spirut

Cite this: eDIL s.v. spirut or dil.ie/38630

Forms: spiurt, spiruto, spirito, spirto, spirut, spiruta, spioraid, spiorad

n u m. (Lat. spiritus) n s. in Ml. and Tur. spiurt. g s. spiruto, spirito, spirto (Wb.), spiurto (Ml., Tur.). d s spirut. pl. spiruta, PH 6708 . Later o, m. and ā, f., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.18) , 12 (61.4) . n s. spioraid, TSh. 10159 . g s. spiorad, TSh. 32 , Parrth. Anma 2.9 . s.¤ ab eo quod est spiritus , Corm. Y 1145 .

I

(a) With follg. noíb the Holy Spirit : condid diusgea in s.¤ nóib, Wb. 4a6 . 4b1 . 8b10 . 11c1 . bertit alaili tra combad s.¤ nóib robói in profetís ueteris , 13a16 . in s.¤ nóeb ronbróena may the Holy Spirit rain on us, Hy. i 54 ( Thes. ii 306 ). án (in, v.l.) s.¤ nóeb nert nime, Hy. vi 6 (ib. Thes. ii 351 ). ni rabae in spiurt nóib less in tan sin, Tur. 98. 100 . in spiurt noib, Ml. 64d2 . 74d13 . i n-anmim . . . in spiruto nóib, Wb. 9c30 . rún . . . dánigthea in spirito nóib, 21c22 . 29d21 . i nneurt in spirto nóib, 6d11 . persan athar ┐ maicc de ┐ maicc duini ┐ spiurto noib, Tur. 86 . ho rath in spiurta (spiur, MS.) noib, Ml. 103a10 . ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib, Hy. v 90 ( Thes. ii 348 ). on s.¤ nóib, Wb. 14c36 . in S.¤ Nóem, in S.¤ is uaisliu cach s.¤ , Trip.² 6 . ar ba file forlán do rath in spiruta noib (David), Hib. Min. 5. 158 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.21 . don s.¤ náem, LU 2309 . in s.¤ noem, in tres persu na deachta uaisle, PH 1086 . maic Creidme in Spirdai Naimb Aithar sceo Maic, Anecd. ii 47.x . creidim thú, a Sbiorad naomh, DDána 14.5 . mailli sdíuradh an Spioraid Naoimh, Desid. 211 . Domnach in Spiruta Naeim Whitsunday, AU iii 316.2 . Cf. Études Celt. i 84.3 .

(b) Also without follg. noíb (occas. also without art.): ciasu óende in s.¤ , Wb. 12a5 . foilsigthi in s.¤ andsom a rrath dobeir do, 12a7 . sechis óens.¤ fotdáli, 12a8 . rect spirto, 3d20 . con roib irgal désercce in spirto indiunn, 5d18 . doadbadar sunt atá nili dána in spirto et as noíndæ in s.¤ , 12a11 . a teg noigedsin in spirito (of the body), 4a7 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, 21c2 . amal as o s.¤ , 15b7 . rath in Spirto sechtai (spirata, spirtu, spirta, v.ll.), Fél. May 15 . rath in spirtu sechtdelbaig, Ériu iii 14 § 10 . ro-greis s.¤ he focetoir do dhul i ndíthrub (Christ in the desert), PH 4740 . tre rath an spirtu (spirut, spiorada, v.ll.), Irish Texts iii 15.21 . go n-agha sibh | . . . | . . . ón Spiorad ar neamh aniodh | ionad bhur sen, L. Cl. A. B. 151.43 .

(c) incorporeal being, spirit, angel; ghost, apparition : uasal airchindech inna s.¤ n-uasal (i.e. Principatus), PH 6244 . is e in grad-sin timairges ergala . . . na s.¤ n-angid .i. na ṅdémna, 6248 . it e sin na spiruta tres-in iumfhoilngither firta ┐ adamraigthe is-na noemu (i.e. Uirtutes), 6250 . na techtat na spiruta feoil na cnamu amal techtaim-sea, 6708 . ? fíacla máela ag mac an spirait | mar cáenna shlat bfidhaid bfinn, IGT Decl. ex. 408 . co ndolbdais tria draoidheacht spioratta deamhnacdha, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.28 . do connuicc iarum spirud . . . ┐ ro smuain ína menmain gurb i spirét (leg. -ud) a companaig doconnuic, Études Celt. i 89.26 . sbiorada fíre dofaicsena, Parrth. Anma 64.10 . do grennughadh in droch-spiruit, Fl. Earls 138.28 . du-s-riacht s.¤ ainglide gussan mnaoi . . . a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, 192.23 . cosnuid sinn ar na spioraduibh neamhghlana, Donlevy 442.z . spiorada freasduil `ministering spirits', Heb. i 14 .

II

(a) spirit, soul (in relig. sense, often opp. to corp): la corp et anim et la s.¤ , Wb. 4a27 . a lled fri s.¤ gl. spiritaliter, 8b16 . is ón s.¤ rouiccius brith, 9b6 . s.¤ i n-anmain cen olc, ACL iii 223.13 . an teaghdhais i dtá an sbiorad, Studies 1931, 81.10 . esláinte cuirp no anma no spioraitte, BNnÉ 58 § 70 . gan íomháigh Dé do bheith dh'ainm ar spioraid an pheacthaigh, TSh. 1419 . do spor-ghoin a spiorad, 2284 . beodhacht sbioraide, Luc. Fid. 144.4 ( Parrth. Anma 225.9 ). eólas . . . ar ríoghdhacht na spioraide, Desid. 5975 . triall ar an sbiorad phriobhaidigh, Luc. Fid. 289.10 . e fein do bheith lantorrech do sbioraid phriobhaidigh, nach fes cia hi, 291.12 . With follg. gs. anma: mu spirat anma, Laud 610, 24c11 . in cholaind . . . imresnaiges do s.¤ a hanmma dligthige, PH 4610 . lingis a spiorat anma ass, BNnÉ 53 § 51 . ro scar a spirat anma fria chorp, Fl. Earls 232.z .

(b) With follg. qualifying gen. spirit, influence, inspiration : atá s.¤ dée indiumm, Wb. 10b25 . nípa hí s.¤ dée cíatbera, 12a4 . sbiorad Dé, Dán Dé x 24 . cotomécnigedar s.¤ mo dligid, LL 294b17 (real meaning as opp. to verbal expression). o sbioraid na druisi, Parrth. Anma 301.5 . do sbioraid na heagluisi, Parrth. Anma 323.10 = Luc. Fid. 169.8 . arna rádh do M. . . . tre spirat fhesa ┐ faistine inspiration, BNnÉ 251 § 206 . mar do thug Dia cuid do spioraid Mhaoise do na seanoibh, Desid. 3761 . a spiorad na mealltóireachta, 1042 . on spiorad mholta do-bheir se is in inntinn, ITS xxix 118.1 . dobeir demon . . . spirat utmaille for cāch a spirit of restlessness, ZCP iii 33.9 . spiorad na humhlachta, Desid. 6945 . Note also: is míchumne spiride `an evil recollection of the spirit' (i.e. mind), Mon. Tall. 164.11 . don tí bhíos bocht ó spioraid, TSh. 1129 .

III Vital spirits, life : smuain ar an uaigh . . . | 's do sbiorad uaibh ar n-imtheacht, DDána 56.6 . nīr chaith féin . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (of a vegetarian saint), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . a spirata ┐ a ngothanna, Laud 610, 24b14 . spiorad na beatha, TSh. 1659 . don spirait beothaig in chride gl. et cordis et uitalia, Gild. Lor. 211 . In med. texts: adermuid curub fuar tirim na senoire ┐ gurub bec dfuil ┐ do tes ┐ do spiriduib ata indtu, Irish Texts i 48.21 . earnail dib tinnsgnas is na spiradaib, RC xlix 5.9 . s.¤ maith aigi `the breathing good', Rosa Angl. 196.19 .