sreth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreth or dil.ie/38803
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sreath

ā, f. vn. of sernaid. sreath (an arbha), IGT Decl. § 39 (91.15) .

I Act of strewing, spreading out; that which is strewn, laid out: s.¤ gl. struo, strues, Sg. 50b5 . 55b10 . hi far srethaib gl. in stratis uestris (i.e. beds), Ml. 20d9 . Of furniture, etc., forming a normal part of the equipment of a house (see Críth Gabl. Gloss.): indles . . . cach s.¤ as chórus for lár, Críth G. 223 . a sretha sét, 243 . sretha córai isin tig, a[i]ribor cach[a] méit[e] ┐ iarn cach gníma ┐ humalestrai im chaire i talla boin co tinniu, 404 . indles . . . cach amur ┐ cach s.¤ olchena, cach ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, Laws iii 190.z Comm . According to Thurneysen this is the basis of the meaning in Cóic Con. Fug. (`das Hinbreiten, das Hingebreitete', hence `die Unterlage, Grundlage'), but perh. merely series, collection (of legal judgements, etc.): s.¤ (sretha, v.l.) faillsigthi na conairi fugill is fir: lia do fír fri sena n-anbal . . . .i. is é ní sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `die Grundlage für Aufklärung auf dem "Urteilsweg", der fīr ist (heißt)', Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . cuic conair[e] fuigill . . . sain a conair, sain a cina, sain a s.¤ . . . .i. is [sain] a s.¤ faillsigthi fuil re aithne cach conairi fuigill dib r[e] cele `verschieden von der andern ist die Grundlage zur Aufhellung, die zur Erkennung jedes Weges besteht', 30 - 31 § 17 - § 21 . sretha failsighte na conaire fuigill is fír, no is e inní is coir d'ursundud no d'faillsiugud forin conair fuigill is fír, 36 § 46 . See p. 5 .

II Usually row, line, series, arrangement, order .

(a) sretha[ib] sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro[ṡr]ethnigtis na sina `arrangements of weather', ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). tar sálmuire sretha `over ranges of mainseas', Fél. Ep. 238 . co n-accatár . . . teóra sretha isind [ḟ]raigid . . . s.¤ . . . di bretnasaib óir . . . ┐ s.¤ di muntorcaib óir . . . in tres s.¤ di claidbib, LU 1708 ff . mana[isi] . . . co sreathaibh semann with rows of rivets, TBC-LL¹ 5518 . atchonnarc na saltracha | na sreith táeb ra táeb, LL 298b16 ( SG 367.12 ). trí nói s.¤ fíacal fata, Ériu iv 102 § 45 . ō cech tricha cēt | dlegar for sēt sreith `by various routes', KMMisc. 272 § 57 . a cóic cethri deich data | ar sreith óenaig allata `glorious fairs in succession', Metr. Dinds. iii 12.138 . 'na srethaib | trí hídail chloch fo chethair `ranged in ranks', iv 22.45 . ba lōr d'ōebnius ar ōensreith in one series, ZCP viii 272 § 62 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl, cáine sretha the noble King of Connacht places himself behind, excellent the order, 108.7 . cóic sretha do rámhaibh `five ranks of oars', CCath. 1941 . go dtráigh sibh an sreith ndabhach, Aithd. D. 11.20 . s.¤ braon `drops streaming' (i.e. rain), O'Gr. Cat. 453.20 . ciabh na sreath hair in waves, DDána 75.8 . sreath do linntibh fuairbhreath `a series of ruthless measures', PBocht 18.25 . s.¤ bagún is brannrad `a procession of bacon and trivets' (i.e. to the house of a chief), Studies 1920, 417.x . do shinneadar sreatha síorbhinne . . . téad mbeannchrot `bouts', Maguires of F. 56.16 .

(b) ranks, lines of people, soldiers, etc.: M., C., | co ṅaidbli a srethe `with the vastness of their train (?)', Fél. Dec. 4 . gnúis fri gnúis ina srethaib ┐ ina corónib, LU 2047 . etir sretha sīl Ādaim, ZCP iii 23.28 . do chuirib, do chóem-srethaib `for companies and gentle ranks' (notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 278.38 . .u. coin geala na nglansreith, BB 277a4 = cóic eich ghela 'n-glan sreith, Leb. Cert. 178.16 . lánamhna is ógha is feadhbha | . . . | 'n-a dtrí naoimhsreathaibh ar nimh, DDána 29.35 . sreatha seilge hunting-bands, Hackett liv 21 . Of armies, etc.: la sreith slóig Z. `with the series of the host of Z. (?)', Fél. Aug. 24 . dá trichait marc min | . . . | concert-sa in dá sreith the two ranks, LU 9953 . imrim each imasernar s.¤ slúag (sic leg.) (rhet.), RC v 202 § 20 . rosernad . . . cech slog . . . i n-a sreith, MacCarthy 56.24 . mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg s.¤ sniit, MU² 443 (see note). batar . . . na Rómanaig imon catrig ina srethaib, LB 154a35 . sretha sirthe risin saimgrēin ranks of skirmishers in the summer sun, ZCP xii 290.21 . Cf. co roibe crīch Breg i n-a comar creach ┐ i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta ┐ i n-a sreathaib sirthi dona suidight[h]ib sin, ML² 1133 . a fhir dodechaid atúaid | co srethaib `surrounded by troops', Metr. Dinds. iv 2.2 . tanic . . . | aníar ar slicht na srethi `on the track of the convoy', 54.2 . sreata ┐ sluag-buidni, Celt. Rev. iv 16.24 . ceithri sretha . . . do shaighdiúiridhibh `lines', AFM v 1694.z .

(c) Of ornamentation on garments, etc.: tri nói gem . . . | ba foir 'na sreith (a brooch), Metr. Dinds. iii 122.40 . brat co srethaib di ōr impe stripes, lines, edgings (?), ZCP xiii 373.4 . sretha sítai fri a gelchnes, TFerbe 122 . srethai sítai uas a cind, 777 . roindfithí fúdbai féinded fo shrethaib óir `Haufen', Alex. 219 . a ṅ-edaige srolda . . . fo sretaib oir ┐ argaid, BB 429b5 .

(d) Of details of the structure of buildings: na doirsí . . . co srethaib óir ┐ argait foraib layers, panels (?), Alex. 593. 10 coraighid cláraigh ┐ sailghi ┐ eochrainn . . . ina srethaibh . . . forra anuas `rows', CCath. 1812 . faiceam tomhus na gcleath gcorr | na sreath solus, na sreath sliom rows of pillars (?), DDána 119.28 . sreath ghabhlach go ngrés uamann a series of beams, L. Cl. A. B. 183.94 . sreath chlár ós clochaibh díona, 101 . go gcōic srethoip do cholomhnoip marmair `rows', Fl. Earls 96.20 .

(e) rows of buildings, streets : hilar n-adba . . . | srethaib sretta fri sid sain, SR 2475 . da line . . . do tighibh ar mullach a múir . . . iter na da s.¤ sin `between those two ranges' (of houses), CCath. 20 . s.¤ do Thriun Mór ┐ s.¤ do Thriun Saxan `street', AFM ii 942.10 . raith Arda Macha . . . do losccadh . . . ┐ dá sreith do Triun Masan, ┐ an tres s.¤ do Triun Mhór, 994.1 ( ALC i 100.25 ). Ard Macha do loscadh na dí sreith ó chrois Cholaim Chille co Crois Epscoip Eoghain, ┐ ó Chrois Eapscoip Eoghain an dara sreith co Crois Dorais ratha, 1156.15 .

(f) In contexts ref. to grammar, literary compositions, history, etc.: i n-immfognam ┐ i ssreith legind gl. in lectione `in order of reading (in a connected text?)', Sg. 30a12 . int immognam imbí hi sreith rann `in a series of parts (of speech)', 95a2 . 213a9 . s.¤ immais (gs. of 1 imbas) metr. alliteration of all words in the line : s.¤ immaiss, ut est: slatt sacc socc simend saland, IT iii 30.14 (see p. 121 ). Perh. in more general sense in follg.: trí labra ata ferr túa: ochán ríg do chath, s.¤ immais, molad iar lúag `spreading knowledge (?)', Triads 112 . rethaib sofis srethaib imbais (glossed .i. s.¤ imait sofis īar foghloim), Anecd. v 26.3 . immas sóis co srethaib `sequence of verses' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 288.47 . In name of a metre: sreatha deich, IT iii 95 § 148 (cf. p. 128 - 9 ). i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail `series of proverb, commentary and poetic composition', Auraic. 337 (cf. 2684 ). in tan is s.¤ series (?), 3577 . Gilla mo Dutu ro dluthaig in duain-sea, nucu s.¤ sáeb, RC xlvii 315.4 . sretoibh sorann series of excellent stanzas, CS 62.5 . sreath . . . rann | d'am[h]ruibh, Ériu ix 163 § 5 . sreath ghlan do ghréas éagsamhail (a poem), Aithd. D. 46.12 . do ghéabham dod ghnúis . . . | sreith mholta eulogy, 46.11 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . am mebrach-sa . . . i sreathaib seanchasa hErend series of events (?), traditions (?), Ériu iv 138.17 . ro-dosuidighiub-sa dúib sreith seanchusa . . . tellaich Temrach `I shall establish for you the progression of the stories . . . of the hearth of Tara', 144.7 . ? buaid senchais srethaib airech fettar aided cach oenfhir, YBL 125a44 . seanchas suairc sreath, Leb. Cert. 80.13 . diamhra sreath seanchais `series', Content. xxii 9 . iar sreith na súad (iar srethaib súad, v.l.) handed down by tradition (a name), Metr. Dinds. iv 190.14 . iar srethaib suadh `according to the threads of sages', Auraic. 553 . ní h-inchreti d'ánradaib sretha saeb-fhorcetail na seandruad warriors should not believe the . . . sayings of old druids, MR 190.2 . sgotha séaghanda a sreath bhfis the fair blossoms of his abundant knowledge, L. Cl. A. B. 176.117 . ? as leór so do solbraib s.¤ , Ériu iv 138.11 .

(g) Common in chevilles: s.¤ cen tair, SR 4319 . ni sáeb in t-ṡ., LL 374c53 . setaib s.¤ , 136b12 ( PRIA 1882, 248.3 ). tolaib s.¤ , SR 2711 . srethaib cland, TBC-LL¹ 2345 . srethaib droṅg, SR 7905 . srethaib ga, LL 19b5 . srethaib gal, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.1 . srethaib iath, SR 2285 . srethaib slóg, 6431 . Note also: conid fri súan senbath srethaib cerd adbchlosaib erred, LU 10257 .

(f) Various (cf. srath supra): sreith gl. pratum, Sg. 20a8 (see note). in talam cona sreith trit. Alex. 873 v.l. (sraith, text). gach ionad a d-tiocfaidh sreath no gearradh ó fhior ionuid an riogh ar Mag E. `cess or cutting', Misc. Arch. Soc. i 190.14 . go dtógbhann sreath is sobhadh, Measgra D. 26.67 (sraith, MS.). sreith coinnmhedh ┐ ceitherna . . . do choscc `taxes', AFM v 1686.2 . bá h-amlaidh ro siodhaighsiott gan sreith gan gerradh gan daoírsi, 1770.16 . Cf. sreath do chomha ar cró nEachaidh `the series (i.e. toll) of thy tributes', Aithd. D. 15.11(a) .

Note also: teora sreatha, TBC-LL¹ 2716 v.l. = teora inshrotha, text. gur berta gan anmain i bursan sreadh ara rabha, ZCP viii 542.17 = co ro marb in n-ingin inna réid, TBC-LL¹ 1559 .

The follg. are obscure: conchar ic sreith riagla rig (as vn.?), LL 33a39 . ba hé in sét serc ri sretha, | fuair cét recht is cét bretha, 143b11 . Faelan .x. nir bho dhur | ger caemal ar sreith in saer, BB 56a45 . atāit .iii. sreatha cutrumai cin fiacha .i. drumcla n-eich . . ., ZCP viii 103.27 . Mac Cosgraigh co sreathaibh snáu `of beaming countenance', AFM i 520.10 . Dāre Doimthech dālis dig | fola for cach srith (: clith) (`stream'), Fianaig. 30.14 . sāssad slán sorcha sretha, Ériu ii 66 § 13 . conoiscet s.¤ anmcaide, O'Dav. 470 . Perh. of the reins of a horse: im all .i. uilliti he in da sreith do bet air two reins (?), Laws i 124.14 , 138.x Comm . óenach saidbir co srethaib, | co saidlib, co srian-echaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.159 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤bairdne name of a metre: tighearnbhard . . . taebhchassadh ┐ sreathbairdni a dhileas, IT iii 23.13 . s. dano, is fri toebcasad doberar í tomus ┐ tarmarcind, 13 § 26 . See p. 144 . ¤blad widespread fame (?): cethri h-Echdaig aidbli ág | fri srethblaid ┐ sográd, LL 146a9 . ¤bruig extensive lands : co trethnaib iar s. súg, SR 6263 . Dauid . . . | for s. Hierusalem, 6698 . ¤buiden orderly company : sret[h]buidne ordaigthe, CCath. 3466 . ? ¤chelg: Dairbre drech-derg mac Lulaig, | ba prap s. iar samain, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.14 . ¤chircul: O Domhnaill . . . cona aireachaibh . . . ina srethchiorcaill bodba `in a close circle', Hugh Roe 112.12 . ? ¤chor: mo Dia tricc fri s. slamm, SR 5253 . ¤eccor arrangement in rows : ionar . . . co sreithegar gem, BS 10.7 . ¤etarnaid: ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge arranged in ambush (of troops), Hugh Roe 226.5 . ¤fhoirenn: ina sreth-fornib . . . sar-laech `well-arranged lines', MR 222.20 . ¤ga: dar srethgaibh sealga `over the serried hunting-spears', CCath. 3609 . ¤líne ordered line : sreth-linedha . . . ina mórtimcill . . . do mairgreit (a crown), CCath. 5285 . ¤molad gs. as attrib. eulogistic (see II (f) supra): gruaidhe donna | dá ndéantar dán saor sreathmholta, DDána 114.16 . ? ¤ord: aisdibh ┐ ollamnaibh | ┐ rannaibh sreathordaibh, IT iii 90.9 . ¤shlúag: ar súi soi slonnaib srethshluag of arrayed hosts, SR 2692 . ingin Sáuil srethshluagaib, 5918 . ¤ṡuide sosath srethshuide 'a terrace of well-arranged seats' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 128 § 3 .

(b) With adjj. ¤áluind well-arranged (?): broghadha sreath-āille, ML² 1071 . an clár . . . sreath-álainn (the earth), ML 102.26 . ¤amrae marvellously arranged: sainemail suíb srethamra 'unique, beautiful, marvellously arranged' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 24 § 1 . ¤barrgel: tar tonnaibh . . . sreath-bhárrgheala na srothán `over spreading white-crested currents', ML 46.32 . ¤chaem ornamented (?): ic congbail na sangtairi sretcaime co na fothaib, BB 241b45 . ¤chaín = prec.: do thuluib sgiath sreth-c[h]aín, ML² 1707 . ? ¤chisse: atchíu a brat ṅ[d]erg . . . s. sluind, LU 7393 . ar néim imdenam ór fri siric s., 7410 ( BDD 100 . `braided in rows (?)', BDD2 Gloss.). ¤fhíar (term of contempt) with distorted features (?): a brollach sneadach s., IT iii 99 § 165 ( Bruchst. i 28 § 62 ). ¤gel with bright ripples (of water): lēibenda sreath-gela, ML² 662 . ¤glan: cen usce s. snámach | iarnabarach bói Boind without clearly-rippling water, Metr. Dinds. iii 108.79 . tucsam sochraiti srethghlain a Mumain, SG 321.21 . clár sreathghlan seanDáire, DDána 70.8 . ¤mas: Dūn dā Lethglass . . . | súairc s. co saine `herrlich ausgebreitet', Bruchst. i 61 § 137 ( IT iii 39 § 34 ).

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤buidnech: tresan sraittslighidh (sic leg.) sreathbuidhnigh `crowded', Hugh Roe 20.5 . ? ¤latanach: sruth bratha nach | sreathlatanach, IT iii 98.5 . ¤línmar: sos suaichnidh sreth-līnmar of many rows (an encampment), ML² 1061 . ¤lúbach: is . . . sreath-lúbach . . . a carn-fholt having curls in rows, Keat. Poems 67 .

(d) With verb. ¤gonaid: an crádh ler sreathghonadh sinn by which our ranks were slaughtered (?), L. Cl. A. B. 140.43 .