Morrígan, morrígu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Morrígan, morrígu or dil.ie/32588

Forms: Morrígan, morigain, Morrigan, Mórrigan, morrígan, Mórrigan, morrígu, mórrigu, Morrigu, morrighan, Morrígna, morrignae, morrigna

pn f. name of an ancient Irish war- goddess . Acc. to Stokes RC xii 128 , De Jubainville RC xxix 195 , the first component is cognate with O.H.G. mara and A.S. maere, cf. Eng. nightmare, Fr. cauchemar, the second being identical with rígan `queen'; attempts have also been made to equate the Morrígan with the fairy Morgan of the Arthurian saga (< mor `sea', `water'), see RC xxxiv 259. In the Mid.Ir. period the first syll. seems to have been commonly equated with mór `great' and the vowel is often accented. Frequently used with the article. n s. morigain, Thes. i 2.6 ( Regina 215 ). in Morrigan , TBC² 843 = in Mórrigan , LU 5320. morrígan, LL 10b27 . in Mórrigan , 168a24 , 32 . morrígu, 137a18 . mórrigu, 10a42 . in Morrigu , TBC 1490. Acall. 2496 = morrighan R ( 2496 n. ). g s. na Morrígna , RC xv 292 ( Dinds. 4 ). n p. morrignae, Corm. Y 697 = morrigna LB. The daughter of Ernmais: tri ingena aile oc Ernmais .i. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Morrigu .i. Anand a hainm-side, LL 10a42 . in Morrigan ingen Ernmusa, RC xii 100 § 137 , cf. 108 § 166 . Sometimes confounded with Bodb and Macha (see RC xix 248 ): Machæ .i. badb. no asi an tres morrigan one of the three Morrigans, O'Mulc. 813. hi Ross Bodbo .i. na Morrighno, ZCP iii 244 § 50 (Tochm. Emere). She appears sometimes in the form of a bird: is í in Mórrigan són i ndeilb eúin, LU 5321 = TCB 844 , cf. TBC 1492 ; also Táin Bó Regamna § 5 ( IT ii2 245 ), where in § 7 she is called `in Morrigan' in Eg., `in badb' in YBL. Described as the washer at the ford: dreman inathor dīmar, | no-dus-nigh an Mórríoghan, Fian. 16.10 . As an old woman: caillech lom luath . . . is i in Morrigu mong- liath, MR 198.4 .

Also used as a generic name: morigain, gl. lamia ( Isaiah 34.14 ), Thes. i 2.6 . gudemain .i. uatha ┐ morrignae, Corm. Y 697. glaidhomuin goa .i. na demuin goacha, na morrigna, H. 3.18 p. 82b . In place-names: Crích na Morrigna, see Hog. Onom. Gort na Morrignai, ZCP iii 241 § 37.

See also fulacht.