3 trom

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 trom or dil.ie/42031

I As adj. o,ā

(a) heavy: gravis .i. t.¤ , O'Mulc. 623 . ní .i. t.¤ , Ml 20a18 . is t.¤ cenae ho aicniud, 20a20 . in toimseo truim gl. multi ponderis, 20a21 . .x. tulcubha truma .i. bair, Ériu ii 4.16 . ar claidbib tromma, TBC 3699 . tuc gach tīr a thoradh t.¤ , ZCP viii 109.5 . asa trillsib troma, TTebe 1036 . ní t.¤ féar a fanntolchadh, DDána 73.5 . Of the body: an corp mall toirrchimeach t.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 4 . ré hiomchar ualaigh thruim na haithrighe, TSh. 8884.

(b) Extended applications: circull t.¤ do démnaib `dense ring of demons,' Trip. 448.3 . Of sleep: ní maith cotlud t.¤ , LU 3608 ( SC 30 ). suan t.¤ , RC xxiii 418.13 . Of a perfume: t.¤ ó gharadh na gréine | baladh céire um fhonn Áine, IGT Decl. ex. 1206 . 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 . maille ré láimh thruim do luighe air, TSh. 9510 . ni raibe si t.¤ ar a toirrcis (Mary), Smaointe B. Chr. 392 . t.¤ ag roinn an fhóghmhair iad (of grasping peasants), Ó Bruad. iii 202.20 .

In IGT Introd. of the l, n and r resulting from assimila- tion after a long vowel in compd. nouns: ní fhuil cruth a tteaguimh .l. ┐ .d. nó dá .l. dá chéile a ccomhfhocal nach dénann ... .l. t.¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada mur so: ... gáol ┐ dlúith, gáolúith a chomhfhocal. An tan teaguimh .n. ┐ .d. nó dá .n. dá chéile ... do-ní ... .n. t.¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada, mur tá so: ... cíainearg (cían+dearg). An tan teaguimh da .r. no .rr. ┐ .r. édtrom dá chéile ... do-ní ... .r. t.¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada mur so: ... gér ┐ ród, gérród (leg. géród ? Ed.), p. 13 . Also of n in inflec- tional forms: .n. t.¤ and .n. chasus mur so: abhann ┐ na haibhne, 5.4 . And in compds. after r preceded by a short vowel: corn ┐ dearg, coirndearg a chomhfhocal; .n. trom as coir d'ogham air sin, 5.5 .

(c) heavy, severe, grievous, difficult: nipsa tróm for nech gl. nulli honerosus fui, Wb 17c2 . is tromm form for ṅ-ingnas `grievous to me is your absence,' Fél. Ep. 380 . ropo t.¤ iarum accobar forsind ingin `desire lay heavy upon the girl,' Mon. Tall. 149.11 . ba t.¤ for Brigit ind inbuith eter dí Chaisc la cen[n]galar, Ir. Texts i 9.15 . cusin Cáisc truim trednaig, Ériu iii 98 § 18 . robo t.¤ tra la M. an ni-sin, RC xxiv 194.25 . ba tromm ... laissin druid dicheilt Etáiniu fair, IT i 129.20 . isin péin truimm sin, 186.28 . ecla na hingrema truimme-sin severe persecution, PH 565 . dorad side seirc truim de (leg. dí), Ériu iv 174.23 . t.¤ orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . t.¤ re híoc difficult to pay for, DDána 30.11 . do ba t.¤ leiss in tir he `all the country thought his maintenance a great oppres- sion,' L.Chl.Suibhne 58.3 . Hence sad, sorrowful: t.¤ .i. tuirseach, O'Cl. is tromm ar menmae linn ... indiu, ZCP viii 176.5 . ba t.¤ laisin a banchele do eg, Ériu iii 150 § 2.

(d) great, vast, powerful, mighty: t.¤ .i. mor, ut est co tuitet neime niuil truim, O'Dav. 1532. Of the earth: ar talmain truim, LL 343a48 (cf. Tec. Corm. 2.2 ). ar talmhuin troim, Ériu i 30.223 . Of places: atbath borg t.¤ Temra `Tara's mighty burgh,' Fél. Prol. 165 . túatha in tuaíscirt truim, ZCP xii 390.29 . a Tuadmumain truimm, Ériu viii 69.65 . Of persons: ba fer tromm, techtaide treb, Met. Dinds. iii 410.3 . tairsigh troma i n-a ttionól, Geneal. Tracts 81.14 . ō thriathaib troma, ML² 468 . Various: os tuind truim, SR 882 . dar trethan t.¤ `over the vast deep,' Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 4 . búidne troma, PH 2919 . táinte troma fat (?) droves, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . líon debtha fa t.¤ dtinóil whose muster was mighty, O'Gr. Cat. 502.21.

Equative trummithir tinni deich brudamna cach n-ae, LU 7737 ( BDD 130 ). Compar. ba truimmiu cach othaig dún, LU 971 (ACC). it truma smachta geimrid oldaiti smachta samraid severer , Laws iv 88.y . trummi turcbáil something heavier than can be raised, MU² 972 . dolléci in n-osnaid as trummu cach n-osnaid, LU 2133 ( FA 20 ). ba troma cech ngalar leis toitim a athar, TTr.² 178 . truma na sin d-albuin t-ég, Rel. Celt. ii 220.8 . cia dhíobh pian is truime, TSh. 1999 . With de: is trumaite a piana ... a fuirech oc denam uilcc, Fél.² cxvii 12 . trummute lassin n-oenfher di suidiu, LL 283a43 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim, YBL 167b34 . ro badh tromaide a thoirsi ar na tiribh `he was more lamented in the territories,' FM v 1768.19 . Superl. in anim as truma pīan | fil a n-ifurnd, Arch. iii 216.5 . rí as ... truime tabharta `of most generous hand,' Studies 1932, 141 § 13 . ós é as truma duais dána, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 1.

As adv.: ar th'fhine is t.¤ do thagrais, Content. xiii 27 . is t.¤ codultaidhi, Fier. 136 . inneóin Temrach tair co trom[m] (sic leg.), Ériu iv 110 § 72a . ra chotail Fer diad tossach na h-aidchi co rothromm, TBC 3249 . codlaid co t.¤ , RC xxiii 412.2 . a ttír do thadhall go t.¤ (i.e. to invade their territory), BNnÉ 256.35 .

II As subst. o, [n.]

(a) weight, heaviness, burden; greater part, bulk: is dingbāil truim don slōg removing a load (i.e. by getting rid of a troublesome ally), TBC² 1490 (=dromma, LU 5956 ). do thuit t.¤ an uilc | ar Thrian Conghail, L.Cl.A. Buidhe 139.17 . bíodh gurb antrom t.¤ do th.¤, | t.¤ tret antrom go bhfagham `heavy a burden as Thy burden is, may I be weighed down by it,' Aithd.D. 92.5 . ar lēigen a truim forra (of warriors resting on their spears), ML² 1491 . congbaid t.¤ a slóigh ina ttimchel, FM iii 222.17 . t.¤ an pheacaidh `the burden of sin' (Gloss.), TSh. 2980.

(b) severity, distress, difficulty, sorrow: ba nua no chesad cach tromm diofothuch .i. cach tromḟotach no chésad ba amal núa leisseom-sein, LU 969 (ACC). a t.¤ do cintuch in cetnu fechta `the severity (of the law),' Laws ii 62.18 Comm. beth idir dha th.¤ to be in a dilemma, ZCP x 286.12 . mór mhaothchroidhe (sic leg.) ar a ttug t.¤ many the soft heart it filled with sadness (the death of a chief), Rel. Celt. ii 272.3 . ar an dt.¤ fhuarus uime ` persecution ,' Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 15 .

(c) blame, censure: móide mo th.¤ a Thorna | ort, Content. iii 29 . t.¤ oram gidh bé gá mbé whoever blames me, PBocht 1.28 . With do-gní: déanamh truim | ar chloinn Éibhir, Content. v 67 . adéarthaoi nach dearnais t.¤ | ar shíol gCuinn, ix 13 . na hughdair do ghéanadh t.¤ | ar an aird thuaidh dá labhram `writers who would speak harshly of the North,' vi 34 .

Compds. Usually as intens. pref. or for alliteration. For stable compds. not given here see separate articles.

(a) With nouns. ¤achlán grievous lament: ag tromachlān, ag tuirsi ┐ ag truaighneimhēle, ZCP xiv 241.7 . do-rónsad tuirsi ┐ tromachlann, Comp. Con C. 125.3 . ¤ág severe battle: as mór tromágh risar bean, ZCP viii 228 § 27 . ¤aicme: ó th. ... Mh. `from M.'s teeming posterity,' O'Gr. Cat. 475.12. -alt(?): roddet a tuasciurt Connacht | tascid tiri dar tromm- alt, Ériu viii 70.82 . fa sluag ... Temra na t. `of the heavy deeds,' MR 252.4 . ¤anfad great storm: na téta ... aga tras- gairt ... on t., ÉC i 82.4 . ¤ár heavy slaughter: Brigit cháid ... fri trommár, Mart. Gorm. Feb. 7 . dorat for slúag trommar thall, RC xlvii 307.15 . ac tarrngaire an tromáir, CF 741 . ¤choblach mighty fleet: in trom- choblach mór muride, CRR 14.16 . ¤chonách great pros- perity: triath toictech, tromconaich, ZCP vi 35.8 . gach aon agá mbiadh toicce nó trom-chonách, TSh. 494 . ¤chot- lud heavy sleep: contulmis tromchotlud, TBC 3536 . rabai Palpitus ... 'na tromchodlad, TTebe 3960 . ¤dígail severe vengeance: a tabairt fo thromdigail, SR 2412 . rí dosrat ... fo thromdiglaib, 7202 . ¤ḟlaith great lord: do macaib ... tromḟlatha fer Muman, RC xviii 173.13 . tromḟlaithi coicidh cennaird Concobair, TBC 5513 . ¤gáir mighty shout: co cualatar tromgair na slog, RC xxiii 412.7 . as taircetul tromgaire ndoinmeach in morcatha, CCath. 4382 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire os aird, Buile S. 14.3 . ¤galar sore disease: conebailt de throm-galur, Trip. 524.38 . ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci, IT i 121.15 . ¤lasair mighty flame: tig de mo thesar- gain | ar tes na tromlasrach, ZCP viii 203.2 . i cathairib tromlasrach, Lism.L. 3639 . ¤less great benefit: as de ticc a ttrom-les, BNnÉ 256.28 . a ndearna do tharbha ┐ do throimleas dóibh, TSh. 4591 . ¤nél heavy cloud: tuc ... troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . do toit taisi ┐ trom- nell fuirre ` swooned ,' St. Ercuil 2429 . fó troimnell teineadh, FM vi 1964.24 . Cf. tromnélghal dorcha dubhcíach, CCath. 470 . ¤neiméle great pity, lamentation, sorrow: rogab truaighi ┐ tromneimeile iat, ZCP vi 277.18 . hic toirrsi ┐ hic tromneimeile co madain, St. Ercuil 1270 . dfaghail bháis ... do thromnemhele, FM v 1584.6 . ¤níth severe conflict: ar trommníthaib | i críchaib ilib echtrannaib, TBC 3537 . ¤shnechta heavy snow: snigis t. ... for Ultaib, MU² 306 . ¤tharr great belly: ere nōnbair 'na tromthairr, ScM.² 22c . ¤theine mighty fire: for srothaib ... trom-thened, PH 8148 . teach Cletig 'na tromthenid, RC xxiii 418.20 . tarmgal na troimtheinedh, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤thress heavy conflict: búiread tromthresa, BDD² 1062 . co Muir Torren na trom- thress, Rawl. 76b6 . i n-imut ... troimthres, Lism.L. 3639 . ¤thúr (?) : fail mór do muirib moa múr | hIffirn co tuilib t., SR 906 . o ṡhunn báth Éssu mac Nún, | a toisech tolaib t., 5266 .

(b) With adjj. ¤debthach very quarrelsome: nochor'bo choimsech a cath, | ba toirsech, ba tromdebthach, SR 6092 . ¤drúchtach of heavy dew: fogomur tromdruchtach toir- thech, ZCP xi 82 § 25 . ¤ḟóitech heavy-sodded: tochlait in talamh tromḟóidech, TBC 5513 . inn e in talam tromfoideach diultfas a fas? CCath. 1021 . clár ... trom-ḟoideach na talmhan, ML 102.23 . fir (sic leg.) in talman tromfoidigh, ZCP vi 279.15 . ¤lethan heavy and broad: for taebaib tromlethna in talman, TTr. 1561 . Cf. torann tretnach | croithfes talam tromletnach, KMMisc. 158.142 . ¤mór heavy and great: torann t., Gorm. Mar. 18 . ¤rúad mighty and red: muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . ¤thoim- side: tricha traiged tromthomsidi inna claidiub ` amply measured ,' BDD 87.

(c) With vbs. ¤chotlaid sleeps heavily: fri trí tráth nír' throm-chotail, Met. Dinds. iii 452.32 . ¤díbaigid destroys : is ē an rī sin ... do thromdībaigh Tūatha ... D.D., MU² p. 1 (Eg.). ¤gairid shouts loudly: cu ra thromgairset in slúag immon tech, 873 . ¤gonaid severely wounds: tromghonais Assal Lugaid isin comhrac, Cóir Anm. 200 . Cath Átha Seannaigh ... áit ar tromghonadh Aodh, Keat. iii 2352 . do tromghonadh goffraidh, FM iii 362.3 . ¤loitid severely wounds: ro tromloited Oscur, Acall. 5711 . do throim-loit orchra íad-séin, Gleanings 14 § 1 . ? ¤thuinset: imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 ( FB 53 ).