forcsi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcsi or dil.ie/23505

Forms: farc-, foirc-, fairc-, -siu, faircsiu, forcsen, forcsin, faircsin, faircsena, faircsi, dha, fairgsin, fairgsi, forcsin, for cis

n (farc-, foirc-, fairc-, O.Ir. prob. -siu ; no occurrence in Glosses, cf. faircsiu MR 24.10 below). f. (vn. of for-aicci, ? also for-cí, Bretha 56 ) g s. forcsen, BCrólige 65 (but see below). forcsi LU 5404 . d s. oc forcsin 7004 . Later also n s. faircsin, g s. faircsena BDD 65 Eg. faircsi (g s. ¤, n p. ¤, ¤dha) IGT, Decl. § 3 . fairgsin, fairgsi (= faigsin) III § 4 .

(a) surveying, overlooking, beholding (often from a vantage- point or post of observation): dond aes bátar oc forcsin o na longaib LU 7004 ( BDD 65 = aes na deiccsin Y). co tanicc ... do ḟaircsi in oenaig IT i 128.16 . táeit nech d' ḟarcsin maigi Mide da ḟiss in tecat U. ind TBC 5018 . rogab ic forcsi ┐ ic fordescain in tíri, CCath. 3423 . ag midhemain ┐ ag fairgsin na ceatharairde, Leb. Gab. i 242 . luid ... d' [ḟ]arcsin Elena isin cnoccdindgna LL 231a28 ( TTr. 1027 ). gin faircsi neich do neoch dia denumh no one seeing anyone doing it Marco P. 52 . With FOR: ag faircsin for nellaib aeoir MR 76.20 . fer forcsi spy, scout LU 5404 (cf. fear fairgsi IGT, Verbs § 4 ). fer fairgsena LL 235b5 ( TTr. 1368 ). buaid farcsena TBC 663 . lucht a faircsena those who saw it Fl. Earls 120.22 . edh fairccsiona range of vision FM vi 2092.6 . dar fuinneógaib ... faircsena (i.e. eyes) MR 270.12 . cona clodmailgib ... ic folach ... faircsena na feinned `obscuring their vision' 180.12 . sliabh na Fairgsiona, Ériu viii 135.25 . Faculty of overlooking (?): eirg, ... do dhéch- sain na fledhi ... ár at maith do thaidhbhriudh ┐ tḟaircsiu for nách ní atcífithea MR 24.10 .

In Laws, of witnessing or being passive spectator of some occurrence or action, involving in some cases legal liability : slán fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ... (.i. slanti aithgena a feoir ... on ti bis ac firdechsin) Laws iv 48.12 , 16 (of looking on at illegal grazing). saer fairgse (an eye-witness having `saer' status) v 442.20 . gell foircsen ... issed gell forccsen ... bis i llaim neich bessa set co brith no deroscc, Laws v 376 , see ZCP xvi 409 n. 2 .

(b) examining, inspecting: cis forcsen fola ? `what belongs to the surveying of a wound ?' BCrólige 65 (but Thurn. suggests that forcsin (n p.) may be the true reading here, ZCP xx 372 ; for cis with n p. see also Bergin Ériu xiv, 140 ff ).

(c) aspect, appearance: faircsi tri folt fair the appearance of three kinds of hair LU 6541 = TBC² 2563 . foircsi gruamdh- achta foruib do gres, Lism.L. 4463 . linnti ... co faircsi neamglaini ... forro, CCath. 964 . mesu isí fein inas a forcsi she herself was worse than her looks 4035 . ha hadbul ... f.¤ ┐ frithaileam na ndrong sin for muigib mac nI., Alex. 473 . re forgrain a faircsena with horror at the sight of them, MR 180.16 . ba haoibhinn ... faircsin chathrach R. don fforadh- chnoc, Fl. Earls 26.24 .

(d) geall forcsean uinge = a pledge equivalent to an ounce acc. to Thurn., ZCP xvi 409 . See for-aicci (II).

(e) (g.) of equal value; equivalent (?): lulaicce indruicce tar eisi inngither (?) .iiii.orai lulaca forcsin 'in place of a perfect milch cow, four equivalent milch cows are given' CIH vi 2231.15 , EIF 75 n. 61 . doberar do suide caura forcsen don liaig 'a young (?) sheep is given to the leech for this' Bretha 26 § 8 . mad bruider cairiu forccsen do suidiu 'if it be a bruider, a young (?) sheep for him' 30 § 13 .