1 fonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fonn or dil.ie/23252

Forms: fond, fonna, fonnaib, fonn

n o,m. Treated as neut.: ba fond n-orddnide LL 28b3 (= dind, Met. Dinds. i 28.13 ). a p. fonna LL 299a23 , ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Acc. to Stokes, Arch. i 304 , a loan-word <Lat. fundus; Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk, p. 199 , takes fonnaib Ml 78b9 as = bonnaib, and perhaps fonn is a later or variant form of bonn.

(a) sole (of the foot): huam fonnaib (gl. plantis) Ml 78b9 . (see supra). ind lám ... ┐ in tṡliasait ... ro gabtha o chund co fond from end to end LL 120a23 ( RC iii 177 ). óm ḟult gom dá f.¤ , ZCP vi 257 . isi a teist isin ló, traig fri traig, sal fri sal, f.¤ fri f.¤ , O'C. 2428 (< Eg. 88, 33bb ). Cf. [f]onn .i. druim no bonn ... f.¤ fri f.¤ .i. do bonn i n-inadh buinn ind fir it dhegaid, O'Dav. 816 . noclistis fuiri iarom, napdar duba na glassa a fond `soles' RC xi 444 . for slig frisndring- tíss, conclistíss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib ib. (Fig.) corpdire ball o ara co fond .i. ó urradh co murcurtha ZCP xviii 363 § 23 ( Ir. Texts iv 26.2 ).

(b) base, bottom, foundation: fond .i. a fundo .i. o fudo- main, O'Mulc. 572 . f.¤ .i. bunad, H 3.18, 541b . co ngluaisfi f.¤ fudomna | domuin dein SR 8297 , cf. talam ... dian f.¤ fothacht fotlethet 32 . lebend ┐ fond iníchtarach na cath- rach di glain gil LU 2038 ( FA 11 ). rogab fond [ = fotha, Dinds. 79 ] fo thalmain `it found bottom' Met. Dinds. iii 456 . tucus licc ... co failgib findruine f.¤ `the bottom set with rings of pale metal' 124 . ó rogab f.¤ flatha fáe `the kingly seat' 210 (possibly in sense c). claide fidbad co fonnaib `digging up of woods with their stumps' 332 . [in fót :] im- sóadh a f.¤ ind arda ┐ a fēr fri grian, Dinds. 100 (= BB 404a38 . The corresp. text Met. Dinds. iv 166 has foescal, see fáescal. (Fig.) f.¤ Senchusa Moir cetamus la Sen mac A., a imtormach la F. ┐ D. foundation Laws i 24.34 . seachnadh sé f.¤ na coire `let him avoid the depth of guilt' (2 fonn ?) BNnÉ 263.19 . Oengus oll | f.¤ fri nath a theme (lit. basis) for song IT iii 37 § 22 ( Bruchst. i § 8 ); cf. Aed ... f.¤ fri fuilted féle, Thes. ii 295.2 . co fo-llō fonna fod-longat the foundations which support him ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. fo ondaib .i. chisaib ín charpaid O'C. 1043 (cf. Laws v 470.2 and see 1 fondad, and 1 fonnad). Often of a person, foundation, prop, support: a Flaind ... at fond flatha fine LL 37b40 = Auraic. 5173 , Bruchst. i § 19 . fond na fagla (of Cairpre Ríata) LL 38b47 . Da thí ... in fond forais, MS Mat. 490 ( LL 45b32 , where facs. has fond foraid) = Rawl 86a1 (fonn). uaithneadha iorghaile ┐ fuinn díbhfeirge, Todd Lect. iv 86.5 . clann Colla ... na cóic fonna féig consider (?) the five chiefs KM Misc. 268.3 .

(c) soil, ground (= Germ. Boden) and by extension piece of land, territory: fond orbeman `land of heirs' (fig. ex- pression for tares, gl. inervo, Ecl. iii 100 ) Philarg. 109 ( Thes. ii 48 ; cf. 363 ). ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc (of Temair) LL 28b3 (= dind, Met. Dinds. i 28 ) dar cach ferand, dar cach fond TBC 3204 . doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi toīb Aurchuind ZCP viii 308.29 . nenaid ┐ tromm 'malle | conid é f.¤ a dúine, Arch iii 304 § 8 . tir forlethan ... f.¤ cáin le gin puinn toirthe, Marco P. 11 . san bhfonn ndúthchasa (= natale solum) TSh. 6020 . Dia do betha, a Brenainn ... buide lemm t'iadhad 'mun ḟonn (= terra firma, contrasted with the ocean) Lism. L. 3812 . a choemu Cláir Cuind cóemfind | fuind fer Fáil LL 5b1 . Transf. of sea: fri fairge f.¤ ` expanse ' Fianaig. 36.8 . Land, territory: ca fuinn ḟérmura geltfuit ar n-almha? CCath. 603 . gér bhó fásach na fuinn sin FM v 1784 . Darcellus ba flaith na fond LL 131a8 = Trip. 534.1 . rí na naoi bhfonn (n.l.), Ériu i 104.1 . i bhfonn na cille, Hackett xlii 93 . Often folld. by gen. of npr.: f.¤ Fáil (Ireland) LL 22a23 . Ó rogabsat Túatha Dé | for fund Fótla, Met. Dinds. iii 230 . TD 6.11 , re hollamhnaibh ḟuinn Éibhir TD 8.24 . fonn Finn Féilim i p. lviii . a fecht ┐ a slōged la firu Hérenn, ar is [s]lōged la fonnaib dogrés; a cáin ┐ a cobach la firu hAlban RC xx 132 (= LU 376 ) hosting belongs to territories, cf. sluaiged la fonduib ... cablach ar muir, RC xx p. 426 (= Keat. iii 1286 ; la fondadh, BCC § 344 , cf. 1 fonnad).

Freq. in compds, esp. in sense (c) above.

(a) with adj.: du chirt Fotla fonnairddi of the high- lands (?) LL 149b47 = YBL 173a (= Banba barrairdi, Laud 615, 16 ). Cormac ... ba fotha fondbalc flatha firmly founded LL 28b49 ( Met. Dinds. i 36 ). fer fond-balc ` firm-set ' Met. Dinds. iii 154 . fót fondbras broad-bottomed LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). ¤chosach: a [eo]c[h]arimlib Sleibi Fuait -chosaigh broad-based (?) Acall. 7127 . ¤glan: ós chind .. na firthiprat -glaini ` clear-bottomed ' MR 232.22 . rigi Fodla fond-gloine of pure soil Fen. 352 . ¤glas: fochon -ghlas green-bladed Lism. L. 4583 . ic mallascnam in maigi -glais (i.e. grassy), CCath. 4994 . ¤lúath: fiach -luath swift-footed (?): swift over lands (?) SR 2550 . nuíde: tre thalmhain bfonn- aoidhe fresh-soiled ZCP xii 384.15 = Dán Dé p. 29 . ¤réid: damha Fódla foinnréidhe smooth-soiled Ériu v 56 . ¤scothach: a himlibh sleibhe F. fondscothaigh, Acall. 8 ; 6592 ( ¤scath- aig). ¤taitnemach: oilen fērglas -taitnemach RC xxvi 136 .

(b) seldom with nouns: ¤brat: tír ... na bhfonnbhrat bhfionn `vestures of soil' TD 32.66 . ¤cheltar: ¤cheltra ... in talman ` carpets ' MR 240.6 . ¤fer man of the soil (?): inad sloig na foindḟear fras, Met. Dinds. iii 424 `men of the soil, Territorials ' 555z ). ¤grian: dochuadar i fudhomain ┐ i -grian in talman RC xliii 98 § 102 . ¤mag: rí an ḟonnmhu- ighe Ultaigh the Ultonian plain TD 2.2 .