muinter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muinter or dil.ie/32754

Forms: muntar, montar, montar, muinter, monater-, moniter-, montar, manu-tera, muntar, montar, muinter, muntair, muntir, muintir, muntaire, muntairai, muntire, muintire, montar, muinter, muinntear, muinter, muintera

n ā, f., O.Ir. also muntar, montar. A word of disputed derivation; (a) acc. to Thurneysen, Hdb. § 905 , montar and muinter represent respectively monater- and moniter- < Lat. monasterium (monis-); so also Hessen, ZCP ix 11 , Pokorny, ZCP x 203. (b) acc. to de Jubainville, RC xxv 2 , montar (muntar) < *manu-tera `that which is under the hand, i.e. the authority'. (c) Vendryes, ZCP ix 296 suggests a native origin, Celt. *moni cogn. with Ir. muin `protection', see 1 muin (c) above.

In O.Ir. the stem appears with palatal and with non- palatal -nt-: n s. muntar, Wb. 21d1 , 26a12 , 27d12 , 31b7 . Ml. 94a6 . montar, Wb. 7c5 , 21c22 . muinter, 7b9 , 14a5 , 25a6 , 26d14 , 31d16 . a d s. muntair, Ml. 29d7 , 46a20 , 61d7 , 71c16 , 76c9 . muntir, 142a3 . Wb. 24b31 , 26d5 , 30a4 , etc. Sg. 30b11 . muintir, Wb. 11c8 , 16c11 . g s. muntaire, Wb. 21b12 . Ml. 61c2 . muntairai, 85a4 . muntire, Wb. 21c4 , 30b16 . muintire, 28d21 . g p. montar, Thes. ii 254.10 . In Mid.Ir. the form muinter (often written muinnter) prevails. muinntear, IGT Dec. § 12 (p. 62.9) .

In general sense a community or group of persons connected by some common bond , hence esp.

(a) a family or household (including servants), corresponding to Lat. familia: gl. familia, Ml. 61d7 . Sg. 30b11 . di muntir Cessair (= de Caesaris domu), Wb. 24b31 , cf. 30a4 , Ml. 76c9 , 112d7 . cona muntir (= cum fratribus), Wb. 14a19 . oís muntire (= domestici), 21c4 , cf. 28 d 21 . fer muintere (= famulus), 33a5 . fer muindtire, Laws i 6.16 . in fer muinteri [muintire LU] . . . .i. mo chú, TBC² 535. betit mnaa can a muntera , LL 48a10 ( SG 373.1 ). no roinntea in biad . . . itir in fírmuinntir no bíd ann, cen co beth ann acht int athair no in mathair cona cloind, LB 155b34 . do cheangail . . . screaball ar gach teach muinntire every household, Keat. iii 1556. 'n-a athair mhuinntire (= homini patrifamilias, Matth. xx i ), TSh. 6339. mic mhuinntire (= sons still under parental authority), 5120 . muinntear .i. clann, O'Cl.

(b) in wider sense, followers, adherents, party, attendant troops, etc. asberam-ni ammi muntar dait-siu, a Dae (dicemus nos tuos esse), Ml. 94a6 . do díabul ┐ dia drochmuintir, LU 2344 ( RC iv 250.9 ). fer do múinntir Ísu .i. Petur, PH 3111. oes gráda in rig ┐ a muntear tairisse, 384 . radis Medb fria muntir ar co ndigsed láech dib, TBC 1567. muinntir Heseciah, Prov. xxv 1. muirḟecht .uii. xx. long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848. Of a set of chessmen: ni gonfa-so mo moindter-sa . . . ni ruba fer dia muinter, Ériu v 32.23 , 24 .

(c) often of the disciples of a saint collectively, a religious community or monastery (= Lat. familia, see Plummer, VSH i p. cxii ). la muntir Patraic, Trip. 240.22 . caillech dó muntir Brigte, IT i 43.13 . for muinntir nAirdd Machae, AU 830. ar tomailt torith na muindtiri the produce of the monastery, Mon. Tall. § 77. fer muindtiri `one of thy monks', § 36 . a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti the Order of St. John the Baptist, Maund. 35. ag muintir Eoin Baisde, FM iii 654.12 . By analogy of a pagan community : sacart do muntir Baich a priest of Bacchus, TTebe 64 9.

(d) of inhabitants, etc. muntar nime, Wb. 21d1 . i n-óentu muintire nime, 9c28 (cf. PH 4357 , 6520 ). eter muntir nime et talman (= quae in caelis sive quae in terris sunt), 26d5 . hí figuir noe montar nimæ (= the nine celestial hierarchies), Thes. ii 254.10 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ). na teora muntera .i. munter nime ┐ talman ┐ ifirn, Trip. 118.19 . Righ na tri muinnter, RC xxviii 322 § 49. muinter na catrach, FB 82.

(e) in later Irish sometimes of an indefinite number of persons temporarily grouped for convenience: an mhuinntear théid don tsaoghal sul doghníd lóirghníomh those who die, TSh. 6272. ar an muinntir chuirios fios chugad to them that send, Prov. xxii 21. déunaidh urnaighthe ar son na muinntire bhuaidhreas sibh, Matth. v 44.

(f) of a single individual, one belonging to a `muinter' (family, community, kindred, etc.), a servant, adherent, partisan, etc.; cf. analogous use of cétmuinter. fersait faelti móir fri muintir Mongán (i.e. M.'s messenger), LU 11021 ( Im. Brain i 52 ). ni bat munter dam thou shalt not be servant of mine, RC xiv 412.3 . mo Chrítóc cáin m.¤ servant (of God), Fél. May 11. ba múinnter do Christ a friend (of Nicodemus), PH 3677. furtacht carat ┐ fírmuintire, Acall. 7262. digde ind caich ro cradis manip muindter `if he be not one of thy monks', Mon. Tall. § 36. muinnter d'Eiremhon caem Cobha C. was of the kindred of E., Ériu x 81 § 48. pl. mairfet-sa far muintera your folk, Met. Dinds. iv 64.96 . dobéra a muintera | doc[h]um an mesraigthi (of Christ), ZCP viii 211.1 (perhaps families, communities). ríoghan as mhó muintera (of V. Mary), Ir. Monthly 1930, 662.32 . not-berum tairrsi cot uile mhuinnteraib we will take thee across (the sea) with all thy followers, Lism. L. 1817.