .

(b) house-post, stake, pole : is bēsad na cleithe, is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēithe, Corm. Y 275 . clí .i. cleath, O'Cl. cleath gl. tignus [tignum], Ir. Gl. 485 . guth domadbat trie clethae (: domincrechae, leg. -a: -a), Liad. and Cuir. 18.15 (`through the wattled wall' ? leg. between the posts). sesrech oc tabairt cecha clethi, LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rigthige . . . conid sí conar dollotar a mná chucu isin tech, 8371 ( 25 ). in rightheagh . . . ┐ a chleatha . . . do credumae ┐ a cael d'airgid, IT iii 195 § 34 . la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni co mboí isin cleith fris anall (the man pierced by the spear was between the king and the wall), LU 4369 . in cu araig do nomad cleth on dorus, [┐ ni cuaille crin cuachda], Laws iii 412.20 Comm. ar-sesar clithem cletha `the spearman(?) sat by the houseposts', Ériu xix 82 § 6 . cona farcaib cleith no slait no scolb . . . nadicsed as a inad, LB 216a59 . do thighibh bláithe cleath gcorr with tapering posts, Ériu v 58.103 . roga ro-ch.¤ ┐ slemain slatchaolaig, ML² 1065 . co rug Eochaidh a chend leis a teach Theamrach co rochuir for cleith cháerthaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 272.15 . cor chland cleatha ann (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . trī maic B. . . . ciatarochlan[n]sat cletha hi Temuir, ZCP viii 313.18 . sáid in cleith lium ol Ciarán, SG 73.10 . a gcleath do chor i dtalamh, TSh. 6969 . By extension, of a musical instrument (cf. use of crann): ní reich a diomdha ar a dáimh / gidh iomdha dháibh go gcleith gceoil `with their harps', Magauran 3986 (cf. also clíath cíuil s.v. clíath).

c.¤ chengail tie-beam, cross-beam (?). Fig. mar ch.¤ cengail ar in síthcháin `in order to clench such peace', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.14 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhfál bhfírinne `as binding wattles, as clinchers', Gloss., TSh. 6714 . cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh (of God's grace), 1470 .

(c) spear : in cath . . . / ba cummasc claideb is ch.¤ , LL 29033 . clansat cletha dogra trít, 952 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . ac bualad cleithi ar slinden h. Conchobair, Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . mor c.¤ tre choluinn, Fen. 376.20 . fan gcleith nó fan gcloidheamh, DDána 98.21 . laoich ag géarughadh chleath gcaol, O'Hara 2547 .

(d) goad : casaidh cleith ndírigh ndóibsigh / d'óinsigh eich . . . , IGT Decl. ex. 733 . atáid bríathra an eagnuidh amhuil cleatha ┐ amhuil tairngidh ar na ndaingniughadh (`goads'), Eccles. xii 11 .

(e) Fig. warrior, chief : rochuir cath Carmain in ch.¤ / Fiachu Labrain `the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.13 . Conoll in cleath nemdaer, 362.82 . a cathmílid . . . ┐ a cléth bága (of Achilles), TTr.² 1621 . da laech . . . da comlaid catha, da cleith ugra, Cog. 56.y . cuailledha trēna Tuathail . . . ┐ cletha cosanta Cuind (of the colamain Temrach), ML² 1363 . a chleath Eamhna, Aithd. D. 37.33 . bláth na gcleath `the choice princes', Content. xxx 37 . Cf. ar cleith mBóinne `the princess of the Bóinn', Aithd. D. 11.22 .

(f) Of hair: a bharr na gcleath gclaon `of flowing locks', Aithd. D. 54.5 . earla fiar na gcleath gceiníl `wavy hair tressed in native fashion', O'Hara 1911 . Cf. a chúl fionn na bhfaichleath gcas, Magauran 2506 .

(g) In phr. cletha cridi(?): crū a cleithib cridhe crūaid, / fuil a feithib . . . , ZCP vii 299.15 .

(h) Of uncertain meaning: o ro gabsat cóir na c.¤ / nocorb allic dóib teched, TFerbe 621 . cruth glacanach / cleath liac lupanach, IT iii 98 § 158 . cleath ag leith dá toigh mo theagh `my house stands as a supporting buttress to her castle', Aithd. D. 1.15 (leg. cleath i gcleith which may have a technical sense? Ed.'s note). muna mbeath [a] each is a ara / do ba [a] leath cleath dala dhóibh, DDána 110.34 (`half of them (his troops) would have been an encumbrance(?) to them', Ir. Monthly 1920, 264 ).

Compds. With noun. clethail chachta (? leg. -aile c.), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 4 . Con Corb cen nach clethalt (2 alt), ZCP xii 436 § 8 ( LL 4854 ). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . clethblugaid Ērenn, armach Line, airsid Āi, ZCP iii 466.26 (Baile in Scáil) (= 2 blogaid). da churaid, da chlethbriugaid, TBC-LL¹ 5376 (prob. read -blugaid). cleth caillti . . . do slegaib `forest of spears', MR 224.1 . cona tuighi co clet[h]coilltibh aigh, CCath. 4980 . Art cen chleth-cheird fo chaire `A. whose skill of spear was faultless', Metr. Dinds. iii 368.23 ( LL 20890 ). ¤chlann: Mael Sechnaill . . . de chlethchlaind Chuind Chétchathaig, LL 15931.17240 . cabsaid cach cruach fa cleth-ḟál `wattle hedges', Hy Fiach. 194.3 . a ccleathLuidhne `Luighne of the lances(?)', O'Hara 3065 . ¤orddan see below s.v. cleth-ard. clethcumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile, MR 256.21 .

With adj. a shluagh Caisil cleathaluind, Caithr. CC 6.16 . ¤ard: Senan . . . c. .i. ar clethordan, LB 241a23 . cleathard .i. clothard no clúard, O'Cl. in Cletiuch dno is clethbuidig catha, ZCP iii 242 § 42 . Druim Cetta clethcháin (: noem g s.), RC xx 140.15 (ACC Comm.). ríoghradh chleathchorcra Chonnacht `red-speared', Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . go Domhnall gcleathchorr gCairbreach, DDána 64.31 . do chionn Cheallachain chleathchuirr, Caithr. CC 25.10 . Conla clethgarg, LL 15056 . BB 47a54 . ón Bhúill chuirmthe chleithghil `overhung with white branches', O'Hara 1775 . do ṡíol chleithleabhar Chonuill `long-speared', TD 7.47 . gu Croit Cualachta clethmhoir, Lism. L. 4764 . fri muintir Crimthaind cleth-núi, Metr. Dinds. iii 164.22 . tri deichnemhair fa sgeimh sgol / na bhḟein chleithremair . . . , LL 394.2 . slóigh cleithreamhra `stout of spear', Aithd. D. 19.13 . co Cathair comsech clethrúad red-speared, LL 25312 . clethruad Cualann `the red shafted hero of Cuala', Ériu xvii 40 § 15 . gilla . . . / catlas i Casiul chlethruad, LL 19427 .

With adj. derived from noun. cona borbsluaghaib cletharmacha coisidhedh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 15.9 . barr cleathmhongach na gclodh lag `with a sheltering mane', TD 2.23 . d'úib comraicmera clethuillecha . . . Cinndergáin, Caithr. Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.22 .