1 buith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buith or dil.ie/7435

Forms: both, boith, buid, bith, bid, bith, bith, beith, bith, beith, bu(i)the, be(i)th, beith, beith, b. cen æccne, buid, buithe

n (orig. both ā, f. ? See Thurn. Gramm. 170 , 186 ). both, Wb. 25a13 , 26b21 , Thes. ii 344.4 (Hy. v), LU 10943. boith ( a s.), Hail Brigit 13 . buid 9 times in Wb., once in Ml. bith, Wb. 5a13 (d s.), 11c10 (n s.), Thes. ii 329.36 (d s.). bid (d s.), Wb. 15a20 . Usual mid. Ir. form bith (b.¤ occurs 3 times in LU Táin as against 7 exx. of bith and 2 of beith, Ériu xvii 127 . In Trip. bith occurs 9 times, beith once, ZCP xvi 446 ). g s. bu(i)the (bithe cited Thurn. Gramm. 450 ). In later lang. be(i)th (cf. nébeth = nebbuith, Wb. 9b17 (N 29.18), beith, Fél. Ep. 172 , BDD² 260 ). See PH. On LU Táin and Trip. see above. See beith, Desid. p. 270 § 28. an bheith, cert ar a comair aici (med na bethe (beithe) aice, v.l.), IGT Verbs § 7.

Vn. of attá. (a) being, existing. Occas. as vn. where finite form would be copula (see Thurn. Gramm. 493 ): b.¤ nocht- chenn, Wb. 11c12 . iar mb.¤ socumail, Ml. 44c6 . forṁbith iarmui do A., SR 3498. a mbith cobsaid, Trip.² 41. ar mbeith ollamh n-ealadhan `when he was perfected in his art', TD 3.9 .

Folld. by prep. governing accus. or dat. (see A 471.22 ff. and the several prepp.) nom. b. cen æccne, Wb. 2a17 . buid and `to be there', 5b43 . b.¤ i mbethid noib, Ml. 74d9 . b.¤ re lechdachaib, Sg. 6a8 . b.¤ (beith, bith, v.ll.) i ngéillius maicc Maire, Thes. ii 321.4 (Hy. ii). manitcoiscea son bith for usci ┐ bargin `if this do not check thee, then thou shalt put thyself on bread and water', Mon. Tall. 142.12 (§ 37) . bith dia deis hi flaith nime, Trip.² 284. ní rēith b.¤ fris it is difficult to cope with him, TBC² 1490. ní heól do B. bheith le cóir `knows not contentment with justice', TD 29.14 . accus. and dat. foruar buid cen engne, Wb. 2a18 . tri b.¤ isna fochaidib doib, Ml. 46c11 . asrubartsom b.¤ cen anland `he told (me) to go without condiment', Mon. Tall. 144.9 (§ 45) . at-bert na ragad, acht bith oc frithálim, etc. but that he would be, MU² 43 (see note). gan bheith le Dia, Dán Dé x 27 . i gcoimmeas ré bheith i n-éagmais, etc., TSh. 4436. gen. buithe innadiad `in that it is after it', Ml. 35b23 . buthe for longais gl. cum metu, 39a5 . ré hucht bheithe ag déanamh crábhaidh, TSh. 424.

With subjective gen. a mb.¤ immallei `that they should be together', Wb. 10a4 . is airchen á buid, 11d3 . for mb.¤-si in iriss, 14c43 . ar mb.¤ fo mám pectho, 21b5 . mo b.¤ i carcair, 23b21 . dliged buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai, Ml. 27d7 . a b.¤ ind remṡuidigtheo fodeod, Sg. 212a10 . a buitsem hi comsuidigud, 216b2 . a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e `its being a "nemedh" tree', Laws iv 170.14 Comm. bá córu a bith combad aegairi he should have been, Trip.² 210. madh ro cinnedh ré fair, is a beith for in ré `it shall be according to the time', Laws iv 132.18 Comm. a mbith ule that they should all be (so) (of list of precepts), LU 3508 ( SC 27 ). innat-ḟail tall ?—Cosmail mo bith it looks as if I was, Fing. R. 977. do bith-siu ar bantincur mnaa, TBC 8. a beith-si 'ga iarraid, TTebe 2752 . ar sgáth a beith pósta aige, TSh. 5506.

With logical subject introduced by DO: buid domsa in iriss that I am a believer, Wb. 5b20 . buid dond ingin inógi, 10b20 . buithe dúibsi i peccad, 14d7a . ní eperr b.¤ cen peccad doib, Ml. 76a6 . bith má de do b.¤ daitsiu hi coimthecht oco `from thy being associated in it', Sg. 2a7 . b.¤ donaib ócaib cen bíad, Fraech 126 . bith, 129 . fuarais ó Dhia . . . bheith saoghlach dúinn, TD 14.35 . bheith don Bhanbha . . . / 'na héantuinn ḟaghla, 7.28 . ar mbeith slán dóibh when they are whole, TSh. 904. go beith ar meisge dhó, 2006 .

With prec. DO expressing purpose: do b.¤ in óentid coirp crist gl. uocati estis in uno corpore, Wb. 27b23 . do buid fom chumachtu gl. quos mihi dedit Deus, 32d7 . it hé atá chórai do b. i foitsiu thaige ríg, Críth Gabl. 584. na tri .xl. aidchi do bith for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 143.22 (§ 42) .

In dependent construction x do b.¤ that x is, should be : ni coir descad pectho do b.¤ i sollumun agni , Wb. 9b13 . cum- tubart do b.¤ isindí as quis , Ml. 46c 18 - 19 . ba compes ba riagoldae do b.¤ `that there should be c.', Sg. 57b8 . menmæ do b.¤ hi figraib in offrind, Thes. ii 255.13 (Stowe M.). far coin . . . / do buid la far n-echtrata, AU i 138.12 . Ísu a (leg. do ?) beth 'n-a mac mna pósta, PH 2677. ní háil linn sibh do bheith ainbhfiosach = nolumus vos ignorare, TSh. 8629. cionnas is féidir sin do bheith ? Donl. 246.14 .

Life, material existence : ar mbeith ┐ ar mbeatha, Parrth. Anma 2450. grádh do thabhairt . . . don bheith = el ser (Gloss.), Desid. 2362.