noíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. noíb or dil.ie/33244

Forms: noíb, noeb, noíb, noíb, noeb, noiba, noíbu, noíb, noibaib, noeb, noem, naeb, naem, noíb, noem, naem(h), naomh, náoime, náoimh, náomha, noíb, noemu, noemu, noím

adj o, ā. O.Ir. n s. noíb. noeb, Thes. ii 294.30 ( SP iv 4 ). g s m. noíb, Wb. 6d11 . n p m. (as subst.) ind noíb , 21c5 ; noeb, SR 441 , 8193 . a p m. noiba, Ml. 37b4 . (as subst.) noíbu Wb. 7b2 , Ml. 37b16 (noibu). g p. noíb, Wb. 13c26 . d p. noibaib, 4c37 , Ml. 51a16 . In Ml. generally written without accent.

In early Mid.Ir. the commonest form of n s. is noeb (SR), with variants noem, naeb, naem (all of which occur in LU), naob ( Mon. Tall. 127.12 , 130.27 , 131.17 ), the form noíb being used in g s m. and n p m. Later noem prevails (commonest form in PH), giving way to naem(h) and mod. naomh. croch náom, IGT Dec. § 196 (g s f. náoime, d s f. náoimh, n p. náomha).

Of persons holy; of things sacred, consecrated; used both in inflected forms after a noun and as indecl. before one, the latter usage being common with proper names in the sense saint . In Glosses renders Lat. sanctus. is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294.30 . corrop noíb for n-anim, Wb. 16a21 . i mbethid noib a holy life, Ml. 74d9 . Críst macc Maire noíbe, Fél. Prol. 338 (noeime, nóebe v.l.). v s m. á rí noíb! ib. Ep. 37. v p m. a aithrecha noemu! PH 19. v p f. a chaillecha noemu! 3399 (for noema). Of things: huanaib aidmib noibaib ro batar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . for altórib nóebaib, Fél. Ep. 348. superl. cona chléir as nóebu, Fél. May 27 , cf. Jan. 20. Iacob as noíbem, July 14 . With npr.: itge ind noíb Thomáis, Dec. 21 (noeib v.l.). admuinemmar noeb Patraicc, Hy. iii 1. gnúis náem Míchil, PH 6389. sancta Brigida .i. noem Brigit, Lism.L. 1218 .

As subst. neut.: dugén a nnoib-sa I will do this holy thing, Ml. 69a21 . Very common as subst. m. and f. a holy person, a saint , in Mid.Ir. relig. lit. generally in technical sense either of a professed religious or of a saint; also applied to the spirits of the blest after death. ind noíb ata ellachti hi Crist, Wb. 21c5 . comthinól inna noíb, ib. 7 . cech nóeb boí, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289. taithmet nóeb ṅ-óige, ib. 131 . naim íarthair in domain the saints of the western world, FA 4 ( LU 1973 = noím LB). ind aine . . . dos-forslaic [sic leg.] Colum C. for noebaib Herenn C.C. relaxed the fast for the religious of Ireland, Mon. Tall. 68. ag naomh nó ag ban-naomh, TSh. 1048 (of canonized saints). Of the elect in heaven: indocbáil inna noíb i nnim, Wb. 13c26 . na noeb is ind noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. ni fil . . . fíal . . . eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5. tír na naeb, 4 (LU = na noem LB). goirthear naoimh dona marbhaibh bhíos i bpurgadóir, TSh. 4868.

Compds.

(a) common. with nouns. in sense holy, sacred, pertaining to a saint or the Church , etc. ¤aingel: n p. noeb- aiṅgil, SR 8193. tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196 § 13 . PH 8085. ¤ainm: nóebainm Petair apstail, Fél. Prol. 109. ¤apstal, Fél. May 30 . PH 1630. ¤arbar: muinter nimi noebarbar a holy host, SR 8255. co nóebairbrib aingel, Fél. Ep. 344. ¤canóin: g s. ina noebchanone, Hib. Min. 12.395 . ¤corp: ic foillsiugud na noemcorp, PH 1580 (of bodies of saints). naoimhchorp Antonius, Keat. iii 779 (leg. naomh-). ¤decheṅg `a holy pair', Fél. Nov. 21. ¤dúil a holy creature , Hy. v 41 (nóeb-). SR 7422. ¤epscop, Fél. Ep. 253. ¤erlam: naomhērlamh a holy patron, Ériu iv 236 y . Colum Cille an naoímhérlamh, FM vi 1968.5 . ¤fis(s) : naoimhfhios, Keat. iii 466 (poem); a name given to the Senchas Mór. ¤fót: naomhfód (of site of a monastery), BNnÉ 262.24 . ¤gein holy offspring (child), Ériu i 122.16 (noeim-). ¤gérat holy champion , Fél. Aug. 4. ¤grád: noí noebgraid (of the celestial hierarchy), SR 1811. ¤ingen : i n-enccai nóebingen, Hy. vii 20. ¤itge, Fél. July 19 . Hy. v 92 . ¤légend: do néblégund sacred reading (literature), Mon. Tall. 25. ¤mairtirech: PH 6173. ¤máthir, Fél. Aug. 16. ¤muinter, Fél. May 13 . ¤nem: do noebnim, SR 312 , 6842 , 7116 . ¤óg (úag) f. a holy virgin: n p. nuíbhuaga, SR 441. nóemóga, LU 1991 ( FA 6 ). deich nóebóga, Fél. Feb. 28. drong nóebúag; ib. Ep. 252. i n-oentaid noemóg, PH 6172. ¤port: naomhport do Connachtoib (of a religious centre) BNnÉ 258.4 . ¤prainn: nóebphroinn cen ṡáith, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . nasadh naebhprainne, FM i 514 x (poem) = Bruchst. i § 108 , where Meyer emends: nasad noíbrainne the assembly of the company of saints. ¤rath, SR 7154. ¤reilic: féil nóeb- reilce ṅ-úasal `of holy relics', Fél. Oct. 1. ¤rí, SR 7975. Ériu iv 236.4 . ¤riagal: fo noíbriaguil recht, SR 2339. ¤scríbend: a p. noimscribinna, Hib. Min. 3.87 ; ib. 82 (noeb-). ¤scriptuir: g s. noibscreptra, Hib. Min. 12.409 . ¤senchas : duain naoimhsheanchais of ecclesiastical history, Keat. iii 749. ¤spirut, Fél. Ep. 354. ¤tech: dochum naemtaigi sanctuary, church, Ériu v 120.22 . ¤teglach: Ériu i 122.34 (naob-). ¤tlacht, SR 1308. eter náemtlachtaib spirtáldaib nimi, LU 2473. ¤trethan : n p. noebtrethna, SR 494. ¤trínóit: g s. na noemtrinoti, PH 1603.

In mod. lang. somet. forms a genuine compd. with noun, modifying the meaning of the latter; e.g. naomh-athair a Father of the Church, see TSh. 6715 , 8272 . naomh-athais blasphemy , defined as: athais do thabhairt o breithir do Dhia no do náomhaibh, Parrth. Anma 157.13 ; 71.19 ( Luc. Fid. 96.8 , 37.4 ).

(b) with adj.: neimhedh naem-ainglech, Acall. 500. nemh naemhcert `heaven of holy right', BNnÉ 268.4 . o ríg nime nóebfind, SR 5488. do ruirig nime nóebgil, 6886 . Noe nóebglan, 7302 . for nim noebnár, 782 . o ruirig nime noeb- uáig, 5878 , cf. fri loscud n-edpart noebúaig, 4262 (g p., form due to rhyme). ? naombrethach gach n-iardaighi .i. isi in naomad breath doberar do iaramdighe, 23 Q 6 p. 10a ( O'C. 1637 ) = naoimbrethach, H. 3.17 c. 439 ( O'Don. 561 ); taken by glossator as a compd. of noí which, however, aspirates the follg. initial consonant in composition.

(c) exceptionally with vb.: co noebthanic Dia do nim, SR 2153. briathra lé naomhchoisrighther í with which it (the Eucharistic wafer) is consecrated, O'Hussey T.C. 198.14 , cf. Parrth. Anma 209.16 , Luc. Fid. 133.1 , and the vn. naomh- choisreagadh, Parrth. Anma 211.3 , Luc. Fid. 134.7 .