trúag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trúag or dil.ie/42079

Forms: tróg, truag

adj o, ā O. Ir. tróg.

I Used attributively.

(a) wretched, pitiable, miserable, sad: trūagh .i. trū-āgh .i. āgusta dō gurab trū, Corm. Y 1238 . Of persons: in popul truagsa, Ml 118c5 . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `for oppressing a wretched man,' 36a32 . fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 . do Eoin tróg imnedach, ZCP viii 177.2 . aos trog ` invalids ,' Mon. Tall. 147.19 . a claín trúaig, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ). a midlach thruag, 8878 ( FB 67 ). dóine tróga, PH 4286 . dochum dingna mo mathar truaighi-si, TTebe 3845 . na mairtíre trógha, Aithd.D. 57.9 . Of words, sounds, etc.: cluinte mo chneit trúaigse, Fél. Ep. 314 . glór truagh do bhriathra, TD 20.25 . faoidhe na sriobh dtaidhiuir dtruagh, DDána 110.21 . ilimad do briathraibh truagha, ÉC i 79.29 . Various: ár trog ... | for slóg ... n-Israhel, SR 6499 . cath truagh `a lamentable battle,' RC xvii 234.13 . a animm thróg, PH 8184 . in bith t.¤ hi táam, Fél. Prol. 157 . ag ḟodoíre tróig, SR 3217 . temel truag (cheville), 909 .

(b) thin, lean, emaciated (of persons and animals): macer. truagh, Ir. Gl. 383 . in muc truagh ... in mucc meth, O'Don. 2417 ( Rawl. B 506, 53 ). mart meith ┐ mart truagh, RC xxix 219.22 . clērchīn tana trūag (sign of asceticism), ZCP vii 297.5 . feoil truagh muici `lean pork,' Rosa Ang. 104.4 . leis na dainibh truagha, 70.3 . go bhfásfuidh méuthus a fheóla trúagh, Is. xvii 4.

Compar.: gá truaighe treas (cheville), DDána 79.28 . cá truaighe ceas, Aithd.D. 26.5 .

As adv.: ag freagradh go truagh don cheist se, TSh. 4148.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) wretch, miserable person: do ráith a aithig in trūaig `for her vassal, the wretched one', Thes. ii 342.2 . huaitne ... friseillget troigh, Laws iv 350.x . a n-aigthe ... na t.¤ , LU 2184 ( FA 26 ). rí fial ara treise truagh on whom a pitiable person has most claim, DDána 38.26 . tógbhálaigh trógh `supporter of the indigent,' FM v 1652.4 . As ā, f. caoiniud na tróge lamenting for the poor woman, Mon. Tall. 130.17 . Frequ. in phrase trén ┐ t.¤ the strong and the weak, all, everybody: do thréon na t.¤ ni thuaraid | oenfer, SR 5071 . fir hErend eter truag ┐ trén, LU 9716 . a ndoberó ar Dīa | do thriun nō do thrūagh, Ériu ii 172 § 4 . saoi lé deirc ... fri truaghaibh ┐ trénaibh, FM ii 1008.15 . mallacht na truagh ┐ na tren ar an tí dotug an comurli-sin duit, ZCP vi 58.18 .

(b) In voc. as term of abuse or disparagement: maith a thruaíg a Duind Cualnge, TBC 1494 . `tair amach ..., a trōig, a dīabail !' ar Comgall, ZCP iii 33.2 . maith tra, a t[h]róig, Aisl. MC 71.17 . a throgu, PH 4414 . a thruaigh, nírbh é uair an uamhuin, Aithd.D. 56.23 .

III Used predicatively with copula.

(a) ol am triamain trógsa, Fél. Prol. 26 . nirba truag, SR 3295 . at trúaga na gáre, LU 2215 ( FA 29 ). oss é aithbriste tróg, LU 9112 ( FB 87 ). i flaith nime niba truag | ind luagh the reward will not be paltry, Ériu i 193.8 . robai co truag toirrseach, TTebe 4023 .

(b) In various phrases indicating sorrow, regret, fore- boding, etc. (copula frequ. unexpressed): truag gl. heu. Ml 133a8 . ba tróg, Met. Dinds. iv 60.37 . is tróg niforn- intliuchtach, SR 1238 . tróg insin `sad is that,' Wb 19b4 . t.¤ soin, a tigerna, Aisl. Tund. 95.y . truág in maten maten máirt | ros bí mac D. alas the morning! TBC 4138 . is truagh an mealladh pitiable is the deception, DDána 43.5 . With follg. clause or vn. constr.: is tróg ... maic Uisnig do thuitim, IT i 75.5 . truag ... nach rothoitius-[s]a leatsu, TTebe 3381 . truagh gurab móide mo mhíghníomh `alas ! my sins increase,' PBocht 1.20 . truagh mar tharla, TD 16.7 . is truagh gan cách mar Ua gC., 34.6 . With pron.: nach truagh mé am not I to be pitied, DDána 88.29 . och, is truagh mise, TSh. 5940 . (is) t.¤ do alas for, woe is, woe to : truag d'Ultaib ... cen sirthin a márica, LU 3536 ( SC 29 ). tróg dún ... ar popa Cūc[h]ulaind cen chobair dó pitiful our treatment of C. that we help him not, TBC² 1435 . is truag do na dáinib adeir co ru-b olc in maith woe to those who say, PH 7701 . as truagh duit ... bás mar so do imirt ormsa, TTebe 3642 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, St. Ercuil 745 . as truágh dhamh mona ndiongna mé an soisgéul do sheanmórughadh, 1 Cor. ix 16 . is t.¤ la x x is sorry for, that; regrets: ropo thróg laiss ar mbuith fo mám, Wb 21b5 . cid t.¤ lasna bráithrea | na guidise uili, | duit, á Chríst, in tráthsa | ro gádsa mo guidi `though all these prayers seem wretched to the brethren,' Fél. Ep. 409 . is truag linni ... | an-dorinni Luciphur, SR 1427 . is truag limsa ... comorad in chatha-sa, TTebe 3231 . an truagh leó ... | mar táid Connachtaigh, TD 2.6 .

Compds. ¤aigméil: doníd casaoid truaighaigmhéil ar chruadháil na Scot ... orra ` pitiful ,' Keat. ii 6063 . dohairg- eadh go truaghaigmhéil an cine ... lé Berthus = B. vastavit misere, iii 2230 . ¤dodaing pitiful trouble: ar soerad diar trógdoidṅgib, SR 8311 . ¤lí: Rúadri mac Caite na n-ell | nírbo thruag-lí traite thall ` faint splendour ,' Met. Dinds. iii 48.2 . ¤neimél, —a, —e act of sorrowing, lamenting: ic toirrse ┐ ic truagnemel, YBL 143b11 . rogabh ag tuirsi ┐ ag truagh- neimheile, Ériu iv 51.8 . a toirrsi ┐ a truaghneimeile, St. Ercuil 1616 . ag toirsi ┐ ag truagnemela, TTebe 1014 . ¤neimélach sorrowful, lamenting: an tan ataid trúaignem- elach (sic leg.), TTebe 1122 . go tuirsech, truaghneimh- élach, Ériu v 100.35 . trua-neimelach, KMMisc. 318.11 .