4 ná

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 ná or dil.ie/32902

Forms: nach

conj. (in O.Ir. generally written na) nor ; used after a negative vb. or CEN to co-ordinate an additional member of a compd. (or elliptical) sentence. In O.Ir. na (ná) is used before an accented vowel or consonant, nach before an atonic vowel, see Ped. ii 251 ; later the usage varies (see 6 nach). In O.Ir. occas. geminates follg. consonant.

(a) nitat masculina ná feminina, Sg. 61a24 . ní frith gáes ná gart ná genus, FB 24 ( LU 8327 ). nis-gaibed tart na lia, Hy. ii 29. ní frithalim-se rucai na mmebuil, Ml. 49d3 . ni ruc buaid na bissech TBC, 3484 . ni fhágbaim cair na cin isin duine-sea, PH 2733. co na tardad gráin na hirḟuath leis, Arch. iii 5.8 . ni epur brithemnach for nech na form féin, Wb. 8d26 . conna biam i ngorti na nochti, 16a8 . ní [a]r th'ecla-su na ar th'uamain, TBC 3654. indisimm . . . nach o chride na o anmain dorignius cach ní, PH 637. cen frescsin báis na hirchri, Wb. 3a14 .

(b) in later Mid.Ir. ná is somet. confounded with than (< iná < indaas), and the analogical form náit, náid is some- times used before a plural noun, a form which persists in early Mod.Ir. ar nach faicced firu Erenn nat a mná, LB 238 (c)b 67 = nait a mna, ib. 69 . co nachat anmand uaisle nat sloinnte sochenela noemait nech, PH 5086. ni ghnáthaighdis mna náit bandala techt, Lism.L. 3008 , cf. 2200 , 4564 . ní seoid náid maoine iarruim, ITS v 108.24 . ní ra bhattar longa náit laoidenga acca, FM v 1862.23 . gan leabhair náid mionna i reighléis, Keat. iii 2767. Cf. also the follg. exx. from the Gaelic Maundeville (c. 1475): an bethadach nách facadur ríamh roime ina a innshamail which, or the like whereof, they have never seen, 237 . can aithne inait a ṡoscéil do chumall not fulfilling the commandments nor his gospel, 122 . ní lamhaid Idhail anáid Cristaidhi tadall indtí, 77 . ní roibi . . . grian ná ésca ináit reltanna, RC xxiv 371.11 .

Similarly nás (cf. indaas) is found: nochan fhaicfe . . . fir[u] Érenn nás a mna, Anecd. iii 1 § 2. Cf. da fiarfaigh P. . . . in faichfed leis . . . ar caibthi nas ar comaigh `for a bride-price or a gift', Ériu iv 176.2 (= ).