nathair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nathair or dil.ie/33000

Forms: nathir, naithr, naithir, nathrach, nathir, nathir, nathrach, nathracha, nathrach, natraig

n k,f. in O. and early Mid.Ir. generally nathir. The qual- ity of the medial consonant varies: n s. naithr, Tur. 129 ( Thes. i 493.24 ); naithir, Hy. v 6 (reading of T). naithir, IGT Dec. § 120. g s. nathrach, ex. 1883 . A snake or serpent, generic term; of a venomous snake, often n.¤ nime: nathir, gl. anguis, Sg. 6h13 . gl. colubra, 181a5 . ind nathir , gl. natrix, 69a11 . g s. cenelae nathrach , 114b4 . amal nathracha bodra, gl. sicut aspides surdae, Tur. 11 ( Thes. i 485.19 ). nem nathrach (vene- num aspidum), Ml. 33d10 . nathir Moisi fuabrad cath | fri nathracha na ndrúad, SR 3857. denaid nathraig n-umaide, 4162 . co mbruth dracon co n-anāil nathrach, TBC² 966. la dá natraig , LU 3748 = SC 34 (a du.). in nathair nemi ré n-abar serpens, PH 7674. bésti ┐ nathracha, 7587 (n p.). oc nathrachaib nime, 7589 . dobicfat . . . nathraig lúamnig flying serpents, Ériu ii 196.4 . a richt nathrach dom naithrib in the form of one of my serpents, Ériu iv 112 § 8 (< Bk. of Fermoy). amhuil naithir nimhe, Prov. xxiii 32. do rinne Maoise n.¤ nimhe do phrás, Numb. xxi 9. nimh na náithreach, Job xx 16 . naithreacha neimhe, TSh. 3072.

Fig. nathir cach ben, gríb cach ingen, ZCP viii 196 § 15 (sign of degenerate times). nathir mad sādal sērech (the cleric is) a serpent if fond of ease and good cheer, vii 298 y . n.¤ nimhe an ocrais, Keat. Poems 1208. n.¤ ionghuire a himill guardian dragon of her border (of a chief), Ir. Monthly 1920, 108 § 8 . Conchobar . . . n.¤ neme na nGaidel, Ann. Conn. 1403 § 4.

Prov. naithair a [= i] cris a serpent in the bosom (of one fair but false), ZCP vi 267 § 5. ba laum [= lám] a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96 § 127 (of a dangerous and futile attempt). ba lám i nnet nathrach . . . insaigid fair, LL 225b8 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan . . . ropsat láma i nnet nathrach, LL 304b20 = RC xiii 92.4 (robo lam, Lec.). Aen. 751.

nathair im ceann (leg. imchenn) two-headed snake (a mode of writing in which one half of the line is the mirror image of the other), Auraic. 5821 ; Éigse xxiv 37 . bricht nathrach Nede (name of a metre), IT iii 103.1 .