ammus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ammus or dil.ie/3180

Forms: amas, amais

n u, m. Later o. amas m. (g s. and n p. amais), IGT Decl. § 53 . Vn. of ad-midethar. See Celtica i 339 .

(a) attempt, effort: ind aimsea gl. adnisús, Ml. 104a1 . ambat nersaigthi a n-aimsi gl. inritís conatibus, 127c25 . amsiu gl. conátus (noxios), 16a2 . int a.¤ admidethar a com- bach `the effort which he makes to break it' (the Host), Thes. ii 253.14 . dá éignighe do-bheir duine amus ar aithrighe do dhéanamh however hard a person tries to repent, TSh. 2431 .

(b) act of tempting, temptation: ainsium ar lín a.¤ protect me against a number of temptations, Fél. Jan. 30 . ní digen a.¤ forsin Coimdid I shall not tempt the Lord, Trip.² 2326 . tiagam cu tartam a.¤ fair dús in fortachtaigfe a déa, 2618 . ni tharda amus for da choimdid ┐ for da Dia, PH 4717 .

(c) act of attacking; attack: connar étad ní dóib asna amsib sin so that they could not be harmed by those attacks, IT i 74 § 12 (Lg.). fógluaisi Fuamnach gaeth n-ammais, Ériu xii 154.19 . tucus-[s]a amais mora ┐ ro elodar as gach amus (of Juno's attempts to harm the Trojans), Aen. 1618 . rotesctha milidh righ isínd amus sin, BB 206b42 . le hamas oidhche, Rel. Celt. ii 301.37 . ocht bfhaolchoin do amus forsan ttréd, BNnÉ 183 § 5 . sgaram re haimsibh Éreann, IGT Decl. ex. 1351 . amus longphuirt attack on a camp, ZCP xiv 249.11 . do tabairt amuis longpuirt ar feraib Erenn, RC xviii 273.3 (Tig.). amus caillea (amass coilledh, v.l.) attack in a wood, Cog. 74.13 . Fig. amus ceneoil do denum de no tuilithe do rad ris to assail his legitimacy, Laws i 192.4 Comm. do beir amus do bachall Ísu fair, Trip. ii 454.9 . dergthair coltur iarsain i tenid et dober in liaig a.¤ de for broind ind fir makes as if to attack the man's chest, LL 329a41 . in duine ba hail leo d'amas . . . don tslisin the person whom they wished to hit with the withe, Laws iii 226.26 Comm. nach neich fora tabrad a.¤ , RC viii 50.4 ( LL 13327 ). ba nār laiss a.¤ amlaid fair that he should be insulted like this, BColm. 74.10 .

(d) guess, conjecture: is hé a a.¤ lemm gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset, Wb. 2c27 . hua ambus gl. conicio, Ml. 75d8 . huand a.¤ gl. coniectura, 91c6 . amus nó baramhail, Keat. i 46.11 . go dtug gach aon . . . amus fair made a guess at it, 103.25 .

(e) act of hitting the mark: do anfadh én re a amas `the bird would wait to be struck', Studies 1920, 99 § 12 . nach teibeadh aonurchar air gan an t-ubhall d'amus without hitting the apple, Keat. ii 3301 . do lógh eólchoire dhamos from being plunged in grief, Gleanings 19 § 29 . do-bheirid an drong oile amus ar na harmaibh `seized the arms', Keat. iii 2847 . tugsad amus ar a gcorránuibh seized their hooks, PCT 285 . Prob. also in: a ḟorom ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a ammsigi, LL 8291 (TBC).

(f) Metr. assonance , imperfect rhyme: ní fhuil san amus acht fogar ionann do bheith ag na guthaidhibh etc., Éigse vi 345.3 . See p. 344 - 348 and Ir. Syll. P. 9 .

In prep. phrase for (ar) a.¤ Orig. expressing purpose, anticipation etc.: ar amus oencat[h]a for the purpose of a single battle, CCath. 5504 . da for nertadh ar a.¤ mait[h]iusa do denamh, 5524 . fuaratar clocha . . . co mbertis leo iat for amus a llias, PH 1035 . atnagar an long ar a hamus the ship is brought to fetch her, Arch. iii 309.20 .

Hence against: sluaiged la Toirrdelbach ar amus Tigher- nain, RC xviii 176.7 (Tig.). credimsi in firDia cedna / dom churp ar amus eca `helper of my body against death's attack', RC xxiii 408.2 . tionóilid go h-armtha ar amus na Lionóidech, Hy Fiachr. 336.7 .

Most frequ. in purely local sense to, towards (see St. Ercuil Gloss.): comēirgid Ulaid ara amus, TBC² 528 . tiagait . . . for a.¤ Ratha Ini, TFerbe 57 . ac tócuriud Conch. ar a.¤ a fhledi, MU² 155 . rogell Tairrdelbach co tibredh aramus na cleirech `deliver him to the clergy' (of a prisoner), RC xviii 162.21 . In hostile sense: tarlaicset a tri coíctu camman ar ammus a chendmullaig in meice, LL 8342 .