grian

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grian or dil.ie/26629

n o, m.? n.? disyll. in O.I.

I gravel, sand, sea or river bottom: grían .i. grinneall mara, locha no abhann, O'Cl. ruidfes grian `der Sand sich röthen wird,' TBC-LL¹ 4978 . is gat im ganem ná im grían, 4057 . doficfad (leg. dobicfat) Ulaid asa nōeindin ┐ cotemelad (leg. cotobmélat) ar mur ┐ grīan, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is amlaid cotomélani (leg. cotonmélani) in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían that man ... will grind us to mould and gravel, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). fodeice sís, ba buan a chis, grian an mara, Anecd. i 65 § 133 . cor bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara trit, RC x 54.5 . alainn do grian fad glanloch, KMMisc. 314.8 . slebe gainme ┐ grian it e guirt(h)e in ogh, Ériu ii 120 § 58 . gainem a grīan `its soil is sand,' MacCongl. 17.1 . os grian mara mongairtrein, RC xiv 62.14 . deotar itir uir ocus griaun (v.l. grian), Anecd. ii 59.12 . itir ur ┐ grioan (v.l. grian) `among mould and gravel,' RC xii 86 § 92 . ro eirigh don grían go hairm i mbádar (of a drowned body) `it rose from the bed of the river,' BNnÉ 295 § 23 . srotha nofheas adosnai |i ngrian na haoi nī hosgar (.i. ar grindel na eladhan), ZCP v 488 § 9 (B. na Filed). roscáich cach cert co grian has gone to the bottom, Metr. Dinds. i 28.6 . ceatha ... do loim-ghriana luaithreadha `showers of the bare soil of dust,' Todd Lect. iv 74.28 ( CRR² 23 ). co griantracht an tobair to the gravelly brink of the well, Acall. 2331 . grian .i. ō chri[aid.] crē .i. a creta , O'Mulc. 661 . Grian Glinne hUi .i. uighi cerc, O'Dav. 1058 = Hib. Min. 47.11 . go bhfuaduighthear go grian ┐ go grinneall an ghruaim-thighe sin iad, TSh. 6645.

II Fig. basis, foundation: ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige | rongléat go grīan | na hocht trátha toghaide | dia ndíchar co dīan, ZCP vi 271 § 1 . breitheamhnas díreach doibh soin (i.e. of words with various meanings) | go grian a bhfis ní féadair `their fundamental meaning,' Content. v 43 . éisdeacht do neach dobadh ciall | re glór nach ró a fhios go grian, ib. xviii 91 . grian ar bhfis is dál domhain `the bottom of my knowledge is a deep thing,' ib. xxiv 6 .

III earth, land (held by an individual): fail folach ós grían `there is a hiding-place above ground,' Metr. Dinds. iii 140.1 . Ríí Caisil tra doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi tōib Aurchuind, ZCP viii 308.29 . a grian techta do sannad `to alienate from him his lawful land,' Laws v 436.x . na fuil ar griun duine airithi, iii 384.15 Comm. an deoraid bis for griun no for snada, v 364.y Comm. fer grin .i. gradh flatha `an original landowner' (lit. a man of land), v 184.15 Comm. fuidir griain, Ir. Recht 65 - 6 , 75 . is leo grian na cille, Rawl. 118b30 . fine grin the original tribe of the land, O'Don. Supp. the global family: muna tainic damna apaidh dfine erlomha ... no griain, Laws iii 72.x Comm. dfine grin `to the tribe to whom the land belongs,' ib. 72.16 Comm. fine in urruidh ar a taitt griun `on whose land they are,' ii 180.2 Comm. conid sīatt is fine griein (sic leg.) ac Laind ōsin alle the glebal family, BColm. 38.2 . la Colmān hī sein ō griun co nem `from ground to sky,' ib. 66.2 . grían .i. fearann, O'Cl. do dhermaid siad ... | a ngrian chatha a gclesa lúith `they have forgotten their battle-ground,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . da bfághlaim a ngrían gach gleóidh, in every battle-field, Rel. Celt. ii 226.18 .

IV the bare surface (of the human skin): léne ... sídaide ... ré grían a geilchnis, Fianaig. 84.25 . docuir sé leíne sroill ... re grian a geilchnis, RC x 188.10 .