forad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forad or dil.ie/23278

Forms: furad, foruth, foraid, foraid, forid, foradu, foirthiu, fortha, faraidh, f., f., f., f., fureth

n o,m.; earlier perhaps n., cf. n s. furad n-aircdidi YBL 116a19 = IT ii 178 , a s. forsa foruth AU 822 . g s. ind foraid LL 30a37 . See Hogan, Todd Lect. iv 138 . n p. foraid SR 502 . ind forid (gl. phari) Bcr 33d10 . a p. foradu LL 220b44 ( TTr. 272 ). Cf. foirthiu, Tur 65 , fortha, O'Cl. g s. faraidh, Aithd. D. 64.34 .

(a) a mound or platform , prob. in most cases of earth, used as a seat or stand for spectators, but also as a post of outlook; it varied in size and shape, being often large enough to accommodate a number of persons, but some- times apparently intended for only one; it may in some cases have been circular; at the great interprovincial assemblies each king had a special f. and there seems to have been a f. set apart for women. There was sometimes a f. in or close to a chief's `dún.' There was a f. at Tara, identified by Macalister with a large circular mound still existing (see Temair Breg, PRIA xxxiv C 244 - 246 ). fortha .i. foradha .i. ionaid suidhe, O'Cl. failet ann ... foraid forōrdai (of the celestial city) SR 502 . lathrach in forraid hi taeb latraige tigi Cormaic (at Tara) Dinds. 1 § 9 = l. ind foraid LL 30a37 ; cf. Narne .i. Tema[i]r .i. do anmaim in foraid robai inti, O'Mulc. 831 . Oenach Tailten do cumusc oc foradhaib im scrin Mic C. ... condid aptha ili de a dis- turbance broke out among the `forads' of the O.T., AU 830 . ro hordaigit ... fir Herend for foradaib ind oenaig LU 4217 ( SG 82 ). cf. cōrus aonaig .i. a glanad ┐ a forada do denum, H 3.18, 391 b ( O'C. 870 ; see Laws v 474.13 , 476.18 ). baí dano forud ar leith oc na mnáib LU 4219 . cen techt fer i forud mban, | cen mná i forud fer, Met. Dinds. iv 150 . fiche forud ríg Temrach ... fiche forud a rígna `twenty seats', ib. 154 . foradh righ Airghiall láimh re foradh righ Erind i [d]Tailltin ┐ a n-Uisneach BR 136 . Artt hua Ruairc in rigḟoraid `of the royal seat' ZCP ix 466 § 28 . a mbátár inna ingena i sudiu for forod áenaig in dūini LU 10194 (= forad ZCP iii 232 ). Of a post of observation or part of a rampart: dorónadh ... foradh leis for temair ┐ dingna na cathrach ... d'fordécsin ┐ do dibricud námhat tairis sechtair, TTr.² 204 (= forath LL 399a38 ). robai ... tor ard ┐ forudh fo mur in dunaidh, Aen. 2218 (= turris ... vasto suspectu, Virg. Aen. ix 530 ). ro línsatar múru ┐ dindgnu ┐ foradu na cathrach LL 220b44 ( TTr. 272 ). in forud i mbíd ic comét na cathrach (of station of a watch-dog) TBC 1009 . Used as a repository for weapons, etc.: doratad iarum forsin forud fora mbíd do grēs ind inchind, Death-tales 4 § 3 . In follg. ex. seems used of a vallum or rampart: ba hairegda ind inis ... furad n-aircdidi impe IT II 178z . fureth 182.214 . furad n-aircdidi impe 'there was a silver rampart around it' Fled Bricrenn ocus Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 23 .

(b) transf. of a fort, residence or place of meeting (common in poetry), cf. Lat. sedes: Druim C. cete na noem, forod na ḟenned RC xx 136 . f.¤ na rig (of Tara), Met. Dinds. i 4 . Dun mB. ... ba f.¤ find-dond, Anecd. i 13.13 . Eichtge ard | forud na Fían LL 198b57 = adba, Met. Dinds. iii 304 . cf. Forudh na Féine; Forud na fiann, Acall. 3339 , 3364 . a crích Comul ... a forud fíal Oengossa, Met. Dinds. iii 134 . co forud Fótla (i.e. Ireland) 194 . Mide magen clainne Cuind | forod clainne Néill LL 184b20 ( Arch. Hib. ii 82 ). tene di nim forsa foruth n-abbadh i nArdd Machae `the Abbot's mansion', AU 822 . f.¤ fessi ┐ fledaichthi airtir in talman (of Priam's palace) BB 443b2 Cf. a fisig ┐ a fir-eolaig ... ar foradaib fis ag denam a ndraidechta, Ériu viii 42.6 , where f.¤ is prob. used in a technical sense (cf. clíatha fis, expld. Keat. ii 5448 ff .).

(c) brow, forehead (?): co minnaib ... rigmaisecha ar foradh gacha flatha, Celt. Rev. ii 208.22 (Glenmasan MS. = for- B iv 1 134 ).

Compds. ¤chnoc: i forudhchnoc urard bui. for lar in muighi ` a high, mounded (flat-topped ?) hill ' CCath. 2476 . caisslen ... ar foradhchnoc ard uas an gcathraigh (of Namur citadel), Fl. Earls 74.16 . ¤mag: seiss Conchobar ..., co mmathaib Ulad imme, for forodmaig ha hEmna `place of presidency' (assembly ?) LL 109a43 ( RC xiv 412 ). co forodmag na hEmna TBC 897.1326 . ¤mullach: foradh- mullach tṠleibe Mis, Acall. 6182 . ¤múr: ar foradhmúraib an dúnaid ` ramparts ' Celt. Rev. ii 208y . dobí sí ar foradh- múr na hEmhna gach laí ac feithim in muighe uaithe, Comp. Con C. 114 § 44 .