tríar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tríar or dil.ie/41892

Forms: tríur, tríar, triúr, triur

n o, m. (trí + fer, Thurn. Gramm. § 388 , but cf. Ped. ii 136 ). Originally disyllabic: Fél. Jan. 24 , Oct. 11 , etc. d s. tríur, later used as n s. (triúr). tríar, IGT Decl. § 76 . triúr, § 96 .

(a) three persons, trio: tigerne trír gl. trium vir, Ir. Gl. 399 . foxla triar do cethrur, Laws ii 122.y . biathad trir, v 60.10 . nabad lia diis no thriur, Wb 13a4 . ar is dochruth comirsire ndesse nó in tríir `unseemly is the barking (?) of two or three at the same time,' 6 . it ána a ndírmann | in tríir imradam, Fél. Oct. 11 . cona thriur dedblén, Jan. 24 . ind locáin ro gabtha | déssib ocus trírib, Prol. 210 . ní thud- chatar in t.¤ ucut, LU 8971 ( FB 72 ). im chomuaill in trír chaurad, LU 8746 ( FB 56 ). don tríur láth ngaile, LU 8719 ( FB 54 ). can tris fer ... frisna triru, RC xi 450.11 . acht mad oen- triar do doeneib, SR 448 . fo deilb tríir, 2803 . is hé in triar irdaircc tri derbráthir, TBFr. 109 . triur ri cach n-amus, TBC 22 . is iat sin in cetna triar, PH 6412 . co mbia triur óigred oc fir husarachta, 7587 . triar talchar trenfher, TTebe 2880 . rothoit in triur-sa dib les, 2835 . tainic Calcus ┐ a thriar ban, St. Ercuil 1952 . triúr ar n-éag do aith- bheodhaigh, Dán Dé iv 25 . triúr mac do bhádar ag Brian, TD 21.20 . an triar easgcarad, TSh. 2127 . do thoisg an trír chéadna, 2141 . na trí trír-si this (band of) nine men, L.Branach 2659 (see note).

Appositional dat. with poss. pron.: biit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin, Sg. 93a2 . comtis ainmmnidi a triur, 7b2 . lotar dó a triur churad co hEmain, LU 9033 ( FB 78 ). is hé ba sinser dóib a tríur, LU 9057 ( FB 81 ). Boind a ssídib a mmáthair a triur, TBFr. 111 . arusrainic-side a oinar a triur `alone he met them all three,' RC xi 450.6 . do-rónsabar bar triur me-si cúnntabartach, PH 1805 . Without poss.: a bíathad triur `he is entitled to refection for three' (Gloss.), Críth Gabl. 166 . do éimdheadar ... triúr dol, TSh. 7512.

Of the Trinity: triar óen-fer, Lib. Hymn. 114.36 . buime trír is í na hóigh, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 6. aobhdha an triar a trí dhalta, DDána 9.2 . triur i n-aoncholainn amh-áin, 3 . go bhfuilid na dtriur ó'n tsíorruidheacht, Donl. 24.21 .

In phrase tech an trír as kenning for Tara, later Ireland . Cf. do Themraig in trír, LU 9913 : braithim fós do tigh an trir, ZCP ii 335.7 . ag guaillnibh ríogh tighe an trír, 340.28 . 's mo chroidhe ronnta ar a rannaibh | bronnta ar chlan- naibh Toighe an Trír, Hackett xliv 8.

(b) three things: is ē crand in rīg-Easa | ba hannsa lind don triaar, ZCP v 22 § 19 . an trīar-sa thuirmim-si, viii 215.18 . ro tirchanait in triar sin don cur-sa isin Roimh `those three things were then foretold in Rome,' CCath. 834 . conid sí sin in tres saobh-sanus Lethe Cuinn, ┐ is hi Cluain Eraird doronta a ttriur iad, BNnÉ 302 § 9 . gaibid Senchan tri hairchedail. nosgab Cummaine a triur `Cummaine repeats the three,' Ériu v 32.17 . iul agus aoibh is aithne | dhaoibh 'n-a dtriur ní tiobhairthe `those three gifts ... would not be thine,' Aithd.D. 37.11 .

Note also: ro marb sí triur mor do muintir Gargan, PH 7218 . Atkinson suggests =four, on analogy of mór- feiser; perh. merely famous trio .