badb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. badb or dil.ie/5114

Forms: Badb, baidhbh, bodb, Badbchadh

n ā, f. Note also a s. Badb, LL 6939. n p. baidhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. Earlier bodb. Name of a war-goddess; hooded crow; scald-crow (in which form the goddess appeared). See RC i 32 ff. , ÉC viii 407 f . and Heldensage p. 63 . Repres- ented as stirring up conflict, foretelling slaughter and rejoicing over the slain; in translation literature usually equated with the Furies. Machae .i. b.¤ nō asī an tres morrīgan, O'Mulc. 813. Nemain Danand B.¤ is Macha/Morrígu . . ./ bantuathecha Tuathe De Danand, LL 16541. cu cuala ní in boidb dinib collaib, LU 4937. ind Neamain (.i. in B.), TBC 2444. atcithea in b.¤ catha gach n-aidhchi (= Erinnys), CCath. 902. an b.¤ . . . .i. Tisipone, TTebe 4313 . cru fechto .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 308. Cf. O'Dav. 375. teathra .i. badhb, no feanóg, O'Cl. badhbh, fíach garbh, préachan ingneach, Eg. Gl. 59. ? cro tria rinne bodhbh mos linge, FM i 302.x . co ṅgés b.¤ dia burd dia blai (of a shield), LL 18398. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha co tech m'athar (because bringing tidings of slaughter ?), TTebe 1899 . loch na baidbe (also referred to as a `péist'), BNnÉ 135. 15 . Also in human form, witch: Imdai na mBadb. Atconnarc triar nocht hi cléthi, LU 7653 . atractatar badba bána béllethna osa cennaib, LL iv 32510 . grēchfaitit badba bānæ, BDC 124 .314 . do éirgitar teóra hingena … .i. trí badhba … ┐ trí hamaidi, Comp. CC 80 § 12 .

Attrib. g s. in sense deadly, fatal, dangerous, ill-fated: badhba .i. túath, Ériu xiii 75 § 196. badhb .i. túath thire, O'Cl. crothsait cress ṁbodbae `ein Kriegsgedränge', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.24 . in t-indellchró bodba fer talman, LU 6410. na bairendlecca bodba (of stones used as missiles), TBC 4662. briathra baidhbhe . . . ┐ tuath-bhan-glór (i.e. words of ill- omen), MR 294.21 . ní mar bu baidhbi (i.e. dying kine), BR 46.9 .

Of persons: a bhadhbh Chruachan (a chief), DDána 84.3 . a bhaidhbh! `thou witch!' (Aoife), Atlantis iv 120.28 . Cf. ar ógbhaidhbh eich `young raven-like steed', Magauran 1252 .

Compds. Forming nn. pr. Badbchadh, MacCarthy 184 n. Bodbgal mc. Fergale, Ann. Inisf. A.D. 752 . In other compds. usually with meaning deadly, warlike, venomous: lucht onad buidi badbfiach, Rawl. 77a22 . in badblaech Berngal, LL 2365. dochuatar huile i mbadbraind battle (?), SR 5400. badbrí Cuicidh hErend huili, Auraic. 5167. Bruchst. i 7 § 7. badbruat[h]ar calma, Aen. 2855. oc toibeim for Láegairi don badbscel ro innis (false) tale of slaughter, LU 8939 (H, FB 70 ).

With adj. in bennfhata badbluath cetlong in betha .i. Argo, TTebe 1941 .

With adj. derived from noun: mna buaidirthi badbchaeint- echa . . . na nGrec, TTebe 4777 . See also s.v. badbda.