Cite this: eDIL s.v. rí or dil.ie/35181

Forms: rí, ríi, ríg, ríg, ríg, rí, rig, ríg, ríga, riga, rígaib, ríga, rígu, righu, ríghthe, ríogh, rígh, rígh, ríghthe, ríoghaibh

n g,m. O.Ir. n s. rí. ríi, Wb. 28a15 . g s. ind ríg , 17d13 , Ml. 55c1 . a s. ríg, 34a9 , 55c1 . d s. ríg. v s. rí, Fél. Prol. 4 , 7 et pass. n du. na dá rig , LU 3678 ( SC 33 ). g p. inna ríg , Ml. 23b8 , cf. 85d7 . a p. inna ríga , 123c3 . la riga , Wb. 28a1 . d p. ho rígaib , Wb. 5a5 . This inflexion persists in the main throughout Mid.Ir.; n p. ríga also occurs; a p. rígu, LU 3602 ( SC 30 ). righu, IT i 120.21 (Eg.). In class. Irish the pl. ríghthe becomes common (Keating). rí (declined like file), IGT Dec. § 21 . Mod. g s. ríogh, a d s. rígh, n p. rígh, ríghthe, d p. ríoghaibh.

A king : transl. rex and princeps in Glosses. ní bí in rí . . . fu máam nach aili, Ml. 71b10 . amtis forbristi ind ríg, gl. principibus oppressis , 85d7 . dorimther a scel-sa hí lebraib ríg in the Books of Kings (= Libri Regum), 23b8 , cf. 30b16 . aimser ríg ┐ aimser breitiman ┐ aimser sacairt, Hib. Min. 4.101 .

In relig. lit., esp. poetry, often of the Deity; common in SR and Fél. is mebul elud rig firinne, Thes. ii 7.34 ( Aug. 17v1 ). a ṅdorigenai in rí do ḟertaib, Hy. v 23 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel, vi 1 . for foísam ríg na ndúle, i 53 . rí betha, SR 5685 . immon ríg ós nélaib, Fél. Prol. 22 .

In Ireland used of the various grades of chiefs from the high-king (rí Érenn, rí Temra, also called ardrí in distinction to other kings) through the kings of the provinces down to the chiefs of peoples or districts; see Laws v 50 fg . and BR. ni ba tuath tuath gan . . . rígh, Ériu xiii 31. 10 . ni ba rí ri gan folaidh ib. 14 . deich ríg . . . do ḟindrígaib funid | Aed Emna, Niall Ailig, Fland Temra, etc., LL 46a2 . rí ruirech: aca side bid righa .i. rí cuicid ┐ ri Erenn, Laws iv 226 y Comm. See Ir. Recht p. 13 . rí, túath, rí túaithe, see Críth G. p. 104 , Ériu xiii 47.25 . do gessaib ríg Temrach, CRR 54 . rí cach cóicid, IT i 118.20 ( LU 10710 ). d'ingenaib ríg ┐ rígthoisech Ulad, TBC 1761 . na ríg ┐ na toisig . . . im Concobur im ardríg nUlad, FB 28 . ó do ghabhadar ríghthe Éireann creideamh, Keat. ii 5344 . do bhí Cormac ar na ríoghaibh ba flaith- eamhla . . . da raibhe do ríghthibh i nÉirinn, 4740 . nach bíodh do ghairm i nÉirinn inallód acht gairm ríogh ag a bhflathaibh fearainn the only title their territorial chiefs had was that of king , iii 93 .

Of foreign kings: mac ríg Bretan, BDD 22 . Saul . . . ri cóir clainni Israhél, SR 5794 . cérbo rí in domuin | Nabcodon, Fél. Prol. 93 . do Philip . . . do ríg Román (i.e. Roman emperor), FA 32 . dedenrí na nAsarda, LL 144a22 . Oenric rí in domaín (i.e. German emperor), RC xvii 363.18 (Tig.). an rélta do bí roim na rígaib . . . na tri rígdha (= rígthe), Maund. 58 (of the Wise Kings or Magi). rí ar cach tír . . . ┐ rigthi fá droing díb (i.e. a king and subkings), 243 .

Of the head (abbot) of a monastery: Constantín rí Rathin, Fél. Mar. 11 . Ruadhán rígh Lothra, ZCP i 66 § 129 . Cf. use of princeps in same sense.

Folld. by g p. of a class, calling, etc. head, chief, foremost : a rí láech nErend (of Cú Chulaind), LU 8393 ( FB 27 ). rí arad hErend (leg. nErend) .i. ara Con Culaind, LL 121a27 ( RC iii 179.31 ). rí ech hErend .i. in Liath Macha , ib. 54 . ní tucsam . . . acht ríga na slúag sin, Fél. Ep. 32 (i.e. the leading saints and martyrs). na loisc ríg na fed, SG 245.15 (of some kind of tree).

For compds. see ríg-.