caince

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caince or dil.ie/7790

Forms: caínc(h)e, caincinn, -nn

n Also caínc(h)e. If Murphy's emendation of n s. caincinn, K. and H. 26 to caīnciu (Lyrics 8.26) is correct perh. n , f. with oblique cases in -nn. The divergent forms and meanings may indicate several distinct words. O'Rahilly, Measgra D. i suggests borrowing from We. cainc and discusses the forms. For the treatment of -nc(h)- see also Ó Máille, ZCP ix 345 .

(a) strain of music, melody : c.¤ corr / doní tonn trom Tulcha leis, Acall. 861 `a woeful melody', SG ii 122 . ceól nó c.¤ , ITS xxiv 100.25 . laoch na gcon na gcrot na gcaoinceadh (ccaoineadh, ccoíncheadh, MSS), Hackett² xxx 111 . brugh fa ba lia . . . fa chóirighthibh ceólchaire ar chaoince (coinnce, coínnte, chaoincidh, MSS), 233 . dáin a's caoínche chláir Mídhe, Hard. ii 228.y .

(b) some kind of song-bird : caincinn gestlach, K. and H. 18.26 (emended to caīnciu, Murphy Lyrics 8.26 . See above). ceól caoince, Measgra D. 39.23 (caoínce, cainche, MSS). ní chodail in chaoínche bhras, Duan. Finn i 84 § 13 . gébhthor dhó . . . / . . . / roinn ṡaora . . . / go ngothaibh cáola cáoin- cheann `shall be chanted . . . noble stanzas . . . with the clear notes of the c.', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . da choinchinn ó Chorraiffe, Duan. Finn i 20 § 11 (dí chaoínce v.l., iii 20 ). ceól do caoíncheann (sic leg.), ii 372 § 12 and Gloss.

(c) Perh. bough, branch (basic meaning of We. cainc. Cf. Mod.Ir. caincín (large) nose) in: adracht O. ┐ do chuir in caincinn frithroisc for a lorg co nach facad nech a longphurt . . . é, Acall. 2327 (chainchinn, cairchi v.ll.). leigfidhear Caoinche ar do lorg, Duan. Finn. i 84 § 10 . ? Cf. n. pr. Cass Corach mac Caincinne, Acall. Index.

Meaning doubtful: fogabar . . . in ingen ina cotlad ┐ a gnus amal am ch.¤ , Vita Br. 1 (O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 346 suggests reading: amal áin cainche `like the playing of a melody': am, however, may be simply dittography of first syll. of amal).