tan, tain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tan, tain or dil.ie/40004

Forms: —n, tain, thain, tain, andand, dan, tain, tan, tanaib, tan, —nd, —nn, tand, tand, dann, tann, indand, tan, tan

n [ā ?],f. (nach th.¤ , III (e), cech th.¤ (g)). But with m. pron. is hé t.¤ , TBFr. 157 (see Gloss.). an tan-sain gá dtámaid ris, DDána 20.24 . Orig. form not clear, the word occurring, in old exx., only in conj. and adv. phrases. Apart from the phrases iar tain (III (k)) and do thain (III (j)), where the d s. in palatal —n is regular, the form tain is found only in the Glosses : ? d s. nach thain , Ml 32b7 , 39a23 . ? a s. in tain , Wb 4a27 (cf. andand, Mon. Tall. 152.23 etc. an dan , DDána 106.8 etc.). alaili tain , Sg. 222b1a . in tan , Wb 33d10 , Sg. 190b3 , Tur. 60.106 . See Thurn. Hdb. § 156 , ÉC iii 102 . d p. iar tanaib , see III(l). The usual form passim is tan. Also with final —nd, —nn : an tand , Mon. Tall. 148.22 . in tand , BDD² 1496 . in dann (: ann), IGT Decl. ex. 281 (so frequently in syll. verse. But tann : sal, PBocht 12.8 ). taun, Ériu ii 95 § 6 (but : damh ?). ZCP iii 451.14 .

I time, while, point of time : an t.¤-sain gá dtámaid ris that occasion I am referring to, DDána 20.24 . fá gar liomsa do bhí an t.¤ , Measgra D. 44.11 . ? mitan .i. miaimser, O'Mulc. 824.

Most frequently, however, in conj. and adv. phrases :

II In conj. phrases usually temporal, but also somet. causal, final, and conditional. With foll. rel. clause (in O. Ir. usually with relative —n—). Cf. indand imbaoi, Mon. Tall. 162.14 .

(a) tan.

(i) when, whenever . With subj. : t.¤ tiastae when (-ever) they come, Fél. Ep. 470 . t.¤ tissaid, SR 3501 . With indic. : t.¤ nad bi, SR 1199 . t.¤ bīs, Arch. iii 307 § 17 . t.¤ atchess | Crimthan, Hail Brigit § 7 . t.¤ ragat when I shall go, ZCP vi 266 § 11 . Cf. is hé t.¤ dolluidsi ón, TBFr. 157 .

(ii) Causal seeing that, since : t.¤ is d'oencraunn ... | nad leic duib ni do thormailt seeing that there is one tree He does not allow you to eat of, SR 1247 . cia is tslúag ná digni m'amles | t.¤ is tussu rogni inse ?, 6147 . t.¤ na taibret dia n-aire na piana, Ériu iii 29 § 2.

(b) in tain, in tan.

(i) when, whenever . With subj. : in tain bes ninunn accobor lenn, Wb 4a27 . in t.¤ nád nacastar, 25b28 . ind dand dondecmised when this happened to him, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . With indic. pres. : in tain nombíu, Wb 20a3 . in tain téte, 9a3 . in tain diagmani, 3a15 . in t.¤ arall- egthar a briathar, 9b3 . in t.¤ mbíte cen tuisliu, Sg. 220b1 . ind t.¤ mbís, Mon. Tall. 132.29 . in t.¤ as n-áil dó whenever he likes, BDD² 850 . comadh ann no beth fīr dé uadha in t.¤ na fadhuibh fīr daoine in the case in which, Laws iv 294.24 Comm. an t.¤ ríoghthar neach, TD 7.4 . With pret. and perf. : in tain rombói, Wb 2c5 . in tain ronmoitsem, 17a13 . in t.¤ dorolaig, Ml 50d15 . in t.¤ dobreth, Thes. ii 308.17 . in t.¤ ronánicc a leass, 348.2 . in t.¤ luid, SR 7658 . in t.¤ ro scáig, BDD² 1089 . a thriath an tann do shéan, DDána 39.7 . an tann far thochail [sí] thú, Dán Dé iii 26 . With impf. : ind t.¤ noteigdis, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . With fut. : in tain ronicfea, Wb 14a25 . in t.¤ doregasu, TBFr. 348 . an tann nach bia, Dán Dé x 27.

(ii) until, before : nīcon-dam C. ... leth-éill a bróci do bein de, in t.¤ bói oc tidnocul a beōil ... dona hublaib did not wait for the lace of one shoe to be untied before he began to help himself to the apples, Aisl. MC 47.9 . nír cian do ann in t.¤ tainicc A., St. Ercuil 1202 . ní riacht le C. an tsleg do tharraing an t.¤ do sháidhetar ..., ML² 1246 . ní mōr comhnaighthe do righneadur ... in t.¤ tánagdar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.9 .

(iii) Causal since, seeing that : ni hansa do nách aili for mbrethugud ... in t.¤ na hantai fo cocertad M. ┐ A. it is difficult for another to judge you seeing ye abide not by the decision of M. and A., LU 9003 ( FB 75 ). in t.¤ tra is iat na marb-duile ... ro-chóiset a ṅdúilemain ... is in mor-mo is coru do na beoaib ... a chóined, PH 3368 . in t.¤ nad ḟúair ... eill fair, RC iii 184.29 . an t.¤ nachar fhéad, Gadelica 127.563 . Cf. MR 62.2 .

(iv) Final that : cia maith fil for do cheilesiu ... in t.¤ doberandsi mo chaire dó that I should give him my cauldron, FDG 417 . Cf. cia maith fogniat, in t.¤ moltair sech cách, TBC 415.

(v) Conditional if : cid in t.¤ ná torsed Forand chucu even if Pharaoh should not return to them, Ériu iv 142.7 . maddis fir mōra na hindsi asa taed donīstais conmeltais ar grīan in t.¤ is mac bec dogní in airbert ucut if the grown men of the island whence he comes should come to us they would grind us to dust if a small boy is capable of that performance, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? Here also : in t.¤ astoidet .ix. ngraidh nimhe ... ┐ in t.¤ bas giliu in grian ... oldaas innossa, soillsighfid tairsib sin uile etrachta gnuisi ind Righ, ii 142 § 155 .

(c) nach tan whenever : nach t.¤ ronecat a les, Ml 58d5 . nach t.¤ atraig ┐ ... nach dand suides, Mon. Tall. 140.19 . nách t.¤ tosnaidle súil ind ríg, LU 7829 (BDD). Cf. longud gibē t.¤ tairi, ZCP vii 297.3 .

(d) ón t.¤ since : ón tann theasdá `now that he is not with them,' Aithd. D. 6.34 . ón tann tárraidh, TD 17.64 .

III In adv. phrases.

(a) tan of old, once : roraid Gád fri Dauid t.¤ , SR 6853 . is and atá Túathal t.¤ `from of old,' Met. Dinds. iv 206.49 . robói t.¤ tall issin tig `meanwhile' (?), iii 326.42 .

(b) tan ... tan (aile) ... sometimes ... sometimes : rocha- thaigsetar fri Bretnu ... t.¤ ba leo. T. aile ba forro, LU 223 . t.¤ do bhínn mar aon is Niall | ... | t.¤ do bhínn mar aon is Corc, Content. i 9.

(c) tan ann now and again, sometimes : t.¤ ann tuccad staic dīb co beōlu in rīg, Aisl. MC 101.z . t.¤ ann, is í a ben gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790 . t.¤ ann ... t.¤ aile sometimes ... sometimes , 3995 . t.¤ ann ... feacht aili, Lism. L. 700 - 713 .

(d) (ro) buí tan once .

(i) With foll. rel. clause : dobí t.¤ ba coll-chaill, Met. Dinds. i 2.17 . ro boí t.¤ rop inmain lim, LU 3962 ( SC 45 ).

(ii) As independent adverbial phrase : rí rosáer Eoin bai t.¤ , SR 7401 . ropa chliamain ro bái th.¤ | do ríg Themra, SG 367.33 . for a ccomhfhuilidhibh ro bhaoí t.¤ on their one-time kinsmen (?), FM vi 2254.4 .

(e) nach thain, than at any time, at some time or other : nach thain gl. quando, Ml 39a23 . cip é gellas dít nach th.¤ `en tout temps,' ÉC iii 99.12 . cia no trebaind sund nach th.¤ , RC xiv 410.16 .

(f) alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b1a .

(g) (in) cech than at all times, constantly : snim ocus saethar cech th.¤ , SR 1455 . Mac Dé, Dia deoda cech th.¤ , 7569 . láiset gair cáine cach th.¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 50.33 . is bennachta in cach th.¤ , SR 2167 . nach cuala tu in cach t.¤ , TBC 2353 . fer sochair soim in cach th.¤ , ZCP viii 120.2 .

(h) in tan sin then : LU 3458 ( SC 24 ). tunc oblati sunt ... .i. in t.¤ sin atdopartha, ZCP viii 173.z . St. Ercuil 1050.

(i) in tan-sa at this time, now : ba h-imper is-in Róim ... in t.¤-sa, PH 360 . id chonchlann an tannsa ó tám ` now ,' Content. ix 1 . an dannsa, Aithd. D. 73.2 .

(j) do thain suddenly, immediately : gabais fearg mor Cairnech do thaín, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . gabais do thain ar Aedh comrac `immediately took upon himself to fight him,' 15 .

(k) iar tain afterwards, then : gl. `post' praepositio, Sg. 220b5 . Tur. 85 a . ri rodelb dluma iar tain, SR 37 . da ni iarum aithrechus iar dain, Laws iii 12.14 . marb E. iardain, RC xxiv 176.6 . brath in Righ atrae iar tain, Ériu iii 196 § 20.

(l) iar tanaib afterwards, then : in tress-ainm dó iar tanaib `in after days,' Met. Dinds. iii 308.69 . luid ... iar tanaib, Todd Nenn. 234.105 . co roélaisead ... a hEspáin iar tanaib isan indsi-se, Ériu iv 142.14 . xii 154.6 .

(m) ré tan for a time : caoimhchletha do clódh ré t.¤ | daoirchetha ón mbrón dá mbáthadh, Gleanings 14 § 1.