láigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láigen or dil.ie/29385

Forms: lágan, laigni, laighneadha, laigned, laignedaib, lágine

n ā, f. Also lágan. But n s. laigni, LU 3181 (H) = laigne, RC v 198 ; with dental inflection a pl. laighneadha, BB 31a13 . g p. laigned, 432a24 . d pl. laignedaib, 420a23 . A n s. lágine occurs in a marg. gloss on Lugaid Lágha, LL 289a15 . Note also g s. m. laigne leathan-glais (:ais), MR 196.21 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 152 - 3 , where length of vowel in first syll. is also discussed. Cf. láige.

Spear: laighen .i. sleagh O'Cl. adsluindiu a fuili . . . allaigniu (laigne, v.l. sic leg.), Fél. Ep. 324 . lāithe gaile Galiān / gabsit inna lāmaib laigne, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2. lágen mór il-laim ind fir, BDD 128 . cressaigthe in fer in lágin sin, ib. tri coicait lagan lanmor, Rawl. 82b15 . cona lágnib lánglassaib, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.20 . bás . . . do lágin ríg, TFerbe 106 . láigne . . . ina lamaib, LL 930 ( laighneadha, BB 31a13 ). do thaidlig . . . na laigen lainderdai, Alex. 16. doire . . . laighean lasamhain, ML 84.21 . gur f[h]othraicedar in dá laigin . . . isin laoch-mhílid, ML² 1686.

More precisely broadheaded spear : lethangai is de isberar laigen gl. laighin, LL 377a29 . laigen .i. goi coneitib (cf. ette), RC xi 26.5 ( TBC-I¹ 2562 ). So freq. with adj. lethanglas: mór laech ro letrait do laignib let[h]anglassaib, CCath. 6015. ionann . . . laighne is sleagha ar a mbídís cinn leathanghlasa iarainn, Keat. ii 2583.

Of lance which pierced the side of Christ: figor ind aithcummi cosind lágin `the figure of the wounding with the lance', Thes. ii 254.4 . gabais láigin móir ina láim, PH 673. Also with descriptive gen. l.¤ míled: Longinus rotngon Crist . . . don láigin míled bói ina láim martial lance, LB 159b32 . tuc bulli do laigin miled i sliss Ísu, PH 2874 . oc imbeirt inna láigne, Blathm. 232.

In the traditional etymology of Laigin Leinster (see O'Rahilly, loc.cit.): o na lágnib-sin ille / rogairit Lagin Láigne, Metr. Dinds. ii 50. 21 - 2 . Laighin cidh día n-apar? . . . óna laighnibh lethanghlassaibh tugsat na dúbhghaill leo a n-Erinn, Cóir Anm. 174 . Laigin a laginis .i. ona laignib lethnoib tucsat leo na Dub-gaill a tirib Gall . . . nó it laigin cumdáigti oir ┐ airgit tucsat cerda Hérenn do Labraid, Dinds. 9 = Keat. i 120.3 . Cf. laogon .i. gae. O'Mulc. 794. laeghan .i. gai, O'Curry 111 ( H 3.18, 71c19 ).