1 tulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tulach or dil.ie/42443

Forms: —ai, tailchai, telchai, tailchi, tulcha, telcha, tulach, tulchai, tulcha, tulach, tolach, tolchadh, Teloch, tulach

n ā, f. (1 tul). g s. Telocho AU2 577.1, Éigse xvii 423 . Also with a d s. in —ai as in ī— stems in some early exx.: tailchai, Trip.² 2313 . telchai, 2735 . SR 6752 . tailchi, AU i 528.13 . tulcha (: urchra), ZCP xii 386.4 . telcha, Lism.L. 473 . d s. also occas. tulach. Note also a p. tulchai, TBC² 3602 (tulchu, 3601 ). IGT Decl. § 190 (g s. tulcha and tulach. cf. a mbél na tolach , ex. 2117 ). g p. tolchadh, DDána 73.5 .

Hill(ock), mound.

I

(a) t.¤ quasi tul-ūach, Corm. Y 1245 . temair na d[t]uath .i. grianan no t.¤ , Corm. 42 Temair. luid ... hi telaig, Ml 55c1 . hi tilchaibh ardaib, 14a9 . isnaib telchaib, 11 . otha glais telchae berich, Thes. ii 238.7 . in Campo Teloch , 264.22 (g p. ?). i Taulich Lapidum, Trip. 320.4 . hisin tailich, Trip.² 782 . asin tailaig, 832 . bellum Telocho, AU i 66.2 . epscop telcae Olaind, 160.7 . co Talaigh n-ooc, 564.4 . Marc in-a thelaig, LU 5815 . téit ar a chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . ar dromchladh nglan ttealach tte of warm hills, Ériu v 56.75 . torcc taulcha in chrúi, iv 100.3 . mochen do Temrach thealaig, Anecd. i 17.10 . ra gab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib `er nahm eine Anhöhe den Schaaren gegenüber ein,' TBC 4557 . barrallsam a tilcha dá n-éis, 5015 (ro mursam a tolca, v.l.). sin tilaig úane, Met. Dinds. ii 72.7 . fraech ... do beith fors an t.¤ sin, O'C. 2053 ( H. 4. 22, 63a ). tolcha in chruinne, ZCP xii 383.18 . 'san tulaigh i rucad Dīa, viii 114 § 7 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh, Gleanings 19 § 32 . i dtolchaibh tíre | Chuirc, Hackett xxxix 49 . um tulcaib ┐ trebaib an talman uile, TTebe 1170 . Cf. i taulaich in taige, LU 8732.

(b) In phrases. breo telchae fire on a hill, signal-fire, bonfire: br[e]ó thelcha tend, Ériu vii 223 § 34 . do ghni ... breo tealcha (sic leg.) don aoibhil, Hugh Roe 180.10 . breo telcha ┐ tor tenedh, St. Ercuil 1362 . teine tulcha, LL 192b25 . t.¤ tairléime alighting-place, rendezvous (us. of per- sons): a th.¤ na toirléime, Misc. Celt. Soc. 412.z . See tairléim. In phrases indicating hill of assembly round a ruler or king: tilach airechais ... Herend .i. Temair, LU 3439 ( SC 21 ). do hsuidh Finn hi tulaig airechtuis, Fianaig. 54.2 . docum na tulcha dala no an airechd, O'C. 1164 ( H. 3.18, 462b ). ag triall go tealaigh thionóil, Irish Review, 1912, 471 § 7 . Fig. a th.¤ cómdala in diabuil (the body), PH 8255 . Hence tulach royal hill, hill of assembly: noc[h]an fuil ... | neach nach tudhchaid dia tholach `Königshügel,' Sits 1919, v 92 § 9 . diri tuilche `of the hill of meeting,' Laws iii 404.17 .i. ... isin tulaigh dala. 19 Comm. baile turchomraicc dála ┐ aenaigh in t.¤ sin, O'Don. 955 ( H. 3. 17, col. 669 ). tromdha ar tulaigh dignified at an assembly, Dánta Gr.² 5.50 .

II In legal phrases.

(a) t.¤ tigernais, lit. hill of lordship, said of a free client (sóerchéile) who with his descendants remains in free clientship (sóerrath) for three generations with a lord not of his own túath , thereby becoming per- manently bound to him. See Thurn. ZCP xv 248. Críth Gabl. p. 107 . The term seems also to be extended to a lord having a client and his descendants for three generations , and to a lord whose client goes to an extern lord for the same period: isedh is t.¤ tigernais a tarthaigther triar and in tan is a fiadnaise a fhlatha bodein tucustar flaith echtrand rath don cheile ┐ ata a fhlaith bodein i n-aididin a dligid do thobairt do fhlaith echtrand re ré trir gen a fhuaidred uair o bed tri flatha for an ceile no tri ceile ag foghnom daenflaith, no tri flaithi duthaigh i n-aididin aen cheile ag foghnom daen flaith gin fuaidred is t.¤ tighernuis i tarth- aighther triar when it is in the presence of the client's own lord that an extern lord has granted clientship to the client and his own lord is willing to hand over his dues to the extern lord for the space of three generations without opposition; for if the client have three lords or if there be three clients serving one lord or three native lords allowing one client to serve one (extern) lord without opposition there is (he is ?) t.¤ t. of three generations, O'C. 1006 - 7 ( H. 3.18, 428b ). conic imscar re righ nechtrann re re trir i saorrathuib, ┐ t.¤ tiagharnuis o sin amach `it is height of chieftainship from that out,' Laws ii 206.26 Comm. , `i.e. where the external chief becomes a man's natural chief by length of time, after the reign of three successive chiefs,' n. t.¤ tighear- nais i tarrathar triar, iv 378.13 Comm. Of a lord whose father and grandfather have also been lords: tuluch tiagarnais a tarraigter triar .i. dia rop flaith a athair ┐ a senathair ┐ rop flaith feisin is tuluch tiagharnais iarum .i. as uais a tiagarnas ar in tulaig iar tarrachtain trir fuirre. No is tigharna uais in tres fer for in tulaig, O'C. 452 ( H. 3. 18, 241b ). This may be the sense in: cach toisich a th.¤ , ZCP xvii 47 § 6 . Cf. also in literal sense: luid ... connici in taulaig tigernais ... ós ur na Bóinne, CRR 36.y .

(b) muin tuilche (lit. ridge of a hill), apparently ref. to the scene of a crime or of an attempted crime: is edh is muin tuilchi ann in baile i roisi foghail dona harmaibh no do no haidhmibh dar triall in marbhadh do dénamh. Is edh is sechtar muin tuilchi ann cach inadh ó thá sin amach. Is edh is imradhu for muin tuilchi ann a dénamh a naen teagh no i naen airecht ris, O'Don. 873 ( H. 3. 17, col. 625 ). is sedh is imradud ar muin tuilche and, imradud a marbtha in oentig no in aen airecht ris, O'C. 628 ( H. 3. 18, 303 ). trian coirpdire isin imradh for muin tuilce a nurradus, O'Don. 872 ( H. 3. 17, col. 624 ). sechtmadh coirpdire ... isin imrada sechtar muin tuilchi i cáin gid do íslibh cidh do uaisle, ib. Cf. Ériu xiii 50.20 , 30 .

(c) tuige thuilche lit. covering a hill (of assembly), usually with follg. fri, hence perh. rivalry, opposition, contention, disputing (in an assembly), but perh. for táide tuilche 'hiding on a hill' = 'secret conspiracy' Celtica viii 153 n. 3 : eneclann na rig do tobairit (sic) ar aird sunn a tuigi tuilche friu, O'C. 578 ( H. 3.18, 287 ). no cumad i in tuigi tuilci `conspiracy on the hill' (as if from táide) (in gloss on cosait tuilche), Laws i 176.9 Comm. timdibe flatha .i. eitir imdibe uaidh ria flaithemnus .i. tuige thuilce fris lan eneclann riu, O'C. 456 ( H. 3.18, 243a ). With vb.: is i cumal in tsofhir o gach gradh flatha tuigeas tulach fris .i. da tig bo ar fichit, O'C. 577 ( H. 3.18, 287 ). Cf. ni tulaid fri turigen tuigedar tuli mára muride, Corm. 42 = Corm. Y 1224 . Note also: cro fir saiges for flaith .i. tocbad tuilce fris, iar ngiallad do, .i. ro gab-sum rath, ┐ ni dein biathadh na manchuine, Laws v 236.y Comm. Leg. tocbad tuige tuilche ? ? ni seis suidhe tuilche ag togháois aindre, Ériu xiii 23.27 (see note).

(d) Various: i cosait tuilche dissension on a hill (of assembly), Laws i 174.29 . eisce i taide tuilce .i. cocar ime isin tulaigh, O'Don. 764 ( H. 3. 17, col. 549 ). Leg. tuige ? Hence perh. tauilce .i. leith airecht, O'C. 475 ( H. 3.18, 248 ). The follg. perhaps contain a reminiscence of the legal sense of tulach: fāsaig dō tulcha mo brīathar, ZCP xi 96 § 53. tulcha briathar .i. comórtus, O'Cl. Cf. tulchube (b).

III Various applications: tri stéill chréduma i taulaich in taige roof, ridge (?), LU 8732 ( FB 55 ). tilach dond fair .i. a scíath (of a warrior), TBC 5389 (tul, v.l.). Of waves: torchuir ... | fa tholchuibh doimhne dílionn, TD 20.35 . gebaid tairis ós telaig | folt cas cruthach caoim slemain above the brow , Celt. Rev. ii 300.y . tolcha corra chíogh gcaoimhgheal `the graceful mounds of ... breasts,' TD 39.6 . ba talach ar thairisi he was steadfast as a hill, Buile S. 106.10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. under the various spellings.

Compds. ¤bog: san tseanAfraig ... | tealachbhuig of gentle hills, TD 1.19 . ¤chorr: re sluagh dtolachcorr dTail- tean `with the people of Telton's smooth hills,' TD 2.30 . ¤mór: ó thul Tuinne tulach-mór high-mounded , Met. Dinds. iii 274.50 .