1 ráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ráth or dil.ie/34836

Forms: ráith, raith, rátha, rath, ráth, ráith, rátha

n m. and f. n s. also ráith, freq. in law tracts, Laws iv 140.21 , v 342.24 ; d s. a raith , 348.4 ; g s. and n p. in Mid.Ir. rátha. g p. inna rath , Ml. 127b1 . ráth (ón tṡlánoighecht), IGT Dec. § 38.9 (m., g s. ráith, rátha). See Bürgschaft 3 , 34 , 35 f. ; ZCP xviii 364 ff. ; Críth Gablach p. 102 .

(a) a surety, guarantor : inna rath ł inna fecheman, gl. credi- torum, Ml. 127b1 . sequester medius .i. ráth, Sg. 97a4 ; cf. Thes. ii 231.21 . slúag ro-maith . . . tar a cenn am ráth-sa I am surety on their behalf , Fél. Ep. 164 . ní ba ráth ar neoch do not become a guarantor for any one , Tec. Corm. § 19.35 . ba rāth ┐ fēchem oc saigid dligid, ZCP xv 327 § 18 ( Rawl. 113a32 ). cach disli i láim ratha. cach rāth co forus, Arch. iii 227.59 . pl. na rāthai, Cáin Ad. § 23 . ni rag-sa gan rátha | do chluchi na n-ātha, TBC 3060 . ratha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.3 ). ocht maic Galaim . . . rop iat-sin rátha ind óenaig, Met. Dinds. iii 10.101 . gab Cairpre cethri ráth riss, ib. 442.27 (ratha, ráith, v.l.); Thurneysen, Bürgschaft 34 , would read: cethri i ráith. it é na ratha . . . dodechatar fri laim Emine the guarantors who went security for E. , Anecd. i 42.18 . raithi Laighen . . . a n-oghlesaigte Emine guarantors for the full satisfaction of E., ib. 13 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `no "foessam" is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe ', Laws iv 206.17 . ní ó ráthaib tuc [ríge] acht a rrói chatha, LL 20b22 . ? bad bláith cen olc i n-airi, | bad ráith [rait MSS.] a bríathar airi [aire v.l.] let his word be surety for him (of his good faith )? Ériu iii 96 z (Rule of Ailbe). See also Ériu xiii 28 - 29 .

(b) suretyship: a guarantee, pledge : `rath' cor, Met. Gl. Eg. 22 . rath .i. cor, Lec. Gl. 552 = roth, 346 M . imnedach cach ráth [raith v.l.], ar is écen dí dían-apud im cach ngell dobeir `troublesome is every security, for it is necessary for it to give sudden notice as regards every pledge which he gives', Triads 235 (glossed: gach urrughas, p. 43 ). rucus rāith ar macc ṁbeoathar I decided that surety may be given for the son of a living father , ZCP xv 311 § 7 ( Rawl. 113a10 ). dobert aen a raith tar cend Conaill, Laws v 348.4 . dobreth Geer . . . hi rráith fri Ingcel im orgain no thogfad i nHére dó `G. was given in pledge (? as surety) to I. for such destruction in Ireland as he should select ', BDD § 168 App . ( LU 8029 ). dan-far-gabat far cuir ┐ far rátha if your compacts and pledges hold , TBC 2133 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir Chorccaige fria comall, `pledges', Aisl. MC 23.3 . co tardad ratha ┐ cura Coluimchilli fris co tisad slan ar culu, RC xxiv 46 § 3 . ro ronsat sídh . . . do réir ratha ┐ miond, FM ii 1132.16 .

Natural forces were often offered as securities or pledges and were supposed to wreak vengeance on those who violated a promise: nī rogaib Adomnān co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris im ṡō[i]re ban dó. It ēat ind so na rātha hī sein: grīan ┐ ésca ┐ dūle Dē arcenae; Petar, Pōl . . . ┐ reliqui apostoli , Cáin Ad. § 22 . dobretha ratha fri Laigniu .i. gréin ┐ esca, usci ┐ aer, LU 9797 ( RC vi 165 ). duli De adroegaid rāith | tucsat dāl báis forsin ríg which he invoked as sureties , LU 9810 ( RC vi 165.30 ) (of death of Laegaire m. Néill). gumadh a rata ri Laighnibh grian ┐ gaeth ros mharbhsad (of same event), AU 462 . it é ratha tucsat ind | nem talam ésca grian grind, ZCP xi 57 § 10 . tucait rátha frisin ríg | grian is esca is muir is tír, LL 207b41 . do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin, Keat. ii 1787 . tugadar rátha na n-uile dúl ré híoc na héarca, 3580 . Cf. Ériu vii 227 § 61 , FDG 5 ( MR 2.5 ), Content. iv 35 .