1 rind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rind or dil.ie/35318

Forms: rinnd, rind, rind, renda, renna, renna, rindi, rinni, rinna, rínd, rend, rinnib, rennaib, rind, -a, rind, rind, rinn, rinn, gabalrínd

n i,m. n s. in rinnd , Wb. 13d25 (but: rind n-āga, TBC² 3269 = r.¤ āig, TBC 5330 ; rind n-imgona, TTr.² 828 ). g s. renda, Ériu xiii 74 § 175 . renna, Ériu v 72.23 . n p. renna, TBC 1263 . a p. rindi, Thes. ii 294.15 ( SP iii ). rinni, LU 3363 ( SC 15 ). ? rinna, LL 328b53 . g p. rínd, Bcr. 18d3 . rend, LU 1271 , 6418 ( TBC² 1903 ), TBC 2562 . rinde, Blathm. 11 . d p. rinnib, LU 10365 . rennaib, 1255 . TBC, 1284 . rind m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 41.3 . rind f., § 149.11 .

(a) in general sense, a point, tip, apex : rind scine, Corm. Y 1119 . rind a (no i) crann a point in (of) a shaft , 1105 . rind, gl. cacumen , Ir. Gl. 1008 . rinn `a point', Eg. Gl. 227 ; synon. with corr, adharc, beann, corn, 119 . rinn `an atom, point, spot', 80 . Hence the point (of a weapon or sharp instrument): gl. aculeus, Wb. 13d25 . gabalrínd a pair of compasses (gl. circinus), Bcr. 18d3 . rind snáthaite, TBC 4710 . coica bera ar a mbái rind, RC vii 300.157 ( LL. 207a26 ). eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 (renna v.l.). tricha sleag ba rúadh reanda, viii 230 § 19 . reanna sleagh, IGT Dec. ex. 1042 . Hence used for a spear or pointed weapon (esp. in pl.): maigen na áigder rindi spear- points , Thes. ii 294.15 . nín-gabat renna nō airm nō faebair, TBC 1263 . ni geibtis renna no il-fhaibair e, Cog. 194.5 . na fir-sea thecait anair cona rendaib, LU 1255 ( Im. Brain ii 288.2 ). ro ringthea co rrindib, Fél. Prol. 37 . bás di (do) rind `death by point', a violent death; cf. docer in rí de ruadrind, LL 129a28 ( MacCarthy 194 § 2 ). gura[b] bás do rind nos-bera, LB 273a20 , cf. Caithr. Cellaig 117 . fuair bás do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 , cf. 121 § 59 . go fuair a raghuin do rinn, Ir. Texts ii 14 § 28 . tre rind ┐ faebar `by point and edge', by force of arms : ba tria rinn ┐ fhaebhar dus-fucc Ó D. ina mhuinteardhas, Hugh Roe 56.12 (f. 15b) . an tí dorad [Ó D.] ina chéillsine tria rinn ┐ fhaobhar, 274.14 (f. 73a) .

In wider sense, of pointed things: da beind for tri fichtib rend two antlers with three score points , LU 1271 ( Im. Brain ii 288.18 ). tenga co n-imut renn fuirri prickles , Marco P. 162 . lé rinn diamond a diamond point , Jerem. xvii 1 . sech rennaib na ndairi branch-ends , LL 265a20 ( MU 22.16 ). nir bo lia gainem mara no reann[a] feada, ZCP xii 294.2 . do rind ind ḟeóir, FB 88 ; cf. rinne .i. fear (= féar), H. 4.22, 67a ( O'C. 2065 ), and rindfeoir, Ériu x 84 § 78 . masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib) `of her litter (i.e. of her teats )', Laws iii 372.19 (of a sow), cf. 378.21 . ic déol na cethra . . . co faisctis na fola tar a rinnibh squeezed the blood over the teats (?), CCath. 2527 . rind aurlabra (i.e. tongue ), LU 3231 ( SC 2 ). rindadh rindibh tengadh, Arch. iii 294 § 5 (prob. a play on double meaning). Hence in B. na f. a tongue : is uairedh dom rind (.i. is imrāite dom tengaid), ZCP v 485 § 3 . (fig.) sinn ón cās-sa go cuiredh | rinn a ghrāsa gēruidhedh let him sharpen the point of his grace , Ir. Texts ii 88 § 13 ; cf. 92 § 11 c . rinn mblasa do cur ar gach mbiadh piquant flavour , Ériu xi 196.9 .

(b) end, extremity : mell ōir for rinn cech dúail, IT i 119.22 . rind a n-úae the tips of their ears , BDD 91 . ó thaig Themra . . . co rrind Banba, Met. Dinds. iv 60.44 (leg. co hor Banna, Corr. v 142 ). co rind mara `brink', TTebe 698 . a rrind mothair edge , RC xviii 159.1 . gur ghabhadar cuan ag rinn Sléibhe Rife extremity , Keat. ii 542 . ó sháil go rinn from heel to head , Hackett xxxvi 4 (roinn MS.).

(c) a cape, promontory : rind ┐ belat, Laws i 160.5 . otha in rind corici in glind, Ériu ii 26.5 . trethan rinde Pilóir Cape Pelorus , TTr.² 1084 . Cf. a rennaibh órathach [leg. Ó Rathach?], Cóir Anm. 32 . Of inlets of the sea: amal renna mara for tír no tíri for muir like fiords or headlands , CCath. 5844 .

(d) fig. apex; climax : feidhm láimhe . . . i rinn ghliadh `in battle-front' (? in stress of combat ), Content. xxx 35 . fo rinn armi ┐ enig, Ann. Conn. 1244.12 . Cathal . . . do écc fo rinn airmhe ┐ oirrdearcais `at the pinnacle of prosperity and re- nown', FM iv 698 v . i rinn iorghaile, TSh. 5743 . i rinn troda, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 155.57 . i rinn coimheasgair cairdeadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 12 . Freq. of persons in this sense: rind āig ┐ imgona fer nHerend, TBC 5330 . tri rainn āgha, 5540 St. = rinn, H (note pl. form). dā rind aga ┐ urlaimi, Cog. 56 y . rind n-imgona fher mbetha, TTr.² 828 . rinn chosanta ┐ chalmachta an chóiccidh, FM iv 862.18 . comorba Ronan rind ciuil, Arch. iii 308.3 .

(e) point, acumen, keenness ; freq. of eyes (cf. Lat. acies): rínd a roisc ┐ a menman, BB 414b25 . rinn roisc a min-chinn is mall, Arch. iii 308.5 = FM ii 870.12 (`pupil'). rinn a radairc ┐ a ruisc, MR 270.4 . in rinn ruisg (name of a plant), Arch. i 326.29 , cf. 336.120 . rinn ruisc euphrasia, eyebright , P. O'C. (plant good for eyesight). is e in condnach inti techtas rinn cēille, O'Mulc. 236 . rinn an réasúin, TSh. 2902 . rinn fheirge, A. Ó Dálaigh vii 1 .

(f) in prosody the final word of a verse-line : is i recomarc forbanait a renda, IT iii 7 § 6 (BB). recomarc .i. deṡillabach inna rennaib, Fél. 4.29 . rinn .i. co cuibdius ina aghaidh with a rhyme answering to it , O'Dav. 1342 , cf. 1430 . aithne reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. § 2 . For rinn and airdrinn in debide (in which one of the final rhyming words is a syl- lable longer than the other), see IT iii 148 and E. Knott, Ir. Syllabic Poetry 18 . See also 2 rind.

(g) do rind by dint of, by means of; a later use, for orig. meaning see (a). ní terna duine . . . acht mina dechaid fer do rind gona no builli unless he got off by (dealing) wound or blow , ZCP xiii 213.14 . do rinn ruaga do gonad no do marbadh é would wound or slay him by a sudden onset (?), Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 . racha sinn . . . dá dhíol do rinn mholta mhōir, O'Gr. Cat. 486.26 (< Gofr. Fionn Ó Dálaigh). [dochuaidh] do rind retha as, ZCP vi 65.30 .

(h) miscellaneous exx.: corthi cumdachta . . . co rinnib ┐ delbú ┐ fuathu ingantu, Alex. 596 = co ríndaib, BB 493b19 ; `Spitzen' ( points ), Meyer, but perh. engraved marks or devices, cf. vb. rindaid and 2 rind = signum in Glosses. dá rinn d'inneall i n-aghaidh dhíolmhaineach Chríost a double line of battle (= duplicem aciem . . . contra milites Christi), TSh. 7061 ; a translation of Lat. acies.

See also cóicrind, gabulrind.

For compds. see below.