tairniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairniud or dil.ie/39786

Forms: tairinniud, tairinnud, thairinniuth, tairinned, toirnem, turnad, turnam, tuirneamh, tornamh, toirnim, tairinnud

n u, m. vn. of do-airindi. O. Ir. tairinniud. tairinnud, BCr. 33d4 . fo thairinniuth , LU 4490 = TBC-I¹ 9 . tairinned, ZCP iii 447.z . Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. frequently toirnem, turnad, turnam, etc. tuirneamh tornamh, lochdach, IGT Decl. § 28 . toirnim, § 149 (149.19) .

Lowering, abating, reducing, descending , etc.

I Transitive.

(a) In physical sense lowering, taking down, putting down : senais úad Patraic a l[l]áma ... conná coemnactar a síniud nách a t.¤ so that they could neither raise them nor lower them, Trip. 110.3 = Lat. Lives 30.8 . i croisfigill cen tairnem lama, RC xv 489 § 17 . ic turnam seolbratt, TTr. 1430 . re toirneamh na dtroigheadh, DDána 98.21 . ré turnamh an abhra in the lowering of an eyelash, Ó Héodhusa 28.y .

(b) abating, reducing : tairneam ngotha, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'Curry 1885 ). mithidh turnamh na teineadh, DDána 58.3 . tes gan túrnamh (of a person), O'Gr. Cat. 510.12. do thúrnam chnocc in chinn to reduce wens on the head, 180.5 . do turnum atta to reduce swelling, Irish Texts v 10.9. da madh doisoineann ... a thurnamh a soininn, Celt. Rev. x 143.23 .

(c) With nouns denoting persons reducing, bringing low, humbling : dligid cach diumsach t.¤ , ZCP xi 84.9 . do tairnium anflatha, Ériu i 130.48 . fúair a tairnem, a tuirim | i nAird Chaindlech, Metr. Dinds. iv 238.3 . do thurnamh na trén, ┐ do thoccbáil na ttruagh, BNnÉ 125.6 . rothoirnem treb Themrach, Lec. 292c16 . is é ar dturnamh do thógbháil (the poet to a cross over his son's grave), DDána 65.1 . batar ga toirneadh `who were for deposing him,' AFM iii 574.21 . craos, lé ndéantar turnamh na hanma, TSh. 7896 . ?Cf. dí thairnech (leg. —ed ?) ... na Troe, TTr. 765.

(d) Of feelings such as honour, pride, etc. : atcota dīmus tornem, Anecd. iii 11.15 . ní turnamh toile | fearg an aosa hionmhoine, Studies 1921, 588 § 3 . a innocbail do thornem, Ann. Conn. 1291.7 .

II Intransitive.

(a) descending, falling : andar lé tinne de ór de thárniud na hucht (in a dream), LL 371az . do ghabh ... re toirrnem hi (of a ball), CF 374 . gan toirnem ... da eoch dismounting , TTebe 3510 . ata ... subaltaidhi ... ar toirnium leit frith, Lib. Flav. ii 6a49 . túrnam cret na mbarc re toinn `heave and pitch,' O'Gr. Cat. 651.21. re tarmanghail na trom-gon ic toirnium ar curaid-rennaib craisech, MR 230.x . go dtuilltear uait ... | tornamh oram, a Uain Dé `that Thou come to me,' Aithd. D. 73.15 . Of natural phenomena : in tairinnud gl. dejectio (lunae), BCr. 33d4 . turnamh don ghréin ` setting ,' Content. v 40 . cec ... ac turnadh ... fon cathraigh, Stair Erc. 780.

(b) stooping, bending, bowing down (in prayer, etc.) : sacart .i. ... ón toirned thoirnes oc tabairt graid fair, Fél.² xlv § 24 . t.¤ form beolu, TBC-LL¹ p. 368 n. 6 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 7 . dlegar ... | t.¤ (? sic leg.) gen trīstt co ba thrī, BColm. 100.14 . a chéasadh ... | toirneamh dhó dleaghoid `they should prostrate before it,' Dán Dé xxxi 27 . ó do sgaoil cunnradh na gcéidfhear | turnamh dhaoibh nírbh éigean air `there was no longer any obligation on thee to obey it,' Aithd. D. 31.26 . ar dtornad ... ar an bfion `applied themselves to the wine,' ALC ii 390.13 .

(c) abating, lessening : ar turnad a treinfergi, ZCP vi 282.22 . iar dturnamh na díleann, TSh. 8422 . cen t.¤ without abatement, unceasingly : borrfad menman cen t.¤ , Ériu vii 164.32 = ZCP iii 26.31 . umalóid trēn gan toirnemh, ZCP i 62 § 41 . dul gan toirnemh ... da noirdnedh, BNnÉ 283.19 . ag a tinchosc gan turnadh do briathraibh ailgena, Études Celt. i 79.22 .

Note also : Fir Domnand tra o doman-toirneadh na huiri rohainmnigheadh, BB 29b26 = Lec. 277b40 (cf. Cóir Anm. 225 ). ? amarus na hanma fana chur 'na curp arís gach doimne ┐ sis da turnadh 'sin glenn, Aisl. Tond. 130.y . dosfuc fo thairniam thaisse | Medb Gailían co nglórmaisse ` impotent abasement ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 368.31 and note (but cf. ZCP xv 196 ).