1 úaithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úaithne or dil.ie/42688

Forms: úaithne, úaidhne, úaidne, uatne

n (older úatne ; acc. to O'Rahilly, SGS iii 67 a singulative of úat `wood,' later fúat, q.v. Cf. fúatne)

(a) a post, a prop, a support, a pillar : úaithne úaidhne úaidne m. IGT, Decl. § 2 . uatne .i. uait (v.l. uaid) suigdigter (v.l. suidigtar) in deilb, Corm. Y 1279 . gabhal fulaing, posd, úaitne, más `a base, pillar, undersetter' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 365 ). Of the supports of a house : grianan in enuaitne (v.l. enuaine) the name of one of the houses at Temair , FDG 27 ( MR 6 ). ro ḟorchongair an caislén do chor ar uaithnedhaibh iar sin, ┐ ro leccadh go lár (a ref. to props used while undermining the walls, foot-note) AFM v 1316.10 . foraim [viz. cenn Duinn Bó] ar an fhuaithne úd thall `place it on yonder post,' TFrag. 46.13 . nicon facatár nech and acht catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu forsna cetheóraib úaitnib lecdaib bátar and. no linged di cech úaitniu for araili, LU 1705 - 6 . luid arísi co rrabi fora úaitni, 1723 . Of the support, post of a bed or couch : benaid a cló n-argit ro boí ina láim frisin n-úaitni créduma inna imda, LU 8273 . iss and bátar for uaitne cerna in cholbai, LL 306b1 . uaithne don iobhar āluinn | fám iomdhaigh, KMMisc. 366 § 7 . tarla mh'ucht fan uaithne ccorr, ib. atconncadair tri huathnedha ... aga himfulang .i. uaitne i ndath snechta ..., RC x 185.24 . comhard re húathnibh na leaptha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1567 . cetra huaithne um gach leabaid | d'ór is d'airced coimecair, SG 112.5 . the foundations of the earth : an té noch chroitheas an talamh as a áit, agus go ccriothnuighid a úaithnighe, Job ix 6 . Of the supports of the discus : mias adbulmor iaraind no umaidi ar uaitnedaib iaraind 'na lamaib, TTebe 2470 . Cf. gur ab iad [viz. na subháilcidhe bunadhasacha `cardinal virtues'] is Toibreacha, bun, ┐ ... Uaithnighe do mhórán Subháilceadh oile, Donlevy 198 .

(b) fig. or metaph. (of people) : da uaithne agha ┐ iorghaile fer nE. (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 471 n. 6 . úaidne Moighe cáoim Chédne (: cúairdne), IGT, Decl. ex. 1172 . uaitne na sgol lé bhfuil gach fáidh-ḟile, Ir. Monthly 1920, 482.5 . aoidhe sgeoil uaignigh anduibh | d'uaitnibh an eoil ḟuaramair, 1919, 456.14 . tú an treas uaithne don oineach, 1928, 609.20 . dá uaithne oinigh Eireann, L. Cl. A. B. 111.16 . dá uaitne teanna an talmhan, Ir. Monthly 1923, 587.15 . lán ... | an teach d'uaithnibh iorghoile `pillars of valour,' 1919, 105.37 . le huaithnibh catha Cláir Laighean, 1920, 209.15 . na n-uaithnedhaib imresna `pillars in the fight,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.17 . uaithne oir na nÉilech, AU iii 582.23 . Cf. ML² 1579 . uaithne briste berne baoghail, AFM v 1636.10 . in dara huatni airechais ... Erend, Cog. 52.23 . ceithre uaithne ... oirechais Alban, MR 248.9 . in t-uaithne airechais, Acall. 64 (of Patrick). da uatni congbala ... flathamnais Erend, Cog. 70.9 . uaithneda fíchdha F., ML² 1362 . Cf. ML 100.27 . uaithne ót inis d'imthigh ..., Hackett xiv 13 . giodh truagh liom fuainne na faire `the prop of vigilance,' Ó Bruad. i 176.18 . fuainne ós fearaibh, ii 60.9 . d'éag mo nuair an fuainne d'ḟuiling | anntrom cháich ..., 180.13 .

As a legal term : huaitne (in a list of 26 grades of dignity), Laws iv 344.5 (sequel to Críth Gabhlach). huaitne ; fonluing ocus frisellaghar in fer .i. friseillget troigh ocus aidheilgen ; fer foloing einechgresa chin imluad fine, Laws iv 350.24 . see Manners and Customs iii 519 where tr. `a pillar of endurance and attendance' (i.e. `a term applied to a man appointed to attend to and supply the wants of the wretched and homeless poor ; the relieving officer of the ancient Irish,' ib. Gl. Index p. 604 ).

(Of the legs of a boar) : ro éirigh in muc ar a huathneduib dímóra derid, Fianaig. 66.17 .