marbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbaid or dil.ie/31573
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: mairb-, muirb-, muir-, marb-, marfed-som, marbsa, nisn-ule-mairbfe, ro-marbaind, marbhtar

ā, vb. Fut. stem mairb-, later muirb- (often mair-, muir- before f of inflection), rarely marb- (mar-): no marfed-som , TBC-LL¹ 1638 (YBL). pret. 1 s. marbsa (= marbus-sa), IT i 158.10 ( LL 154b6 ).

(a) kills, slays: nacha-ro-marb-som Dia i ndigail neich dorigensat, Ml. 23b5 . ro marbsat Saul, 56b6 . nisn-ule-mairbfe thou wilt not wholly slay them, 77a15 . marbai in rí[g] . . . aingi in truagh thou slayest the king, thou sparest the pauper, ZCP vii 269 § 11. indhí . . . marbthai duine those that . . . commit homicide, Mon. Tall. § 11. cia marbaid Cain Abíal, SR 1966. acht coro marba in coraid, 5856 . muirfet-sa Gola, 5857 . marbais cét lǽch díb, TBC-LL¹ 1575. in rí nos-crochand ┐ nos-marbann, PH 4203. muirbfid [Michael] Ancrist, 7281 . ní mairfem inn endaic we will not kill an innocent man, Trip. 130.10 . nom-marba mo lam-sa foden, minam marba nech n-aile may my own hand slay me if no one else does, Ériu ii 28.5 luigim-sea . . . go muirbiub-sa tusu, v 72.12 . go muirbhfidís tré dhraoidheacht é, Keat. ii 1305. ro marbhasdar í tré eud, i p. 158 . ro-marbaind torc, IT i 158.12 = LL 154b8 (impf.). ma ra marbh in bean feoil 'if the wife killed meat', Mar. Dis. 36 § 15 . marbh ┐ ullmuigh feóil!, Gen. xliii 16. Of animals: marbais in Líath Macha ech Ercoil, FB 70. go muirfitis na leomain e, Fl. Earls 234.22 . Of things: icait, bethaigait, marbait (of herbs), SR 7280. co rod-marb galar, MacCarthy 150 § 1. dobicfa fross tened . . . ┐ nob-muirbfe uli, Ériu ii 196 § 13. do mharbh bruth na greine an gaeith, Irish Texts ii 71 § 21 . With pron. suff.: marbthus Cuchulaind C. kills them, SCC § 36 , cf. marbthus iat, TBC-I¹ 1682 ( LU 6166 ). dia nda-tairle mo lorg-sa mairfidus if my club strikes them it will kill them, LU 1430 ( MU 46.3 ). marbsi Conall C. killed him, ZCP xi 109.2 . Pass. na marbhtar lett Ulaid!, TBC-LL¹ 6012. marbthair dóib in mucc, IT i 99.17 . co non-romarbthar-ni uli until all of us are slain, BDD 80. not-mairfider immárach, SR 6496. no erálta for maccaib U. dul i ngabthib . . . ar daig coro mmarbtaís in order that they might be killed, IT i 74.19 . co farctais . . . cloch[a] in lochta no mairfitis occi of those who might be slain, BDD 68. ro marbait sochaide dona Cristaigib, PH 368. ro marbtha dā mac Cenneitigh ina dighail, AU 1019. muirfer gan cáirde iad, BNnÉ 147.21 . adubhairt . . . co muirbfidhe le na escairdib é, BCC § 236. Fig. mortifies; annuls, cancels: ma marbitir facta carnis , Wb. 4a13 . marbaid cach marb a cinta (= a dead man cannot be brought to account for his offences), Laws ii 270.29 .

(b) legal term, alienates (property) in mortmain, amortises: marbais Aedh an ferond sin do Dia ┐ do C. gave that land for ever in mortmain, BCC § 94. maille re ar marbad d'ḟearainn Eaglaisi `together with all dead church-lands', JRSAI ii 346.11 (expld. as lands taken from the Church and not reclaimed afterwards).

(c) exceptionally intrans. dies, is killed: na tri Ferghusa . . . ro marbhsat i cath Crinda le Lughaidh, le Tadhg, ZCP xi 43 § 33 (B. of Lismore).