frém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frém or dil.ie/24278

Forms: prém, fremunn, F., -fre- manaib, frémh, prémh

n (= O.Ir. frén q.v.). Later also prém (see Ériu ix 84 ). ā,f. As n-stem in g p. fremunn, Arch. iii 218 § 8 (= Rawl. 107b3 . Possibly the n.l. F. is intended here). d p. -fre- manaib, Cog. 62.1 . frémh prémh, f. IGT, Decl. § 39 .

A root

(a) in lit. sense: f.¤ (v.l. fren) fíne, Fél. Oct. 10 . dona premaibh = de radicibus RSláinte ii p. 113 . frema na ralach LL 264a2 ( MU² 272 ). gabais F. ... dair ... assa fremaib LL 114a2 ( ScM 18 ; v.l. frenaiph, ScM2). coillti ... do thuitim as a premaibh RC xxviii 312 § 9 . a prémaib in crainnd LB 142a3 . do drochlebaid ... for cruaid-frē- manaib [sic leg.] corracha, Cog. 62.1 . fréumh do ghlacadh to take root Isa. xxvii 6 . ag glacadh fréimhe, Job v 3 . cur ... i bpréimh to root, implant A. Ó D. xxxvii 2 .

(b) by extension, of other organic things: dae ard asa f.¤ laime lūiter combi trelam tenn, Laws iv 350.4 . tescais féin fréma a chride `severs her own heart-strings' (of the pelican) O'Gr. Cat. 461.16 . cf. tug fréamha a chridhe dar gcionn (of the Saviour), Dán Dé v 11 . préamh na súl, A. Ó D. xli 8 . seacht bpréamha na bpian (= the seven deadly sins ?), Studies 1931, 260 .

(c) fig. root, source, origin: in dligedh sin ise f.¤ ┐ bunad asa nfāsa gach fis, Laws i 36.5 . sna fremhoibh fis, Duan F. ii 336 (= i bhfremhaibh fine, i 4 ). conidsi ... Saltair Tem- rach as [f]rem ┐ as bunad ... do seanchadhaibh Erenn BB 263a15 = YBL 185a28 ( IT iii 199 ). én ... dan f.¤ oilemhna a oighid to whom her own death is a source of her nurslings' aliment O'Gr. Cat. 461.5 . fréma d'idnuib an uilc, Ériu iv 212 § 1 . innis ... fréamha a n-óil 's a n-imtheachta `their origin' TD 15.27 . cf. C. mh'fhírfhréamh eoil `C. my trusty guide' PBocht 7.37 . Of a person: Findén find f.¤ inmain Clúana Iraird, Fél. Dec. 12 . le comhrádh ... | níor chubh- aidh dheit bheith id' ḟréimh you should not have been the author of ... words Content. xxvii 6 .

(d) root-stock (of a family or race), original or genuine stock: often loosely in sense of line, race: meic M. ... don fhréimh fuinedhaigh airdriogh BNnÉ 281.16 . triath na riogh-freime ZCP ii 335.2 . fógra a fírḟréimhe of her true race Ériu viii 192 . aoinaoibel beo na freimhe fíorduthchasa FM vi 2264 . eidir ḟréimh chogthaigh Chonaill C.'s warlike race TD 2.34 . pór ... na sé bhfréamh (apparently = na sé sluaigh, i.e. the peoples of the six ages) AithD.D. 75.15 . bláth fréimhe na fírinne ib. 40 .

Compds. Freq. in poetry or rhetoric: ... an chuirp ḟréamhdhuthain, AithD.D. 50.33 . fremh-ghég gacha flaithiusa ` root-branch ' MR 98.5 . ¤goin: an chích ... i bhfuil a fréamhghoin | guin ochta an éarlaimh dá híoc (ref. to St. Francis) original wound (? i.e. inflicted on the Saviour) PBocht 1.24 . ¤lus: trí —a IGT, Decl. ex. 2087 . With verb: ¤feraid: le bpréimhfearthair ... ar an nG. planted widely (?) AithD.D 35.1 .