1 for,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for, or dil.ie/23272

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, for- aibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn Ml 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some ex- pressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f sur- mounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb 5b3 . Ml 82d10 . Sg 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith Wb 20b6 . forsa robae Ml 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar Sg 139b1 . forsmbeth SR 1364 . forstā 1839 . forsnaicci, Im. Br. § 38 . forsmbí § 43 . forsmbīd, Met. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb 18c8 . fora taibre 29a23 . fora n-idparar 5b6 . fora mboí Tur 60 . fora ṁbi Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat LU 2639 . fora taí SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC 5961 . barsa mbatar 3738 . fara mbí Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin TBC 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d] Ml 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib Wb 5a5 . Ml 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin PH 3594 . forna LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea Ml 86c10 . for mo namtea 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ... Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil SR 1542 . form thigerna 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail LL 121a12 . See Thurn. KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha. Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul Trip.² 1760 . bard TBC 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail SR 3633 forar morsluag 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form Wb 8d26 . Ml 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm LU 5669 . formsa LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa LU 4507 . forom SR 1404 . foromm TBC 3752 . forumsa Ml 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa 7696 . formm LB 8a52 . ormm LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort Wb 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu Ml 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir Wb 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur 85 . 110c . Ml 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg 209b12 . fair Wb 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom Wb 8c1 . foirsem Sg 209b12 . fairseom LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir Wb 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur 123 . for (older form, Thurn. Gr. 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Br. § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae Tur 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri Wb 3d34 . Sg 4b9 . Ml 95b6 . furi 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi Sg 199a5 . furri LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Im. Br. § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn Wb 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn PH 6865 . fornni Wb 14b15 . Ml 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni 111c13 . forni LU 1674. 8554 . forund TBC 2974 . forond LU 8620 . foirn TBC 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn PH 6863 . oirnd 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi TBC² 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib Wb 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml 46a14 . forib Wb 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib 14d17 . 20b2 . furib Ml 115b8 . fuiribsi Wb 7a4 . furibsi 18a18 . foraib Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh 610 . for- aibse TTr.² 119 . foirb SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru Wb 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom Wb 9c10 . forro LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru Acall. 3299 . forthu SR 3942 . fortho LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib Wb 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib Ml 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib Wb 28c4 . foraib 4c35 . Ml 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud- Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pro- nominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classifica- tion, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incum- bent on; owing from (see fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach Ml 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil Wb 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói Tur 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam? Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ... 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ... YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuigh- bither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa Wb 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exod. xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru) LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See gúalu. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair Ml 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib Wb 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide Wb 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( T.Etaíne III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib Tur 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir Wb 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem Wb 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A. 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu Wb 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu Ml 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile Wb 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see DO-ICC).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea Ml 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU. 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, lorg, selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form Wb 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib Ml 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib Wb 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib Wb 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir Ml 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib Ml 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abair- thear íad, Rule of T. 102 ). cia ord bias forru LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' Sc. G. St. v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib Wb 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian. 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] AI 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of T. 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B. LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort! Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib Wb 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini Ml 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA. 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumu- larentur) Ml 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Met Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month Arch. iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Im. Br. ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith LU 3610 ( SC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of T. 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of T. 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of T. 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. AI 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different develop- ment of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug Wb 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene 3d34 . sním fora menmain Ml 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul Ml 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte Ml 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu Wb 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Ros. Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn Wb 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu Wb 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib Ml 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of T. § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, Arch. iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ... Ml 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela Ml 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, Arch. iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with ESBAID may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes AR of person deprived : na raib form esbaid SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru Wb 1d3 . conicc dígail forib 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib Wb 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia LU 2676 .

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin RC xv 489z (ar usci ┐ b. 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Suppl. to Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadh- ain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab. i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of T. § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; some- times = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus VSH ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), St. Ercuil 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see greis. See also comairce, fáesam, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, con- dition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach B.Crólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC² 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig SR 3477 . forsin reim sin LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comror- cain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see coe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith Wb 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, St. Ercuil 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais Ml 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techt- airechta Wb 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched LU 4917 (tíagait ar teched 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht SR 3505 (see FECHT). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See TÉIT, DO-TÉT.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept Wb 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 (co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som Ml 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae Tur 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu Wb 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' Arch. iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism.L. p. 324 = Ir. Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C. LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith LU 4390 (see GAIBID). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aith- gin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen LB 261a8 (= imman mbith YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tund. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical con- struction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, over- throwing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (ass-indét), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), berid, brissid, cessid, con-dieig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, do-cain (díchetul), do-cuirethar, do-écci (dercaid, fégaid), do-ella, do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léici, do-scéulai, do-sluindi (diultad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coislea, fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo- ruimi, fothraicid, fuabair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, iarmi- foig (iarair), imm-beir, léicid, líid, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (mess), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, saigid, soid, sreid, téit, tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism.L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin CCath. 2896 . See DO-GNÍ. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. celid, do-essairg, fo-luigi, sáeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with FORTACHT, and AR with the late formation FÓIRID) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind 5890 (H). f.¤ tús LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .