odb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. odb or dil.ie/33490

Forms: udbu, adbb, fudhb, fadhb, fadhbh, fuidhb, fadhbh

n o,m. a p. udbu, LU 5261. g p. adbb, 1143 . In Mid.Ir. oft. with prosthetic f, which later becomes fixed. fudhb, IGT Dec. § 96.9 . fadhb ( fadhbh v.l.), ib. 13 . g s. fuidhb, ex. 1727 . Mod. fadhbh f.

(a) a knot in a tree, branch , etc. odb, gl. obex, Thes. ii 42.19 . odbib (gl. nodis, Ecl. v 90 ) 46.26 (obid, obib MSS.). crand . . . cen fadb cen amredi, LB 221a42 . slat gan fhadhb gan chnapán, Keat. iii 159. i n-aimsir Oidhbhgein . . . tangadar faidb tría chrannaibh, Cóir Anm. 267. imscothis na fertse . . . conda cermnastar itir rúsc ┐ udbu, LU 5261 = fudbu, TBC2 785 (f added later). féth dar fudbu planing knots, TBC 159 (prov. phrase = overcoming opposition by diplomacy?). ic imthes- cad ḟadb, LL 218b41 ( TTr. 130 ). fadhb .i. cnapán no ní aimhréidh, O'Cl. fuidhb .i. cnapáin, ib.

(b) a lump, swelling or protuberance : ádba mora tecait tre chorp `ulcers', PH 374. fuil tri fudbu ar a ṡethnaig three humps on his body (of a horse), LL 45b24 = MS. Mat. 489 (fig. for three hills on a territory). ? clan[n]sat cletha dogra trít | co ndartsat fo odba bróic, LL 8a50 = fo odhba fóid under a mound of earth (?), BB 31a28 .

(c) a knotty point, difficulty, problem (common later meaning; for transition cf. ic fethugud adbb ic éirniud chest, LU 1143 and TBC 159 quoted above). fadhb .i. ceist, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 635 . in cóiced find-ḟadb fromtha `the fifth bright "knot of testing",' Met. Dinds. iii 110.19 (where the meaning `hill' is also implied). trí fuidb dotcadaig: ráthaiges, etargaire, fiadnaise three ticklish affairs (in which one is likely to come to grief), Triads 135. lamh laifeas odba an arm that will over- throw obstacles (of a king), IT iii 85 § 95.

Still used in Mod.Ir.: b'shin í an fhadhb there was the rub, GJ vi 116a16 . See also adb.