1 trethan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 trethan or dil.ie/41848

Forms: trethno

n o, m. (? tre + 1 tonn Ériu xx 232 , Thes. ii 352.35 ) IGT Decl. § 11 (55.8) ; but g s. na trethno , RC xi 131.60 . See Meyer, Primer of Ir. Metrics, Glossary .

(a) sea, partic. stormy sea, storm: treathan .i. tonn, O'Cl. treathan .i. fairrge, ib. treathan .i. ainbhthean, no gairbh- thean mara no uisge, ib. treathan, Eg. Gl. 604 . t.¤ gl. gurges, Sg. 66b1 . saill tuirc trethain (.i. mara), Thr. Ir. Gl. 133.1 . tabuirt tar t.¤ , Laws v 298.11 .i. do lar na fairgi, 19 Comm. torad cach trethain, 484.1 . céssad cáin Clémentis | eter tonna trethain `among the sea's waves,' Fél. Nov. 23 . as aidbliu cech th.¤ `who is vaster than any sea,' April 22 . ata mórthruimm threthain `whose seas are great and heavy,' June 27 . t.¤ trom ainbthine, LU 8709 . rí conic trethnu torann, SR 5254 . Dauid co trethnaib tor trell, 6697 . estecht re t.¤ tuinne, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . tríath trethain co trumma thair `a great and mighty sea in the east' (of a lake), Met. Dinds. iii 224.23 . fo threthun in tṡaeb-chaire `beneath the whirlpool's stormy water,' iv 84.48 . doaitne ... na treathnu sroibthenedh imm na tuatha derga `illumines ... the seas of sulphurous fire,' Ériu ii 124 § 68 . ic tinol na ramadh robristea do threthan na fairrgi, Aen. 1012 . la tolgān ┐ t.¤ na ttonn, Fl. Earls 12.26 . lotar lá t.¤ an tsrotha go rangatar an mhuir `with the current of the tide,' FM v 1862.y .

(b) Metaph. uproar, fury, thundering: t.¤ ágach (of a warrior), ScM.² 15 . coná ro sguirsed do'n treathan, ocus do'n tarb-gleic `they did not desist from these mighty struggles,' MR 256.11 . do toirneamh a threthain `to restrain his fury,' 254.13 . co cūalatar trechan an marcaigh ar a cend, ZCP xiii 372.30 . co cluinte ... a t.¤ ┐ a tograim isin aéor úasa, RC xxvii 270.26 . ar muir ar tir mor a t.¤ , Fen. 228.23 . tanic t.¤ ┐ talam—chumscugud mor isin tal- main, TTebe 2932 . gáir na mbadhbh treathan na tei- neadh | leathadh arm tre sgeimheal sgíath, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . ro bātar na srāide ar comhchrithnughadh ... ō th.¤ ... na heachraidhi, Fl. Earls 186.11 . la t.¤, ┐ lá tendáldacht na teineadh, FM vi 1964.29 . Mac Rónáin i ngleoágh ba treathan `strong in fray,' Ó Bruad. i 40.y . borb a threathan ar gach tráigh `bold on every shore was the fury,' Content. ii 1.

The follg. exx. may also belong to this word: tren for t.¤ in-Egept, SR 3644 . cetnagnim gnisset marchloc | dabach humai ... | t.¤ derb tri fer ṅdeec, 4200 . fairsing treathan a throm-shluaigh (`the tracks of his heavy host'), Content. ii 2.

Compds. ¤borb furiously fierce: ina tuinti t. `in their furious band,' Fianaig. 88.13 . ¤gáir stormy roar: treath- angair adhbul ┐ tairm tonn-mar na n-uili uisci, RC xxviii 310.11 . ¤garb rough and stormy: trí tonna tul-ghorma treathan-gharbha, CRR² 88.8 . ¤gel bubbling and bright (?): do thiprait trethangil, LL 34a39 (=don tiprait tonngil, Ériu iv 100 § 36 ). ¤glas foaming and green, sea-green: immar thoirm tuinne trethan-glassi, CRR 12.18 . ingen Togach trethanglais, Ériu iv 156.26 . gusin tTeamhraigh treathain-ghlais, Feis TC 1304 . ¤miscnech hateful and stormy: fregartha tenna tul-borba treathan-misgnecha na tonn, ML² 660 . ¤mór furious: sraonanna teineadh treathan- mhóire, CRR² 78.24 . i dteinidh threathan-mhóir thréan- lasrach, TSh. 5740 . ¤ruad fiercely blazing: dorinde Ercuil tor treathanruagh ... teinntighi, St. Ercuil 2535 . tor tenedh trithinruaidhe, 1362 . for tuind trethanruaidh, ZCP vi 297.29 (see trichem). ¤tond: tathig trethan-tonn do dind `the sea tide,' Met. Dinds. ii 12.42 .

See also 3 tríath.