fúabair, fóbair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúabair, fóbair or dil.ie/24587

Forms: fúaibr-, fóibr-, forrubart, fuabair, fuaiprem, foipremm, fobraid, fúabair, fofuabair, fon-uabair, fobair, fa n ópair, fon ópair, fuabre, -forbara, -foiberam, tusf- úabart, foopurt, forobart, -barópairt, for ópair, foróbair, forḟopair, forḟobair, foruapratar, ruapartadar, for- ḟópartatar, barḟópartatar, barrobratar, forropartar, fuabairthe, fóbr-, fúabr-, fóibr-, fuapraid, foibrid, fuabbrait, fobret, foibéara, fuaibera, fúaberad, ḟóibérad, foibertais, fuapras, -foibres, fuabrais, ḟuabair, fobair, rodasfopair, fuabrabar, ḟuaipertar, ḟóbratar, fobairset, foibredar, opratar, orbsat, orbsadar, fuaprad, fuaprait, foroprait, forbairt, forbairt, fororbairt, forbraís, obraim, ro-opair, opredar, foropradar, forbairt, foróbairt, fuaprait

v (-ber- ; cf. do-fúabair) syncopated form fúaibr-, fóibr-. Not found in Glosses, with the doubtful exception of forrubart, gl. torsit Ench. Aug. 75a ZCP vii 482.2 , see note, ib. p. 489 . Mid. Ir. forms :— Ipv. 2 s. fuabair LB 205b39 . pl. 1 fuaiprem LL 250a9 = foipremm ZCP iv 39 . 2 fobraid BB 482b3 ( Aen. 2991 ).

pres. 3 s.

(a) fúabair LU 3641 . fofuabair, fon-uabair YBL 117a30 ( IT ii1 183.240 ) Ériu v 242.6 , ZCP x 343y .

(b) fobair LU 4932 . fa n ópair 4950 . fon ópair LL 276a19 .

pres. subj. 2 s. fuabre (fuabra v.l.), Ériu i 194.1 . perf. -forbara LL 125bz . fut. pl. 1 -foiberam, Lism.L. 1977 .

pret. and perf. ind. 3 s.

(a) Cf. tusf- úabart LU 11037 .

(b) foopurt, H 3.18, 361b32 ( RC xxv 346.1 ). forobart LU 10696 . -barópairt TBC 2093 .

(b). s- pret. forms: for ópair LU 3922 . LL 256a39 . foróbair 108b40 . forḟopair 257b10 . forḟobair 254b48 .

pl. 3

(a) foruapratar, Anecd. ii 54.12 . fus ruapartadar AU 916 (i 434.10) .

(b) for- ḟópartatar TBC 5255 . barḟópartatar 5038 (= torpartatar TBC² 5119 , see do-fúabair). barrobratar 1564 . forropartar AU 869 .

Pass. pret. pl. da fuabairthe LL 206a22 . For vn. see fópairt.

In later manuscripts commonly treated as a simple verb with stem fóbr- fúabr-, and later also fóibr- : pres. s. 3 fuapraid LL 209a19 . foibrid RC xiii 6.15 . pl. 3 fuabbrait LL 252a41 . nos fobret LU 1595 . fut. s. 2 foibéara, Aithd. D. 7.22 . 3 fuaibera, Lorg an tS.N. 1086 . sec. fut. s. 3 rar fúaberad ni TBC 5115 . nó ḟóibérad , Hugh Roe 100.22 (f. 27a) . pl. no foibertais 42.6 (11b) . pret. and perf. 1 s. ro fuapras , Lorg an tS.N. 2313 . -foibres ZCP vi 63.15 . 2 ro fuabrais , Lorg. an tS. N. 589 . 3 ro ḟuabair LB 147b37 . St. Ercuil 1334 . ro fobair LL 397a10 (rofuabair, TTr.² 9 ). rodasfopair TBC 2503 . pl. 2 ro fuabrabar , Lorg. an tS.N. 1036 , 3 ro ḟuaipertar LL 304a31 . ro ḟóbratar PH 2402 . fobairset 2469 . ro foibredar (v.l. ro opratar ), TTebe 3167 . Cf. ro orbsat , ro orbsadar , cited s.v. for-fen (b). Pass. perf. ro fuaprad LL 162b33 . ra fuaprait 262b47 .

Occasionally spelled as though a compd. with for- : 3 pl. pres. foroprait LL 254b45 . 3 s. pret. forbairt LB 213b56 . do forbairt AU 859 . fororbairt LB 215a21 . Cf. ro forbraís (2 sg.) ZCP iii 33.3 .

Initial f is sometimes omitted in lenited forms : ní obraim , Keat. iii 1932 , cf. 1942 . ro-opair, TTebe 2523 , 3195 . ro opredar 3507 .

Sometimes with to- (do, da) prefixed, cf. do-fúabair.

(a) falls upon, assails, attacks (a person or place) : dos- fúabart cassar mór, Im. Brain i 56.12 (= tusfúabart LU 11037 ). da fúabair galar LU 10593 = do phuabbair, Zu Ir. Lit. Hs. 37 § 4 n. 24 . forsn-opair ┐ benaid a cenn di, Ériu xii 160.4 (= fosnobair .i. ro innsaigh ZCP v 524 ). gabaidh bar n-armu ... ┐ fobraidh na firu, Aen. 2991 . fanópair som ... ┐ dobeir a chend ... lais LU 4950 . dusn-icfa Flann ... is condae fonfuabair ZCP x 343y . foruapratar ... in cathraig, Anecd. ii 54.12 . forropartar Laigin dunadh Cerbaill AU 869 = foropradar FM i 512 . cionnus no foiber- tais a namhaitt, Hugh Roe 42.6 . Passing into sense attempts, essays: barropratar in nGlassi tried to cross TBC 1564 . See (d).

(b) in sense makes for, rushes (at), speeds, hurries (occa- sionally intrans.) : fon-uabair fesin sis isin cath, Ériu v 242 . co forbart Dauid ... co leomain na lonnbaga SR 5721 . bes is cuice forobart in ben LU 10696 (= Ériu xii 158z ). fofuabair amach rushes out IT ii1 183 . fóbair a n-armach speeds to the battle-field LU 4932 . fuaiprem inna degaid let us hurry after him LL 250a9 ( TBFr. § 15 ). tanic buiden ... isin tulaig ... is borrfadach forḟópartatar in tulaig TBC 5255 (= is tailc dondechadar isin telaich TBC² 3196 ). is tailc forrópartatar in tulaig TBC 5294 (= is borrfadach dofar- fobrit TBC² 3220 ).

(c) intrans. folld. by oc or FOR (AR) and vn., falls to (doing something), begins, sets about: fobair .i. do thionn- sgain, fóbair ag feughain na hinghine, O'Cl. forópair oc dogru LU 3922 ( SC 44 ). foróbair cach díb ic folmaisi gona araile LL 108b40 ( RC xiv 408 ). fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, Arch. iii 5.1 . forḟopair ... ind ingen ic fegad gilla Connacht, TFerbe 585 ( LL 257b10 ). forfobair for a thaffond ib. TFerbe 224 ( LL 254bx ). gur fhobair [in sinnach] for ithe a liubair, Lism.L. 4051 . fuabraid for nemeli moir, Aen. 2599 . nos- fobret ... ind oic for togail in duni LU 1595 . forópair C. ar gressacht a muntire, TFerbe 395 ( LL 256a39 ). fuabraid ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116 .

(d) trans. with vn. or equivalent as obj., attempts (to do something), begins, proceeds to (usual later use) : fúaprait tochailt in talman, Met. Dinds. iii 250 . ni forbara anfōt do rād LL 125bz . fuaratar crand ... fuabrait a búain, Moling 34 . forbairt [ = foróbairt] cantain a shalm, Aisl. MC 13.7 . ro ḟobbair imthecht, Ériu vii 2.4 . dá bhfóbrainn imtheacht, Aithd.D. 48.20 . ro fuabair M. lenamain dia coraib attempted to adhere to their agreements TTr.² 9 . dia ndernadh in gnim ro fhuapair ZCP iv 383.12 . in tan ro ḟopairset mebuil for Samsón LB 127a46 . fuabrais troscud ... for Brenaind, Arch. iii 4.30 . forforbairt I. a bandail, ┐ ni forfaem D. dó, Dinds. 24 (= BB 364b ). ro fhōpair E. ... āra ┐ ilēchta ar gasradaib Grēc, TTebe 2856 . ro ōpair ... gleo garb 3195 . Brian nar óbair ḟeall B. who never con- templated treachery DDána 80 § 37 ( IGT III ex. 412 ). do uabair na sluaigh do dhibhragadh ZCP viii 544.15 . na saoithe ... nár ḟóbradar solus do thabhairt dóibh did not attempt to enlighten them Keat. i 74.7 . ro ḟóbairsiot ... an baile do bhardacht attempted to defend FM vi 2008 . sé d'iomlaoid nár ḟóbrobhair `thou hast never attempted to barter' TD 27.24 . ro fhorbhair in a menmain é badhdein ┐ a chomhmaim ... do dol resolved that he himself and his wife would go Fl. Earls 222.14 . Pass. i n-oenlo ra fuaprait ┐ i n-oenlo rapsat irlama (the works were begun) LL 262b47 ( MU² 149 ). ro fúaprad a selg `the hunters set to chase them' Met. Dinds. iii 384 .

Cf. nocha bēra lat an ētāil roforbrais (= fuarais BNnÉ 311 ) ZCP iii 33.3 .

(e) in late Mid. Ir. and mod. language in past tense folld. by vn., or subj. (sec. fut.) was on the point of, was near (doing), all but (did), often in impers. construction : do fobair dul ar cuthach (v.l. do gab miri mōr hē) he nearly went mad Fier. 167 . Cf. dídean eón d'fóbair dul uaithe that would have flown away Hackett xxi 21 . do ḟóbair gu ndernaind dermad (neminnscne do ḟóbair in uair sin) I nearly forgot (f. is impersonal there) IGT III ex. 411 . ge tharla gur fhobair go tteigemadh sgiursad although there had nearly been a disaster Fl. Earls 68.13 . ní fár fhóbair éag dise a cause for which she was near dying O'Bruad. ii 116 . Cf. mod. (ba) d'fhóbair (dhóbair) dó he nearly ...

In `do ḟóbair' the latter word can rime with itself : do ḟ., cóir do chomardadh ris féin IGT III § 46 .