1 fráech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fráech or dil.ie/24225

Forms: fraech, froích, ḟruīch, ḟroīg, f., fraoch, fraech, Fróech, Fraech, Froech, Fráech, Fraech, Froech, Fraich, Fraích, Froich, Fraích, Fruich

n o,m. (O.Ir. froích, W. grug) fraech (an tsléibhe) IGT, Decl. § 96 .

(a) heather, and in wider sense low scrub growing on moorland, including bilberries, etc. g s. inna dærcae froích , gl. vaccinia Sg 49a10 ; cf. derce ruich (vaccinia) Thes. ii 48.11 = derce roig 360 (leg. ḟruīch, ḟroīg). f.¤ .i. brucus `heather' Ir. Gl. 565 . f.¤ (one of the losa feada `herb-trees'), Laws iv 148.1 . Auraic. 1157 . fraoch, fraech ` heather, ling ' Hog. Luibhl. pursibatum Timus .i. bilur Muiri .i. f.¤ , Arch. i 334 § 30 (a water-plant ? See fochluc). donarlaic ... isin fraech LL 114a18 ( ScM 20 ). antrenn .i. sliab fraich ┐ aiteann asuiduig (= assuidiu) `a heathy mountain and furze upon that' Laws iv 276.20 Comm. ni dechaid fráech ... inna béolu (of a cow) LU 8123 ( FB 9 ). ro lommair seom in fróech isin maigin, Trip. 92.9 (1020) . baile ... aénaig in tulach sin. nicon ro fhás f.¤ na aiten na fidh fuirre, Ériu xi 50 . cosmhuil ris an bhfráoch annsa bhfásach, Jerem. xvii 6 . guth circe fráoich an tsleibhe, Buile S. 152 .

(b) a heath, moor: inis aluinn ... f.¤ ferglas ina medhón RC xiv 54y . In n. l.: do taraill le F.¤ nAirend ... conid F.¤ Slemna a ainm di sodoin, Dinds. 113 (= LL 168a27 ). do loisc ó fhráoch go tuinn ... `he burned ... from the heather to the sea' Duan F. ii 320 . Hence in wide sense of an expanse, indefinite tract or distance: baí acum dar fraech immach | cóeca ingen LU 3980 ( SC 45 ; `über die Heide begleiteten mich' Thurn., Sagen 102 ). ní rontétlai fiad dar f.¤ `no quarry escaped him over the heather' Met. Dinds. iii 158 . dlighidh righ Fear Luirg ... trí heich áilli tar ard ḟ.¤ `from over the deep sea' (= from abroad ? or [for riding] over the moor ?] BR 132.14 = for ardḟ.¤ BB 274b8 . ruc a curach for fraech fairge, Anecd. i 52 § 15 (hardly 2 fraech, fine weather being implied); ib. 57 § 56 v.l.; cf. tar fraich Erb (.i. Alba [Alban ?] ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.).

(c) transf. of anything rough or bristling: cuiris f.¤ a dromo a n-airde (of a boar), Fianaig. 66.7 . soichfidh crú tar fraoch fuilt `over dishevelled hair' ML 122.7 . Cf. ar ḟraoch th'fuilt ... do earmuis gaoth puirt Parrthais, 23 H 8, 60 (Skene, Celtic Scotl. iii 424 ). f.¤ frithrosc (name of a species of Ogham in which the letters of two groups were interchanged in inverse order) : ogam rind fri derc .i. f.¤ f.¤ Auraic. 5994 . cf. 6008 . See frithrosc.

(d) the Ogham name for the letter u : ur .i. fraech, Auraic. 1195 , cf. gruidem dál .i. fraech, Anecd. iii 43x (Briatharogum Morainn ; not in the Auraic. version).

(e) npr. m. Fróech mac Idaith LL 248a12 = Fraech mac Fidaig YBL 55b47 . Froech TBC² 741 . , Fráech LU 5224 , etc. Fraech AU 496 . Froech s.o. Cuscraid, Rawl. 161a38 . a s. Fraich, Rawl. 161b2 . v s. Fraích LU 5221 . g s. Froich TBC² 760 . Fraích LU 5236 = Fruich TBC² 759 . See Onom. s.v. Ath F.¤ , Carn F.¤ , Síd F.¤ & cf. Nia (Nat) F.¤

Compds.

(a) with subst. : fraoch-choileach ` grouse ' P. O'C. (cf. cerc ḟraích). ¤finna coarse or shaggy hair: tría fróechfinnu (-findfad v.l.) ferb BDD 130 ( LU 7733 ). ¤mag a heathy plain: an Fraochmagh ML 72.20 ( Ml² 1038 ). ¤mes ` heath-fruit' (bilberries, etc.). fraechmeas Brig Leithi BR 2 . ¤madra heath-dog, wolf (?) : fána fraochmhadraibh, TSh. 5698 (2 fráech ?). ¤dond : co Fingin fergga fráechdond ` heather-brown ' Met. Dinds. iv 336 .

(b) with adj. : ? ¤lethan : (as npr. m.) Findchad ... mac Fraechlethain TBC 4760 (Traiglethain St) = Fraeglethain LL 262a9 ( MU² 36 , traig-, traidh- v.l.). ¤mín (epithet of hair) : barr fraechmin ... ar laechraid Luchra SG 241.24 .

See also froíchne.