saeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeb or dil.ie/35877
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: sóibapstil, sáibapstalu, saibsacart

adj o, ā

(a) lit. crooked, aslant, askew : s.¤ .i. claen, Lec. Gl. 81 . dar sál fairrge sruthsóeba (saebsrotha, v.l.) `of the sea's treacherous waters', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.22 . in oculis eius ista obliquitas fuit .i. co s.¤ ro derc for a aite, Fél. 112.20 . gomadh saobh a rosc ┐ a radharc ag Iodh (result of a blow), ZCP x 295.30 . Cf. buille saebh forsna sūile (infirmity of old age), ZCP vi 268.16 ; saobh `blind', O'R.

(b) more commonly in moral sense perverted, perverse, froward. In late lang. oft. acquires added meaning of stupid, silly: sáib a n-iress gl. reprobi circa fidem, Wb. 30c19 . dinaib saibaib gl. adversariis, Ml. 38c20 . doini saibibem gl. peruersisimi homines, 3a5 (for form see GOI, p. 234 ). a chenél soeb!, PH 1384 . locc adnaicthi deorad ┐ doine sóim ṅdochenelach (of Aceldama), ZCP xvii 229.y . an dream is saobh slighthe = quorum viae perversae sunt, TSh. 1742 , cf. 5011 . trūag do sāebaib conar pity for those who follow evil courses (a sign of degenerate times), ACL iii 241 § 13 . teora saobha sanasa | Clainni Cuind `crooked counsels', BNnÉ 302 § 9 . dáoine . . . noch laibhéorus neithe sáobha, Acts xx 30 . blicht seirci sāib 'na hagaid (sic leg.) `a spell of false love' (?), Ériu iv 178.13 (adj. seems to refer to 2 blicht).

(c) of weather deranged, unseasonable : sīna sāebha, ZCP viii 196.2 . is gó flatha dober sína saíba for tūatha clóena, xi 82 § 25 . truaillnither . . . triasna sínaib saebu, PH 4241 . See Measgra D., p. 262 .

(d) false, misleading, unjust, ill-judged : co a sloind nít saéba sunna | mo raind chaema chutrumma `misleading', Metr. Dinds. iii 76.135 . bó as gach baile, ni saobh soin (of tribute to a monastery), BNnÉ 255 § 213 . in lá rucad, ba sóeb sin, | tressiu in mac indá a máthair, Metr. Dinds. iii 176.115 . s.¤ leam mo díchell don droing | do díchenn Mael seng Sechlainn I deem insufficient (?), Irish Texts ii 13 § 20 . ní s.¤ lib `you do not think it deceitful' (of using devices to avoid metrical faults), Auraic. 2065 . a nemghlóir as saobh re seal (of Ireland), O'Gr. Cat. 466.19 . ro hiorgabadh muinnter an filed. Indollais (= indar lais) biodh saoph it seemed to him an unjust proceeding (?), ZCP vii 305.3 . díomus do ládh 'nar leith-ne | saobh adhbhar a ainmnighthe `foolish is the reason for so calling me', Content. viii 26 . gleic na suadh saobh an cogadh sages in conflict, an unnatural war, xi 13 . saobh an ní fá dtugais láimh `stupid was your effort', xxvii 15 . mairg uaisligheas an éigse | saobh an cheard a coimhéid-se, xxx 1 . saobh nach aithnighe . . . | nach tráth dhuit dul ar díthchéill, DDána 1.15 . As subst. ní creidthe ód dhán | nach dearna saobh ná seachrán `foolish partiality', Content. vi 115 .

Compds.

(a) usually with nouns. ¤airde: dogéna sáibfirtu et sáibairde gl. signís et prodigís mendacibus, Wb. 26a20 . ¤apstal false apostle : amal dongniat heritic et saibapstil, Wb. 30b24 . sóibapstil, 8c19 . 17d10 . fri sáibapstalu , 16b4 . fobith inna soebapstal, 18d1 . ¤ben: do sní saomná ┐ a sás `foolish women', Aithd. D. 1.2 .

¤breith false judgement : i ssáib[b]retha, RC xxvi 40 § 214 (see under -recht infra).

¤chomairlige (-id?) false counsellor : niptar saobchomairlighe conacartha dosom, Anecd. ii 63.17 . ¤chreitem heresy, superstition : le shuperstition no saobhchredeamh = superstitio, Adtimchiol 149b6 . ¤dliged: in saeibhdliged sin ara roibi A. `wicked practice', Marco P. 13 . ¤fháid false prophet : ní n-erbba do shōebfháthib, ZCP xi 87 § 51 . druidi ┐ saebfhaithe, Anecd. iii 32.29 . i tig in tshaebfátha, PH 8402 . ¤fháitsine: anno cluined in s., Trip.² 801 . ¤fhiurt see under ¤airde. ¤fhorcetal false teaching : soebforcetul Símoin in druad, PH 1736 . sóifid cách a dán i sáibforcital ┐ i saibintliucht, RC xxvi 42 § 223 . ¤fhorcetlaid: na saebhfhoircetlaidi ┐ na bregaire sin, Lism. L. 1513 . ¤glés ( ¤chless) one of Cú Chulaind's feats (consisting of turning his body round inside his skin): rolae sāebglés dīberge dá churp i mmedón a chrocind, TBC-I¹ 1932 = TBC-LL¹ 2593 . Cf. nos-gabat sáebglés ndíberge forsna díbergaib, BDD 153 . ¤gaeth eddying wind : sitgail na saebgaithi, TTebe 1972 . ¤léim: bedg, no redg, no lua, no saebleim `false spring', Laws iii 180.17 Comm. ra lingestair saebléim isin ṁBoind, CRR 25 . ¤mám: nach mug . . . forsa tabarthar sáebmám isin domnach `wrongful bondage', Ériu ii 194 § 9 . ¤níam: nocon é in saeb-niam sar-nua `specious splendour', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.30 . ? ¤rath: ise fer inso dona timdibhenar a dhire cid saebratha, Laws iv 356.2 Comm.

¤recht: sóifither ecna i soibrechta, RC xxvi 40 § 214 v.l. (see above under ¤breith). for saigtib saoibrechtae, Anecd. ii 48.13 . corus marb i n-óenfhecht de | tria sáeb-recht súain serb-dige `sleep-bringing spell' (or for saeb-bricht?), Metr. Dinds. iv 14.24 .

¤ríagail: ac sidib co saebriaglaib, LL 27b49 . ¤shacart: saibsacart gl. seodopontifice, Ml. 75d3 . ¤shanas: in tres saobh-sanus Lethe Cuinn `one of the three crooked counsels' (expulsion of Mo Chuda from Rahen), BNnÉ 302 § 9 . ¤shruth: tar saebhsrothaib (sic leg.) sál, Hy Maine 92.15 . síon na saobhshroth treacherous streams, L. Cl. A. B. 144.167 . ¤shuidiugud false arrangement: trefocal . . . cen sáebshuidiugud .i. díalt ic frecra d' íarcomruc i n-urd bairdne, ACL iii 293.10 . ¤thonn: do sguiredar na saobh-thonna dā sibal `turbulent waves' (Gloss.), ML² 716 . ¤uisce: sōit srotha saebusci `eddies', Ériu vii 4.23 .

(b) with nouns to form adjj.: ¤derc squint-eyed : Sarán Saoibhderc, BNnÉ 231 § 142 ( Keat. iii 1827 ). ¤ruisc (g s.): Nindedh Saebhruisc, Lism. L. 4142 .

(c) with adjj.: ¤dall: súile saobh-dhalla `crooked and blind' (Gloss.), TSh. 6613 . ¤dían: sruth-aibhne . . . saeb-diana, MR 240.15 . ¤millte ( ¤milliud?): na siangártha sáebhmíllti sídhi so, Comp. CC 83.1 . ¤thim: ruire . . . nach saoibhthim, DDána 87.21 . ¤úar: dar tuind sáili sóeb-úair `cold and treacherous', Metr. Dinds. i 10.56 (= sóebruade, LL 162a19 ).

(d) with adjj. formed from nouns: ¤shúilech squinting : L. . . . saebsuileach, YBL 177a30 (= BB 257b23 ). ¤thonnach: tar na srothaibh . . . sáobhthonnach[a], RC xxix 110 § 2 .

See also saebchíall, —choire, —chuithe, —nós infra.