smacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. smacht or dil.ie/38009

Forms: smaicht, smachtu

n u m. Cf. also n. p. smaicht, O'Curry 903 ( H 3.18, 401 ). IGT Decl. § 95 (127.14) .

I

(a) rule, ordinance, regulation, command, stipulation (freq. in pl.): tect fo smachtu rechto `to go under the rules of the Law', Wb. 19d11 . pridchibid smactu rechto fetarlicce `institutes', 26a8 . nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce `be ye not borne into the institutions of the Law of the Old Testament', 27a24 . isnaib smachtaib hisin gl. (cur) in illis pactis (non manserunt quae apud patres in lacrimarum ualle firmata sunt) under those conditions (i.e. in that state), Ml. 105a5 . inna smachtu gl. (uictis) condiciones (pacis dabunt) conditions (of peace), 135c3 . In sg.: do chosnam in smachta gl. habundantius aemulator existens paternarum mearum traditionum `to contend for the rule', Wb. 18c18 . huan s.¤ gl. ea pactione (ut omnes Iudeos in Gentilium scita traduceret) on this condition, Ml. 73b6 . huan s.¤ gl. á condicione (foeni) (prob. a misunderstanding of the Latin text, where conditio means a state of being), 113a1 . uair do-chuabar dar mo s.¤ since you have transgressed my commandment, MacCarthy 58.21 = recht, SR 1443 . dorónta cluiche chointe dó amal robái i smachtaib ┐ besaib na Troiandae according to the institutions and customs of the T., TTr.² 1230 . do dímicin a smachta som ┐ a rechta ┐ a mbésa, LB 144a17 . ní ro gabhadh uadh an taons.¤ sain na Cascc . . . go nuige am bliadhainsi (Adamnán) that ordinance regarding Easter, TFrag. 114.14 . s.¤ an Choimdheadh . . . | . . . mairg do bhris, DDána 26.6 . With follg. vn. constr.: tucatur maigestri na sersenach s.¤ cen duine do marbad gave orders that none should be killed, Ann. Conn. 1235.14 . is é cets.¤ rigi doordaigh-sium andsin .i. can duine . . . d'adlucadh . . ., TTebe 4586 .

(b) sway, dominion, rule (of a king, chief, etc.): na túatha cen s.¤ rig, LU 3440 ( SCC 21 ). a bhfuil dod s.¤ | . . . ar ichtar Chonnacht, Irish Texts ii 101 § 37 . laoich fhearchonta as fhíorghlan s.¤ , Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . beir do bhreith smachta, smuaintig do recht rig give judgement according to thy power, MR 160.8 . mac Coisi ar nách cúala s.¤ `sway over whom I have not heard of', Ériu ii 168.71 . Commonly with prep. FO: dorad iathu Erenn ┐ Alban fo s.¤ flaithiusa Muman subjugated, RC xxiv 186.7 . osnadu na n-iltuath bitís fo s.¤ ┐ dáire ocaib, Alex. 40 . do-s-ber diabul fo s.¤ fen iat, PH 2356 . ríghe Érenn árdaoibhne | cuirfet fo s.¤ a bfine, Irish Texts iv 86 § 47 . fo s.¤ ┐ fo geilsini, Cog. 48.10 .

(c) control, restraint, discipline; punishment : s.¤ féig fíadnach `government', Ériu iv 94 § 11 . ón ghrás do ghabh s.¤ He allowed mercy to overrule him, PBocht 5.22 . aingeal re haghaidh smachta (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . Usually with follg. prep. AR: ár ní thabratsom s.¤ no recht no ríagail ar denam a peccaid they sin without restraint, LU 2377 . s.¤ ar colainn, snige dēr (duties of ascetic life), ZCP vii 297.11 . s.¤ ón ghaoith ar a ghruaidh, RC xlix 173 § 28 . ar an uisge gur fhéad s.¤ , PBocht 20.31 . go s.¤ uaidh ar chach, Atlantis iv 160.29 . In chevilles: dían in s.¤ , LL 27a32 . borb an s.¤ , Irish Texts i 39 § 22 . an té fhúathuighios s.¤ `he that hateth reproof', Proverbs xii 1 . s.¤ an Tighearna `chastisement', Deuteronomy xi 2 . nach gabhann beadhgadh tré s.¤ dá ndéanann Dia orra are unmoved by God's punishment, TSh. 1928 (cf. 1922 ).

II

(a) In Laws penalty, fine for breach of law, trespass, non-payment of debt, etc. See Cóic Con. 6 . Bürgschaft 38 . In some passages the amount of the s.¤ is fixed in terms of bó, cumal, sét: aic macu ara-[m]bera boin smachta ┐ imdechta `die Kuh der Tarifbusse', Cóic Con. 14 . in tan is trian eneclainne is trian smachta . . . in tan is lan eneclainne is lan smachta .i. leth secht cumala, O'D. 833 ( H 3.17, 595 ). But cf. secht cumala do s.¤ . . . dona huaisli a marbadh for a comairci a s.¤ of seven cumals to nobles for killing of persons under their protection, Laws iv 232.7 . is inann . . . a smachta .i. cuic thseoit, ii 20.12 Comm . noca nairilltnighinn feich ann .i. s.¤ metha gi(a)n co ructhar iad for folach notrus[a] `the penalty for omission (to provide nursing)', Ériu xii 10 § 8 gl. 2 (BCrólige). cach [n-]ecubus cona dire ┐ a fuilliud ┐ a smachtaib, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 (here = s.¤-ētaim `feste, in ihrer Höhe unveränderliche Busse', Thurn. ib. See also § 29 , and cpds. below). In Cóic Con. Fug. the s.¤ for offences during the hearing of a law-suit is fixed at one `bó' (see Cóic Con. p. 62 , 63 , 81 ): inannus smachta riu uile . . . is é int inannus smachta in bo i nemaithne na conaire, 23 § 22 . inunn in s.¤ fil i-nne[ma]ichni [na] conaire re ngabail tacrai, 15 § 2 . Cf. bo sin in (leg. isin) tuisled don conair fora [c]ele for lapsing into a different form of legal procedure, 58 § 137 . s.¤ urchlaidhe (leg. urchrai?) `Tarifbusse des Vereitelns des Termins', 14.17 . Cf. ZCP xv 259 , xvi 210 . In other cases the s.¤ appears to have been variable: gaimorgain mbruigrechta da trian a fochraice is e a s.¤ `for winter trespass . . . two thirds of the rent is the s.¤-fine', Laws iv 88.2 . smachta cacha raithe, ni cuma dono s.¤ samfuachta ┐ gaimfuachta . . . it truma smachta geimrid oldaiti smachta samraid, ar i[s] sruithe bes (sic leg.) beatha na mbo oldas a ngeart, ar it geinither fer i samradh. ni tha imurro ní a ngeimre (i.e. the s.¤ varies according to season), 88 - 90 . smachta samraidh; miach cach airlime . . . leth meich ma fri athbrondad . . . it da miach . . . fri geamfuacht, 90.16 . In a table given O'Curry 1022 ( H 3.18, 431b ) of trespasses by pigs the s.¤ is always double the aithgin. re s.¤ cāna (sic leg.) `inbetreff der Tarifbusse für (Verletzung der) cāin (des gesetzten Rechts)', Cóic Con. 19.2 . Cf. 49 § 95. 73 . cia meid smachta fil a comiceas?—a dó; s.¤ ime ┐ ceathra genmota caithe, Laws iv 138.20 .i. cenmotha in s.¤ uil o na dainibh do niat ris in ferand .i. brised in aile, 140.15 Comm . cia lin fris a tabar smachta i comaithces `how many things are there for which `smacht' fines are paid in the co-tenancy?', 140.11 Comm . s.¤ comhaithchiusa do rith riu iar tabairt na ngeall so amail ceathra eile (of bees), 162.24 n . do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche, 68.3 .i. na méich, 12 Comm . s.¤ a fidh neimhedh no co mbentar uile, ┐ eneclann ind o bentar (of the cutting down of trees in co-tenancy), 150.16 Comm . cach bail is dám beag ┐ s.¤ mor . . . cach bail atá in dámh mór ┐ in s.¤ beag, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17, 423 ). comdiles cach s.¤ fri colainn a feich `gleich "eigen" sei jede Busse wie der Gegenstand der betreffenden Schuld', Bürgschaft 15 § 51 (b). caite s.¤ .i. trian cach féich, O'D. 776 ( H 3.17, 556 ) (according to the Comm., if a debt was not paid at the stipulated time, a s.¤ equal to one third of it was inflicted for every three days' delay, so that at the end of nine days the debt had doubled). fon indus sin dona gradaib feine fo uaisle a smachta, O'Curry 1008 ( H 3.18, 428b ). cach uair is [s]macht ictar ann, is a ic fo aicned in ti icas, Laws iii 496.8 - 10 Comm . munu muintiur na neche sin doib, da trian na hiaruta ar s.¤ ann don aithir `a fine of two thirds of the price of fosterage', ii 152.14 Comm . smachta tairgilli . . . Treidib miach miter cach nethemain, miach i nathlumpaire, lethmiach fri monai ar airlim, iv 78.1 ff .

In the follg. exx. taken as meaning requirement, requisite (i.e. the tools which tenants of land must have for fencing): smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime, fidbad fri felmad `the requisites for the fences are . . .', Laws iv 72.1 .i. is e ní smachtaigther acu ac denum na híme, 13 Comm . cateat smachta imi . . .? .i. rāma fri clais, etc. `Erfordernisse', ZCP xv 314 § 8 Comm . (Caratnia), see p. 315 . But note: smacht ime, Laws iv 138.21 .i. in ní smachtaigter i ndul tar an ime `'smacht -fine of fence, i.e. the thing which is commanded to be paid for going over the fence', 140.12 Comm .

Used apparently of the offence itself in: iss é in(n)sin im[m]a-thoing smachtu m(b)ruigrechta, Críth G. 38 `breaches of m.', p. 100 . See Ir. Recht 84 .

(b) penalty, fine, tribute in general: cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . gnim, nad lugu s.¤, | orggain Eogain for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . oc tobhach a císsa ┐ a smachta rígh, CCath. 740 . cradh Cindfaelaid in smachta, MacCarthy 416.y . naomhad gacha toraid . . . d'idhnacul . . . gan dul a nairiumh chána ná smachta and not to be counted as rent or fine, RC xliii 54 § 55 . cīsa Mumhan . . . .i. s.¤ ┐ biathadh ┐ turgnumh ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60.14 . cid ar nar cinded s.¤ loigi ar na h-aistibh sea? fixed payment (?) (for bardic compositions), BB 297a2 . an s.¤ ríogh rug ar an bhféar | . . . | do ghlac mé an crodh dá c[h]omholl the fine imposed for the eating of the grass (story of Mac Con), L. Cl. A. B. 62.89 .

Compds. ¤bann: smachtbhann .i. smachd dlighidh, O'Cl. tucsat s. imruma forra `a regular oar-stroke', CCath. 1931 . ¤cháin disciplinary law, sway : smachtchain . . . na hairdríghi Etalta, CCath. 288 . ar trebhurdaingne na smachtcána [sída] bói occo, 484 . robhaoí dna cóicceadh C. . . . fó s. síodha don dias `under the peaceable government', AFM vi 1934.15 . ¤chomartha sign of discipline : ar in cloich sin ro bói in smacht chomarta sida is fearr ro bói a nEirinn, Acall. 4467 `official test', SG ii 209 . ¤chumachtaid a keeper of discipline : smacht-cumachtaighi in tsída, Acall. 6900 v.l. ¤etaim (étaim?). According to Thurn., ZCP xiv 346 § 7 n . a fine or penalty of fixed amount : cenmotha smacht-etaim meth n-aigillne `neben der Tarif-Busse für die "Ausfälle" der Unfrei-Genossen', 386 § 51 = Laws ii 320.4 . See also under II (a) supra. ¤gille. Exact meaning not clear. Perh. pledge for payment of a fine or penalty (see Cóic Con. 63 , 75 f . ). Usually folld. by the attrib. gs. sechtmaid, and therefore prob. one-seventh of the fixed `smacht' ( Cóic Con. 9 ): s. .uii. maid na bo (.i. a n-urlaim coitcinn) fri cert, Cóic Con. 23 § 21 . glethir cert [co s]machtgilli ` cert wird mit einem s. (Siebentel-Unterpfand) geklärt', 20 § 12 . cid fotera . . . conid inunn in smachtgilli ria ṅgabail tacrai [┐] iar ṅgabail tacrai? `Tarif-busse-Unterpfand', 17 § 7 . Laws Comm. draws complicated distinctions between s. and other types of pledge: it cetheora fodlai fil for gellaib: langille, ┐ lethgille, triangille, ┐ s., Laws i 260.19 , and see p. 276 - 8 . In fasting (see troscud) apparently the pledge given by the debtor to the creditor as a guarantee that his claim will be attended to, and which brings the fast to an end: s. sechtmaidh do scur troisci im nesam, 276.6 Comm . s. ecinntecha do sgur troiscte, s. cinntecha ria mbreth, ┐ triangille iar mbreth, 23 Comm . na ceithri s.; s. sechtmaid do scur troisci feich nesaim toiscide urradais i nurfuigell ┐ s. sechtmaid i nuirfuigell i cain patraic, . . . s. sechtmaid do scur troisci i cain adomnain . . . s. sechtmaid ar treis don filid . . . Fuilledh risin s. sechtmaid co roib langille iar mbreithemnas, iii 324.1 ff . See ZCP xv 267 .