fuirmiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirmiud or dil.ie/24902

Forms: furmiuda, furmid, fuirmid, fuirmighi, furmedha, fuirmeadh

n u,o,m. (vn. of fo-ruimi) The m is occasionally shown lenited ; O'Cl. distinguishes between fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh ; fuirmeadh .i. foreimniughad no siubhal, and fuirmheadh .i. cur (see below) but there is no reason to doubt that all these represent the same word.

(a) in primary sense setting down, placing, depositing: fuirmedh .i. indell no cur, O'Dav. 932 . fuirmheadh .i. cur, O'Cl. delba clochda ... cen sigin na crochi do f.¤ indib PH 754 . a fuirmidh a ngradh to place him (the pupil) in a grade Laws ii 348.21 Comm. aithne fuirimiudu (.i. fuirmither for dealgan aithgin ind ...) SM Facs. 55b . aithne fuirmidha .i. in aithne fuirmither a n-inad airithe (one of the seven deposits which are to be restored even though there has been no pledge), Laws v 196.3 (14) . But cf. tri aithne na dlegat taisec ... aithne fuirmeda, Triads 157 , glossed in the 18th cent. copy : .i. do fūigfidhe gan aithne do thabhairt go cinnte i ccumhdach acht go héccinte air p.40 (i.e. a deposit left without proper security ?). ro laoi fiadhnuise fair fuirmhedh, Ériu xiii 15.10 (= ro le, etc. .i. gugudh fiadnise tiscaidh dire n-aire, O'Dav. 1344 ). See furmada.

(b) transf. of inflicting, imposing (a punishment, obligation, etc.) : co f.¤ na sraigell ... foraib plying the scourges on them FA 30 (LB), where local sense is still implicit ; cf. la furmed in mátan fair belaying him with the cudgel LU 8546 ( FB 40 ). co f.¤ in rechtasa Adamnáin imposition FA 32 (LB). In fig. sense : noco tabair in scel f.¤ doridhissi furri never touches on (alludes to) her Acall. 6437 .

(c) laying low, prostrating, overthrowing: is ainm fuirmh- eadh ... do turnadh is d'ísliúgud LL 395a11 = Met. Gl. Ff. 7 . fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh nó ísliughadh, O'Cl. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdiugud, Cóir Anm. 31 . cing catha ri furmiud fer LL 238a5 ( TTr. 1561 ; `for laying low men'). iar fuirmed Bili Tortan ` felling ' Met. Dinds. iv 244 . flaithe re fuirmeadh princes to be laid low ML 86.3 .

(d) a violent aggressive effort, blow, thrust, tug, etc. dobeir fuirmidh dia sāil ina cenn `tramples them with his heel' CCath. 3665 . ba bec leisiom fuirmed a llām na laech co mbeth fuirmed a cos mar aen ris ML 164.22 ( YBL 330a21 ). dorat A. furmiud fortren ... fair ... don lágin LL 244a33 ( TTr. 2041 ). dorat ... fuirmed niad don urd iarnaige LB 157a 52 . tuc fuirmed fedma ... do gae ... air `an effective thrust' TTebe 2817 . tug fuirmeadh feadma ... fuirre (of a stone fixed in the earth) ML 2.21 . ni hoirchios fuirmedh fedhma for fhlaithibh `to put service upon (? use violence towards) kings' 116.25 . ba diulaing dīn ar a ndianbullíb ri fortressi a fuirmiuda LL 238a33 ( TTr. 1583 ). pl. nachasrostis airm nā hilḟáebair ... nā thendfurmiuda túag ib. LL 238a 18 . g s. as attrib. : ana n-oireadaib firmora furmid `very great burdens requiring great effort' TTebe 3991 . a heire forbheadha [fuirmedha v.l.] ... do bhiadh ┐ do dhigh fuirre, Ériu v 84.20 . (See furmada). ail fuirmedha (compli- mentary epithet of a chieftain) ML² 1579 .

Perhaps gs. in the expression : mac fuirmid (fuirmeda), the name given to a bardic pupil of the second year , although this is probably to be read as a compd., maccfuirmid. mac fuirmeda occurs at least once. Cf. cidh díre Mac- ḟuirmidh, Ériu xiii 25.27 . díre mar mac ḟuirmhidh 22.26 - 27 . maccfurmid ┐ fochloc irchruachait doib LL 29a col. e (3664) . triar for fecht feili dofhidh | dam thoga do mac furmidh, Auraic. 2248 . tri seoid don macfuirmid YBL 198a13 (= Laws v 60 ). in macfuirmid da ba a eniclann ib. YBL 198a 21 . la mac fuirmid moín soer setrotha senamain ... , O'Mulc. 537 . muccairbi .i. mac fuirmid .i. is mac dán do fuirem a dána, Bodl. Corm. = ... do fuirmed a dana .i. no is macdan du fuirim a dana, Corm.Y 855 [leg. mac dan dū f.¤ ?] m. fuirmida IT iii 31.16 . mac fuirmid .i. mac fuirmither re dān ōs mac .i. is mac da [ = maccda ?] a dān `who is set to learn an art from his boyhood' (who is intended for ... ?) Laws iv 360.5 . Cf. mac airbi ib.

(e) arranging, composing ; inventing (?) : is f.¤ filed romidair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib ... ni haicned romīdir leo (i.e. the names are arbitrarily invented by poets), Corm. Y 41 s.v. anair = fuirmedh poetarum romidhair haec nomina , etc. H 3.18, 63aw ( Phil. Soc. 171 ). cf. fer fuirmid, supra, col. F 371.61.

(f) in gramm. name given to a subst. preceded by the prep. oc (probably an extension of sense a) : oc fir a furmiud `depositive' Auraic 1521 . oc feraib a fhuirmed ilair 1776 .

(g) in gramm. the ordinary application or use of a word, oppd. to `inde' its etymological or inherent sense : f.¤ foucal, Auraic. 3393 (e.g. the Lat. word lapis, analysed as id quod laedit pedem [cf. Isidore, Etym. xvi 3 ] its `inde,' is used in restricted sense of a stone, its `fuirmed'). `bonus,' is comforlethan a fuirmed et a inde, ar ni habar `bonus' acht bail a mbí cáil bonitatis the applic- ation and the etymology of bonus are co-extensive, for bonus is not said save where the quality of bonitas is Auraic. 3400 .

(h) in concrete sense, in pl. : fuirmighi [furmedha, Eg.] a leaptha d'ór ┐ do safír, Maund. 249 corresp. to `the forme of his bedd is of fyne saphires bended with gold' EETS 153 (O.S.) 183 . ` framework, setting ' = Abercromby, RC vii 361 , comparing O'Dav. 932 , cited above (a). Cf. fuirmeadh ` seat, foundation ' O'R.

(i) fuirmeadh .i. foréimniughadh no siubhal, O'Cl. No exx. from lit., but cf. fo-ruimi (d).