forbais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbais or dil.ie/23352

Forms: forbossa, foirfessa, forbasi

n f. (O.Ir. forfess, from for and 2 feis, see Thurn. Zu Ir. Hs. u. Lit. i 54 , and Meyer, Wortk. 214 ). n p. forbossa LL 189c50 . foirfessa BB 17a56 . The original sense seems to have been ` keeping a watch by night '; sometimes used as cogn. acc. of foaid: fiu [Cú Chu- lainn] forfes fer Falchae ZCP viii 564.7 (cf. fiibthir Falchaoe feis 565.9 , and: fifatsa forsna slógaib LU 6312 ). The strict meaning appears to be keeping a hostile outlook or watch (on a person or place), spending the night in camp (against a foe), passing into that of beleaguering, laying siege (with FOR of obj.): boí dano Eochaid .ix. mbliadna hi forbais for Bri léith, Dinds. 3 = BB 353a3 . a mbúi do míleduib C. ic forbhais forro, CCath. 689 . co port na hindsi a roib rí Érenn guna sluagaib ac forbáis ara mac (the king was on the mainland, the son on the island), ZCP xiii 220.8 . tainic ri Erenn ... a forbu[i]s for Ath Cliath, Expugn. Hib. § 31 . gabais forbais for Luimneach § 69 . sluaged ... la Niall ... a nOirgiallaib d'f.¤ ar Brian Mag M., Ann. Conn. 1368 § 13 . ro dibraicedh ... he i cathraig for a raibi ic forbhais, Marco P. 34 . cath Atha Cliath for Gallaib la M. ... ┐ forbuis in duin forro iar sin fri fichit aidchi RC xvii 346 (Tig. = ro gabh f.¤ an dúine forra iar dáin, etc. FM 988 ). Cf. ni gebthar forbaes fort linni LU 1569 = forbasi IT ii2 209a (LL). dosnicbad allmaraigh dar muir ┐ gebtait f.¤ foraib RC ix 24 § 27 . feach- tus docuaidh Cir mac Dair | do triall forbuse i nEdail BB 289b8 ( IT iii 69 ).

? Abs. a mb[u]í ic forbhais, CCath. 693 (but forro is perhaps to be supplied).

Encampment: i forbuis a n-ardchnoc ... osa cinn en- camped on a high hill above them RC xliii 58.9 . suidhis i bhforbhais nó i bhfoslongphort ann, Keat. ii 4962 . gabuid sluaig na T. forbhuis hi Maunglay, Marco P. 130 . f.¤ nae trath for Siuir `to encamp for nine days' BR 4.10 . A foray (?): co ndernatar ... f.¤ isna Tuathaib ... cur gabsat crecha mora ┐ airgne, Ann. Conn. 1306.4 . Cf. as iad tra ba ferr battar ar an ff.¤ sin FM 1306 (= ba ferr do bai arna crechaib sin, Ann. Conn. ALC). forbuse cocaid ┐ esrain do fas, Ann. Conn. 1224.13 .

A besieging party (?): ar marb Brian do Gallaib don [ḟ]orbas sin (v.l. don forbais sin), `the foreigners of that garrison' Cog. 60.20 (during that siege ?).

A siege, esp. in titles of stories: issiat so na prímsceóil .i. togla ┐ tāna ... ┐ fessa [┐] na foirfessa BB 17a56 . F.¤ Fer Fálga, Forbais Etair, Forbais Dromma Damgaire LL 189c50 . im Blathnait ... tucad a f.¤ fer Failgi `who was carried off from the siege of' Ériu ii 20 § 1 . ar mbeith ar tí airgthe an oiléin dóibh i bhforbhais bhfear bhFalgha, Keat. ii 3448 . in triar ... ro anacht Cú Chulainn hi f.¤ Fer Fálga BDD 131 .